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Abraham Lincoln


In office
March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865
Vice President Hannibal Hamlin (1861–1865)
Andrew Johnson (1865)
Preceded by James Buchanan
Succeeded by Andrew Johnson

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849
Preceded by John Henry
Succeeded by Thomas L. Harris

Born February 12, 1809(1809-02-12)
Hardin County, Kentucky
Died April 15, 1865 (aged 56)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place Oak Ridge Cemetery
Springfield, Illinois
39°49′24″N 89°39′21″W / 39.82333°N 89.65583°W / 39.82333; -89.65583
Nationality American
Political party Whig (1832-1854)
Republican (1854–1865)
National Union (1864)
Spouse(s) Mary Todd Lincoln
Children Robert Todd Lincoln
Edward Lincoln
Willie Lincoln
Tad Lincoln
Occupation Lawyer
Religion See: Abraham Lincoln and religion
Signature
Military service
Service/branch Illinois Militia
Years of service 1832
Battles/wars Black Hawk War
.Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. He successfully led his country through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War, preserving the Union and ending slavery.^ Assassination ; Main article: Abraham Lincoln assassination ; The assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ April 1965, on the Lincoln assassination.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ April 15, 1865.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Before his election in 1860 as the first Republican president, Lincoln had been a country lawyer, an Illinois state legislator, a member of the United States House of Representatives, and twice an unsuccessful candidate for election to the U.S. Senate.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He has had the honor of praying for the United States Senate and officiating at the marriage of a President.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The election of Lincoln and the Radical Republicans in 1860 was the reason the Deep South states seceded.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.As an outspoken opponent of the expansion of slavery in the United States,[1][2] Lincoln won the Republican Party nomination in 1860 and was elected president later that year.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln is well known for ending slavery in the United States.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Member since: September 23, 2006 Total points: 1093 (Level 3) Add to My Contacts Block User I was searching, and I got the biography of Abraham Lincoln ; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Lin… ; ; Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American politician who was elected the 16th President of the United States (serving from 1861 to 1865), and was the first president from the Republican Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.His tenure in office was occupied primarily with the defeat of the secessionist Confederate States of America in the American Civil War.^ He was president during the American civil war.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But war came when the North launched an invasion of the Confederate states.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This societal disruption is part of the continuing Confederate War on America.
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.He introduced measures that resulted in the abolition of slavery, issuing his Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 and promoting the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.^ To achieve his main goal of preserving the Union, Lincoln first ended slavery in the Confederacy through his Emancipation Proclamation (1863), and looked forward to its total demise by rigorously endorsing passage and ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1865).
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The proclamation made abolishing slavery in the rebel states an official war goal and it became the impetus for the enactment of the 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution which abolished slavery throughout the nation; Lincoln was the main promoter of that amendment.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Incidently, this extreme unconstitutional and immoral opposition by the Supreme Court to the Constitution's clauses against slavery , was a factor in Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.Six days after the large-scale surrender of Confederate forces under General Robert E. Lee, Lincoln became the first American president to be assassinated.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ROBERT LEE, General-in-Chief of the Confederate; forces, comes in, followed by one of his staff.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reveals for the first time how the plot to assassinate Lincoln was woven through an even more complex scheme to pay for and profit from the Union war effort by trading in Confederate cotton, based largely on previously unseen, long-lost archival material.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lincoln had closely supervised the victorious war effort, especially the selection of top generals, including Ulysses S. Grant.^ Lincoln had met frequently with Grant as the war drew to a close.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Included in Article 1 § 8 is a grant of power to wage war and create a military.
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln came to feel that Taney should be arrested, his efforts to obstruct the Union winning the war were so egregious.
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

.Historians have concluded that he handled the factions of the Republican Party well, bringing leaders of each faction into his cabinet and forcing them to cooperate.^ As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the national Democratic party seriously divided, the Republicans had little trouble carrying Ohio for Lincoln,” wrote historian Richard H. Abbott.

^ Historian Weisenberger wrote that “rivalry among factions in the party in Washington, and in Ohio as well, made Lincoln’s task an incredibly difficult one.

.Lincoln successfully defused the Trent affair, a war scare with Britain late in 1861. Under his leadership, the Union took control of the border slave states at the start of the war.^ Lincoln did not start the war in order to free the slaves.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His leadership qualities were evident in his diplomatic handling of the border slave states at the beginning of the fighting, his defeat of a Congressional attempt to reorganize his cabinet in 1862, and in his success in the 1864 presidential campaign.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln rapidly rose to a leadership position within ; the Whig Party in Illinois, becoming minority leader in ; the legislature and directing the successful effort to move ; the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield, which was ; Lincoln's home from 1837 to 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additionally, he managed his own reelection in the 1864 presidential election.^ The 1864 presidential election year tested both Lincoln's leadership and northern commitment to the war.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Copperheads and other opponents of the war criticized Lincoln for refusing to compromise on the slavery issue.^ He was also willing to compromise on all other issues, including slavery.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Copperheads criticized him vehemently for refusing to compromise on slavery, declaring martial law, suspending the writ of habeas corpus, ordering arrests of 18,000 opponents including public officials and newspaper publishers, needlessly ending the lives of hundreds of thousands of young soldiers in the war, and for overstepping the bounds of executive power as set forth in the Constitution.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although various criticisms have been leveled against him, it is generally agreed that Lincoln attacked the vast problems of the war with vigor and surpassing skill.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Conversely, the Radical Republicans, an abolitionist faction of the Republican Party, criticized him for moving too slowly in abolishing slavery.^ On the other hand Radical Republicans criticized him for moving too slowly in abolishing slavery, and not being ruthless enough toward the conquered South.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was one of the pioneers in the anti-slavery movement, and one of the founders of the Republican party.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The abolitionists realized it would be many years before slavery could be abolished by either of these two processes.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even with these opponents, Lincoln successfully rallied public opinion through his rhetoric and speeches; his Gettysburg Address (1863) became an iconic symbol of the nation's duty.^ Lincoln quickly became the symbol of the nation's sacrifices during the war.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reconstructing the events of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Examining a different speech, address, or public letter in each chapter, White tracks the evolution of Lincoln's rhetoric from the measured, lawyerly tones of the First Inaugural to the imaginative daring of the 1862 Message to Congress to the haunting poetry of the Gettysburg Address.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the close of the war, Lincoln held a moderate view of Reconstruction, seeking to speedily reunite the nation through a policy of generous reconciliation.^ He took personal charge of Reconstruction, seeking to speedily re-unite the nation through a policy of generous reconciliation.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following are the religious views Lincoln is said to have held as presented by those who affirm that he was a Christian: He believed in the existence of a God, and accepted the Christian conception of this Being.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Homefront ; Rhetoric mobilizes the nation ; Lincoln was more successful in giving the war meaning to Northern civilians through his oratorical skills.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest of all U.S. Presidents.^ Lincoln is perennially ranked as one of the two or three greatest presidents.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Repeated polls of historians have ranked Lincoln as among the greatest presidents in U.S. history.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had been one of President Lincoln’s staunchest defenders in the House.

Contents

Personal life

Childhood and education

Samuel Lincoln, first American ancestor of Abraham, worshipped at Old Ship Church, Hingham, Massachusetts
.Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, two farmers, in a one-room log cabin on the 348-acre (1.4 km2) Sinking Spring Farm, in southeast Hardin County, Kentucky[3] (now part of LaRue County), making him the first president born in the west.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What qualities in Abraham Lincoln make him the best… .
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the two is to be President.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Lincoln was not given a middle name.[4] His ancestor Samuel Lincoln had arrived in Hingham, Massachusetts from England in the 17th century.[5] His grandfather, also named Abraham Lincoln, had moved to Kentucky, where he owned over 5,000 acres (20 km2), and was ambushed and killed by an Indian raid in 1786.[6]
.Thomas Lincoln was a respected citizen of rural Kentucky.^ In fact, Lincoln's father Thomas was a respected and relatively ; affluent citizen of the Kentucky backcountry.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thomas Lincoln for a while was a respected and relatively affluent citizen of the Kentucky backcountry.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Far from being an impoverished vagabond, Thomas Lincoln during these Kentucky years was a respected ; community member and a successful farmer and carpenter.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He owned several farms, including the Sinking Spring Farm, although he was not wealthy.^ Following the assassination, local residents directed Lincoln admirers to the Sinking Spring Farm and ; indicated the knoll where the Lincoln cabin had stood.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Boundary Oak Site: The Boundary Oak was one of the most significant features at both the historic Sinking ; Spring Farm and the park.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Kent Brown convincingly argues that Thomas Lincoln was a "victim" of David Vance, one of four ; people involved in the 1808 Sinking Spring Farm transaction.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The family belonged to a Separate Baptists church, which had high moral standards frowning on alcohol consumption and dancing, and many church members were opposed to slavery.^ This list revealed the fact that twenty out of twenty-three clergymen and a very large majority of the church-members of Springfield were opposed to Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Episcopalians also launched a national, years long probe into church slavery links and into whether the church should compensate black members.
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These two things are of a piece; and they are viewed by many good men, sincerely opposed to slavery, as a struggle against, and in disregard of, the constitution itself.

[7] .Abraham himself never joined their church, or any other church.^ He never joined any church.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He never joined a church.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However, he never joined his parents' church, or any other church, and as a youth he ridiculed religion.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[8][9]
.In 1816, the Lincoln family left Kentucky to avoid the expense of fighting for one of their properties in court, and made a new start in Perry County, Indiana (now in Spencer County).^ In 1816, when Lincoln was seven years old, he and his parents moved to Perry County (now in Spencer County), Indiana.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln's birthplace and family home are national historic memorials: Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, Kentucky and Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, the Lincoln Memorial Highway Association began construction ; of the Lincoln Trail, a memorial highway passing through Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Lincoln later noted that this move was "partly on account of slavery", and partly because of difficulties with land deeds in Kentucky.^ He later noted that this move was "partly on account of slavery," and partly because of economic difficulties in Kentucky.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In notes supplied to a journalist in 1860 for a campaign biography, Abraham Lincoln wrote that the ; http://www.nps.gov/abli/hrs/hrs1b.htm (1 of 2)7/6/2006 6:35:46 AM ; ; ; Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study (Chapter 1) ; family's removal to Indiana "was partly on account of slavery, but chiefly on account of the difficulty in ; land titles in Ky."
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Emancipation Proclamation ; Main articles: Abraham Lincoln on slavery and Emancipation Proclamation ; Congress in July 1862 moved to free the slaves by passing the Second Confiscation Act.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Abraham's father disapproved of slavery on religious grounds and it was hard to compete economically with farms operated by slaves.^ Emancipation Proclamation ; Main articles: Abraham Lincoln on slavery and Emancipation Proclamation ; Congress in July 1862 moved to free the slaves by passing the Second Confiscation Act.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But it is said there now is no law in Nebraska on the subject of slavery, and that, in such case, taking a slave there operates his freedom.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They also knew that many of the founding fathers had owned slaves, and that slavery had existed in the North for decades.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Unlike land in the Northwest Territory, Kentucky never had a proper U.S. survey, and farmers often had difficulties proving title to their property.^ Frustrated over the tangled status ; of Kentucky land titles, Thomas moved his family to Indiana in 1817, when Abraham was seven.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And if the Constitution carries slavery into the territories, beyond the power of the people to control it as other property, then it also carries it into the States, because the Constitution is the supreme law of the land.

^ Ironically, Thomas Lincoln became a competent land surveyor during this time; ; unfortunately he never was able to survey Kentucky land that he owned.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10]
.When Lincoln was nine, his mother, then 34 years old, died of milk sickness.^ The following year his mother died.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1818, Lincoln's mother died of "milk sickness" at age thirty four, when Abe was nine.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Previous to his removal to Chicago, in 1865, Mr. Swett resided in Bloomington, and for a dozen years traveled the old Eighth Judicial Circuit with Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Soon afterwards, his father remarried, to Sarah Bush Johnston.^ Soon afterwards, Lincoln's father remarried to Sarah Bush Johnston.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1819 his father married Sarah Bush Johnston (1788–1869), a kindly widow, who soon gained the boy's affection.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thomas Lincoln soon afterward married Sarah Bush Johnston, a widow; she was a kind and affectionate stepmother to the boy.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln and his stepmother were close; he called her "Mother" for the rest of his life, but he became increasingly distant from his father.^ His father was a church-member, his mother was a church- member, and his stepmother was a church-member.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In after life he became more religious; but the Bible puzzled him, especially the miracles" (Every-Day Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The doctors of divinity were accordingly called in, and prescribed "The Later Life and Religious Sentiments of Abraham Lincoln," after which it was supposed that divinity would recover.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Abraham felt his father was not a success, and did not want to be like him.^ There's a good many people call him Father Abraham; now.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was greeted at the city as a conquering hero by freed slaves, whose sentiments were epitomized by one admirer's quote, "I know I am free for I have seen the face of Father Abraham and have felt him."
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I told him "I did not want the responsibility of it"; and he was only too happy to take it all on his shoulders.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.In later years, he would occasionally lend his father money.^ He specifically applied it to military officers who (like Robert E. Lee a few years later) would not stay loyal.
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

[11] .In 1830, fearing a milk sickness outbreak, the family settled on public land in Macon County, Illinois.^ (Lincoln, by David Herbert Donald, 1995) ; ; In 1830, after more economic and land-title difficulties in Indiana, the family settled on government land on a site selected by Lincoln's father in Macon County, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He came to Illinois in 1830, and, after some little roving, settled in New Salem, now in Menard county and state of Illinois.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As chairman of the Committee on Territories, he tried to make money on Colorado land sales through family appointments and other deals; it led to a public scandal.

