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Location of Aarani
in Tamil Nadu and India
Coordinates 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E / 12.67; 79.28
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District(s) Tiruvanamalai
Population 60888 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

151 m (495 ft)

Aarani (Tamil : ஆரணி which is written as Arani or Arni) is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The name comes from the word araneeyam which means a place surrounded by a forest.



Aarani is located at 12°40′N 79°17′E / 12.67°N 79.28°E / 12.67; 79.28[1] on the banks of the Kamandala Naaga river. It has an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).

It is located about 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Vellore and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Thiruvannamalai.

A bypass road is under construction outside Arni.


Aarani had a population of 60,888.[2] The population is evenly split between males and females. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Aarani has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%.


Hypothesis #1

In olden days Arni was called Aranyam. Aar means Athi tree; such trees once covered the region. In the north of Arni, there was a river, the Kamandala Naga river. These trees and river looked like an ornament; hence the name Arni.

Hypothesis #2

The river Kamandala Naga Nathi flows in one side and the Tatchur river flows in other side as ornament (In Tamil literature ornament means "Ani") so Aaru(River) is making Ani(Ornament) hence the name Arani.


Arni was ruled by the Cholas after they defeated the Pallavas. Some of the important Chola kings who ruled out Arni are Kulothunga Cholan I, Vikrama Cholan, and Kulothunga Cholan II.

During the rule of the Vijayanagara Kingdom in Arni, the Dasara function was celebrated grandly.

Poosi Malai Kuppam is 12 kilometres (7 mi) away from Arni. Thirumalai Saheb built a sophisticated bungalow for his lover, an Anglo-Indian lady, there. During the Nawab period, there was a struggle between the British, French and Nawab Hyder Ali. The victorious British captured Arni. There is also a palace near the town, now used by the Agriculture Department.

The town was used by Arcot nawabs for their military training campus.


Arni and the Congress Movement

The Congress movement in Arni was started by A. M. Parasurama Naicker, M. V. Subramania Sasthriar,S.A. Allala sundaram Mudaliyār, Y. N. Govindaraju Chettiar, and others. In 1922, Mahatma Gandhi went to Arni twice, to attend a meeting for Harijan development. These people welcomed Gandhiji, and took part in the Simon Commission movement.

Industry and commerce

Aarani is well known for its rice paddies; there are around 278 modern rice mills in the town.

The town also has a large community of silk weavers, called sengunthars, who specialize in making silk sarees. Hand looms are most frequently used for the weaving, although recently some have turned to mechanized methods such as Power looms. Arni is the number one in revenue earning in Tiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu. Though the town is not well known outside Tamil Nadu, a bulk of India's silk apparels is produced by the people of Arni.

Local attractions

Sri Renugammbal temple and Sri Venugopalaswamy temple are some famous temples in Aarani. The city is also located near the holy place of Padaiviidu.

Near the Kamandala Naga Nadhi River, there is an old temple known as Shri Puthra Kamateeswara Thirukoil which is famous for Puthra Kameshti yoga. People who do not have children do this yoga on auspicious days. It is said that the Ayodhya king Dasaratha did Puthra Kameshti yoga in this temple and thus Rama was born. There is an idol of Dasaratha at the entrance of the temple to commemorate this.

A Temple known as Arulmigu Visalakshi Sameda Arulmigu Viswanatheswaran, situated in Kalpoondi village on vazhapandal road is about 500 years old and is considered to be an equal to the Kashi temple. Opposite the Shri Puthra Kamateeswar temple one more Sivan temple is there at Pazhanggamoor This is the Khasi Vishvanadar Kovil, its power is likened to that of the Kashi temple.

It's quite interesting to note that on the one side on the banks of Kamandala Naga river near ,Pazhangamoor a tepmle of Puthra Kameshti Eeswara is situated where the Maha Chakravarthy Dhasaratha performed a penance for puthra kameshti yaga as a result of which raghu vamsa Rama and three others were born. In Kamba Ramayana in Tamil in thiru Avathara Padalam it is well said, "valaiyodu thigiriyum vadavaithedhara vilaitharu karu vudai vikol payalum ilayavar ena adi paravi ehinan valai madil ayodhdhiyil varudhumenranan". Further, "masarathan manaiyavum varamum vazhvumor nizharatdha kanaikalal neeru seiya yam kasa raga thuraga mak kadal kol kavalavalan dasarathan madhalai yai varudhum tharani". In the south of Aarani, is a village called Paiyur where there is the Virupachieswarar temple (a ruined monument remains of Visalakshi Samedha Virupaksheeswarar)(supposed to be the northeast end) where Pattinathu Pillaiyar (Pattinathar) has dedicated a song to the Virupaksheswarar situated in Paiyur as under:

"மாதா உடல் சலித்தாள்; வல்வினையேன் கால் சலித்தேன் வேதாவும் கை சலித்து விட்டானே -நாதா இருப்பையூர் வாழ் சிவனே, இன்னுமோர் அன்னை கருப்பையூர் வாராமற் கா!"

