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Abba Ahimeir

Abba Ahimeir (Hebrew: אב"א אחימאיר‎, 2 November 1897 - 6 June 1962) was a Jewish journalist, writer and historian. One of the ideologues of Revisionist Zionism, he was the founder of the self-declared fascist Revisionist Maximalist faction of the Zionist Revisionist Movement (ZRM).[1][2]

Contents

Biography

Ahimeir was born Abba Shaul Geisinovich in Babruysk in the Russian Empire (today in Belarus). He studied philosophy in Vienna and Liège, and wrote his Ph.D thesis on Oswald Spengler's The Decline of the West.

In 1924, he immigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine, and became a supporter of active resistance to British Mandate authorities. In the Hebrew newspaper Doar HaYom he wrote a column titled "From the Notebook of a Fascist."[3]

In 1930, Ahimeir founded the Revisionist Maximalist faction of the Zionist Revisionist Movement. He was a fierce critic of the Haavara Agreement and its chief negotiator, Haim Arlosoroff. In 1935 he was arrested and imprisoned for organizing the illegal clandestine organization Brit HaBirionim, and charged with plotting the assassination of Arlosoroff.[4]

His sons, Ya'akov and Yosef, both went on to become journalists.

Ideology

Of all the Zionist Revisionist leaders, the views of Ahimeir were closest to fascism. Brit HaBirionim was the only Zionist faction to adopt a fascist-inspired platform, upholding the supremacy of race, the principle of the leader, violent revolution and hatred of the left. [5] Abba Ahimeir's views had a profound influence on the ideology of the Irgun and Lehi undergrounds.[6]

References

  1. ^ Larsen, Stein Ugelvik (ed.). Fascism Outside of Europe. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. ISBN0880339888. p364.
  2. ^ Kaplan, Eran. The Jewish Radical Right. University of Wisconsin Press, 2005. p15
  3. ^ The iron wall Salon
  4. ^ The Assassination of Hayim Arlosoroff Jewish Virtual Library
  5. ^ Zionism and the foundations of Israeli diplomacy, Sasson Sofer, Dorothea Shefer-Vanson
  6. ^ Abba Ahimeir Save Israel

External links

"The iron wall", Christopher Hitchens on Ahimeir's relationship with the Netanyahu family

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