[12]
.The next year, when his father relocated the family to a new homestead in Coles County, Illinois, 22-year-old Lincoln struck out on his own, canoeing down the Sangamon River to the village of New Salem in Sangamon County.^ When his father relocated the family to a nearby site the following year, the 22-year-old Lincoln struck out on his own, canoeing down the Sangamon River to Sangamon County, Illinois, in the village of New Salem.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a while he operated a small store in New Salem, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Previous to his removal to Chicago, in 1865, Mr. Swett resided in Bloomington, and for a dozen years traveled the old Eighth Judicial Circuit with Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[13] .Later that year, hired by New Salem businessman Denton Offutt and accompanied by friends, he took goods from New Salem to New Orleans via flatboat on the Sangamon, Illinois and Mississippi rivers.^ Later that year, hired by New Salem businessman Denton Offutt and accompanied by friends, he took goods from New Salem to New Orleans via flatboat on the Sangamon, Illinois and Mississippi rivers.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For a while he operated a small store in New Salem, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He declares that even during the years of his early manhood at New Salem, "he was a religious man;" that "he had a deep religions life."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[14]
.Lincoln's formal education consisted of about 18 months of schooling; but he was an avid reader and largely self-educated.^ His formal education consisted of perhaps 18 months of schooling from unofficial teachers.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was also skilled with an axe and a talented local wrestler, the latter of which helped give him self-confidence.^ He was a local wrestler and skilled with an axe; some of the rails he split were exhibited at the 1860 Republican National Convention, as the party celebrated the poor-boy-made-good theme.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[15] .Lincoln avoided hunting and fishing because he did not like killing animals, even for food.^ He avoided hunting and fishing because he did not like killing animals even for food and, though unusually tall and strong, spent so much time reading that some neighbors thought he must be doing it to avoid strenuous manual labor.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or did the Christians of Springfield oppose Lincoln because he was an Infidel?
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Because the Republican Party did not nominate Lincoln for the presidency until May 1860, the ; supposed moving of his birth cabin in March 1860 was probably not motivated by veneration for Lincoln.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]

Marriage and family

Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of Abraham Lincoln, age 28
.Lincoln's first love was Ann Rutledge.^ The story of a brief love affair with Ann Rutledge, which supposedly occurred at this time, is now discredited.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

He met her when he first moved to New Salem, and by 1835 they had reached a romantic understanding. Rutledge, however, died on August 25, probably of typhoid fever.[17]
Earlier, in either 1833 or 1834, he had met Mary Owens, the sister of his friend Elizabeth Abell, when she was visiting from her home in Kentucky. .Late in 1836, Lincoln agreed to a match proposed by Elizabeth between him and her sister, if Mary ever returned to New Salem.^ Although various criticisms have been leveled against him, it is generally agreed that Lincoln attacked the vast problems of the war with vigor and surpassing skill.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Returning to New Salem, Lincoln was a partner in a grocery store that failed, leaving him with a heavy burden of debt.
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^ Lincoln made extraordinary efforts to attain knowledge while working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping store at New Salem, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Mary did return in November 1836 and Lincoln courted her for a time; however they both had second thoughts about their relationship.^ Lincoln : You thought then it was not the time to issue it.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the following passage they impliedly deny both his alleged Atheism and his alleged orthodoxy: "We have no purpose of attempting to formulate his creed; we question if he himself ever did so.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In this chapter I wish to present some radical thoughts, not from the pen of Lincoln himself, but which in the work from which they are taken bear unmistakable signs of his approval.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.On August 16, 1837, Lincoln wrote Mary a letter from Springfield, to which he had moved that April to begin his law practice, suggesting he would not blame her if she ended the relationship.^ Lincoln rapidly rose to a leadership position within ; the Whig Party in Illinois, becoming minority leader in ; the legislature and directing the successful effort to move ; the state capital from Vandalia to Springfield, which was ; Lincoln's home from 1837 to 1861.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Explores the origins of Lincoln's desire to practice law, his legal education, his partnerships with other lawyers and his developing legal practice.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Had Lincoln made the confession he is reported to have made, this would have suggested to Mr. Bateman the idea of his admitted orthodoxy as well as his reputed heterodoxy.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

She never replied, and the courtship was over.[18][19]
.In 1840, Lincoln became engaged to Mary Todd, from a wealthy slaveholding family based in Lexington, Kentucky.^ In 1842 Lincoln married Mary Todd (1818–82), the daughter of a prominent Kentucky banker, and despite her somewhat difficult disposition, the marriage seems to have been reasonably successful.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln's birthplace and family home are national historic memorials: Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, Kentucky and Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, Illinois.
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^ Family ; On November 4, 1842, at the age of 33, Lincoln married Mary Todd.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] They met in Springfield in December 1839,[21] and were engaged sometime around that Christmas.[22] A wedding was set for January 1, 1841, but the couple split as the wedding approached.[21] .They later met at a party, and then married on November 4, 1842, in the Springfield mansion of Mary's married sister.^ Family ; On November 4, 1842, at the age of 33, Lincoln married Mary Todd.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Family : ; ; On November 4, 1842, at the age of 33, Lincoln married Mary Todd.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1842 he married Mary Todd (see Lincoln, Mary Todd) after a troubled courtship.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] .In 1844, the couple bought a house on Eighth and Jackson in Springfield, near Lincoln's law office.^ National Recognition ; Disappointed in a quest for federal office at the end of his one term in Congress (1847–49), Lincoln returned to Springfield to pursue his profession.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The parlour of Abraham Lincoln's House at Springfield, Illinois, early; in 1860 .
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yours, etc., A. LINCOLN. 1852 EULOGY ON HENRY CLAY, DELIVERED IN THE STATE HOUSE AT SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, JULY 16, 1852.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[24]
.The Lincolns soon had a budding family, with the birth of son Robert Todd Lincoln in Springfield, Illinois on August 1, 1843, and second son Edward Baker Lincoln on March 10, 1846, also in Springfield.^ Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 - July 26, 1926): born in Springfield, Illinois, and died in Manchester, Vermont.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Edward Baker Lincoln (March 10, 1846 - February 1, 1850): born and died in Springfield.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln's birthplace and family home are national historic memorials: Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, Kentucky and Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[25] .According to a house girl, Abraham "was remarkably fond of children".[25] The Lincolns did not believe in strict rules and tight boundaries when it came to their children.^ Lincoln said if there was a general desire on the part of the House to pass the bill now he should be glad to have it done--concurring, as he did generally, with the gentleman from Arkansas [Mr.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The story of the marble statue of Lincoln and the seventeen year old girl who modeled him from life at the White House.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Statement for Management, Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Park" (National Park Service, ; Hodgenville, Kentucky, April 25, 1989, Typescript), 10-11.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
An 1864 Mathew Brady photo depicts President Lincoln reading a book with his youngest son, Tad
.Robert, however, would be the only one of the Lincolns' children to survive into adulthood.^ The Lincolns had four children, only one of whom reached adulthood.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only Robert survived into adulthood.
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^ Lincoln adamantly opposed the Crittenden Compromise, however, which would have permitted slavery in the territories.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Edward Lincoln died on February 1, 1850 in Springfield, likely of tuberculosis.^ Edward Baker Lincoln (March 10, 1846 - February 1, 1850): born and died in Springfield.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 - July 26, 1926): born in Springfield, Illinois, and died in Manchester, Vermont.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ William Wallace Lincoln (December 21, 1850 - February 20, 1862): born in Springfield and died in Washington, D.C. ; Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (April 4, 1853 - July 16, 1871): born in Springfield and died in Chicago.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[27] .The Lincolns' grief over this loss was somewhat assuaged by the birth of William "Willie" Wallace Lincoln nearly eleven months later, on December 21. But Willie himself died of a fever at the age of eleven on February 20, 1862, in Washington, D.C., during President Lincoln's first term.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ William Wallace Lincoln (December 21, 1850 - February 20, 1862): born in Springfield and died in Washington, D.C. ; Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (April 4, 1853 - July 16, 1871): born in Springfield and died in Chicago.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If Infidelity and Atheism were synonymous terms it would be difficult to maintain that Lincoln, during the last years of his life at least, was an Infidel.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[28] .The Lincolns' fourth son Thomas "Tad" Lincoln was born on April 4, 1853, and, although he outlived his father, died at the age of eighteen on July 16, 1871 in Chicago.^ William Wallace Lincoln (December 21, 1850 - February 20, 1862): born in Springfield and died in Washington, D.C. ; Thomas "Tad" Lincoln (April 4, 1853 - July 16, 1871): born in Springfield and died in Chicago.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early life ; Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 (the same date as Charles Darwin), to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 - July 26, 1926): born in Springfield, Illinois, and died in Manchester, Vermont.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[29] Robert Lincoln eventually went on to attend Phillips Exeter Academy and Harvard College. His (and by extension, his father's) last known lineal descendant, Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, died December 24, 1985.[30]
.The death of the Lincolns' sons had profound effects on both Abraham and Mary.^ On high ground close to the spring, the elder Lincoln constructed a log cabin, where his son ; Abraham was born on February 12, 1809.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lincoln feel more for the graves of strangers than for the death of his once living, loving, and lovable son, now dead, moldering to ashes in the silent tomb!
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Both Lamon and ; Herndon emphasized the ambitious, folksy, irreverent, story-telling Lincoln: a true son of the western ; prairie.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later in life, Mary Todd Lincoln found herself unable to cope with the stresses of losing her husband and sons, and this (in conjunction with what some historians consider to have been pre-existing bipolar disorder[31] ) eventually led Robert Lincoln to involuntarily commit her to a mental health asylum in 1875.[32] Abraham Lincoln himself was contemporaneously described as suffering from "melancholy" throughout his legal and political life, a condition which modern mental health professionals would now typically characterize as clinical depression.^ This was one of ; several log cabins associated with the early life ; of Abraham Lincoln.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lincoln scholars Harry V. Jaffa and Robert W. Johannsen wrote: “The announcement that Douglas would speak in Ohio took the state Republican organization by surprise.

^ There is some disagreement among historians as to Stanton's words after Lincoln died.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[33]

Early political career and military service

Sketch of a young Abraham Lincoln
.Lincoln began his political career in March 1832 at age 23 when he announced his candidacy for the Illinois General Assembly.^ Early career ; Lincoln began his political career in 1832, at age 23, with a campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early career : ; ; Lincoln began his political career in 1832, at age 23, with a campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, the Lincoln Memorial Highway Association began construction ; of the Lincoln Trail, a memorial highway passing through Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was esteemed by the residents of New Salem, but he didn't have an education, powerful friends, or money.^ The testimony of his relatives confirms the claim that he was not religious in his youth; the others testify to his unbelief while a resident of New Salem and Springfield.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ New Salem, Springfield, the old judicial circuit, the habits and friends of Mr. Lincoln, were as well known to Mr. Herndon as to himself.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.The centerpiece of his platform was the undertaking of navigational improvements on the Sangamon River.^ The centerpiece of his platform was the undertaking of navigational improvements on the Sangamon River in the hopes of attracting steamboat traffic to the river, which would allow sparsely populated, poor areas along and near the river to grow and prosper.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Before the election he served as a captain in a company of the Illinois militia during the Black Hawk War, although he never saw combat.^ Have been a captain of volunteers in Black Hawk war.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was here that Mr. Lincoln became acquainted with a class of men the world never saw the like of before or since.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Few people know that Davis and his wife informally adopted a mulatto (half-white-half-black) orphan during the war.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln returned from the militia after a few months and was able to campaign throughout the county before the August 6 election.^ Before the Confederate states seceded, Lincoln had campaigned against the expansion of slavery into the territories, where Congress did have authority.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 22, 1862, a few weeks before signing the Proclamation, and after it had already been drafted, Lincoln responded by letter to an editorial by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune which had urged abolition: ; ; I would save the Union.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Returning instead to Springfield, Lincoln gave up politics and turned his energies to making a living as an attorney, which involved grueling travels on horseback from county courthouse to county courthouse.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

At 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m), he was tall and "strong enough to intimidate any rival." .At his first political speech, he grabbed a man accosting a supporter by his "neck and the seat of his trousers", and threw him.^ As a consequence, this ready talker -- this man who had been making speeches all his life -- was, for the first time, at a loss to know what to say.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.When the votes were counted, Lincoln finished eighth out of thirteen candidates (only the top four were elected), but he did manage to secure 277 out of the 300 votes cast in the New Salem precinct.^ Lincoln was elected with a minority of the popular vote.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Making his ; home in New Salem, Illinois, from 1831 to 1837, ; Lincoln read the law while keeping a store and in 1834 ; was elected to the state legislature at the age of twenty- ; five.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I cast my vote for the opposing candidates, and my judgment is, that if they had been elected, the Mexican war would have been avoided, and the honor of the country as well preserved as at present.

[34]
.
US Postage Stamp, depicting the young Abe Lincoln, 1959 issue.
^ Looking over the contents of his trunk one day the young man picked up a book and at the same time remarked: "That book belongs to Abe Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ [Lincoln] Abraham Lincoln Official First Day Cover ASDA National Postage Stamp Show.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1c.
.In 1834, he won an election to the state legislature.^ By successive elections he was continued in the Legislature till the latter part of 1806, when he was elected to fill a vacancy of a single session in the United States Senate.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early Political Career ; ; In 1834, Lincoln was elected to the state legislature, in which he served four successive terms (until 1841) and achieved prominence as a Whig.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From 1834 to 1840 he served in the Illinois state legislature, and in 1847 he was elected as a Whig to the U.S. House of Representatives.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

He was labeled a Whig, but ran a bipartisan campaign.[35] .He then decided to become a lawyer, and began teaching himself law by reading Commentaries on the Laws of England.^ After coming across the second volume of Sir William Blackstone's four-volume Commentaries on the Laws of England, he taught himself law and was admitted to the bar in 1837.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln's law partner William Herndon warned Lincoln that the damage was mounting and irreparable; Lincoln himself was despondent, and he decided not to run for reelection.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He taught himself law and, having passed the bar examination, began practicing in Springfield, Ill., in 1836.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[36] .Admitted to the bar in 1837, he moved to Springfield, Illinois, that April,[37] and began to practice law with John T. Stuart, Mary Todd's cousin, who let Lincoln have the run of his law library while studying to be a lawyer.^ That same year, he moved to Springfield, Illinois, and began to practice law with Stephen T. Logan.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time he began to study law.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John T. Stuart , who was for a time a member of Congress from Illinois, was the first law partner of Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[38] .With a reputation as a formidable adversary during cross-examinations and closing arguments, Lincoln became an able and successful lawyer.^ To use his own language, he examined the arguments as a lawyer who is anxious to reach the truth investigates testimony.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Examines closely the President's role as Commander-in-Chief of the Union forces and the importance of Lincoln's great rhetorical skills.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Squire Ross, another old resident of Virden, Ill., a lawyer, and a writer of some repute, says: "I was acquainted with Lincoln, but never talked with him on religion.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1841, Lincoln entered law practice with William Herndon, whom Lincoln thought "a studious young man".[39] He served four successive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives as a representative from Sangamon County, affiliated with the Whig party.^ You have been a studious young man.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln served four successive terms in the Illinois House of Representatives, as a Whig representative from Sangamon County, beginning in 1834.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1841, Lincoln entered law practice with William Herndon, a fellow Whig.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[40] .In 1837, he and another legislator declared that slavery was "founded on both injustice and bad policy"[41][42] the first time he had publicly opposed slavery.^ In 1837, he made his first protest against slavery in the Illinois House, stating that the institution was "founded on both injustice and bad policy".
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Courts found "that the Declaration had abolished slavery."
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In a single volume is published for the first time matter which heretofore was only to be found scattered through numerous volumes, some of them inaccessible to the general reader.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.In the 1835–1836 legislative session he'd voted to restrict suffrage to whites only.^ The slaves do not vote; they are only counted and so used as to swell the influence of the white people's votes.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Ohio, ***** males were permitted to vote only if they had "a greater visible admixture of white than colored blood."
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[43] .He would later say[citation needed] that he had been against slavery since he was a boy, but being labelled an abolitionist was "political suicide" in Sangamon County in those years, and so he chose his words carefully when discussing the issue publicly.^ I hate to state this of Tom, but if he will obtrude himself in this discussion, I cannot help but say a word in self-defense.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In fact, the slaves would have been freed over thirty years sooner if the colonies had not won their independence, since England abolished slavery in 1833.
  • Reason the Reconstruction ended in 1877 was? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have been unable at any time to find a man in an audience who would declare that he had ever known any body saying so five years ago.

