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Coordinates: 52°25′N 4°04′W / 52.42°N 4.07°W / 52.42; -4.07

Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth shore.jpg
Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth is located in Wales2
Aberystwyth

 Aberystwyth shown within Wales
Population 15,935 (2001)[1]
OS grid reference SN585815
    - Cardiff 90 mi (140 km) SE 
Principal area Ceredigion
Ceremonial county Dyfed
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ABERYSTWYTH
Postcode district SY23
Dialling code 01970
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Ceredigion
Welsh Assembly Ceredigion
List of places: UK • Wales • Ceredigion

Aberystwyth (English: Mouth of the River Ystwyth, English pronunciation: /ˌæbəˈrɪstwɪθ/, Welsh: [abɛrˈəstɔʏθ]) is a historic market town, administrative centre and holiday resort within Ceredigion, Wales. It is often colloquially known as Aber, and is located at the confluence of the rivers Ystwyth and Rheidol.

Since the late 19th century, Aberystwyth has also been a major Welsh educational centre, with the establishment of a university college there in 1872. The town's population was officially 15,935 in the 29 April 2001 census[1] or 16,928 if local-government wards are tallied.[2] During nine months of the year, there is an influx of students—to a total number of 8841 at July 2009,[3] but there is no reliable measure of the number of those students whose family residence is outside Aberystwyth.

Contents

Geography

View of Clarach Bay from Constitution Hill, Aberystwyth

The town is situated near the confluence of the rivers Ystwyth and Rheidol, on the west coast of Wales. Although the name may seem to suggest otherwise, only the River Rheidol actually passes through the town - the River Ystwyth only just skirts the town, following the reconstruction of the harbour.

Aberystwyth has a pier and a fine seafront which stretches from Constitution Hill at the north end of the Promenade to the mouth of the harbour at the south, taking in two separate beach stretches divided by the castle. Today it is essentially made up of four different areas: Aberystwyth town, Llanbadarn Fawr, Waunfawr and Penparcau, with Penparcau being the most populous.

Aberystwyth is an extremely isolated town, considering the population density of the United Kingdom. The nearest substantial settlements are located at least 1 hour 45 minutes drive away: Swansea, to the south, is 70 miles (110 km) away; Shrewsbury, in Shropshire, England, to the east, is 75 miles (120 km) away; and Wrexham, to the north-east, is approximately 80 miles (130 km) away. The Welsh capital, Cardiff, is over 100 miles (160 km) away. London is 210 miles (340 km) away from Aberystwyth.

Climate

Aberystwyth experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom.

Weather data for Aberystwyth
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
20
(68)
23
(73)
26
(79)
31
(88)
31
(88)
29
(84)
26
(79)
25
(77)
17
(63)
15
(59)
31
(88)
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
18
(64)
18
(64)
16
(61)
13
(55)
10
(50)
8
(46)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
7
(45)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
11
(52)
8
(46)
5
(41)
4
(39)
7
(45)
Record low °C (°F) -11
(12)
-9
(16)
-7
(19)
-3
(27)
-1
(30)
4
(39)
6
(43)
5
(41)
2
(36)
-2
(28)
-3
(27)
-6
(21)
-11
(12)
Precipitation mm (inches) 97
(3.82)
72
(2.83)
60
(2.36)
56
(2.2)
65
(2.56)
76
(2.99)
99
(3.9)
93
(3.66)
108
(4.25)
118
(4.65)
111
(4.37)
96
(3.78)
1,051
(41.38)
Source: BBC Weather [4] 2009-12-05

Physical features

Aberystwyth is a major tourist centre and a cultural link between North Wales and South Wales. Constitution Hill is scaled by the Aberystwyth Electric Cliff Railway giving access to fine views and other attractions at the top, while much of the finest scenery in Mid Wales lies within easy reach of the town. This includes the wilderness of the Cambrian Mountains, whose valleys contain forests and meadows which have changed little in centuries. A convenient way of reaching the interior is by the preserved narrow gauge Vale of Rheidol Railway.

Although the town is relatively modern, it contains a number of historic buildings, including the remains of the castle and the Old College of Aberystwyth University nearby. The Old College was originally intended to be a hotel but, due to a lack of funds, the shell of the building was sold to the university. The new university campus overlooks Aberystwyth from Penglais Hill to the east of the town centre. The terminus for the standard-gauge railway is also very impressive being built in 1924 in typical style of the period. Generally, the architecture is a mix of Gothic, Classical Revival and Victorian.

