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Aalborg
Ålborg

Seal

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "Paris of the North"
Motto: "Seize The World" , In Danish "Vild med Verden"
Aalborg is located in Denmark
Aalborg
Location in Denmark
Coordinates: 57°3′N 9°55′E / 57.05°N 9.917°E / 57.05; 9.917
Country  Denmark
Region North Denmark Region
Municipality Aalborg Municipality
First mention "Alabu" written at coins from 1035
Officiel birthday Trade rights June 16, 1342
Government
 - Mayor Henning G. Jensen (S)
Area [1]
 - Urban 139 km2 (53.7 sq mi)
 - Municipal 1,144 km2 (441.7 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2009)[2]
 - City 122,461
 - Density 881/km2 (2,281.8/sq mi)
 - Municipal 196,292
 - Municipal Density 172/km2 (445.5/sq mi)
 - Demonym Aalborggenser
Time zone Central Europe Time (UTC+1)
Postal codes 9000, 9008, 9020, 9100, 9200, 9210, 9220, 9400
Website http://www.aalborg.dk/engelsk/

Aalborg (Danish pronunciation: [ˈʌlb̥ɒːˀ]  ( listen)), sometimes written as Ålborg, is a city in Denmark. Its population, as of 2009, is 122,461,[2] making it the fourth largest in the country after Copenhagen, Århus, and Odense. The earliest settlements date back to around 700 AD. Its location by the Limfjord made it an important harbour during the Middle Ages, and an industrial centre later. Today the city is in a transition from a working-class, industrial, city to a knowledge-based one.

Contents

History of Aalborg

Early age

Lindholm Høje, 2008

Aalborg traces its history back over 1000 years. It was originally settled as a trading post, because of its position on the Limfjord. The sites of what were two settlements and a visible burial ground can be seen on Lindholm Høje, a hill overlooking the city. The size of these settlements emphasise the significance of this place as a crossroads. The first mention of Aalborg under its original name Alabu, is found on a coin dated to 1040. An alternative spelling is Alebu and an approximate translation of the name is The (dwelling) place by the stream.

Aalborg panelled room, first half 17th century (National Museum, Copenhagen)

Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Aalborg prospered and became one of the largest cities in Denmark. This prosperity was further enhanced when in 1516 Aalborg was granted a monopoly in salt herring. The herring fishery linked Aalborg to the East coast of England, across the North Sea, both in commercial competition and cultural exchange. The panelled interior from an Aalborg house in the National Museum, Copenhagen (illustration), shares many details with Jacobean panelled rooms.

Aalborg received town privileges in 1342 and the bishopric dates from 1554.

World War II

During the German invasion of Denmark in 1940, the Aalborg Aerodrome was captured by German paratroopers very early in the action and Aalborg is said to be the first city ever to be captured by paratroopers. The aerodrome was crucial for German aircraft to be able to reach Norway.

Geography

Aalborg view from Skovbakken, 2005

Distances

Aalborg is located 120 kilometres north of Aarhus, 82 kilometres north of Randers and 50 kilometres north of Hobro. Aalborg is located 50 kilometres south of Hjørring, 63 kilometres south west of Frederikshavn and 90 kilometres east of Thisted. There are 414 kilometres (by Great Belt Fixed Link) to Copenhagen. There are 450 kilometres to Hamburg in Germany. To Gothenburg in Sweden there are (by the Frederikshavn-Göteborg ferry) 150 kilometres. To Oslo in Norway there are 340 kilometres (by the Hirtshals-Oslo ferry).

Climate

Summers in Aalborg have average high temperatures of around 20 °C (68 °F) and lows of 12 °C (54 °F), but temperatures sometimes exceed 25 °C (77 °F)+) and occasional heatwaves are common during the summer.

Winters usually have temperatures of −3 to 2 °C (27 to 36 °F), rarely dropping below −10 °C (14.0 °F).