[44]

National politics

Lincoln in 1846 or 1847
.Lincoln was a Whig, and since the early 1830s had strongly admired the policies and leadership of Henry Clay.^ Early career ; Lincoln began his political career in 1832, at age 23, with a campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early Political Career ; ; In 1834, Lincoln was elected to the state legislature, in which he served four successive terms (until 1841) and achieved prominence as a Whig.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A staunch Whig, Lincoln often referred to party leader Henry Clay as his political idol.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[45] ."I have always been an old-line Henry Clay Whig" he professed to friends in 1861.[46] The party favored economic expansion such as improving roads and increasing trade.^ I know our good friend Browning is a great admirer of Mr. Clay, and I therefore fear he is favoring his nomination.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Union party managers, however, disliked the frequency with which he filled vacancies with old Democratic friends.

^ He eulogized Mr. Clay in high and beautiful terms, and then declared that we had deserted all our principles, and had turned Henry Clay out, like an old horse, to root.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[47]
.In 1846, Lincoln was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he served one two-year term.^ If Infidelity and Atheism were synonymous terms it would be difficult to maintain that Lincoln, during the last years of his life at least, was an Infidel.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ National Recognition ; Disappointed in a quest for federal office at the end of his one term in Congress (1847–49), Lincoln returned to Springfield to pursue his profession.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A pious lady, who served in the capacity of a hospital nurse at Washington, and who sometimes visited the White House, testifies to Lincoln's belief in the efficacy of prayer.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[48] .As a House member, Lincoln was a dedicated Whig, showing up for most votes and giving speeches that echoed the party line.^ Lincoln : Well, show her up.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln did not campaign or give speeches.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You are a member of the Legislature, and have a vote to give.
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[49] .He used his office as an opportunity to speak out against the Mexican–American War, which he attributed to President Polk's desire for "military glory — that attractive rainbow, that rises in showers of blood".[50] Lincoln's main stand against Polk occurred in his Spot Resolutions: The war had begun with a violent confrontation on territory disputed by Mexico and Texas,[51] but as Lincoln pointed out, Polk had insisted that Mexican soldiers had "invaded our territory and shed the blood of our fellow-citizens on our own soil".[52] Lincoln demanded that Polk show Congress the exact spot on which blood had been shed, and proof that that spot was on American soil.^ Future president Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress after the War had started.

^ Note: The result of the U.S. aggression against Mexico, was to take 50% of its territory.

^ Lincoln showed a keen curiosity with military campaigning during the war.
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[52] Congress never enacted the resolution or even debated it,[53] and its introduction resulted in a loss of political support for Lincoln in his district;[54] one Illinois newspaper derisively nicknamed him "spotty Lincoln."[55]
.Despite his admiration for Henry Clay, Lincoln was a key early supporter of Zachary Taylor's candidacy for the 1848 presidential election.^ LINCOLN AS PRESIDENT ; The presidential election of 1860 was actually two separate regional contests.
  • Abraham Lincoln Birthplace NHS: Historic Resource Study 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.nps.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Presidency ; ; Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln had made his mark by the debates; he was now a potential presidential candidate.
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^ Lincoln demonstrated considerable ; political skill by maintaining popular support for the war despite disastrous defeats for Federal armies and ; mounting casualties.
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[53] .When Lincoln's term ended, the incoming Taylor administration offered him the governorship of the Oregon Territory.^ Instead Taylor offered Lincoln a minor patronage job in remote Oregon Territory.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ National Recognition ; Disappointed in a quest for federal office at the end of his one term in Congress (1847–49), Lincoln returned to Springfield to pursue his profession.
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^ Lincoln formed his acquaintance soon after he located there, remained on friendly terms with him, and with Mrs. Lincoln frequently attended his church.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.The territory leaned heavily Democratic, and Lincoln doubted they would elect him as governor or as a senator after they were admitted to the union, so he returned to Springfield.^ This was doubtless for the reason that the Governor never asked for anything that was not, in his judgment, necessary an of vital importance to the welfare of the Ohio troops.” 92 Senator John Sherman wrote: “When he was elected Governor of Ohio, [David Tod] went to Washington to see Mr. Lincoln, to find out, as he said, what a Republican President wanted a Democratic Governor of Ohio do to in aid of the Union cause.

^ National Recognition ; Disappointed in a quest for federal office at the end of his one term in Congress (1847–49), Lincoln returned to Springfield to pursue his profession.
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^ I gave my opinion that we, as Republicans, would ultimately beat them as democrats; but that they could postpone that result longer by nominating Senator Douglas for the Presidency than they could in any other way.

[56]

Prairie lawyer

.Back in Springfield, Lincoln turned most of his energies to making a living practicing law, handling "every kind of business that could come before a prairie lawyer."^ Moreover, Mr. W.H. Herndon, who was Mr. Lincoln's partner in the practice of the law at Springfield, and was, of course, closely intimate with his partner in a business way, added to Colonel Lamon's material the valuable documents which he had himself collected, and the memoranda which, with painstaking and lawyer-like ability, he had recorded from the oral testimony of living witnesses."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There had been no application for office before President Lincoln so strongly supported by the aristocracy, and, turning to the young man, be said he would give him the appointment and handed him back the papers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Sangamon county Monitor, of Springfield, where Lincoln lived for a quarter of a century, says: "Herndon knew Lincoln's views better than any man in America."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[57] .He "rode the circuit"--that is, appeared in county seats in the mid-state region when the county courts were in session.^ He was a captain in the Black Hawk War, spent eight years in the Illinois legislature, and rode the circuit of courts for many years.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the LaRue County Circuit Court decided that the ; Dennett conveyance to Crear was fraudulent and void.
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^ In 1848, when I first went on the bench, the circuit embraced fourteen counties, and Mr. Lincoln went with the court to every county."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[58][59]
.His reputation grew and he appeared before the Supreme Court of the United States, arguing a case involving a canal boat that sank after hitting a bridge.^ That Texas before, and the United States after, annexation had exercised jurisdiction beyond the Nueces--between the two rivers.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, he appointed Salmon P. Chase as U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice, who as an attorney had won a case arguing slavery unconstitutionality, the above-cited Birney case .; ; .
  • Slavery Was Illegal and Unconstitutional 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC medicolegal.tripod.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He won this case, and the decision by the Illinois Supreme Court was eventually cited by several other courts throughout the United States.
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[60]
.Lincoln represented numerous transportation interests, such as the river barges and the railroads.^ Prairie lawyer : ; ; By the mid-1850s, Lincoln faced competing transportation interests — both the river barges and the railroads.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prairie lawyer ; By the mid-1850s, Lincoln faced competing transportation interests — both the river barges and the railroads.
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^ Very pious persons, however, such as Lincoln is represented to have been by his Christian biographers, are very careful about their use of profane words.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.As a riverboat man, Lincoln had initially favored riverboat interests, but ultimately he represented whoever hired him.^ Wood, on the other hand, was a man of broad and Liberal ideas, and Lincoln did not hesitate to express to him his views with freedom.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Whoever it was that made this revelation to mankind it was of him that this man, even though he knew it not, had learned, and it was in his spirit that he acted" (Scribners Monthly).
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln : Hook, there's a way some people have, when a man says a; disagreeable thing, of asking him to repeat it, hoping to embarrass him.; It's often effective.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[61] .In 1849, he had received a patent for a "device to buoy vessels over shoals". Lincoln's goal had been to lessen the draft of a river craft by pushing horizontal floats into the water alongside the hull.^ In 1849, he received a patent related to buoying vessels.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

The floats would have served as temporary ballast tanks.[62][63] .The idea was never commercialized, but Lincoln is still the only person to hold a patent and serve as President of the United States.^ Reporter Gilmore first interviewed Lincoln the day after the Civil War started in 1861 and over the course of the war, came to know the president personally.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The testimony of the General Assembly, from the A.D. 1787, to A. D. 1818, inclusive, has condemned it, and it remains still the recorded testimony of the Presbytenan church of these United States against it, from which we do not recede.

^ We are; sent from Chicago by the Republican Convention, to enquire whether you; will accept their invitation to become the Republican candidate for the; office of President of the United States.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[64] .In 1851, he represented the Alton & Sangamon Railroad in a dispute with one of its shareholders, James A. Barret, who had refused to pay the balance on his pledge to the railroad on the grounds that it had changed its originally planned route.^ Lincoln represented the Alton & Sangamon Railroad in an 1851 dispute with one of its shareholders, James A. Barret.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Barret had refused to pay the balance on his pledge to the railroad on the grounds that it had changed its originally planned route.
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^ He knows that, by the law, no one can vote who has not been registered; and he knows that the free-State men place their refusal to vote on the ground that but few of them have been registered.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[65][66] Lincoln argued that as a matter of law a corporation is not bound by its original charter when that charter can be amended in the public interest, that the newer proposed Alton & Sangamon route was superior and less expensive, and that accordingly the corporation had a right to sue Mr. Barret for his delinquent payment. .He won this case, and the decision by the Illinois Supreme Court was eventually cited by 25 other courts throughout the United States.^ He won this case, and the decision by the Illinois Supreme Court was eventually cited by several other courts throughout the United States.
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^ His rulings and decisions in the lower courts of Illinois, and on the bench of the Supreme Court of the United States, commanded universal respect.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Why, this same Supreme Court once decided a national bank to be constitutional; but General Jackson, as President of the United States, disregarded the decision, and vetoed a bill for a recharter, partly on constitutional ground, declaring that each public functionary must support the Constitution "as he understands it."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[65] .Lincoln appeared in front of the Illinois Supreme Court 175 times, 51 times as sole counsel, of which, 31 were decided in his favor.^ Lincoln and his partners appeared before the Illinois State Supreme Court more than 400 times.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The following is a statement of the theological opinions of Lincoln as understood by those who deny that he was a Christian: In regard to a Supreme Being he entertained at times Agnostic and even Atheistic opinions.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He won this case, and the decision by the Illinois Supreme Court was eventually cited by several other courts throughout the United States.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[67]
.Lincoln's most notable criminal trial came in 1858 when he defended William "Duff" Armstrong, who was on trial for the murder of James Preston Metzker.^ Lincoln's most notable criminal trial came in 1858 when he defended William "Duff" Armstrong, who was on trial for murder.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The historic trial of Johnny Surratt for the murder of Abraham Lincoln - brought to life by the compelling narrative.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That first partnership was succeeded by others, with Stephen T. Logan and then with William H. Herndon, who was later to be Lincoln's biographer.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[68] .The case is famous for Lincoln's use of judicial notice to show an eyewitness had lied on the stand.^ The case is famous for Lincoln's use of judicial notice, a rare tactic at that time, to show that an eyewitness had lied on the stand.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Judicial decisions have two uses--first, to absolutely determine the case decided, and secondly, to indicate to the public how other similar cases will be decided when they arise.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln said he felt unwilling to be either unjust or ungenerous, and he wanted to understand the real case of this judicial officer.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the witness testified to having seen the crime in the moonlight, Lincoln produced a Farmers' Almanac to show that the moon on that date was at such a low angle it could not have produced enough illumination to see anything clearly.^ After the witness testified to having seen the crime by the light of the moon, Lincoln produced a Farmer's Almanac to show that the moon on that date was at such a low angle that it could not have provided enough illumination to see anything clearly.
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^ The cars of a railroad cannot without immense expense rise high enough to get even with a suspension bridge or go low enough to get through a tunnel; such expense is unreasonable.
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^ Lincoln was seen as a moderate who could win the west.
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Based on this evidence, Armstrong was acquitted.[68]