The town is generally regarded as the capital of Mid Wales, and several institutions have regional or national offices there. Perhaps the most important of the public bodies located in Aberystwyth is the National Library of Wales. The library also incorporates the National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales, one of six British regional film archives. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales, which maintains and curates the National Monuments Record of Wales (NMRW), providing the public with information about the built heritage of Wales. Aberystwyth is also the home to the national offices of UCAC and Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg, and the site of the Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research. The Welsh Books Council and the offices of the standard historical dictionary of Welsh, Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru, are also located in Aberystwyth.

Schools

Aberystwyth has two comprehensive schools serving the town and a wide rural area, Ysgol Gyfun Gymunedol Penweddig, and Ysgol Penglais; the former uses Welsh as the primary language of tuition, the latter, English.

Aberystwyth University

Aberystwyth is home to Aberystwyth University whose predecessor, University College Wales, was founded in 1872 and renamed 'the University of Wales, Aberystwyth' in the mid-1990s. Prior to the college's establishment, Wales had very limited academic-degree capability through St David's College, Lampeter, founded in 1822 and now named 'the University of Wales, Lampeter'.

History

Mesolithic

There is evidence that during the Mesolithic Age the area of Tan-y-Bwlch at the foot of Pen Dinas (Penparcau) was used as a flint knapping floor for hunter gatherers making weapons from flint that was deposited as the ice retreated.

Bronze and Iron Ages

The remains of a Celtic fortress on Pen Dinas (or more correctly 'Dinas Maelor'), a hill in Penparcau overlooking Aberystwyth, indicates that the site was inhabited before 700 BC. On a hill south of the present town, across the River Ystwyth, are the remains of a medieval ringfort believed to be the castle from which Princess Nest was abducted. This rare survival is now on private land and can only be accessed by arrangement.

Middle Ages

The recorded history of Aberystwyth may be said to date from the building of a fortress in 1109 by Gilbert Fitz Richard (grandfather of Richard de Clare, known as Strongbow, the Cambro-Norman lord notable for his leading role in the Norman invasion of Ireland). Gilbert Fitz Richard was granted lands and the lordship of Cardigan by Henry I, including Cardigan Castle. The fortress built in Aberystwyth was located about a mile and a half south of today's town, on a hill over the south bank of the Ystwyth River[5]. Edward I replaced Strongbow's castle in 1277, after its destruction by the Welsh[6]. His castle was, however, built in a different location, at the current Castle Hill, the high point of the town. Between the years 1404 and 1408 Aberystwyth Castle was in the hands of Owain Glyndŵr, but finally surrendered to Prince Harry (the future King Henry V of England). Shortly after this, the town was incorporated under the title of Ville de Lampadarn (the ancient name of the place being Llanbadarn Gaerog, or the fortified Llanbadarn, to distinguish it from Llanbadarn Fawr, the village one mile (1.6 km) inland. It is thus styled in a Royal charter granted by Henry VIII but, by Elizabeth I's time, the town was invariably named Aberystwyth in all documents.

Early Modern Era

In 1649, Parliamentarian troops razed the castle[7], so that its remains are now inconsiderable, though portions of three towers still exist. In 1988, an excavation within the castle area revealed a complete male skeleton, deliberately buried. Rarely surviving in Wales' acidic soil, this skeleton was probably preserved by the addition of lime from the collapsed building. Affectionately known as "Charlie", he probably dates from the English Civil War period, probably dying during the Parliamentarian siege and is now housed in the Ceredigion Museum in the town. His image is featured in one of nine mosaics created to adorn the castle's walls.[8]

Victorian era

The Cambrian Railway line from Machynlleth reached Aberystwyth in the 1860s, closely followed by rail links to Carmarthen, which resulted in the construction of the town's impressive station. The railway's arrival gave rise to something of a Victorian tourist boom and the town was once even billed as the "Biarritz of Wales"[9]. During this time a number of hotels and fine townhouses were built including the Queens Hotel. One of the largest of these hotels "The Castle Hotel" was never completed as a hotel but following bankruptcy was sold cheaply to the Welsh National University Committee, a group of people dedicated to the creation of a Welsh University. The University College of Wales (later to become Aberystwyth University) was founded in 1872 in this building.

The National Library of Wales one of the main research and deposit libraries in the UK

Aberystwyth was a contributory parliamentary borough until the Third Reform Act, which caused its representation to be merged into that of the county in 1885.