Weather data for Aalborg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
5
(41)
10
(50)
15
(59)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
7
(45)
3
(37)
10.9
(52)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0
(32)
0
(32)
2
(36)
6
(43)
11
(52)
14
(57)
16
(61)
16
(61)
12
(54)
9
(48)
4
(39)
1
(34)
7.5
(46)
Average low °C (°F) -3
(27)
-3
(27)
-1
(30)
2
(36)
6
(43)
10
(50)
12
(54)
11
(52)
9
(48)
6
(43)
2
(36)
-1
(30)
4.0
(39)
Precipitation mm (inches) 54
(2.13)
35
(1.38)
44
(1.73)
38
(1.5)
49
(1.93)
54
(2.13)
64
(2.52)
67
(2.64)
72
(2.83)
76
(2.99)
75
(2.95)
62
(2.44)
689
(27.13)
Sunshine hours 39 72 117 167 209 218 209 186 130 87 57 42 1,534
Avg. precipitation days 11 8 10 8 9 8 9 10 12 13 14 12 124
Source: DMI (Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut)[3] 05-12-2009

Transport in Aalborg

Limfjordsbroen seen from Aalborg, 2004

On the north side of the Limfjord is Nørresundby, which is connected to Aalborg by a road bridge Limfjordsbroen, an iron railway bridge Jernbanebroen over Limfjorden, as well as a motorway tunnel running under the Limfjord Limfjordstunnelen.

Public transportation

View of Aalborg railway station from J.F. Kennedy's Square, 2004

The city has a main train station Aalborg Station, close to J. F. Kennedy-Square. Other stations in Aalborg are Skalborg Station, Aalborg Vestby Station and Lindholm Station.

Car transportation

The European route E45, going from Finland to Italy, passes through Aalborg, and through Limfjordstunellen under the Limfjord in Aalborg.

Air transportation

Aalborg Airport is the local airport.

Aalborg Air Base—an important base of the Danish Air Force is located in Aalborg.

Port of Aalborg

The Port of Aalborg is northern Denmark’s main import/export hub.[4]

Visitor attractions in Aalborg

Traditional housing in Aalborg, 2005

Historical attractions

The old Aalborghus Castle (Aalborghus Slot) and some picturesque houses of the 17th century remain in the center of the town. The half-timbered (bindingsværk) castle was built in 1550 by King Christian III, and was converted to government administration offices in the 1950s.

Aalborghus Castle, 2008

Jens Bang's House, a five story building built in 1624 by the merchant Jens Bang is an example of Renaissance architecture. It is located on Nytorv next to the old Town Hall.

The present Budolfi Church dates from the end of the 14th century, although at least two earlier churches stood on the same spot. Budolfi Church was just a parish church until it became the seat of the Lutheran bishop of Aalborg in 1554.

Vor Frue Kirke ("Church of Our Lady") is a relatively modern church. The original Church of Our Lady from the early 1100s was pulled down after the Reformation because it was so old and unstable. The newer building in a different location was partially burned in 1894.

Underneath the main pedestrian shopping street is a newly opened museum of the excavation of a monastery from the 11th century.

Nørresundby is the site of the Lindholm Høje settlement and burial ground from the Germanic Iron Age and Viking times. There is also a museum on the site.

Aalborg Historical Museum is located in the city.

Newer attractions

Aalborg Tower seen from Mølleparken, 2006

Aalborgtårnet is a tripod tower erected in 1933. The tower's height, 105 m over sea level, still gives an exquisite view over the fjord and the city.

Near the Aalborg Tower is KUNSTEN Museum of Modern Art Aalborg. The art museum was designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto and built in 1972.

In 2008, the Utzon Center, dedicated to the work of the noted architect Jørn Utzon, was built next to the Limfjord at the central harbour front in Aalborg. Born in Copenhagen, Utzon grew up in Aalborg. The center contains an exhibition on Utzon's work, which includes the Sydney Opera House, as well as educational displays on architecture and design.

Nordkraft is a cultural centre in a former power plant near the harbour. It has theatres (opening in 2010), a cinema, and concert facilities. In its neighbourhood, a classical concert hall, Musikkens Hus, designed by Coop Himmelb(l)au, is planned.

Jomfru Ane Gade

One of the most popular and famous streets in Aalborg, possibly even in Denmark, is Jomfru Ane Gade, or simply just Gaden ("The Street"). The name translates to "Mistress' Anne's Street" in English. The pubs and restaurants on this street offer beer and other spirits for some of the most competitive prices in Denmark.

Jomfru Ane Gade.