Republican politics 1854–1860

Lincoln in 1860
.Lincoln returned to politics in response to the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854), which expressly repealed the limits on slavery's extent as established by the Missouri Compromise (1820).^ Republican politics 1854–1860 : ; ; The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which expressly repealed the limits on slavery's spread that had been part of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, drew Lincoln back into politics.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Republican politics 1854–1860 ; The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which expressly repealed the limits on slavery's spread that had been part of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, drew Lincoln back into politics.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The repeal of the Missouri Compromise was by violence.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Illinois Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, the most powerful man in the Senate, proposed popular sovereignty as the solution to the slavery impasse, and incorporated it into the Kansas–Nebraska Act.^ He stoutly opposed the policy of Stephen A. Douglas and particularly the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Illinois Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, the most powerful man in the Senate, proposed popular sovereignty as the solution to the slavery impasse, and he incorporated it into the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
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^ Two years ago, at Springfield, Judge Douglas avowed that Illinois came into the Union as a slave State, and that slavery was weeded out by the operation of his great, patent, everlasting principle of "popular sovereignty."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Douglas argued that in a democracy the people should have the right to decide whether to allow slavery in their territory, rather than have such a decision imposed on them by the national Congress.^ Douglas argued that in a democracy the people of a territory should decide whether to allow slavery and not have a decision imposed on them by Congress.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln warned that the Slave Power was threatening the values of republicanism, while Douglas emphasized democracy, as in his Freeport Doctrine, which said that local settlers should be free to choose slavery or not.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Whether we should go to war with Great Britain being the question of the day, a minority opposed the declaration of war by Congress, while the majority, though apparently inclined to war, had for years wavered, and hesitated to act decisively.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[69]
.In the October 16, 1854, "Peoria Speech",[70] Lincoln outlined his position on slavery that he would repeat over the next six years on the route to the presidency.^ Lincoln adamantly opposed the Crittenden Compromise, however, which would have permitted slavery in the territories.
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^ Early in 1858, Lincoln delivered his memorable Springfield speech which prepared the way for his debates with Douglas, and made him President of the United States.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In a speech at Springfield, repeated at Peoria, he attacked the compromises concerning the question of slavery in the territories and invoked the democratic ideals contained in the Declaration of Independence.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[71]
.
[The Act has a] declared indifference, but as I must think, covert real zeal for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate it.^ This declared indifference, but, as I must think, covert real zeal, for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the speech, Lincoln commented upon the Kansas-Nebraska Act: ; ; [The Act has a] declared indifference, but as I must think, covert real zeal for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate.
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^ However clear Congress may be on their authority to pass any particular act, the gentleman from Kentucky thinks the President must veto it if he has doubts about it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself.^ I hate it because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself.
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^ Stopping at last, he said, with a trembling voice and his cheeks wet with tears: I know there is a God, and that he hates injustice and slavery.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world — enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites — causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity, and especially because it forces so many really good men amongst ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty — criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest.^ I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world—enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites—causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity, and especially because it forces so many really good men amongst ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principals of civil liberty—criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world; enables the enemies of free institutions with plausibility to taunt us as hypocrites; causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity; and especially because it forces so many good men among ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty, criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If there be doubt as to which of our divisions will get our candidate, is there no doubt as to which of your candidates will get your party?
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[72]
.According to a newspaper account of the speech, Lincoln spoke with "a thin high-pitched falsetto voice of much carrying power, that could be heard a long distance in spite of the hustle and bustle of the crowd ...^ He does not claim that the speech, as here reported, is literally correct only that he has followed the argument, and that in many cases the sentences are as Mr. Lincoln spoke them.
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^ The editor invited renowned Lincoln scholars and rising new voices to take a look at much-debated aspects of Lincoln's life.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Researching church records, newspapers, eyewitness accounts, the author recreates Lincoln's final interactions with family members, government officials and citizens.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[with] the accent and pronunciation peculiar to his native state, Kentucky."[73]
.In late 1854, Lincoln decided to run for the United States Senate as a Whig.^ After this he returned to Kentucky, resumed the practice of law, and continued it till the autumn of 1831, when he was by the Legislature of Kentucky again placed in the United States Senate.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By successive elections he was continued in the Legislature till the latter part of 1806, when he was elected to fill a vacancy of a single session in the United States Senate.
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^ We must elect the Speaker; and we must elect a Nebraska United States Senator, or "elect none at all."
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[74] .Despite leading in the first six rounds of voting in the state legislature, Lincoln instructed his backers to vote for Lyman Trumbull to prevent pro-Nebraska candidate Joel Aldrich Matteson from winning.^ Lincoln was the obvious choice, but to keep the new party balanced he allowed the election to go to an ex-Democrat Lyman Trumbull.
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^ When Mr. Lincoln was a candidate for our Legislature, he was accused of being an Infidel and of having said that Jesus Christ was an illegitimate child.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Nebraska men were very confident of the election of Matteson, though denying that he was a candidate, and we very much believing also that they would elect him.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Trumbull beat Matteson in the tenth round of voting.[75] .The Whigs had been irreparably split by the Kansas-Nebraska Act.^ In 1854, however, because of his alarm at Senator Stephen A. Douglas's Kansas-Nebraska Act, he became politically active again.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He stoutly opposed the policy of Stephen A. Douglas and particularly the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the speech, Lincoln commented upon the Kansas-Nebraska Act: ; ; [The Act has a] declared indifference, but as I must think, covert real zeal for the spread of slavery, I cannot but hate.
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."I think I am a Whig, but others say there are not Whigs, and I am an abolitionist, even though I do no more than oppose the expansion of slavery" he said.^ I think I am a Whig; but others say there are no Whigs, and that I am an Abolitionist.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I now do no more than oppose the extension of slavery.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But I have never said, and the Whig party has never said, and those who oppose the Nebraska Bill do not as a body say, that they have any intention of interfering with slavery in the slave States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Drawing on remnants of the old Whig party, and on disenchanted Free Soil, Liberty, and Democratic party members, he was instrumental in forging the shape of the new Republican Party.^ Abram Lincoln, Whig member of Congress from Illinois, a representative of free soil.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The "Free Soil" mart in claiming that name indirectly attempts a deception, by implying that Whigs were not Free Soil men.
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^ One of their ministers boasted to me that every voting member in his Church was also a member of the Democratic party.

[76] .At the Republican convention in 1856, Lincoln placed second in the contest to become the party's candidate for Vice-President.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He quickly came to the fore in the party as a moderate opponent of slavery who could win both the abolitionists and the conservative free-staters, and at the Republican national convention of 1856 he was prominent as a possible vice presidential candidate.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[77]
.In 1857–58, Douglas broke with President Buchanan, leading to a fight for control of the Democratic Party.^ In 1857-58, Douglas broke with President Buchanan, leading to a fight for control of the Democratic Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Emergence of Lincoln: Douglas, Buchanan, and Party Chaos 1857-1859.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the election the Democratic party split; Lincoln was opposed by Douglas (Northern Democrat), John C. Breckinridge (Southern Democrat), and John Bell (Constitutional Unionist).
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some eastern Republicans even favored the reelection of Douglas in 1858, since he had led the opposition to the Lecompton Constitution, which would have admitted Kansas as a slave state.^ Some eastern Republicans even favored the reelection of Douglas in 1858, since he led the opposition to the administration's push for the Lecompton Constitution which would have admitted Kansas as a slave state.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Missouri would not yield the point; and Congress that is, a majority in Congress--by repeated votes showed a determination not to admit the State unless it should yield.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Still further: there are constitutional relations between the slave and free States which are degrading to the latter.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[78] .Accepting the Republican nomination for Senate in 1858, Lincoln delivered his famous speech: "'A house divided against itself cannot stand.'^ Accepting the nomination (in a speech delivered at Springfield on June 16), Lincoln gave a ringing declaration in support of the Union: “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” The campaign that followed was impressive.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Accepting the Republican nomination for the Senate in 1858, Lincoln delivered a famous speech in which he stated, "'A house divided against itself cannot stand.'
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

(.Mark">Mark 3:25) I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.^ (Mark 3:25) I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This government can not endure permanently half slave and half free."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided.^ I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.It will become all one thing, or all the other."^ It will become all one thing, or all the other."
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I remember all these things distinctly; for I was with them, heard them, and was one of them.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In some respects she certainly is not my equal; but in her natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands, without asking leave of any one else, she is my equal and the equal of all others.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[79] .The speech created an evocative image of the danger of disunion caused by the slavery debate, and rallied Republicans across the north.^ The speech created a lasting image of the danger of disunion because of slavery, and rallied Republicans across the north.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[80]
.As a part of his 1860 presidential campaign strategy Lincoln acquired through banker Jacob Bunn, in May, 1859, the Illinois Staats-Anzeiger, a German-language newspaper of Springfield, Illinois, to further the cause of Republican Party politics among the German-speaking community of the region.^ The parlour of Abraham Lincoln's House at Springfield, Illinois, early; in 1860 .
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Early career ; Lincoln began his political career in 1832, at age 23, with a campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The central idea in his political creed -- the keynote of his campaigns, both in 1858 and in 1860 -- was contained in that memorable passage, "'A house divided against itself cannot stand.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[81].

Lincoln–Douglas debates of 1858

US Postage Stamp, 1958 issue, 4c, commemorating the Lincoln and Douglas debates.
.The 1858 campaign featured the Lincoln–Douglas debates, generally considered the most famous political debate in American history.^ The 1858 campaign featured the Lincoln-Douglas debates, a nationally famous contest on slavery.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early career ; Lincoln began his political career in 1832, at age 23, with a campaign for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The central idea in his political creed -- the keynote of his campaigns, both in 1858 and in 1860 -- was contained in that memorable passage, "'A house divided against itself cannot stand.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[82] Lincoln warned that "The Slave Power" was threatening the values of republicanism, while Stephen A. Douglas emphasized the supremacy of democracy, as set forth in his Freeport Doctrine, which said that local settlers should be free to choose whether to allow slavery or not and could overrule the Supreme Courts Dred Scott v. Sandford decision.[83]
.Though the Republican legislative candidates won more popular votes, the Democrats won more seats, and the legislature reelected Douglas to the Senate.^ Though the Republican legislative candidates won more popular votes, the Democrats won more seats, and the legislature reelected Douglas to the Senate.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Last year he presided at the convention which nominated the Democratic candidate for Congress in this district, and afterward ran for the State Senate himself, not desiring the seat, but avowedly to aid and strengthen his party.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Illinois Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, the most powerful man in the Senate, proposed popular sovereignty as the solution to the slavery impasse, and he incorporated it into the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, Lincoln's definition of the issues gave him a national political reputation.^ Nevertheless, Lincoln's eloquence transformed him into a national political star.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Returning instead to Springfield, Lincoln gave up politics and turned his energies to making a living as an attorney, which involved grueling travels on horseback from county courthouse to county courthouse.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the Union victory at Antietam gave him a position of strength from which to issue his own Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[84]
.
On February 27, 1860, New York party leaders invited Lincoln to give a speech at Cooper Union to group of powerful Republicans.
^ Lincoln and Johnson then ran on the Union Party.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Story of Lincoln's address at Cooper Union.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lincoln did not campaign or give speeches.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.In one of the most important speeches of his career, Lincoln showed that he was a contender for the Republican's presidential nomination.^ They are the very last action [the most recent before this 1847 book] of one of the most important ecclesiastical parliaments in Christendom.

^ One of the most important early biographies was W. H. Herndon and J. W. Weid, Herndon's Life of Lincoln (3 vol., 1889; ed.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was one of the most cherished objects of his direct care and consideration, and the association of his name with it has probably been its very greatest collateral support.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Journalist Noah Brooks reported, "No man ever before made such an impression on his first appeal to a New York audience."[85][86]

1860 Presidential election

"The Rail Candidate" – Lincoln's 1860 candidacy is held up by the slavery issue (slave on left) and party organization (New York Tribune editor Horace Greeley) on right.
.On May 9–10, 1860, the Illinois Republican State Convention was held in Decatur.^ He gained a large following in the antislavery states, but his nomination for President by the Republican convention in Chicago (May, 1860) was as much due to the opposition to William H. Seward, the leading contender, as to Lincoln's own appeal.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I restrict my request to Illinois because you may have a man from your own State, and I do not ask to interfere with that.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was Secretary of the Republican State Central Committee during the memorable Lincoln-Douglas campaign, and was largely instrumental in bringing Lincoln forward as a candidate for the Presidency in 1860.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[87] .At this convention, Lincoln received his first endorsement to run for the presidency.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reporter Gilmore first interviewed Lincoln the day after the Civil War started in 1861 and over the course of the war, came to know the president personally.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shrigley, of Philadelphia, who was acquainted with President Lincoln in Washington, and who received a hospital chaplaincy from him, says: "President Lincoln was also remarkably tolerant.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[88] .On May 18, at the 1860 Republican National Convention in Chicago, Lincoln emerged as the Republican candidate on the third ballot, beating candidates such as William H. Seward and Salmon P. Chase.^ This multiple biography centers on Lincoln's mastery of men (William Seward, Salmon Chase and Edward Bates) and how it shaped the most significant president in the nation's history.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He gained a large following in the antislavery states, but his nomination for President by the Republican convention in Chicago (May, 1860) was as much due to the opposition to William H. Seward, the leading contender, as to Lincoln's own appeal.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was Secretary of the Republican State Central Committee during the memorable Lincoln-Douglas campaign, and was largely instrumental in bringing Lincoln forward as a candidate for the Presidency in 1860.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[89]
.Why Lincoln won the nomination has been subject of much debate.^ Presidency ; ; Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln had made his mark by the debates; he was now a potential presidential candidate.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Lincoln lost the election to Douglas, the debates won him national recognition.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much of this correspondence related to Abraham Lincoln, and no inconsiderable portion of it to the subject under consideration.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.His expressed views on slavery were seen as more moderate than those of rivals Seward and Chase.^ His expressed views on slavery were seen as more moderate than the views of rivals William H. Seward and Salmon Chase.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seward : They thought my word might bear more weight with you than; theirs.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Having been led to allude to domestic slavery so frequently already, I am unwilling to close without referring more particularly to Mr. Clay's views and conduct in regard to it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[90] .Some feel that Seward lost more than Lincoln won, including Seward himself.^ Lincoln abandon his lifelong ideas of universal, eternal and absolute laws and contend that the New Testament is any more inspired than Homer's poems, than Milton's 'Paradise Lost,' than Shakespeare, than his own eloquent and inspired oration at gettysburg?
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Following more than four years of research, Harrell has produced a unique and fascinating analysis of Southerners' reactions to the death of Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lincoln later said: "I never, in my life, felt more certain that I was doing right, than I do in signing this paper."
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Others attribute it to luck, and the fact that the convention was held in Lincoln's home state.^ And now, to quote you, 'Do you not think it were better for the truth of history that you should state the facts about Lincoln, and that you should commend him for what he was rather than for what he was not?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a fact that the United States army in marching to the Rio Grande marched into a peaceful Mexican settlement, and frightened the inhabitants away from their homes and their growing crops.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He turns up the nose of 'culture' and curls the lip of 'art' at Mr. Lamon's homely narrative of facts, and gravely insists that all other noses and all other lips shall be turned up and curled because his are.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin believes the real reason was Lincoln's skill as a politician.^ Logan laughed in my face as much as to say: 'Herndon, are you so green as to believe that letter to be Lincoln's real ideas?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[91] .Most Republicans agreed with Lincoln that the North was the aggrieved party[92] as the Slave Power tightened its grasp on the national government with the Dred Scott decision and the presidency of James Buchanan.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But we think the Dred Scott decision is erroneous.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And now as to the Dred Scott decision.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Throughout the 1850s Lincoln denied that there would ever be a civil war, and his supporters repeatedly rejected claims that his election would incite secession.^ To the South, Lincoln's election was the signal for secession.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Throughout the 1850s he denied there would ever be a civil war.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln : Would there be more fighting?
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[93]
.Meanwhile, Douglas was selected as the candidate of the northern Democrats, with Herschel Vespasian Johnson as the vice-presidential candidate.^ Presidency ; ; Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln had made his mark by the debates; he was now a potential presidential candidate.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln selected Andrew Johnson, a War Democrat as his running mate in order to form a broader coalition.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Though the Republican legislative candidates won more popular votes, the Democrats won more seats, and the legislature reelected Douglas to the Senate.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Delegates from eleven slave states walked out of the Democrat's convention, disagreeing with Douglas's position on Popular sovereignty, and ultimately selected John C. Breckinridge as their candidate.^ Two years ago, at Springfield, Judge Douglas avowed that Illinois came into the Union as a slave State, and that slavery was weeded out by the operation of his great, patent, everlasting principle of "popular sovereignty."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We soon shall know how many delegates they elected, how many candidates they had pledged to a free State, and how many votes were cast for them.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Last year he presided at the convention which nominated the Democratic candidate for Congress in this district, and afterward ran for the State Senate himself, not desiring the seat, but avowedly to aid and strengthen his party.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[94]
.As Douglas stumped the country, Lincoln was the only one of the four major candidates to give no speeches whatever.^ The Lincolns had four children, only one of whom reached adulthood.
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^ Lincoln did not campaign or give speeches.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He does not claim that the speech, as here reported, is literally correct only that he has followed the argument, and that in many cases the sentences are as Mr. Lincoln spoke them.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Instead he monitored the campaign closely but relied on the enthusiasm of the Republican Party.^ He campaigned for the newly founded Republican party in 1856, and in 1858 he became its senatorial candidate against Douglas.
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It did the leg work that produced majorities across the North. .It produced tons of campaign posters and leaflets, and thousands of newspaper editorials.^ In the North, there were thousands of Republican speakers, tons of campaign posters and leaflets, and thousands of newspaper editorials.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.There were thousands of Republican speakers who focused first on the party platform, and second on Lincoln's life story, emphasizing his childhood poverty.^ They focused first on the party platform, and second on Lincoln's life story, making the most of his boyhood poverty, his pioneer background, his native genius, his rise from obscurity to fame.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, anyone who reads his evidence cannot fail to observe that he did intend to cover Lincoln's entire life and character.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "As far as the story of Mr. Lincoln's childhood and early life is concerned, down to the time when his political life began, it has never been told so fully, with such spirit and zest, and with such evident accuracy, as by Colonel Lamon."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.The goal was to demonstrate the superior power of "free labor", whereby a common farm boy could work his way to the top by his own efforts.^ The point was to emphasize the superior power of "free labor", whereby a common farm boy could work his way to the top by his own efforts.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the preparation of this work he expended much thought and labor, and it was his desire that it should be free from religious verbiage.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They took their stand on common sense and on their own souls; and, though their arguments were rude and rough, no man could overthrow their homely logic.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Republican Party's production of campaign literature dwarfed the combined opposition.^ He campaigned for the newly founded Republican party in 1856, and in 1858 he became its senatorial candidate against Douglas.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.A Chicago Tribune writer produced a pamphlet that detailed Lincoln's life, and sold one million copies.^ The article was extensively copied and commented upon, and produced a profound sensation in the religious world, which, to a great extent, had been misled by such writers as Holland.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The truth about one of the most controversial women in American history, and the never-before-told, never-to-be-forgotten story of her life with Abraham Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One of the most important early biographies was W. H. Herndon and J. W. Weid, Herndon's Life of Lincoln (3 vol., 1889; ed.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[95][96]
1860 presidential election results
.On November 6, 1860, Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States, beating Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, John C. Breckinridge of the Southern Democrats, and John Bell of the new Constitutional Union Party.^ In haste, as ever, A. LINCOLN. TO JOHN D. JOHNSTON. SPRINGFIELD, November 25, 1851.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But suppose Fillmore gets the two slave States of Maryland and Kentucky; then Buchanan is not elected; Fillmore goes into the House of Representatives, and may be made President by a compromise.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Notable History of Abraham Lincoln, Sixteenth President of the United States.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was the first Republican president, winning entirely on the strength of his support in the North: he was not even on the ballot in ten states in the South, and won only two of 996 counties in all the Southern states.^ Lincoln was the first Republican president.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He won entirely on the strength of his support in the North: he was not even on the ballot in nine states in the South — and won only 2 of 996 counties in the other Southern states.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During nearly all of that ten years both were Territories, not States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[97] .Lincoln received 1,866,452 votes, Douglas 1,376,957 votes, Breckinridge 849,781 votes, and Bell 588,789 votes.^ In the 1860 presidential election, he ran against Douglas again and won by a large margin in the electoral college, though he received only two-fifths of the popular vote.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln gained 1,865,908 votes (39.9% of the total,) for 180 electoral votes; Douglas 1,380,202 (29.5%) for 12 electoral votes; Breckenridge 848,019 (18.1%) for 72 electoral votes; and Bell 590,901 (12.5%) for 39 electoral votes.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