Modern history

The Vale of Rheidol Railway narrow-gauge line from Devil's Bridge was constructed between 1901 and 1902, intended to ship mineral cargo, primarily lead, from Devil's Bridge down to Aberystwyth for trans-shipment. By the time it was finished, lead mining was in a deep downturn and it therefore came to rely largely on the tourist industry. The railway opened for passengers in December 1902. It is still open for the summer season today.

On the night of Friday 14 January 1938 a storm with estimated wind speeds of up to 90 mph (140 km/h) struck the town. Most of the promenade was destroyed, along with 200 feet (61 m) of the pier. Many properties on the seafront were damaged, most severely on Victoria Terrace.

Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg held their historic first protest on Trefechan Bridge in Aberystwyth, on 2 February 1963, and here also the first-ever independent Welsh Evangelical Church was established (see Evangelical Movement of Wales).

Merched y Wawr have their national headquarters in Aberystwyth.

Aberystwyth hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1865, 1916, 1952 and 1992.

On 1 March 2005 Aberystwyth was granted Fairtrade Town status.

In March 2009, mayor Sue Jones-Davies who had played the role of Judith Iscariot in the film Monty Python's Life of Brian organised a charity screening of the film with principal actors Terry Jones and Michael Palin attending. The town had earlier banned the film when it was released[10].

Tourist facilities and attractions

View of Aberystwyth and Cardigan Bay from the National Library of Wales

The town attracts many tourists and some of its main attractions are:

Transport

Rail

Aberystwyth is served by Aberystwyth station, situated in the town centre. The station is the terminus of a service provided by Arriva Trains Wales, on a roughly two-hourly basis, over the scenic Cambrian Line to Shrewsbury and Birmingham via Machynlleth and Mid Wales. Connecting services from Machynlleth also provide a link to Gwynedd's west coast.

Aberystwyth station is also the terminus of the Vale of Rheidol Railway, a steam operated narrow gauge heritage railway. This provides a convenient and scenic transport link during the summer months to Devil's Bridge, a tourist attraction about 12 miles (19 km) east of the town.

Road

Two of Wales's important trunk roads, the A487 and A44 meet in the town, with much traffic between north and south-west Wales passing through. The B4574 mountain road linking the town to Rhayader is described by the AA as one of the ten most scenic drives in the world.[11][12]

Aberystwyth is also a hub for Wales's TrawsCambria bus network, with regular direct services to Bangor, Cardigan, Carmarthen and Cardiff. A daily National Express coach to London and Birmingham also exists.

Culture

Language

See also List of Welsh principal areas by percentage Welsh language

The major languages spoken in Aberystwyth are English and Welsh. The 2001 census reported that in the seven wards of Aberystwyth 39% of the residents self-identified as either being able to speak, read or write Welsh. This is lower than Ceredigion as a whole (54%) but higher than Wales overall at 23%.[13]

Music

Within Wales, Aberystwyth has a live music scene which has produced bands and artists such as:

Sport

Aberystwyth has several sporting associations, including Aberystwyth Athletic Club which was formed in 1955. Aberystwyth RFC is the local rugby union club formed in 1947 and plays in the Welsh Rugby Union leagues.

Aberystwyth Town F.C. formed in 1884, winning the Welsh Cup in 1900 before becoming a founder member of the Welsh Premier League (then League of Wales) in 1992. The town is rich in football with the University of Wales F.C., Penparcau, Bow Street, and Penrhyncoch as well as ATFC Reserves playing in the third tier of Welsh football: Spar Mid Wales League. The club were winners of the Welsh Cup in 1999, their most notable trophy success to date.

Aberystwyth Cricket Club have three senior teams and have been playing in the town in one form or the other since the 1830s. A new Penparcau/Aberystwyth Boxing Club is now being built in Penparcau.

In fiction

Aberystwyth (albeit an alternative universe version) is the setting for the cult Louie Knight series by Malcolm Pryce which transfers Chandleresque "noir" stories and dialogue to this small seaside town. This alternative reality features many landmarks of Aberystwyth such as the University and the National Library of Wales, but the social situation is radically altered to more closely resemble the pulp/noir stereotypical "Dirty Town" that the narrative plays off. Most of the humour in the books is derived from the almost seamless juxtaposition of the real Aberystwyth and the fictional, noir Aberystwyth. Various aspects of Welsh culture are reflections of what you might expect to see in reality, but with a pulp twist - for example, prostitutes wear Welsh stovepipe hats.

The town is the setting for Koudelka, a Playstation RPG.