Jomfru Ane Gade is a café and restaurant street during day which, at night, turn into clubs, discos and bars. During the 1990s the street was infamous for being a 'hang out' of two biker gangs who were at war for some years all over Scandinavia, but as the bikers disappeared from the street it became even more popular among people of all ages.

During the day, tourists and employees in the city come to Jomfru Ane Gade, especially for its restaurants. In the afternoons some of the cafés open. Around 11 pm the mood of the street changes into more of a party street when younger people arrive.

Aalborg Carnival

Carnival in Aalborg, 2008.

The annual Aalborg Carnival takes place in the weekend of week 21 (usually the last week in May).[5] The Carnival is actually three events, the children's carnival (Børnekarneval), the battle of carnival bands, and the carnival itself. During the carnival, Aalborg receives about 100,000 people. The children's carnival is a carnival dedicated to the children, with performances and activities for children. On Friday "The Battle of Carnival Bands" is an exciting and colourful evening with processions through the city when all the participating groups compete to be the leading carnival group.

The carnival itself is the following Saturday – on this day the city centre is full of life. The streets are filled with gaily dressed people who are in a real spring mood. In Kildeparken concerts are given from various stages all day to midnight. The Carnival ends with a grand firework display.

Sport in Aalborg

Aalborg BK

The city is home to the Danish sports club Aalborg BK, established in 1885 and known as "AaB" for short. The major division in Aalborg Boldspilklub is football division AaB Fodbold, which competes in the Danish Superliga championship. They play their games at Energi Nord Arena. The club has won the Danish Superliga in the 1994/95 season, the 1998/99 season and the 2007/08 season. The team qualified for the group stages of the 1995-96 and 2008-09 UEFA Champions League seasons.

Aalborg DH in Gigantium Isarena, 2009

Other clubs

Aalborg is also known for the women's handball club Aalborg DH. They are established in 2001 and play their games in Gigantium.

Education in Aalborg

University of Aalborg

Aalborg University, 2009

The major college in Aalborg is the University of Aalborg, founded in 1974. It has more than 14,000 students and more than 2,000 employees.[6]

Other colleges in Aalborg

Aalborg Business College, Tech College Aalborg, Royal School of Library and Information Science, University College of Northern Denmark, Aalborghus Gymnasium and Trænregimentet.

One of the two colleges of Profession School University College North Jutland (Danish: Professionshøjskolen University College Nordjylland) can also be found in Aalborg.

Industry

Aalborg is still an industrial and commercial centre in Denmark, exporting grain, cement and fish. Many of the traditional industries in the city have been closed in recent years and new knowledge based industries have arisen.

Traditional industries

Aalborg is home to De Danske Spritfabrikker's ("Danish Distillers") akvavit snaps, production facility for the distillation of the Aalborg family of akvavits consisting of 17 different brands. Danish Distillers is Scandinavia's largest producer and supplier of spirits for consumption, and is the world's largest producer and exporter of akvavit, supplying over 140 geographic markets.

Aalborg Industries, the world's largest manufacturer of marine boilers, is headquartered here.

Modern industries

It is the centre of telecommunications industry originating from the University of Aalborg.

Religion

Budolfi Church, 2006

Aalborg is the seat of a bishop within the Danish National Church.

Environmentalism

Vindmill from Aalborg Østhavn (Aalborg Eastharbour), 2006

The First European Conference on Sustainable Cities and Towns took place in Aalborg, in 1994. The Conference adopted the Aalborg Charter <http://ec.europa.eu/environment/urban/pdf/aalborg_charter.pdf>, which provides a framework for the delivery of local sustainable development, and calls on local authorities to engage in Local Agenda 21 processes.

The 4th European Sustainable Cities and Towns Conference ("Aalborg +10": http://www.aalborgplus10.dk/), held in Aalborg in 2004, adopted the Aalborg +10 Commitments. These commitments are an important step forward in turning sustainable urban development from words into real actions.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Aalborg maintains cultural, economic and educational ties with 27 cities around the globe.[7] Thus, Aalborg has the most twin cities in Denmark. Every four years Aalborg gathers youth from the majority of its twin cities for a week of sports games, known as Ungdomslegene (The Youth Games).