.The electoral vote was decisive: Lincoln had 180 and his opponents added together had only 123. Turnout was 82.2%, with Lincoln winning the free northern states.^ He knows that, by the law, no one can vote who has not been registered; and he knows that the free-State men place their refusal to vote on the ground that but few of them have been registered.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You say that if Kansas fairly votes herself a free State, as a Christian you will rejoice at it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The proportion of free mulattoes to free blacks--the only colored classes in the free States is much greater in the slave than in the free States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Douglas won Missouri, and split New Jersey with Lincoln.^ Presidency ; ; Though Douglas won the senatorial election, Lincoln had made his mark by the debates; he was now a potential presidential candidate.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Lincoln lost the election to Douglas, the debates won him national recognition.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln made extraordinary efforts to attain knowledge while working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping store at New Salem, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[98] .Bell won Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky, and Breckinridge won the rest of the South.^ The upper South (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas) listened to and rejected the secessionist appeal.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What has since been formed into the States of Maine, Kentucky and Tennessee, was, I believe, within the limits of or owned by Massachusetts, Virginia, and North Carolina.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They touch thirteen of our States-Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Iowa.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[99] .There were fusion tickets in which all of Lincoln's opponents combined to form one ticket in New York, New Jersey and Rhode Island, but even if the anti-Lincoln vote had been combined in every state, Lincoln still would have won because he would still have had a majority in the electoral college.^ He won all but two states, capturing 212 of 233 electoral votes.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One would think this news was; nothing.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There were fusion tickets in some states, but even if his opponents had combined in every state, Lincoln had a majority vote in all but two of the states in which he won the electoral votes and would still have won the electoral college and the election.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[100]

Presidency and the Civil War

US Postage Stamp, 1896 issue.
.With the emergence of the Republicans as the nation's first major sectional party by the mid-1850s, the old Second Party System collapsed and a realignment created the Third Party System.^ As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also included was the creation of the system of national banks by the National Banking Acts of 1863, 1864 and 1865 which allowed the creation of a strong national financial system.
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^ Most Republicans agreed with Lincoln that the North was the aggrieved party as the Slave Power tightened its grasp on the national government.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

It became the stage on which sectional tensions were played out. Although little of the West–the focal point of sectional tensions– was fit for cotton cultivation, Southern secessionists read the political fallout as a sign that their power in national politics was rapidly weakening. .The slave system had been buttressed by the Democratic Party, which was increasingly seen by anti-slavery elements as representing a more pro-Southern position that unfairly permitted the Slave Power to prevail in the nation's territories and to dominate national policy before the Civil War.^ Southern clergy took a pro-slavery position, to have slave concubines for themselves, p 74.

^ Homefront ; Rhetoric mobilizes the nation ; Lincoln was more successful in giving the war meaning to Northern civilians through his oratorical skills.
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^ We have come together as in some sort representatives of popular opinion against the extension of slavery into territory now free in fact as well as by law, and the pledged word of the statesmen of the nation who are now no more.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Yet the Democrats suffered a significant reverse in the electoral realignment of the mid-1850s; they lost the dominance they had achieved over the Whig Party and, indeed, were the minority party in most of the northern states.^ But I have never said, and the Whig party has never said, and those who oppose the Nebraska Bill do not as a body say, that they have any intention of interfering with slavery in the slave States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Last spring our adversaries had New Hampshire full of South Carolinians, and they lost the State.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1850 there were in the free States 56,649 mulattoes; but for the most part they were not born there--they came from the slave States, ready made up.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

The 1854 election was a Realigning election or "critical election" that saw a realignment of voting patterns.[101] .Abraham Lincoln's election was a watershed in the balance of power of competing national and parochial interests and affiliations.^ Lincoln's birthplace and family home are national historic memorials: Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in Hodgenville, Kentucky and Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, Illinois.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln was the obvious choice, but to keep the new party balanced he allowed the election to go to an ex-Democrat Lyman Trumbull.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Prairie lawyer : ; ; By the mid-1850s, Lincoln faced competing transportation interests — both the river barges and the railroads.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[102]

Secession winter 1860–1861

.As Lincoln's election became more likely, secessionists made clear their intent to leave the Union.^ Civil War ; ; Secession winter 1860–1861 ; As Lincoln's election became more probable, secessionists made it clear that their states would leave the Union.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Civil War : ; ; Secession winter 1860–1861 ; As Lincoln's election became more probable, secessionists made it clear that their states would leave the Union.
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^ But no writer has ever been more thoroughly informed respecting his subject, and no writer has ever made a more conscientious use of the information in his possession than has Colonel Lamon in his "Life of Lincoln."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[103] .On December 20, 1860, South Carolina took the lead; by February 1, 1861, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana,[104] and Texas had followed.^ North Carolina thus owned what is now the State of Tennessee; and South Carolina and Georgia owned, in separate parts, what are now Mississippi and Alabama.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ South Carolina took the lead followed by six other cotton-growing states in the deep South.
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^ This allowed Generals William Tecumseh Sherman and Philip Sheridan to destroy farms and towns in the Shenandoah Valley, Georgia, and South Carolina.
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[105] .The seven states soon declared themselves to be a new nation, the Confederate States of America.^ The seven Confederate states seceded before Lincoln took office, declaring themselves an entirely new nation, the Confederate States of America.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seven of; the Southern States have already declared for secession.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Compelling narrative offers a new angle on two of America's most towering politicans and their intense personal rivalry that transformed both them and the nation.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[104] .The upper South (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas) listened to, but initially rejected, the secessionist appeal.^ The upper South (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas) listened to and rejected the secessionist appeal.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As to climate, a glance at the map shows that there are five slave States--Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri, and also the District of Columbia, all north of the Missouri Compromise line.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They touch thirteen of our States-Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Iowa.
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[106][107] .President Buchanan and President-elect Lincoln refused to recognize the Confederacy.^ President Buchanan and President-elect Lincoln refused to recognize the Confederacy, which became the immediate cause of the war.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But suppose Fillmore gets the two slave States of Maryland and Kentucky; then Buchanan is not elected; Fillmore goes into the House of Representatives, and may be made President by a compromise.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither in Matheny's letter, nor in his interpretation of this letter, is there a word to indicate that he recognized the fact that Lincoln went to Washington to assume the office and perform the duties of President.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[108] .Attempts at compromise, such as the Crittenden Compromise which would have extended the Missouri line of 1820, were discussed.^ Stand with the abolitionist in restoring the Missouri Compromise, and stand against him when he attempts to repeal the Fugitive Slave law.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This demonstrates the absurdity of attempting to deduce a prospective principle from the Missouri Compromise line.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Missouri Compromise was repealed; and here we are in the midst of a new slavery agitation, such, I think, as we have never seen before.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[109] .Despite support for the Crittenden Compromise among some Republicans, Lincoln denounced it in private letters,[109] saying "either the Missouri line extended, or ...^ Contains some of Lincoln's addresses and letters.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is a mere collection of sayings gathered from private conversations that were only true of Mr. Lincoln's earlier life.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This demonstrates the absurdity of attempting to deduce a prospective principle from the Missouri Compromise line.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Pop. Sov. would lose us everything we gained in the election; that filibustering for all South of us, and making slave states of it, would follow in spite of us, under either plan",[110] while other Republicans publicly stated it "would amount to a perpetual covenant of war against every people, tribe, and state owning a foot of land between here and Tierra del Fuego."[111]
.The Confederate States of America selected Jefferson Davis on February 9, 1861, as their provisional President.^ The seven Confederate states seceded before Lincoln took office, declaring themselves an entirely new nation, the Confederate States of America.
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^ Even Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy, has been mentioned as a possible co-conspirator.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln went to Richmond to make a public gesture of sitting at Jefferson Davis's own desk, symbolically saying to the nation that the President of the United States held authority over the entire land.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[112]
A photograph of the March 4, 1861 inauguration of Abraham Lincoln in front of United States Capitol
.President-elect Lincoln evaded possible assassins in Baltimore, and on February 23, 1861, arrived in disguise in Washington, D.C.[113] At his inauguration on March 4, 1861, sharpshooters watched the inaugural platform, while soldiers on horseback patrolled the surrounding area.^ President-elect Lincoln evaded possible assassins in Baltimore and on February 23, 1861, arrived in disguise in Washington, D.C. At Lincoln's inauguration on March 4, 1861, the Turners formed Lincoln's bodyguard; and a sizable garrison of federal troops was also present, ready to protect the capital from Confederate invasion or insurrection from Confederates in the capital city.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the President elect, as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration; as he will have secured his election on such ground that he cannot possibly save it afterwards.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Shrigley, of Philadelphia, who was acquainted with President Lincoln in Washington, and who received a hospital chaplaincy from him, says: "President Lincoln was also remarkably tolerant.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[114] .In his first inaugural address, Lincoln declared, "I hold that in contemplation of universal law and of the Constitution the Union of these States is perpetual.^ Photograph showing the March 4, 1861, inauguration of Abraham Lincoln in front of U.S. Capitol BuildingIn his First Inaugural Address, Lincoln declared, "I hold that in contemplation of universal law and of the Constitution the Union of these States is perpetual.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his First Inaugural Address, Lincoln declared, "I hold that in contemplation of universal law and of the Constitution the Union of these States is perpetual.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Story of Lincoln's address at Cooper Union.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Perpetuity is implied, if not expressed, in the fundamental law of all national governments," arguing further that the purpose of the United States Constitution was "to form a more perfect union" than the Articles of Confederation which were explicitly perpetual, thus the Constitution too was perpetual.^ Many small donations; ($1 to $5,000) are particularly important to maintaining tax exempt; status with the IRS.; ; The Foundation is committed to complying with the laws regulating; charities and charitable donations in all 50 states of the United; States.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After this he returned to Kentucky, resumed the practice of law, and continued it till the autumn of 1831, when he was by the Legislature of Kentucky again placed in the United States Senate.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Still further: there are constitutional relations between the slave and free States which are degrading to the latter.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.He asked rhetorically that even were the Constitution a simple contract, would it not require the agreement of all parties to rescind it?^ "They [abolitionists] would even go so far as to adopt the 1887 plan of EXCISION, and cut off from the pulpit, and the communion of the church, all slaveholders.