On the north and north west of this village the Karia Manicka Perumal temple and the Ponniamman temple are also situated, adding virtues to its significance. That means that on the one side, the Maha Chakravarthi is praying for the birth of a child and God himself is planning to incarnation in a human form as the great avatar of Rama.

On the other side, Pattinathar, a sanyasin having prayed to Lord Shiva that there should be no rebirth as having been tired of being born repeatedly in various mothers stomachs and in various lives; all the mothers having been tired and having wandered various places in various births, the begotten children have also been tired and Lord Brahma himself has been tired of having given several lives and births to him.

There needs to be research on the significance attached to Puthra Kameteshwarar temple both mythologically and scientifically for the presence or availability of any specialised herbal medicines in Aarani. it is very interesting for any one and every one and very much fortunate to note that the very age old Sri Visalakshi Samedah Virupaksheeswarar temple is now taken up for renovation and Palalya Abishekam was performed on sixth December 2009 the Sunday in presence of all the devotees and residents of paiyur village for starting and performing the renovation and reconstruction work and kumbabhishekam . all the devotees all over the world are hereby informed to give support for the early completion by donating whatever possible might addressed to the Paiyur "Sri Visalakshi Samedha Virupakshieswarar temple renovation committee, Paiyur. Arani ,Thiruvannamlai district ,Tamil Nadu south India" as the main aim is to get the blessing of Lord Sarveswara to all the devotees and universal peace.

Health Care


Public Hospitals

  • Govt. Hospital

Private Hospitals

  • St.Mary's Hospital,
  • P.S.G. Nursing Home,
  • Sri Sakthi Nursing Home,
  • Dr.Murali's Clinic
  • KDP clinic-siddha,accupunture,homeopathy..


ACS Group of Colleges

  • Sri Balaji Chockalingam Engineering College
  • Dr. M.G.R. Educational and Research Institute
  • Dr. MGR Chokalingam Arts College
  • Dr. MGR Polytechnic College
  • Sri Balaji College of Education
  • Sri Balaji Teacher Training Institute
  • ACS Matriculation School
  • Kannammal Nursery & Primary School

Government Colleges


VPR group of colleges

  • Sri Bharathi women arts & Science college


  • Polytechnic College
  • Engineering College


  • JTR Vidhyalaya
  • Pinkz Public School. An International Standard School, Arni-Polur Road, Kasthambadi
  • Jupiter Schools International (proposed)
  • St. Mary's Matriculation Hr. Sec. School
  • St. Joseph Boys Hr. Sec. School
  • Subramania Sasthriar Hr. Sec. School
  • Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. School
  • Govt. Girls Hr. Sec. School
  • St. Joseph Girls Hr. Sec. School
  • Rama krishna matric School
  • C.S.I High school
  • Orange international school
  • Aim Matriculation School

S. S. Hr. Sec School

Subramania Sastiryar Higher Secondary School has a good history long back to 1911. The school is named after famous freedom fighter from arni Subramania Sastri. Many students from the school are placed in high post in various organisation. Till 1990, the school outperformed the other schools in the district in terms of examination results. Later in 90s, the results dipped and creating negative image about school. Slowly the school is picking momentum now-a-days.

The Pinkz School

The Pinkz School is a recent entry into the domain of quality education. It boasts of one of the most committed staff and extraordinary infrastructure. The curriculum is exclusively designed to improve concept building and discourage mugging. The emphasis is on the holistic development of the child rather than only studies. The atmosphere is extremely student friendly. In the years to come, it will be one of the best schools in the district.

May be it is a best school. Kindly arrange to issue the web address of the school to improve the communication and others

Industrial training

  • Arni ITI

Teacher training institutes

  • Sharif Teachers Training Institute
  • Sri Balaji Teachers Training College
  • Arni Teachers Training Institute


  • The Vembuli Amman (வேம்புலி அம்மன்) Festival is a grand carnival in the town of Aarani. It takes place once in a year in the month of August. Nearly one lakh people gather at the temple on this festive occasion.
  • Shri Puthra Kamateeswara Thirukoil witnesses a massive crowd during Kaanum Pongal (காணும் பொங்கல்)


Recently Arni has been converted into a MP constituency. Arni assembly constituency is part of the Vellore (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]


External links





Social Service



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