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Abd ar-Rahman II (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎; 788 - 852) was Umayyad Emir of Cordoba in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.

He was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5000 people come to pay homage to the prince were killed by order of Al-Hakam.

He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822-842). In 837 he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek for martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod to be held to declare against the martyrdom.

In 844 Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cadiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.

He responded to William of Septimania's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald's nominations.

Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well-known as a patron of the arts.[1] He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".

References

  1. ^ Chambers Biographical Dictionary, ISBN 0-550-18022-2, page 2

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Abd ar-Rahman II
Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish
Died: 852
Preceded by
al-Hakam I
Emir of Cordoba
822 – 852
Succeeded by
Muhammad I
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ABD-AR-RAHMAN (822-852) was one of the weaker of the Spanish Omayyads. He was a prince with a taste for music and literature, whose reign was a time of confusion. It is chiefly memorable for having included the story of the "Martyrs of Cordova," one of the most remarkable passages in the religious history of the middle ages.


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