^ Then I ask, is the precept "Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them" obsolete?
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If elected, he may not maintain all or even any of his positions previously taken; but he will be sure to do whatever the party exigency for the time being may require; and that is precisely what you want.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[115]
.Also in his inaugural address, in a final attempt to reunite the states and prevent certain war, Lincoln supported the pending Corwin Amendment to the Constitution, which had passed Congress the previous day.^ Examining a different speech, address, or public letter in each chapter, White tracks the evolution of Lincoln's rhetoric from the measured, lawyerly tones of the First Inaugural to the imaginative daring of the 1862 Message to Congress to the haunting poetry of the Gettysburg Address.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his First Inaugural Address, he refers to God, and makes a complimentary reference to Christianity intended to conciliate the church and gain for his administration its support in the coming struggle with the South.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reporter Gilmore first interviewed Lincoln the day after the Civil War started in 1861 and over the course of the war, came to know the president personally.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This amendment, which explicitly protected slavery in those states in which it already existed, was considered by Lincoln to be a possible way to stave off secession.^ It explicitly protected slavery in those states in which it already existed, and was designed to appeal not to the Confederacy but to the critical border states.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the Confederate states seceded, Lincoln had campaigned against the expansion of slavery into the territories, where Congress did have authority.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Early in 1858, Lincoln delivered his memorable Springfield speech which prepared the way for his debates with Douglas, and made him President of the United States.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[116] .A few short weeks before the war he went so far as to pen a letter to every governor asking for their support in ratifying the Corwin Amendment.^ Also in his inaugural address, in a final attempt to unite the Union and prevent the looming war, Lincoln supported the pending Corwin Amendment to the Constitution, which had passed Congress.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 22, 1862, a few weeks before signing the Proclamation, and after it had already been drafted, Lincoln responded by letter to an editorial by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune which had urged abolition: ; ; I would save the Union.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "We do not mean by this that we are bound to believe or say that every act of the government [including this aggressive war we are supporting!

[117]
.By the time Lincoln took office, the Confederacy was an established fact,[104] and no leaders of the insurrection proposed rejoining the Union on any terms.^ Bateman was Superintendent of Public Instruction at the time, had his office in the same building, and was frequently in Lincoln's room.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither in Matheny's letter, nor in his interpretation of this letter, is there a word to indicate that he recognized the fact that Lincoln went to Washington to assume the office and perform the duties of President.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "We will hold on as long as we can; we shall part in pain; but take the ground proposed [by abolitionists' resolutions], and our beloved Union is no longer ONE. Rev. Dr.

The failure of the Peace Conference of 1861 rendered legislative compromise virtually impossible. .Buchanan might have allowed the southern states to secede, and some members of his cabinet recommended that.^ Lincoln perhaps could have allowed the southern states to secede, and some Republicans recommended that.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But if you would like to defeat Buchanan and his gang, allow me a word with you: Does any one pretend that Fillmore can carry the vote of this State?
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^ Some states do not allow disclaimers of certain implied warranties or the exclusion or limitation of certain types of damages.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, conservative Democratic nationalists, such as Jeremiah S. Black, Joseph Holt, and Edwin M. Stanton had taken control of Buchanan's cabinet in early January, and refused to accept secession.^ However, conservative Democratic nationalists, such as Jeremiah S. Black, Joseph Holt, and Edwin M. Stanton had taken control of Buchanan's cabinet around January 1, 1861, and refused to accept secession.
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^ In 1857-58, Douglas broke with President Buchanan, leading to a fight for control of the Democratic Party.
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[118] .Lincoln and nearly every Republican leader adopted this position by March 1861: the Union could not be dismantled.^ Carpenter, and in fact nearly every writer on Lincoln, has made free use of Herndon's writings.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Believing that a peaceful solution was still possible, Lincoln decided to not take any action against the South unless the Unionists themselves were attacked first.^ The opposite was the result, for with Lincoln's death, the possibility of peace with magnanimity died.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln attacked the Bible and the New Testament on two grounds: first, from the inherent or apparent contradictions under its lids; second, from the grounds of reason.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This class, which constitutes a very large majority, are kind-hearted, and always take the part of the South, when they come in contact with the [unconstitutional] laws of the land, or the peace of the South.

[citation needed] This finally happened in April 1861.[119]
.Historian Allan Nevins argues that Lincoln made three miscalculations in believing that he could preserve the Union, hold government property, and still avoid war.^ The restoration and preservation of the Union were still the main tenets of Lincoln's war aims.
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^ Nevins[15] argues that Lincoln made three serious mistakes at this point.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In that speech Mr. Lincoln is made to say: 'But for this book we could not know right from wrong.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.He "temporarily underrated the gravity of the crisis", overestimated the strength of Unionist sentiment in the South and border states, and misunderstood the conditional support of Unionists in the border states.^ Finally he misunderstood the demands of Unionists in the border states, who warned they would not support an invasion of the Confederacy.
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^ Second, he overestimated the strength of Unionist sentiment in the South and border states; he assumed he could call the bluff of the insurrectionists and they would fade away.
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^ He won entirely on the strength of his support in the North: he was not even on the ballot in nine states in the South — and won only 2 of 996 counties in the other Southern states.
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[120]

Fighting begins

.On April 12, 1861, Union troops at Fort Sumter were fired upon and forced to surrender.^ Fort Sumter was fired upon, and the Civil War began.
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^ Fighting begins: 1861–1862 ; Main article: American Civil War ; After Union troops at Fort Sumter were fired upon and forced to surrender in April 1861, Lincoln called on governors of every state to send 75,000 troops to recapture forts, protect the capital, and "preserve the Union," which in his view still existed intact despite the actions of the seceding states.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fighting begins: 1861–1862 : ; ; After Union troops at Fort Sumter were fired upon and forced to surrender in April 1861, Lincoln called on governors of every state to send 75,000 troops to recapture forts, protect the capital, and "preserve the Union," which in his view still existed intact despite the actions of the seceding states.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

[119] .On April 15, Lincoln called on the states to send detachments totaling 75,000 troops,[121] to recapture forts, protect the capital, and "preserve the Union", which in his view still existed intact despite the actions of the seceding states.^ On my word, the world may take it for granted that Holland is wrong -- that he does not state Mr. Lincoln's views correctly" (Lamon's Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ ABRAHAM LINCOLN comes in, a greenish and crumpled top hat leaving his; forehead well uncovered, his wide pockets brimming over with documents.; He is fifty, and he still preserves his clean-shaven state.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You say, if you were President, you would send an army and hang the leaders of the Missouri outrages upon the Kansas elections; still, if Kansas fairly votes herself a slave State she must be admitted or the Union must be dissolved.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[122] These events forced the states to choose sides. Virginia declared its secession, after which the Confederate capital was moved from Montgomery to Richmond. .North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas also voted for secession over the next two months.^ The upper South (Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, and Arkansas) listened to and rejected the secessionist appeal.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What has since been formed into the States of Maine, Kentucky and Tennessee, was, I believe, within the limits of or owned by Massachusetts, Virginia, and North Carolina.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Carolina was divided, and thus its vote was lost; and Delaware, Georgia, and New Jersey refused to vote.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Missouri, Kentucky and Maryland threatened secession,[121] but neither they nor the slave state of Delaware seceded.^ As to climate, a glance at the map shows that there are five slave States--Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri, and also the District of Columbia, all north of the Missouri Compromise line.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But I have never said, and the Whig party has never said, and those who oppose the Nebraska Bill do not as a body say, that they have any intention of interfering with slavery in the slave States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1798 they prohibited the bringing of slaves from Africa into the Mississippi Territory, this Territory then comprising what are now the States of Mississippi and Alabama.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln urgently negotiated with state leaders there, promising not to interfere with slavery.^ But I have never said, and the Whig party has never said, and those who oppose the Nebraska Bill do not as a body say, that they have any intention of interfering with slavery in the slave States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln was beset by warm friends and by old coadjutors, and besought to pause in his anti-slavery course while there was yet time.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ What is there stated was the substance of a conversation between Mr. Stuart and myself about Mr. Lincoln's religion.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.November 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Troops headed south towards Washington, D.C. to protect the capital in response to Lincoln's call.^ When the time approached for Lincoln to take the Executive chair, and the journey from Springfield to Washington was deemed a dangerous undertaking, to Colonel Lamon was intrusted the responsible duty of conducting him to the national capital.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Author support's the South's decision to secede from the United States and discusses the response of President Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President-elect Lincoln evaded possible assassins in Baltimore and on February 23, 1861, arrived in disguise in Washington, D.C. At Lincoln's inauguration on March 4, 1861, the Turners formed Lincoln's bodyguard; and a sizable garrison of federal troops was also present, ready to protect the capital from Confederate invasion or insurrection from Confederates in the capital city.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

On April 19, angry secessionist mobs in Baltimore, a Maryland city to the north of Washington that controlled the rail links, attacked Union troops traveling to the capital. George William Brown, the Mayor of Baltimore, and other suspect Maryland politicians were arrested and imprisoned at Fort McHenry.[123] .Rebel leaders were also arrested in other border areas[citation needed] and held in military prisons without trial.^ After the fighting started, he had rebel leaders arrested in all the border areas and held in military prisons without trial; over 18,000 were arrested.
  • Who was ABRAHAM LINCOLN? - Yahoo! Answers 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

Over 18,000 were arrested. .One, Clement Vallandigham, was exiled, but the remainder were released, usually after two or three months (see: Ex parte Merryman).^ I expect to make one within a week or two, in which I hope to succeed well enough to wish you to see it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Speaker, I see I have but three minutes left, and this forces me to throw out one whole branch of my subject.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Again, of these three or four Fillmore newspapers, two, at least, are supported in part by the Buchanan men, as I understand.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[124]

Conducting the war effort

"Running the 'Machine'": An 1864 political cartoon featuring Lincoln; William Fessenden, Edwin Stanton, William Seward, and Gideon Welles take a swing at the Lincoln administration
.The war was a source of constant frustration for the president and occupied nearly all of his time.^ I lost nearly all the working part of last year, giving my time to the canvass; and I am altogether too poor to lose two years together.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the very first act nearly all the Whigs voted against the preamble declaring that war existed by the act of Mexico; and yet nearly all of them voted for the supplies.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.He had a contentious relationship with General McClellan,[125] who became general-in-chief of all the Union armies in the wake of the embarrassing Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run and after the retirement of Winfield Scott in late 1861.[126] Despite his inexperience in military affairs, Lincoln immediately took an active part in determining war strategy.^ An account of the arming of the Union forces in the Civil War and of Lincoln's part in it.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Locos are untiring in their efforts to make the impression that all who vote supplies or take part in the war do of necessity approve the President's conduct in the beginning of it; but the Whigs have from the beginning made and kept the distinction between the two.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Those who at first were so forward to claim that he was, have generally recognized the futility of the claim.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.His priorities were twofold: to ensure that Washington was well defended; and to conduct an aggressive war effort that would satisfy the demand in the North for prompt, decisive victory.^ Lamon was Lincoln's intimate and trusted friend at Washington, and had he changed his belief, his biographer, as well as Noah Brooks and the Illinois clergyman, would have been in possession of the fact.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I cast my vote for the opposing candidates, and my judgment is, that if they had been elected, the Mexican war would have been avoided, and the honor of the country as well preserved as at present.

^ The murder of this loving savior of our Union was a disastrous blow, not to the victorious North alone, but to the vanquished South as well.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[127] McClellan, a youthful West Point graduate and railroad executive called back to active military service,[128] took a more cautious approach.[68] He took several months to plan and execute his Peninsula Campaign, with the objective of capturing Richmond by moving the Army of the Potomac by boat to the peninsula and then traveling by land to Richmond. .McClellan's delay concerned Lincoln, as did his insistence that no troops were needed to defend Washington, Lincoln insisted on holding some of McClellan's troops to defend the capital, a decision McClellan blamed for the ultimate failure of the Peninsula Campaign.^ The Washington 'Capital' says that it places "Lincoln before the world as be really was."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "When Mr. Lincoln left this city for Washington, I knew he had undergone no change in his religious opinions or views.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his funeral address at Washington, Dr. Gurley did not affirm that Lincoln was a Christian, or that he was intending to make a profession of religion.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[68] .McClellan, a conservative Democrat,[129] was passed over for general-in-chief (that is, chief strategist) in favor of Henry Wager Halleck, after giving Lincoln his Harrison's Landing Letter, where he offered unsolicited political advice to Lincoln urging caution in the war effort.^ Lincoln said if there was a general desire on the part of the House to pass the bill now he should be glad to have it done--concurring, as he did generally, with the gentleman from Arkansas [Mr.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was stated by friends of Lincoln that he generally refrained from giving publicity to his religious opinions while in public life because of their unpopularity.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Fascinating story told complete for the first time of Lincoln's search for a winning general, and of his own emergence as a master strategist and great commander-in-chief.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[130] .McClellan's letter incensed Radical Republicans, who successfully pressured Lincoln to appoint John Pope, a Republican, as head of the new Army of Virginia.^ The man who stood nearest to President Lincoln at Washington -- nearer than any clergyman or newspaper correspondent -- was his private secretary, Col. John G. Nicolay.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sincerely your son, A. LINCOLN. TO JOHN D. JOHNSTON. SHELBYVILLE, November 9, 1851 DEAR BROTHER:--When I wrote you before, I had not received your letter.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John T. Stuart, who was his first law partner, declares: 'Lincoln was an avowed and open Infidel.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

Pope complied with Lincoln's strategic desire to move toward Richmond from the north, thus protecting the capital from attack. However, Pope was soundly defeated at the Second Battle of Bull Run in the summer of 1862, forcing the Army of the Potomac to defend Washington for a second time.[131] In response to his failure, Pope was sent to Minnesota to fight the Sioux.[132]
.Despite his dissatisfaction with McClellan's failure to reinforce Pope, Lincoln restored him to command of all forces around Washington, to the dismay of his cabinet (all save Seward), who wished McClellan gone.^ Shrigley, of Philadelphia, who was acquainted with President Lincoln in Washington, and who received a hospital chaplaincy from him, says: "President Lincoln was also remarkably tolerant.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nearly all the pious stories relating to Lincoln, while palpably false in the eyes of those who knew him, are yet of such a nature as to render a complete refutation of them extremely difficult.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Tuttle is confident that Lincoln always remained a Freethinker, and believes that those who claim to have evidence from him to the contrary, willfully affirm what they know to be false.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[133] .Two days after McClellan's return to command, General Lee's forces crossed the Potomac River into Maryland, leading to the Battle of Antietam (September 1862).^ But suppose Fillmore gets the two slave States of Maryland and Kentucky; then Buchanan is not elected; Fillmore goes into the House of Representatives, and may be made President by a compromise.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The two commanders face each other .; GRANT salutes, and LEE replies.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ General Lee's surrender to; General Grant leaves but one Confederate force in the field, and the end; is immediate and certain.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[134] .The ensuing Union victory, one of the bloodiest in American history, enabled Lincoln to give notice that he would issue an Emancipation Proclamation in January,[135] but he relieved McClellan of his command after waiting for the conclusion of the 1862 midterm elections and appointed Republican Ambrose Burnside to head the Army of the Potomac.^ "The truth about one of the most controversial women in American history, and the never-before-told, never-to-be-forgotten story of her life with Abraham Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tells the dramatic story of perhaps the most critical election campaign in American history.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Marks the 200th anniversary of Lincoln's birth, this marvelous short biography offers an illuminating portrait of one of the giants in the American story.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[136] .Burnside was politically neutral, which Lincoln desired, and for the most part supported the President's aims.^ A lively and provocative book about one of the most reglected and overlooked periods in the political life of Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A unique history of Lincoln's political rise, presidency, and death as reported by the nation's most respected newspaper with introductions and additional perspectives.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The testimony advanced in support of the claim of Lincoln's Christianity is, for the most part, the testimony of orthodox Christians -- a majority of them orthodox clergymen.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[137] .Burnside had promised to follow through on Lincoln's strategic vision for a strong offensive against Lee and Richmond.^ He quotes the following as Lincoln's words: "The truth is just this: When Lee came over the river, I made a resolution that if McClellan drove him back I would send the Proclamation after him.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

