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AVGP
Canadian AVGPs.jpg
A pair of Canadian Cougars
Type Light armored vehicle
Place of origin  Canada
Service history
In service 1976 - present
Used by See Users
Production history
Number built Cougar - 100[1]
Grizzly - 274[1]
Husky - 27[1][2]
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 10.7 t
Length 5.97 m
Width 2.50 m
Crew Cougar: 3 (Commander, gunner and driver, 2 soldiers in rear of vehicle)
Husky: 2 (Driver and technician)
Grizzly: Commander, gunner and driver, 6 soldiers in rear

Primary
armament
Cougar: 76 mm L23A1 gun (fires HESH, Smoke BE (base ejected), and Canister rounds)[3]
Grizzly: .50 cal heavy machine gun or a 7.62 mm machine-gun (C6) and 66 mm smoke grenade launchers (2 clusters of 4 launchers)[1]
Husky: 7.62 mm machine gun (C6) and 66 mm smoke grenade launchers (2 clusters of 4 launchers)[2]
Secondary
armament
Cougar: 7.62 mm machine gun (C6) and 66 mm smoke grenade launchers No 12 (2 clusters of 4 launchers)[3]
Engine 275 hp Detroit Diesel 6V53T two-cycle turbo-charged diesel
Suspension 6x6
Speed 100 km/hr
Cougar swimming
Cougar

The AVGP (Armoured Vehicle General Purpose) is a series of three armoured fighting vehicles ordered by the Canadian military in 1977.[4][5][6][7] The three vehicles are the Cougar, Grizzly and Husky.

These vehicles were based on the six-wheeled version of the Swiss MOWAG Piranha I. They formerly had propellers and trim vanes for amphibious use, like the eight-wheeled Bison. Recent retrofits have removed the marine drive system, as it is no longer used and service is expensive.

The Canadian Armed Forces' LAV III, the United States Marine Corps' LAV-25, and the US Army's Stryker are other variants of the Piranha family.

Contents

History

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Canada

The AVGP variants were introduced into Canadian service in the 1970s.[4] Intended for use only in Canada, they were pressed into service for several United Nations missions, including UNPROFOR and the mission to Somalia. One Grizzly was captured by Croatian forces in the late 1990s.[8][9]

Variants

Variants of the AVGP are:[1]

Cougar

Grizzly

Husky

  • Armoured recovery vehicle (ARV).[7]
  • Two-man crew.[7]
  • Designed to provide mechanical support for the other two vehicles.[7]

Today

Canadian AVGP Grizzly destroyed by an RPG in Darfur.

The Cougar is only used for training in Canada as a reconnaissance vehicle.[5] The Grizzly is no longer in front line service but are being converted to support vehicles such as Command Post and Mobile Repair Team Vehicle.[6][11] The Husky still serves in its original role.[7] The majority of vehicles have had their marine propulsion systems removed.

In June 2005, the Canadian government announced plans to loan 105 AVGPs (100 Grizzlys and 5 Huskys) to African peacekeepers in the Darfur region.[12][13] The AVGP were considered sufficiently modern to be useful in this low-intensity conflict. The Canadian government planned to arrange for civilian contractors to maintain these vehicles. As the vehicles contained some U.S.-manufactured or licensed parts, U.S. permission would be required to loan the vehicles. Initially, the vehicles were to be shipped without their Cadillac-Gage turrets.

The vehicles arrived in Senegal in the late summer of 2005.[14][15] The Sudanese government required various kinds of assurances before they would allow peacekeepers to use the vehicles in Sudan. On November 18, 2005 the vehicles started arriving in Sudan, in white livery, with their turrets.[16]

The loan of vehicles for peace-keeping service in Sudan was originally for one year.[14][15] But the loan was extended, and transferred from the African Union to the United Nations. According to Amnesty International the soldiers who used the loaned vehicles served in Sudan for too short a term to be properly trained, and become experienced.