In the setting for Classic Battletech, a star system in the Timbuktu Theatre of Alarion Province of the Lyran Commonwealth / Lyran Alliance is named Aberystwyth.

The local writer Niall Griffiths has set many of his novels here and reflects local slang, settings and even individuals. Grits and Sheepshagger are set wholly in Aberystwyth, which also features prominently in his other novels such as Kelly and Victor and Stump. He portrays a more gritty side of Aberystwyth.

Nancy Bond's A String in the Harp is set in the small coastal town of Borth, near Aberystwyth. The main characters' father is on sabbatical leave from Amherst University and working at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth.

Twinned towns

Aberystwyth is twinned with:[1][2]

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Usual resident population Downloadable Excel spreadsheet
  2. ^ Aberystwyth Population Data at Aber Info
  3. ^ Aberystwyth University UCAS statistics, 10 July 2009
  4. ^ "Average Conditions Aberystwyth, Whales". BBC Weather. http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/world/city_guides/results.shtml?tt=TT003740. Retrieved December 5, 2009.  
  5. ^ Griffiths, Ralph A., "The Three Castles at Aberystwyth", Archaeologia Cambrensis, V.126, 1977, pp. 74-87
  6. ^ Spurgeon, C.J., The Castle and Borough of Aberystwyth, 1973, p. 5
  7. ^ Spurgeon, C.J., The Castle and Borough of Aberystwyth, 1973, p. 12
  8. ^ Aberystwyth Castle Mosaics BBC Mid Wales
  9. ^ Ceredigion County Council - Bibliography of Cardiganshire 1600-1968 Aberystwyth
  10. ^ First screening of Monty Python's Life of Brian in town that banned it. "Telegraph"
  11. ^ http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/2009/04/11/pm-should-head-west-for-a-hidden-gem-holiday-destination-91466-23362715/
  12. ^ http://www.cycling.visitwales.co.uk/server.php?show=nav.2472
  13. ^ ONS Neighbourhood Statistics

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The Old College seen from the grounds of the Castle. The Pier behind, with the Cliff Railway and Camera Obscura in the background
The Old College seen from the grounds of the Castle. The Pier behind, with the Cliff Railway and Camera Obscura in the background

Aberystwyth [1] is in the county of Ceredigion, in Wales.

Understand

Aberystwyth, called the true capital of Wales by some, is a smallish town on the Ceredigion coast, just below the Dyfi estuary. Politically, it's in the heart of Nationalist Wales, and is the birthplace of the Welsh Language movement. It is home to one of the oldest parts of the University of Wales [2], which is attended by some 9,000 students. It is also home to the National Library of Wales [3], one of the UK's few copyright libraries, meaning it has the right to claim a copy of every book published in Britain, which also means that it has one of the highest figures for books per head of population in the world. Its other notable - and notorious - feature is the remarkable number of pubs in the town.

Generations of first year students have been brought up on the promise of a pub for every week of the year [4]. True in that there exist over 61 separate physical locations with public bars in the small Welsh town . Aberystwyth has a fairly unique student atmosphere - during term-time the vast majority of young adults are undergraduates and the remoteness of the location creates a more vibrant social life than experienced on most campuses.

Get in

By train

'Aber' is at the end of the line, in many senses of the phrase. Direct trains run from Birmingham International. 2 hours from Shrewsbury, 3 from Birmingham. A branch line from Machynlleth provides connections to the coastal towns of West Gwynedd.

Arriva [5] operates the only regular rail service to Aber. Arriva's service is sometimes criticized by locals and students. Arriva promises improvement and has invested in new infrastructure.

By car

There are two main routes to Aber by road: the A44 comes from the East, and the A487 goes North to South through the town. The best way to actually get there from any particular point is a subject of much debate. Buy a map and have fun. Minimum 3 hours from Birmingham, 2 hours 30 mins from Cardiff, 1 hour 30 mins from Swansea - highly dependent on the number of tractors on the roads.There is also a Park and Ride facility [6].

By bus

TrawsCambria [7] X40 links Aberystwyth to Carmarthen hourly Monday to Saturday, with two journeys extended to Swansea and Cardiff. The X32 is its northern equivalent, providing a link to such exciting places as Machynlleth, Dolgellau and Bangor every two hours. Traveline [8]: 0871 200 22 33

Daily National Express [9] 420 service to/from Birmingham and London Victoria.

By air

Presently, Swansea [10] is the nearest airport, light aircraft only. Birmingham International [11] is most useful for Aberystwyth - it's one change of train and about 3 hours 30 mins away. Since December 2008 there is a direct connection to the airport.