After Burnside was stunningly defeated at Fredericksburg in December,[138] Joseph Hooker took command, despite his history of "loose talk" and criticizing former commanders.[139] .Hooker was routed by Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May, 1863,[140] but continued to command his troops for roughly two months.^ The two commanders face each other .; GRANT salutes, and LEE replies.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Hooker did not agree with Lincoln's desire to divide his troops, and possibly force Lee to do the same, and tendered his resignation, which was accepted.^ "Did Mr. Lincoln, in his said Inaugural, say: 'Both read the same Word of God?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

During the Gettysburg Campaign he was replaced by George Meade.[141]
.Using black troops and former slaves was official government policy after the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation.^ By the former, the white man is to do just as he pleases with his black slaves, being responsible to God alone.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.At first Lincoln was reluctant to fully implement this program, but by the spring of 1863 he was ready to initiate "a massive recruitment of Negro troops."^ Fully authoritative and accurate, based on a number of manuscript collections, including the letterbooks of Lincoln's son Robert, it is the first place to look when wanting information on Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In a letter to Andrew Johnson, the military governor of Tennessee, encouraging him to lead the way in raising black troops, Lincoln wrote, "The bare sight of fifty thousand armed, and drilled black soldiers on the banks of the Mississippi would end the rebellion at once."^ It was for him that Lincoln wrote an autobiographical sketch of his life, which formed the basis of his campaign biographies, the facsimile of which appears in Lamon's "Life of Lincoln," and in the "Lincoln Memorial Album."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Herndon wrote in relation to Lincoln's letter of consolation to his father.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1851 Lincoln wrote a letter of consolation to his dying father, in which he counseled him to "confide in our great and good and merciful Maker."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[142] .By the end of 1863, at Lincoln's direction, General Lorenzo Thomas had recruited twenty regiments of African Americans from the Mississippi Valley.^ It will enable the present and future generations to become better acquainted with Lincoln the man than with any other prominent American.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[143]

Grant

Lincoln, in a top hat, with Allan Pinkerton and Major General John Alexander McClernand at Antietam
.After the Union victory at Gettysburg, Meade's failure to pursue Lee and months of inactivity for the Army of the Potomac persuaded Lincoln that a change was needed.^ While the president of the Confederacy, and the general of its vanquished armies -- a statesman of acknowledged worth, and a soldier unsurpassed -- were devout believers in Christianity, their victorious adversaries, Lincoln and Grant, were dis-believers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.McClellan was seeking the Democratic nomination for President, and Lincoln worried that Grant might also have political aspirations.^ A unique history of Lincoln's political rise, presidency, and death as reported by the nation's most respected newspaper with introductions and additional perspectives.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ 'Yes, that is the custom,' said President Lincoln, I but you had better take them with yon, as you might want to join St John's church.'"
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the spring of 1860, just before Lincoln was nominated for the Presidency, the celebrated sculptor, Volk, made a bust of him.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln convinced himself that Grant didn't have political aspirations, in the immediate at least, and made Ulysses S. Grant commander of the Union Army.^ While the president of the Confederacy, and the general of its vanquished armies -- a statesman of acknowledged worth, and a soldier unsurpassed -- were devout believers in Christianity, their victorious adversaries, Lincoln and Grant, were dis-believers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ With Grant before Richmond in command of superior forces, and Sherman with the finest army in the world, ready to move northward, everybody felt that the war must be soon concluded, and that the Union was safe.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[144] Grant already had a solid string of victories in the Western Theater, including the battles of Vicksburg and Chattanooga.[145] Responding to criticism of Grant, Lincoln replied, "I can't spare this man. He fights."[146] .Grant waged his bloody Overland Campaign in 1864 with a strategy of a war of attrition, characterized by high Union losses at battles such as the Wilderness and Cold Harbor, but by proportionately higher Confederate losses.^ General Ulysses S. Grant identified the U.S. Aggression War Against Mexico as one of the most unjust [wars] ever waged by a stronger against a weaker nation.

.October 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The high casualty figures alarmed the nation, and, after Grant lost a third of his army, Lincoln asked what Grant's plans were.^ Grant : Take these papers to Captain Templeman, and ask Colonel West if; the twenty-third are in action yet.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At the suggestion of Mr. Lincoln all dropped on their knees, and offered in silence and in tears their humble and heartfelt acknowledgment to the Almighty for the triumph he had granted to the national cause."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ While the president of the Confederacy, and the general of its vanquished armies -- a statesman of acknowledged worth, and a soldier unsurpassed -- were devout believers in Christianity, their victorious adversaries, Lincoln and Grant, were dis-believers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

"I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer," replied Grant. .Lincoln and the Republican party mobilized support throughout the North, backed Grant to the hilt, and replaced his losses.^ Get hold of some man in the North whose position and ability is such that he can make the support of your measure, whatever it may be, a Democratic party necessity, and the thing is done.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[147] The Confederacy was out of replacements, so Lee's army shrank with every battle, forcing it back to trenches outside Petersburg. .In April 1865, Lee's army finally crumbled under Grant's pounding, and Richmond fell.^ GENERAL GRANT,; Commander-in-Chief, under Lincoln, of the Northern armies, is seated at; a table with CAPTAIN MALINS, an aide-de-camp.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[148]
.Lincoln authorized Grant to target the Confederate infrastructure – such as plantations, railroads, and bridges – hoping to destroy the South's morale and weaken its economic ability to continue fighting.^ The cars of a railroad cannot without immense expense rise high enough to get even with a suspension bridge or go low enough to get through a tunnel; such expense is unreasonable.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a [morally depraved] church, what is it but the BULWARKTHE FORLORN HOPE OF SLAVERY? .

.This strategy allowed Generals Sherman and Sheridan to destroy plantations and towns in the Shenandoah Valley, Georgia, and South Carolina.^ Union General Philip H. Sheridan saw the South's mentality and morals, "over the killing of many freedmen in the settlements, nothing is done."

^ All agreed on this except South Carolina and Georgia, and in order to preserve harmony, and from the necessity of the case, these expressions were omitted.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ North Carolina thus owned what is now the State of Tennessee; and South Carolina and Georgia owned, in separate parts, what are now Mississippi and Alabama.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.The damage caused by Sherman's March to the Sea through Georgia totaled more than $100 million by Sherman's own estimate.^ More thou the cause Than subject now of woe.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is grossly incorrect to say or assume that the public estimate of the negro is more favorable now than it was at the origin of the government.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus, through more than sixty of the best years of the republic, did that policy steadily work to its great and beneficent end.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[149]
.Lincoln grasped the need to control strategic points (such as the Mississippi River and the fortress city of Vicksburg) and understood the importance of defeating the enemy's army, rather than simply capturing territory.^ Territory such person shall be deemed guilty of felony, and punished by imprisonment at hard labor for a term of not less than two years.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When our Federal Constitution was adopted, we owned no territory beyond the limits or ownership of the States, except the territory northwest of the River Ohio and east of the Mississippi.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And now, to quote you, 'Do you not think it were better for the truth of history that you should state the facts about Lincoln, and that you should commend him for what he was rather than for what he was not?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.He had, however, limited success in motivating his commanders to adopt his strategies until late 1863, when he found a man who shared his vision of the war in Ulysses S. Grant.^ A definitive biography of the eccentric and surprisingly successful editor who was the leading crusader of the Civil War era.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A worse man can scarcely be found than one who does this.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If I remember, G. T. M. Davis, who has been through almost the whole war, declares in favor of Mr. Clay; from which I infer that he adopts the sentiments of Mr. Clay, generally at least.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Only then could he relentlessly pursue a series of coordinated offensives in multiple theaters, and have a top commander who agreed on the use of black troops.^ It may only be; used on or associated in any way with an electronic work by people who; agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It may only be used on or associated in any way with an electronic work by people who agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[150] .Two days a week, Lincoln would meet with his cabinet in the afternoon, and occasionally his wife would force him to take a carriage ride because she was concerned he was working too hard.^ In after life he became more religious; but the Bible puzzled him, especially the miracles" (Every-Day Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After I became Secretary of the Treasury I was present at every Cabinet meeting, and I never saw Mr. Lincoln or any of his ministers upon his knees or in tears.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He quotes the following as Lincoln's words: "The truth is just this: When Lee came over the river, I made a resolution that if McClellan drove him back I would send the Proclamation after him.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Throughout the war, Lincoln showed an intense interest with the military campaigns.^ Lincoln recognized his many sterling qualities, and throughout the war his relations with the President were of the most intimate character.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The author shows that only after a desperate struggle to peaceably prevent the nation's disintegration did Lincoln opt for war.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

He spent hours at the War Department telegraph office, reading dispatches from the field.[151] He visited battle sites frequently, and seemed fascinated by scenes of war.[citation needed] During Jubal Anderson Early's raid on Washington, D.C. in 1864, Lincoln was watching the combat from an exposed position; captain Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. shouted at him, "Get down, you damn fool, before you get shot!"[152]

Emancipation Proclamation

Edwin Stanton (Secretary of War) Salmon Chase (Treasury secretary) President Lincoln Gideon Welles (Secretary of the navy) William Seward (Secretary of State) Caleb B. Smith (Cabinet) Montgomery Blair (Cabinet) Edward Bates (Attorney General) Emancipation Proclamation draft Unknown Painting use cursor to explore or button to enlarge
Lincoln met with his cabinet on July 22, 1862 for the first reading of a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation.
.Lincoln maintained that the powers of his administration to end slavery were limited by the Constitution.^ Referring to Lincoln's administration, Dr. Holland says: "The power of a true-hearted Christian man, in perfect sympathy with a true-hearted Christian people, was Mr. Lincoln's power.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Thefirst full-length portrait of this powerful faction who came close to defeating Lincoln and ending the war in the South's favor.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In those days Legislatures held the unquestioned power to abolish slavery in their respective States, but now it is becoming quite fashionable for State constitutions to withhold that power from the Legislatures.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.He expected to cause the eventual extinction of slavery by stopping its further expansion into any U.S. territory, and by persuading states to accept compensated emancipation if the state would outlaw slavery (an offer that took effect only in Washington, D.C.).^ In 1798 they prohibited the bringing of slaves from Africa into the Mississippi Territory, this Territory then comprising what are now the States of Mississippi and Alabama.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But all this, to my judgment, furnishes no more excuse for permitting slavery to go into our own free territory than it would for reviving the African slave trade by law.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Had this report been adopted, not only the Northwest, but Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi also would have been free; but it required the assent of nine States to ratify it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Guelzo says Lincoln believed that shrinking slavery in this way would make it uneconomical, and place it back on the road to eventual extinction that the Founders had envisioned.^ Nebraska brings it forth, places it on the highroad to extension and perpetuity, and with a pat on its back says to it, "Go, and God speed you."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You say you would almost give your place in heaven for seventy or eighty dollars.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It would be sufficient, probably, should the words slavery and slave-holder be stricken out, and those of horse-stealing and horse-stealer substituted in their places.

[153]
.In July 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation Act, which freed the slaves of anyone convicted of aiding the rebellion.^ "But be never told anyone that he accepted Jesus as the Christ, or performed a single one of the acts which necessarily follow upon such a conviction.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ However clear Congress may be on their authority to pass any particular act, the gentleman from Kentucky thinks the President must veto it if he has doubts about it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the second day of July, 1776, the draft of a Declaration of Independence was reported to Congress by the committee, and in it the slave trade was characterized as "an execrable commerce," as "a piratical warfare," as the "opprobrium of infidel powers," and as "a cruel war against human nature."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although Lincoln believed it wasn't in Congress's remit to free any slaves, he approved the bill.^ Abram Lincoln, Whig member of Congress from Illinois, a representative of free soil.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hawley professed to believe that Lincoln was a Christian, but he bad no personal knowledge of the fact, although his neighbor for many years.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Cicero often swore 'By Hercules,' as in the oration against Catiline, although he believed no more in Hercules than Abraham Lincoln believed in any church- made God."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.He felt freeing the slaves could only be done by the Commander in Chief during wartime, and that signing the bill would help placate those in Congress who wanted to do it through legislation.^ Nothing could be plainer than that, just as nothing; could be plainer than his determination to free the slaves when he can.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But I have never said, and the Whig party has never said, and those who oppose the Nebraska Bill do not as a body say, that they have any intention of interfering with slavery in the slave States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The proportion of free mulattoes to free blacks--the only colored classes in the free States is much greater in the slave than in the free States.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.In that month, Lincoln discussed a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation with his cabinet.^ The draft of the preliminary Proclamation of Emancipation was finished on Sunday.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Preliminary Proclamation of Emancipation, which was drafted by himself, the name of Deity does not appear.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Judge Usher, a member of his Cabinet, tells us how God came to be invoked: "In the preparation of the final Proclamation of Emancipation, of January 1, 1863, Mr. Lincoln manifested great solicitude.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.In it, he stated that "as a fit and necessary military measure" (and according to Donald not for moral reasons) on January 1, 1863, "all persons held as a slaves" in the Confederate states will " thenceforward, and forever, be free."^ "Shall be thenceforward and forever free."
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "It is proclaimed; that on the first day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand; eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any; state, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United; States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free."
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Still further: there are constitutional relations between the slave and free States which are degrading to the latter.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[154]
.In a shrewdly penned August reply to an editorial by Horace Greeley in the influential New York Tribune, with a draft of the Proclamation already on Lincoln's desk, the president subordinated the goal of ending slavery to the cause of preserving the Union, while, at the same time, preparing the public for emancipation being incomplete at first.^ The draft of the preliminary Proclamation of Emancipation was finished on Sunday.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The subject was referred to an august committee, Chancellor Walworth, of New York, Chairman.

