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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Abu Qir
Specialized hospital at Abu Qir
Abu Qir is located in Egypt
Abu Qir
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°19′N 30°04′E / 31.317°N 30.067°E / 31.317; 30.067
Country  Egypt
Governorate Alexandria Governorate
Time zone EST (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Abū Qīr (Arabic أبو قير) (also Abukir or Aboukir) is a village on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, 23 kilometers (14.5 miles) northeast of Alexandria by rail, containing a castle used as a state prison by Muhammad Ali of Egypt.

The name Abū Qīr is pronounced Abū’īr in the local dialect (with a glottal stop in place of the qaf). The name is taken from the name of an Egyptian Christian martyr, named Cyrus.

Near the village are many remains of ancient buildings, Egyptian, Greek and Roman. About three kilometers (two miles) southeast of the village are ruins supposed to mark the site of Canopus. A little farther east the Canopic branch of the Nile (now dry) entered the Mediterranean.

Stretching eastward as far as the Rosetta mouth of the Nile is the spacious Abu Qir Bay (Khalīj Abū Qīr), where on 1 August 1798, Horatio Nelson fought the Battle of the Nile, often referred to as the "Battle of Aboukir Bay". The latter title is applied more properly to an engagement between the French expeditionary army and the Turks fought on 25 July 1799. Near Abū Qīr, on 8 March 1801, units of the British army commanded by Sir Ralph Abercromby landed from their transports in the face of a strenuous opposition from a French force entrenched on the beach. Abercromby died of wounds received in the battle.

Near its shore Nelson's Island is present where the remains of British officers, sailors, marines, women, and children were uncovered.[1][2]

See also

References

Coordinates: 31°19′N 30°04′E / 31.317°N 30.067°E / 31.317; 30.067

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ABOUKIR, a village on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, 14 1/2 m. N.E. of Alexandria by rail, containing a castle used as a state prison by Mehemet Ali. Near the village are many remains of ancient buildings, Egyptian, Greek and Roman. About 2 m. S.E. of the village are ruins supposed to mark the site of Canopus. A little farther east the Canopic branch of the Nile (now dry) entered the Mediterranean.

Stretching eastward as far as the Rosetta mouth of the Nile is the spacious bay of Aboukir, where on the 1st of August 1798 Nelson fought the battle of the Nile, often referred to as the battle of Aboukir. The latter title is applied more properly to an engagement between the French expeditionary army and the Turks fought on the 25th of July 1799. Near Aboukir, on the 8th of March 1801, the British army commanded by Sir R. Abercromby landed from its transports in the face of a strenuous opposition from a French force entrenched on the beach. (See FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WARS.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

French

Proper noun

Aboukir

  1. Abu Qir, a village and bay in Egypt site of two iconic battles of the French military.

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