Notable people

Born in Aalborg

Longer residence in Aalborg

  • Jens Munk (1579–1628), navigator and explorer
  • Frederik Ferdinand Tillisch (1801–1889), Danish statesman
  • Jørn Utzon, architect grew up in Aalborg
  • Peter Adolphsen (* 1972), author grew up in Aalborg
  • Bjørn Lomborg, statistician and author grew up in Aalborg
  • Bent Flyvbjerg, researcher at Oxford University longer engagement at Aalborg University
  • Frank Jensen, politician and former Danish Minister grew up in Aalborg
  • Ole Stavad, politician and former Danish Minister educated in Aalborg

See also

References

External links

Wikisource-logo.svg "Aalborg". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.  

Coordinates: 57°3′N 9°55′E / 57.05°N 9.917°E / 57.05; 9.917


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Aalborg [1] [2] is in North Jutland, Denmark. Its population, as of 2008, is 121,818, making it the fourth largest in Denmark.

Get in

By plane

Cimber Sterling, Norwegian and SAS have flights from Copenhagen to Aalborg, while Cimber Sterling and Norwegian also offer international direct flights from European cities. The airport is located north of the city. Take Bus no 2 or a taxi (very expensive!) to town. The bus is infrequent on weekends and evenings, and stops the service rather early (around 23:00). If you arrive very late, have little luggage and small budget, you can walk ~2km until the Lindholm train station. Bus or train to the center should be still available after midnight.

By bus

Aalborg Busterminal on John F Kennedy Plads (The John F Kennedy square, phone: 98 12 87 13) right by the station is a large regional hub for long distance, regional and local buses. Express buses (XBus [3]) leaves several times per day towards Århus (via Hadsund), Løgstør, Holstebro, Viborg (via Silkeborg) and Esbjerg. In addition regional buses (locally known as rutebil) connects to nearly every city of some size in North Eastern Jutland.

  • Abilskou route 888 [4] to Copenhagen takes 5 hours, DKK 250 (DKK 430 return).

By train

Aalborg is on the Copenhagen, Roskilde, Odense, Århus Line. 4½ hours/DKK 326 to Copenhagen.

By ferry

There are ferries from Norway/Sweden/UK coming to North Jutland (Hirtshals or Frederikshavn). From there you can take bus or train to Aalborg.

By car

From Frederikshavn: Use the E45 southbound to Aalborg. From Hirtshals: Use the E39 southbound to Aalborg. From Århus: Use the E45 northbound to Aalborg

Get around

In the center it easy to walk by foot. To go further, there is a good public bus system (16dkk for 1.5h if you pay cash, ~116dkk for 10 rides clip-card). The buses don't go at night, and taxi is very expensive. The best way is still to get around by bicycle, you can rent one close to tourist information office, or buy a used one if you intend to stay longer. Police has auctions once per month, you can ask about them in the police station.

Nørresundby is north of the big bridge.

  • Elbjørn, the icebreaker info@isbryderen-elbjorn.dk [5] is now a restaurant and culture ship at the Aalborg harbour. It has a restaurant, a bar, glass workshop, and a museum.
  • Information about events in aalborg(danish only): see [6]
  • Art museum: see [7]
  • Jomfru Ane Gade
  • Ancient Viking graveyard
  • Aalborg Slot (a castle that does not look like a castle)
  • Budolfi Church
  • A number of parks (e.g., Kildeparken)
  • Aalborg tower
  • Aalborg Akvavit (distillery)
Elbjørn
Elbjørn
Jens Bangs house (1623-1624)
Jens Bangs house (1623-1624)
Budolfi church
Budolfi church
  • Aalborg karnival: the biggest carnival in Northern Europe. If you want to have fun with Danish people this is a great opportunity. [8] The next carnival will be from 16th to 23rd of May 2008.
  • In summer, go to open swimming pool (friluftsbad), Skydebanevej 14, free entrance.
  • Rent a bicycle and go along the fjord, or take a ferry to Egholm, a small island in the fjord.
  • In winter, go ice-skating in the C.W. Obels square, right behind the Student House.

Buy

Algade and Bispensgade are main shopping streets. Most shops close at 18 Mon-Fri and 14 on Saturdays, Sundays shops are closed unless it is a special Sunday (usually first of the month).

A higher-class shopping mall is Salling in Algade.

Cheapest supermarkets are Netto and Aldi. Working hours are 9-20 on weekdays and 8-17 on Saturdays. Aldi is open 10-16 on Sundays.