One of the vehicles was destroyed by an rocket propelled grenade.[14] A second vehicle was damaged when it rammed a more heavily armed, but unarmored technical.

In May 2007, the Edmonton Police Service accepted the donation of a disarmed Grizzly from the Canadian Forces.[17]

In 2008, the Uruguayan Army bought 44 units of Cougar variant from Canadian Army surplus.[18][19] They were rebuilt without the turret by the chilean MOWAG-Piranha builder FAMAE, as they will act as armoured personnel carriers in the UN deployment in Republic of Congo (MONUC).[18] and in Uruguayan mainland.

In 2009 Uruguay bought 98 Grizzly's and 5 Husky's that they were in loan at UN AMIS/UNAMID mission in Darfur.

Users

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Grizzly AVGP". Department of National Defence. http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lf/English/2_display.asp?product=71&more=71. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Husky". Department of National Defence. http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lf/English/2_display.asp?product=62&more=62. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  3. ^ a b "Cougar". Department of National Defence. http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lf/English/2_display.asp?product=57&more=57. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Background – Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose – 6x6 AVGPs". Canadian American Strategic Review. 2009-09. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-army-armour-avgp-lav.htm&date=2009-10-03. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Background – Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose – Cougar DFSV". Canadian American Strategic Review. 2009-09. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-army-armour-avgp-cougar.htm&date=2009-10-03. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Background – Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose – the Grizzly ISC". Canadian American Strategic Review. 2009-09. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-army-armour-avgp-grizzly.htm&date=2009-10-03. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Background – Armoured Vehicle, General Purpose – the Husky ARV". Canadian American Strategic Review. 2009-09. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-army-armour-avgp-husky.htm&date=2009-10-03. 
  8. ^ Balkan Peace website
  9. ^ CA, ON, Frank Kuschnereit. "Photos of vehicle". Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. http://www.webcitation.org/5klVqMsaX. 
  10. ^ "Cadillac Gage 1-Meter Crewed Turret". Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 2009-04-03. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2F101-army-armour-1m-turret.htm&date=2009-04-03. 
  11. ^ http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lf/english/11_6_3.asp
  12. ^ "Canadian tanks muscle AU forces". Sudan Tribune. 2005-11-21. http://www.sudantribune.com/article.php3?id_article=12669. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  13. ^ "Background — CF AVGPs for the African Union Mission in Sudan". Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 2009-10-03. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-sudan.htm&date=2009-10-03. 
  14. ^ a b c "Background — AVGPs in Africa — Grizzlys and Huskys for Darfur". Canadian American Strategic Review. 2009-10. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-army-armour-avgp-darfur.htm&date=2009-11-01. 
  15. ^ a b "UNAMID UPDATE: TIME FOR EFFECTIVE ACTION". Amnesty International. 2008-02-07. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.amnestyusa.org%2Fdocument.php%3Flang%3De%26id%3DENGAFR540072008&date=2009-11-01. 
  16. ^ Paul Koring (November 15, 2005). "Armoured vehicles approved for Sudan". Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20051115/SUDAN15/TPInternational/TopStories. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  17. ^ "Grizzly joins local cop force". Edmonton Sun. 2007-05-24. http://www.edmontonsun.com/News/Edmonton/2007/05/24/4205641.html. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 
  18. ^ a b "Pan American Defence Online" (in Spanish). http://panamericandefense.com/2008/12/10/lav-uruguay/. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  19. ^ "Background – AVGPs and the Wheeled LAV Life Extension Project". Canadian American Strategic Review. 2009-10. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.casr.ca%2Fbg-army-armour-avgp-wlav-le.htm&date=2009-11-01. 
  20. ^ "AVGPs in Africa — Grizzlys and Huskys for Darfur". Canadian American Strategic Review. http://www.casr.ca/bg-army-armour-avgp-darfur.htm. 
  21. ^ "AVGPs and the Wheeled LAV Life Extension Project". Canadian American Strategic Review. http://www.casr.ca/bg-army-armour-avgp-wlav-le.htm. 

External links


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