Abdullah of Saudi Arabia: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abdullah bin Aziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Commander of the Saudi National Guard
Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
King of Saudi Arabia
Reign August 1, 2005 – present
(&0000000000000004.0000004 years, &0000000000000228.000000228 days)
Bayaa August 2, 2005
Predecessor Fahd
4th Commander of the Saudi National Guard
In Office 2 August, 2005
Predecessor Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
In Office 2 August, 2005 - Present
Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
In Office 1 August, 2005 - Present
Spouse 4 wives[1]
Issue
7 sons
15 daughters[2][3]
Full name
Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Bin Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Bin Turki Bin Abdullah Bin Mohammed Bin Saud
Father Abdulaziz
Mother Fahda bint Asi Al Shuraim[4]
Born August 1, 1924 (1924-08-01) (age 85)
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Religion Salafi Islam
Children
  • Khaled bin Abdullah
  • Mutaib bin Abdullah
  • Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah
  • Faisal bin Abdullah
  • Sultan bin Abdullah
  • Turki bin Abdullah
  • Mish'al bin Abdullah
  • Saud bin Abdullah
  • Mansur bin Abdullah
  • Mashhor bin Abdullah
  • Bader bin Abdullah
  • Bandar bin Abdullah
  • Fahda bint Abdullah
  • Nayifa bint Abdullah
  • Aliya bint Abdullah
  • Adela bint Abdullah
  • Nouf bint Abdullah
  • Sita bint Abdullah
  • Saifa bint Abdullah
  • Abeer bint Abdullah
  • Sara bint Abdullah
  • Hayfa bint Abdullah
  • Areeb bint Adullah
  • Hanof bint Abdullah
  • Madawy bint Abdullah

King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz Bin Abdulrahman Bin Faisal Bin Turki Bin Abdullah Bin Mohammed Bin Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, (Arabic: خادم الحرمين الشريفين الملك عبد الله بن عبد العزيز آل سعود‎, born August 1, 1924[5]) is the current King of Saudi Arabia and Head of the House of Saud. He succeeded to the throne and assumed the title of King upon the death of his half-brother, King Fahd, on August 1, 2005.[6] As Crown Prince since 1982, he had previously acted as de facto regent and thus ruler of Saudi Arabia since January 1, 1996,[7] when Fahd was incapacitated by a major stroke. He was formally enthroned on August 3, 2005. One of his sons, Prince Mutaib, serves as a deputy commander in the Saudi National Guard. He is, after half-brother Bandar and Musa'id, the third eldest of the living sons of Abdul Aziz ibn Saud.

Abdullah also serves as Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia and Commander of the Saudi National Guard. He is Chairman of the Supreme Economic Council, President of the High Council for Petroleum and Minerals, President of the King Abdulaziz Centre for National Dialogue, Chairman of the Council of Civil Service and Head of the Military Service Council. Abdullah is the fifth[8] son (out of 37 sons) of King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud, the founder of modern Saudi Arabia, to ascend to the throne.

Contents

Early life

King Abdullah Bin-Abd-al-Aziz Al Saud was born in Riyadh to Ibn Saud's eighth wife, Fahda bint Asi Al Shuraim of the Abde section of the Shammar tribe. She had earlier been married to the 10th Rashidi Emir, Saud, who was killed in 1920.

He was given the position of Commander of the Saudi Arabian National Guard in August 1962, the position of Second Deputy Prime Minister in March 1975 and the position of First Deputy Prime Minister in June 1982. Abdullah had taken multiple wives during his lifetime, among them Princess Tadi Bint Mashan Al-Jarba, Princess Hessa Al Shaalan, Princess Haifa Al Mohana, Princess Aida Fostok, Anud, Princess Malka Al Jarba, and al-Jauhara. He has 7 sons and 15 daughters.[citation needed]

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Interfaith dialogue

In March 2008 King Abdullah called for a “brotherly and sincere dialogue between believers from all religions.”[9]

Abdullah held a conference at Mecca in June 2008 to urge Muslim leaders to speak with one voice with Jewish and Christian leaders.[10] He discussed and took approval of the Saudi Islamic scholars and the world's renowned Islamic scholars to hold the interfaith dialogue.

In June 2008, Saudi Arabia and Spain agreed to hold the interfaith dialogue in Spain.[11] The historic conference finally took place in Madrid in July 2008 where religious leaders of different faiths participated.[12]

Abdullah had never earlier made any overtures for dialogue with eastern religious leaders such as Hindus and Buddhists. The Mecca conference discussed an important paper on the dialogue with the followers of monotheistic religions highlighting the monotheistic religions of southeast Asia including Sikhism in the third axis of the fourth meeting titled "With Whom We Talk" presented by Sheikh Badrul hasan Alqasmi. The session was chaired by HE Dr. Ezz Eddin Ibrahim, Adviser to the President of the United Arab Emirates for Culture.

The session also discussed a paper presented on coordination among Islamic institutions on Dialogue by Dr. / Abdullah bin Omar Nassif, Secretary General of the World Islamic Council for Preaching and relief, and a paper on dialogue with divine messages, presented by Professor / Mohammad Sammak - Secretary General of the Islamic spiritual summit/ Lebanon. The session ended by Sheikh Al Fadel alzafzaaf - Under secretary-Azhar and Chairman of the Committee for dialogue among religions formerly / Cairo discussing the futuristics of dialogue in the light of repeated abuse to Islam.