Saturdays and Wednesdays mornings there is a wet market in the center, Aagade

Eat

There are several restaurants in Jomfru Ane street. In the city there are around 300 restaurants.

  • Fountain: has the cheapest hot dogs in town, very low budget and not healthy food but what you need after a night out.
  • 1000fryd: an alternative bar, vegan dinner on Tuesdays for 20dk. You have to sign up before, check their webpage [9].
  • KN Pizza & Kebab 2: A small pizza place known for its quality food, but it is not cheap actually quiet the opposite"
Jomfru Ane street
Jomfru Ane street
The longest street bar in Scandinavia.
  • The Wharf. Borgergade 16, tel: 98117010 has the best beer in town (same owner as Charlies in Copenhagen).
  • The Irish House. Østerågade 25, tel: 98141817, [10]
  • London Pub. Boulevarden 7, tel: 98117770.
  • Jomfru Ane Gade is a short street with 30 restaurants/bars. Drinks are cheap and the bars are open late. You will see signs advertising 10 DKK drinks and 10pm-12pm happy hour.
  • Fedtebrødet: a real underground place in Aalborg. Very good music in this hippie bar where local bands play often and where you can always grab a guitar and jam with other costumers. The place is full of "different" people... letus say its the complete opposite of the above-mentioned Jomfru Ane Gade.
  • 1000fryd: Kattesundet 10, tel: 98132221, is Aalborg's only bar run by activists. 1000fryd has been around since 1984 when Aalborg's alternative scene bought the place. Now the place is known for their ecological beer, underground music scene and D.I.Y attitude towards life. 1000fryd has two reoccurring festivals, namely their Punk/HC festival and their Queer festival. [11]
  • Student house [www.studenterhuset.dk] right across the Budolfi church hosts international evenings on wednesdays, as well as various concerts on Fridays. Very informal.
  • Eyvind Andreasen B&B [12] Kronprinsens alle 34, tel: +45 98172562, email:rje@mail1.stofanet.dk. Friendly place just north of the bridge. Has three rooms sharing bathroom, kitchen, separate entrance. TV, beer and wine available in the kitchen at very reasonable prices. DKK270, DKK325 (double).
  • Scheelsminde Hotel & Gastronomi [13] Scheelsmindevej 35 - DK-9100 Aalborg, tel: +45 98 18 32 33 - Fax +45 98 18 33 34 -email:scheelsminde@scheelsminde.dk. A nice 4 star hotel-restaurant mostly for business people.
  • Radisson SAS Limfjord Hotel [14] Ved Stranden 14-16 - DK-9000 Aalborg, til: +45 98 16 43 33 - Fax +45 98 16 17 47 - email: reservations.limfjord@radissonsas.com. Big 4-star hotel with a view towards the Limfjord. Prices from 1200 - 2000 DKK per night.

Contact

Internet:

  • Det nordjyske Landsbibliotek (library) [15], Rendsburggade 2, section Nørregadehjørnet in "Team Natur".

Get out

There are lots of beautiful nature around, easily accessible only by car.

  • Rubjerg Knude - impressing sand dunes and a half-sunken lighthouse in the sand
  • Bulbjerg
  • Fur island
  • Mors
  • Skagen

For beach, you can take a bus to Blokhus (around 40km) or Hals (around 30km) and walk some 3km north, or take a less frequent bus that passes Hou, to, e.g., Bisnap strand.

Routes through Aalborg
Frederikshavn ← Sæby ←  N noframe S  HobroKolding
Hjørring ← Brønderslev ←  N noframe S  END
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Contents

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: ('ɔlbɔr)

Proper noun

Singular
Aalborg

Plural
-

Aalborg

Aalborg
  1. A city and port in Denmark, in Northern Jutland; the fourth-largest city in Denmark and capital of Region Nordjylland.

Translations

References


French

Alternative forms

Proper noun

Aalborg

  1. Aalborg

Simple English

Aalborg is a city in Denmark. It has about 123,000 inhabitants, which makes it the fourth largest city in Denmark.

Aalborg was founded about 700 A.D. and was heard about for the first time in the year 1040. It was a proper city in 1342 and became the seat of a Lutherian bishop in 1554.

Aalborg is located in Northern Jutland by the Limfjord.frr:Ålborg








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