Get around

Aber is a very compact town; walking is by far the easiest way to get around.

If you require motorised transport, taxis are plentiful and relatively cheap.

Buses also run up Penglais hill (where the main University campus is) and to Llanbadarn Fawr (the other campus, and the Morrisons supermarket - largest of its ilk locally).

Parking is a problem in the centre of Aber, but a Park and Ride operates from Park Avenue, with a free bus service every 15 minutes Monday to Saturday.

  • The best thing to see in Aber is probably the sunset! The view over Cardigan Bay on a summer's evening can be quite stunning. The best places to see the sunset are the long seafront Promenade (see also: Drink), any of the beaches that takes your fancy, and the University plaza (and the Arts Centre cafe located above it).
  • The ruins of the Castle, overlooking the bay, is pleasant enough to wander through during the day - there are also picnic tables scattered around the war memorial that shares the space. Don't go venturing there at night, though - the castle is used by less savoury persons after dark...
  • The other 'sight' in Aber (and another fine vantage point for sunsets) is Constitution Hill, accessible by funicular railway in season, and a brisk 15 minute walk up to the summit all year round. The views are tremendous, and there is a small museum and Camera Obscura, as well as the obligatory tea shop, at the top.
  • The National Library of Wales, (from town, take the Penglais Road [the A487 toward Machynlleth] up Penglais Hill; turn right where signposted (after Bronglais Hospital); the library is at the end of a 400 metre drive overlooking the town.), +44 (0)1970 632 800 (fax: +44 (0)1970 615 709), [12]. Reading rooms and Entrance Hall Exhibition Area open M-F 9:30AM-6PM, Sa 9:30AM-5PM; Gregynog Exhibition Gallery, Peniarth Gallery, The World of the Book open M-Sa 10AM-5PM. Free.
The National Library of Wales is one of the six legal deposit libraries in the British Isles and has a collection of more than four million printed volumes. In addition, it has collections concentrating in Welsh and other Celtic cultures. The Entrance Hall Exhibition Area and Gregynog Gallery feature regular exhibits -- primarily of work by Welsh artists. The Peniarth Gallery and World of the Book feature changing thematic exhibits of items from the library's collections. 2007 represents the centenary of the library and, as a result there are a wide range of events throughout the year.

Do

A good place to start is the Tourist Information Centre at the seafront end of Terrace Road.