United Nations 'Peace of Culture' - November 2008

King Abdullah and his government were responsible for the 'Peace of Culture' which took place on November 2008 at the United Nations General Assembly. It brought together Muslim and non-Muslim nations to eradicate the preconception of Islam and Terrorism. It brought together leaders including former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Tony Blair, Israeli President Shimon Peres, George W Bush and King Abdullah of Jordan.

War on Terror

King Abdullah with Russian President Vladimir Putin on February 11, 2007.

Since May 12, 2003, Saudi Arabia has faced several serious attacks from organizations that Saudi Arabia officially has declared Terrorists, targeting primarily Western expatriates and also Saudi security forces. The attacks have included car and truck bombings as well as raids by gunmen against civilians.

Several international groups, such as al-Qaeda, have been linked to the attacks, with the common motivation being resentment of the perceived pro-Western stance of the King and royal family, and their encouragement of Westerners residing in Saudi Arabia. The militants believe that the Islamic prophet Muhammad commanded that non-Muslims should be expelled from the Arabian peninsula. The militants are especially outraged at the presence of the U.S. military in Saudi Arabia, which they see as sanctioned by the royal family.

The response of King Abdullah's administration to the insurgency has been a series of crackdowns including raids by security forces, arrests, torture[13] and public beheadings. King Abdullah has vowed to fight terrorist ideologies within the country.

On the second anniversary of the September 11 attack on the United States, the then-prince wrote a letter to then U.S. President George W. Bush, which ended with:

"God Almighty, in His wisdom, tests the faithful by allowing such calamities to happen. But He, in His mercy, also provides us with the will and determination, generated by faith, to enable us to transform such tragedies into great achievements, and crises that seem debilitating are transformed into opportunities for the advancement of humanity. I only hope that, with your cooperation and leadership, a new world will emerge out of the rubble of the World Trade Center: a world that is blessed by the virtues of freedom, peace, prosperity and harmony." [14]

Philanthropy

  • Abdullah paid for the separation surgery of a pair of Polish conjoined twins, which took place at the King Abd al-Aziz Medical City in Riyadh on January 3, 2005. He was given "honorary citizenship" by the Polish town of Janikowo, where the twins were born.
  • He has established two libraries, the King Abdulaziz Library in Riyadh and another in Casablanca, Morocco.

Criticism

On January 24, 2007, Human Rights Watch sent an open letter to King Abdullah asking him to cease religious persecution of the Ahmadi faith in Saudi Arabia. Two letters were sent in November 2006 and February 2007 asking him to remove the travel ban on critics of the Saudi government.[17] Human Rights Watch has not yet indicated whether they have received any response to these letters.

During a state visit to the United Kingdom on October 30, 2007, Abdullah was greeted by protesters accusing him of being a "murderer" and a "torturer." Concerns were raised in the UK about the treatment of women and homosexuals by the Saudi kingdom. Concerns were also raised over alleged bribes involving arms deals between Saudi Arabia and the UK.[18]

Meetings with United States presidents

In October 1976, as Prince Abdullah was being groomed for greater responsibility in Riyadh, he was sent to the United States to meet with President Gerald Ford. He again traveled to the United States as Crown Prince in October 1987, meeting Vice President George H. W. Bush. In September 1998, Crown Prince Abdullah made a state visit to the United States to meet in Washington, D.C. with President Bill Clinton. In September 2000, he attended millennium celebrations at the United Nations in New York City. In April 2002, Crown Prince Abdullah made a state visit to the United States with President George W. Bush and he returned again in April 2005 with Bush as well. Also, in June 2009, Abdullah hosted President Barack Obama in Saudi Arabia.

Wealth

His wealth is estimated at over $21 billion.[19]

Notes

External links

Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Born: 1924
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Fahd
King of Saudi Arabia
2005 – present
Incumbent
Heir:
Crown Prince Sultan
Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia
2005 – present
Preceded by
Saad bin Saud bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
Commander of the Saudi National Guard
1962 – present
Preceded by
Mintimer Sharipovich Shaimiev
Winner of King Faisal International Prize for Service to Islam
2008
Succeeded by
Quran and Sunnah Scholars, Egypt

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.jpg

Abdullah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud (born 1924) is the monarch and prime minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Contents

Sourced

  • "Fanaticism and extremism cannot grow on an earth whose soil is embedded in the spirit of tolerance, moderation, and balance. Good governance can eliminate injustice, destitution and poverty." [1]
  • "The real blame should be directed at us, the leaders of the Arab nation". King Abdullah criticizes his fellow Middle East leaders for not resolving the Arab conflict.[1]
  • The Jewish holy book called for "an eye for an eye and did not say an eye for the eyes of a whole city."[2]

Conflict in Iraq

  • In beloved Iraq, blood is flowing between brothers, in the shadow of an illegitimate foreign occupation, and abhorrent sectarianism threatens a civil war.

Unity of Muslims

Interfaith dialogue

  • "We state with a unified voice that religions through which Almighty God sought to bring happiness to mankind should not be turned into instruments to cause misery," **Saudi king promotes tolerance at U.N. forum November 2008

Last chance to terrorists

  • Allah says [in the Koran]: "If they repent before you overcome them, you should know that Allah is forgiving and merciful."...we are opening the door of forgiveness[...] and acceptance of Islamic law, to all who have strayed and committed a crime in the name of religion...Everyone who belongs to this group that has wronged itself who has not yet been apprehended in terrorist operations – we offer them a chance to return to Allah...Anyone who accepts this and surrenders of his own free will...will be treated according to the law of Allah.

References

External links

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