  • The main pastime in Aber, at least for its student population, is drinking. There are many fine public houses in the town, and many grotty ones, too. See 'Drink' for more details.
  • If walking's your thing, then the countryside around Aber is beautiful. A popular walk is to Borth, a few miles up the coast, and blessed with wonderful beaches. A short trip out of town by car or bus is Cadair Idris a popular hiking spot with spectacular view (if the weather is good).
  • Watersports are another popular activity, but it's probably advisable to take part in organised outings as far as these go. The Irish Sea is famous for its undertow, and most years at least one foolhardy person gets sucked out to sea - usually after a drinking session.
  • There are also boat trips out into Cardigan Bay, where dolphins can be seen in the waters, and seals on the islands. These are seasonal, so check at the tourist information centre for latest times and prices. Sea Fishing excursions can also be arranged in the harbour, a great day out with all equipment included in the charter.
  • Vale of Rheidol Railway (Rheilffordd Dyffryn Rheidol), Park Avenue, Aberystwyth, 01970 625819 (fax: 01970 623769), [13]. Was the last steam line owned by British Rail until privatisation in 1989. It's now run by a charitable trust. The line climbs up the beautiful Rheidol Valley to Devils Bridge (Pontarfynach), taking about an hour in each direction. Devils Bridge is a major tourist attraction, the site of 3 bridges, each above the other, crossing the deep ravine of the Mynach river where it drops 300 feet to flow into the river Rheidol. Legend has it that the original bridge was built by the Devil as it was too difficult for mortal people to build. The Devil built the bridge in return for the soul of the first life to cross the bridge, but the Devil was tricked by an old woman who threw bread onto the bridge and her dog followed, thus becoming the first life to cross the new bridge. The railway is the best way to visit Devils Bridge as the roads are narrow and winding and parking at Devils Bridge can be a nightmare in peak season. If you're planning on spending a bit of time looking around in Devils Bridge (as well as the bridges and waterfalls there are a couple of pubs and some gift shops, and several waymarked walking trails) be sure to check the times of later trains with the guard when you get off!  edit
  • Little Italy, 51 North Parade, Tel: +44 1970 625-707. An excellent Italian restaurant in the heart of Mid Wales.
  • Blue Creek Cafe. Small, cosy cafe, tucked behind the market hall at the castle end of town. Sells tasty salads, melts and other light meals, as well as a great smoothie selection.  edit
  • Ultracomida Delicatessen, 31 Pier Street, +44 1970 630-686. Regularly changing menu that includes panini to dine in (two large tables and a bar with stools in the back room) or take away for lunch, also a full delicatessen featuring local and imported cheeses and meats and produce and Spanish olives and peppers, imported coffee. moderate.  edit
  • Yr Orendy (The Orangery). A relaxed environment which is particularly popular with the local 'Yummy Mummies' during the day. In the evenings it tends to be one of the few places locals go to escape the students. Price fits the atmosphere, generally high for the area..  edit
  • Y Cwps (The Coopers Arms). Recently renovated (although not dramatically) the Cwps - as it's generally known - has a long relationship with Welsh language campaigns and music.  edit
  • The Inn on the Pier. Although 'The Pinn' isn't the nicest place for a drink - and certainly won't be somewhere you'll find a real ale - it is located on the Pier jutting out into the bay and offers a truly unique experience, especially in a storm!  edit
  • Scholars. Local favourite amongst students, often with live bands at the weekend, and with a decent selection of beers. The Guinness is usually good as it is ordered regularly and so doesn't sit in the pipes.  edit
  • Rummers. Rowdy traditional pub that opens late at the weekends. Live music of varying quality on Friday and Saturday. Good place to finish a night out if you don't fancy dancing to cheesy music on a sticky dance floor  edit
  • Midfield Holiday and Residential Park, Southgate, Aberystwyth (about a mile out of town on the Devils Bridge road), 01970 612542 (fax: 01970 623250), [14]. Quiet camping and caravan site on a hillside overlooking the town, fantastic views of Aberystwyth and Cardigan Bay. Free wifi.  edit
  • The University of Wales, Aberystwyth (during vacation periods only), [15]. from £18 per night for a single room.   edit
  • Harry's Hotel & Bistro [16]

Stay safe

Aberystwyth offers a very safe environment and is probably one of the few places remaining in Britain where an unlocked door doesn't guarantee burglary.

Friday and Saturday nights can be a bit boisterous during the summer, though incidences of drink related violence are still far less than in large cities.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ABERYSTWYTH, a municipal borough, market-town and seaport of Cardiganshire, Wales, near the confluence of the rivers Ystwyth and Rheidol, about the middle of Cardigan Bay. Pop. (1goI) 8013. It is the terminal station of the Cambrian railway, and also of the Manchester and Milford line. It is the most popular watering-place on the west coast of Wales, and possesses a pier, and a fine sea-front which stretches from Constitution Hill at the north end of the Marine Terrace to the mouth of the harbour. The town is of modern appearance, and contains many public buildings, of which the most remarkable is the imposing but fantastic structure of the University College of Wales near the Castle Hill. Much of the finest scenery in mid-Wales lies within easy reach of Aberystwyth.

The history of Aberystwyth may be said to date from the time of Gilbert Strongbow, who in 1109 erected a fortress on the present Castle Hill. Edward I. rebuilt Strongbow's castle in 1277, after its destruction by the Welsh. Between the years 1404 and 1408 Aberystwyth Castle was in the hands of Owen Glendower, but finally surrendered to Prince Harry of Monmouth, and shortly of ter this the town was incorporated under the title of Ville de Lampadarn, the ancient name of the place being Llanbadarn Gaerog, or the fortified Llanbadarn, to distinguish it from Llanbadarn Fawr, the village one mile inland. It is thus styled in a charter granted by Henry VIII., but by Elizabeth's time the town was invariably termed Aberystwyth in all documents. In 1647 the parliamentarian troops razed the castle to the ground, so that its remains are now inconsiderable, though portions of three towers still exist. Aberystwyth was a contributory parliamentary borough until 1885, when its representation was merged in that of the county. In modern times Aberystwyth has become a Welsh educational centre, owing to the erection here of one of the three colleges of the university of Wales (1872), and of a hostel for women in connexion with it. In 1905 it was decided to fix here the site of the proposed Welsh National Library.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology

From the Welsh aber, (mouth) + Ystwyth.

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Singular
Aberystwyth

Plural
-

Aberystwyth

  1. A town in Ceredigion, Wales

Translations








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