^ Bateman was Superintendent of Public Instruction at the time, had his office in the same building, and was frequently in Lincoln's room.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

Lincoln had decided at this point that he could not win the war without freeing the slaves, and so it was a necessity "to do more to help the cause":[citation needed]
.
I would save the Union.^ You; remember his words: "If I could save the Union without freeing any; slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves,; I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others; alone, I would also do that.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He declared frequently that he would do anything to save the Union, and among the many things he did was the partial concealment of his individual religious opinions.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.I would save it the shortest way under the Constitution.^ "'Well, gentlemen, if that be so, and there is any way under heaven whereby the rebels can be saved, then, for God's sake and their sakes, let the man be appointed'" (L.M.A., pp.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

The sooner the national authority can be restored; the nearer the Union will be "the Union as it was." ... .My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery.^ My paramount object in this struggle is to; save the Union."
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "If slavery was either the invention of man or a moral evil, it is logical to conclude, the power to create has the power to destroy.

^ Douglass and Lincoln: How a Revolutionary Black Leader and a Reluctant Liberator Struggled to End Slavery and Save the Union.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that.^ You; remember his words: "If I could save the Union without freeing any; slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves,; I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others; alone, I would also do that.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "If I could tell you of some of the dirty tricks [e.g., rescues] which these abolitionists have played, you would not wonder.

^ It is significant, however, that in those documents of least importance, those which he would most likely leave to his secretaries or other officials to draft, these expressions are chiefly to be found.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.What I do about slavery, and the colored race, I do because I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union.^ But when I go to Union-saving, I must believe, at least, that the means I employ have some adaptation to the end.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the war the patriotic Lovejoy had devised a military scheme which he believed would prove beneficial to the Union cause, and obtained an order from the President for its execution.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Had Lincoln been a Christian he would not have used these words, because he was too intelligent to believe them, and too honest to pretend to believe them.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

I shall do less whenever I shall believe what I am doing hurts the cause, and I shall do more whenever I shall believe doing more will help the cause. .I shall try to correct errors when shown to be errors; and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be true views.^ It was true the question appeared in a different aspect to persons in consequence of a difference in the point from which they looked at it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If we take the entire population of the counties as shown by the late census, we shall see by the old plan, and by your proposed new plan, Morgan County, with a population 16,541, has but .......
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his view the question of whether a new country shall be slave or free is a matter of as utter indifference as it is whether his neighbor shall plant his farm with tobacco or stock it with horned cattle.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.I have here stated my purpose according to my view of official duty; and I intend no modification of my oft-expressed personal wish that all men everywhere could be free.^ On my word, the world may take it for granted that Holland is wrong -- that he does not state Mr. Lincoln's views correctly" (Lamon's Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He knows that, by the law, no one can vote who has not been registered; and he knows that the free-State men place their refusal to vote on the ground that but few of them have been registered.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was intended to controvert opinions which I think just, and to assail (politically, not personally) those men who, in common with me, entertain those opinions.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[155]
.The Emancipation Proclamation, announced on September 22, 1862 and put into effect on January 1, 1863, freed slaves in territories not already under Union control.^ In my humble sphere, I shall advocate the restoration of the Missouri Compromise so long as Kansas remains a Territory, and when, by all these foul means, it seeks to come into the Union as a slave State, I shall oppose it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1798 they prohibited the bringing of slaves from Africa into the Mississippi Territory, this Territory then comprising what are now the States of Mississippi and Alabama.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Judge Usher, a member of his Cabinet, tells us how God came to be invoked: "In the preparation of the final Proclamation of Emancipation, of January 1, 1863, Mr. Lincoln manifested great solicitude.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.As Union armies advanced south, more slaves were liberated until all of them in Confederate territory (over three million) were freed.^ In my humble sphere, I shall advocate the restoration of the Missouri Compromise so long as Kansas remains a Territory, and when, by all these foul means, it seeks to come into the Union as a slave State, I shall oppose it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But all this, to my judgment, furnishes no more excuse for permitting slavery to go into our own free territory than it would for reviving the African slave trade by law.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And, "verily, three fourths of all the Episcopalians, Methodists, Baptists, and Presbyterians, in eleven states of the Union, are of the devil."Rev.

.Lincoln later said: "I never, in my life, felt more certain that I was doing right, than I do in signing this paper."^ The very earliest, and one of the latest, public efforts of his life, separated by a period of more than fifty years, were both made in favor of gradual emancipation.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On my word, the world may take it for granted that Holland is wrong -- that he does not state Mr. Lincoln's views correctly" (Lamon's Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It was imperative that he should, for, said he, "It was my honor to place before Mr. Lincoln arguments designed to prove the divine authority and inspiration of the Scriptures."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

The proclamation made the abolition of slavery in the rebel states an official war goal. .Lincoln then threw his energies into passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to permanently abolish slavery throughout the nation.^ Sheds light on an episode in Lincoln's life that helped shape the nation, offering new insights into our nation's most widely examined president.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And yet, in the year 1829, slavery was abolished throughout that vast region by a royal decree of the then sovereign of Mexico.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Explores the relationship between Lincoln's wartime diplomacy and his interrelated goals of forming a more perfect Union and abolishing slavery.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[156] He personally lobbied individual Congressmen for the Amendment, which was passed by the Congress in early 1865, shortly before his death.[157] .A few days after the Emancipation was announced, thirteen Republican governors met at the War Governors' Conference; they supported the president's Proclamation, but suggested the removal of General George B. McClellan as commander of the Union's Army of the Potomac.^ But in a few days orders came on from Washington, commanding them to approve the measure; the party lash was applied, and it was brought up again in caucus, and passed by a large majority.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A revisionist account that corrects prevailing images of the relationship between Republican politicians and the army during the Civil War.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Examines closely the President's role as Commander-in-Chief of the Union forces and the importance of Lincoln's great rhetorical skills.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[158] .For some time, Lincoln continued earlier plans to set up colonies for the newly freed slaves.^ That sight was a continued torment to me, and I see something like it every time I touch the Ohio or any other slave border.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is possibly true, to some extent, that, with annexation, some slaves may be sent to Texas and continued in slavery that otherwise might have been liberated.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There have been picked up some of Mr. Lincoln's utterances about 'Providence,' 'God,' and the like, on which an attempt is made to make him out a Christian.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.He commented favorably on colonization in the Emancipation Proclamation, but all attempts at such a massive undertaking failed.^ Such separation, if ever effected at all, must be effected by colonization; and no political party, as such, is now doing anything directly for colonization.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

As Frederick Douglass observed, Lincoln was, "The first great man that I talked with in the United States freely who in no single instance reminded me of the difference between himself and myself, of the difference of color."[159]

Gettysburg Address

.Although the Battle of Gettysburg was a Union victory, it was also the bloodiest battle of the war and dealt a blow to Lincoln's war effort.^ The murder of this loving savior of our Union was a disastrous blow, not to the victorious North alone, but to the vanquished South as well.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ An account of the arming of the Union forces in the Civil War and of Lincoln's part in it.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SOLD The Lincoln Forum: Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg and the Civil War.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As the Union Army decreased in numbers due to casualties, more soldiers were needed to replace the ranks. Lincoln's 1863 military drafts were considered "odious" among many in the north, particularly immigrants. The New York Draft Riots of July 1863 were the most notable manifestation of this discontent. Writing to Lincoln in September 1863, the Governor of Pennsylvania, Andrew Gregg Curtin, warned that political sentiments were turning against Lincoln and the war effort:
.If the election were to occur now, the result would be extremely doubtful, and although most of our discreet friends are sanguine of the result, my impression is, the chances would be against us.^ Now, let us harmonize, my friends, and appeal to the moderation and patriotism of the people: to the sober second thought; to the awakened public conscience.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Of course I am not now considering what would be our duty in cases of insurrection among the slaves.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ C. HOYT, ESQ. MY DEAR SIR:--Our case is decided against us.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

The draft is very odious in the State ... the Democratic leaders have succeeded in exciting prejudice and passion, and have infused their poison into the minds of the people to a very large extent, and the changes are against us.
[160]
Therefore, in the fall of 1863, Lincoln's principal aim was to sustain public support for the war effort. This goal became the focus of his address at the Gettysburg battlefield cemetery on November 19.
.The Gettysburg Address is one of the most quoted speeches in United States history.^ And now, to quote you, 'Do you not think it were better for the truth of history that you should state the facts about Lincoln, and that you should commend him for what he was rather than for what he was not?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "The truth about one of the most controversial women in American history, and the never-before-told, never-to-be-forgotten story of her life with Abraham Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is about one third as large as the present United States, and its importance, so long overlooked, begins to come into view.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[161][162][163] .It was delivered at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, during the American Civil War, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the decisive Battle of Gettysburg.^ The later British criticism of the United States for not eradicating slavery in the early 1800's, combined with their tacit support of the 'Confederacy' during the Civil War is a prime example of the irony and hypocrisy of politics: that self-interest will ever overpower right.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During the war the patriotic Lovejoy had devised a military scheme which he believed would prove beneficial to the Union cause, and obtained an order from the President for its execution.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ During the war his attention was called to the notoriously bad character of army chaplains.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Abraham Lincoln's carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, came to be regarded as one of the greatest speeches in American history.^ About few other men has so much been written as about Abraham Lincoln; while no other American's life has engaged the pens of so many biographers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Nobody can dine; out in London to-day and admit without a blush that he has not seen; Abraham Lincoln .
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln,' said he, I will never have any other partner while you live;' and to the day of the assassination all the doings of the firm were in the name of 'Lincoln & Herndon'" (Everyday Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.In just over two minutes, Lincoln invoked the principles of human equality espoused by the Declaration of Independence and redefined the Civil War as a struggle not merely for the Union, but as "a new birth of freedom" that would bring true equality to all of its citizens, and that would also create a unified nation in which states' rights were no longer dominant.^ This new association no longer exists.

^ As a nation we began by declaring that "all men are created equal."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The founder of the Democratic party declared that all men were created equal.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Beginning with the now-iconic phrase, Four score and seven years ago ..., Lincoln referred to the events of the Civil War and described the ceremony at Gettysburg as an opportunity not only to consecrate the grounds of a cemetery, but also to dedicate the living to the struggle to ensure that "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth".[164]

1864 election

1864 Presidential election results
.After Union victories at Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga in 1863, overall victory seemed at hand, and Lincoln promoted Ulysses S. Grant General-in-Chief on March 12, 1864. When the spring campaigns turned into bloody stalemates, Lincoln supported Grant's strategy of wearing down Lee's Confederate army at the cost of heavy Union casualties.^ Beginning with the electoral campaign of 1864 and ending with the assassination, Harris reveals that Lincoln's mastery of the daunting affairs of state proved critical to his apotheosis as savior and saint of the Union.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There had been no application for office before President Lincoln so strongly supported by the aristocracy, and, turning to the young man, be said he would give him the appointment and handed him back the papers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Inside the box , MRS. LINCOLN is kneeling; by her husband, who is supported by STANTON. A DOCTOR runs across the; lounge and goes into the box.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

With an election looming, he easily defeated efforts to deny his renomination. .At the Convention, the Republican Party selected Andrew Johnson, a War Democrat from the Southern state of Tennessee, as his running mate to form a broader coalition.^ A biography of the Republican party in the House during the Civil War.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Last year he presided at the convention which nominated the Democratic candidate for Congress in this district, and afterward ran for the State Senate himself, not desiring the seat, but avowedly to aid and strengthen his party.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are; sent from Chicago by the Republican Convention, to enquire whether you; will accept their invitation to become the Republican candidate for the; office of President of the United States.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.They ran on the new Union Party ticket uniting Republicans and War Democrats.^ But next the President tells us the Congress of the United States understood the State of Texas they admitted into the Union to extend beyond the Nueces.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have no right to say all the members of the Republican party are in favor of this, nor to say that as a party they are in favor of it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mazzini and Garibaldi are the heroes of United Italy; Rousseau, Voltaire, and Victor Hugo have been the chief inspirers of Democratic France" (New Ideal).
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Nevertheless, Republicans across the country feared that Lincoln would be defeated.^ Lincoln] feared that gentleman would not be able to convince a majority in Congress that it was sound.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Acknowledging this fear, Lincoln wrote and signed a pledge that, if he should lose the election, he would still defeat the Confederacy before turning over the White House:[165]
This morning, as for some days past, it seems exceedingly probable that this Administration will not be re-elected. .Then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the President elect, as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration; as he will have secured his election on such ground that he cannot possibly save it afterwards.^ Now I feel it is my duty to have no hand in such a piece of foolery.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After all, the President concludes that possibly there may be some great objects of improvement which cannot be effected by tonnage duties, and which it therefore may be expedient for the General Government to take in hand.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My paramount object in this struggle is to; save the Union."
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[166]
.Lincoln did not show the pledge to his cabinet, but asked them to sign the sealed envelope.^ The author shows that only after a desperate struggle to peaceably prevent the nation's disintegration did Lincoln opt for war.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While the Democratic platform followed the Peace wing of the party and called the war a "failure," their candidate, General George B. McClellan, supported the war and repudiated the platform.^ Such is the almost unanimous voice of the so-called Cburch, the land [U.S.A.] over supporting the war of aggression against Mexico, so as to expand slavery].

^ You Democrats, and your candidate, in the main are in favor of laying down in advance a platform--a set of party positions--as a unit, and then of forcing the people, by every sort of appliance, to ratify them, however unpalatable some of them may be.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Only two days ago, Judge Trumbull found it necessary to propose a bill in the Senate to prevent a general civil war and to restore peace in Kansas.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln provided Grant with new replacements and mobilized his party to support Grant and win local support for the war effort.^ An examination of Lincoln's policy of appointing political generals to build a national coalition to fight and win the Civil War.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Award winning scholar reexamines the life of Lincoln to demonstrate his remarkable politcal knowledge and leadership skills evolve during pre-Civil War.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accurate portrait of Lincoln during the critical years of the Civil War, providing a fine interpretation of Lincoln's mind and personality.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sherman's capture of Atlanta in September ended defeatist jitters; the Democratic Party was deeply split, with some leaders and most soldiers openly for Lincoln; the Union party was united and energized, and Lincoln was easily reelected in a landslide.^ The very Dred Scott case affords a strong test as to which party most favors amalgamation, the Republicans or the dear Union-saving Democracy.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You Democrats, and your candidate, in the main are in favor of laying down in advance a platform--a set of party positions--as a unit, and then of forcing the people, by every sort of appliance, to ratify them, however unpalatable some of them may be.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Get hold of some man in the North whose position and ability is such that he can make the support of your measure, whatever it may be, a Democratic party necessity, and the thing is done.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.He won all but three states, including 78% of the Union soldiers' vote.^ All agreed that slavery was an evil, but that we were not responsible for it and cannot affect it in States of this Union where we do not live.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All felt that the rejection of Missouri was equivalent to a dissolution of the Union, because those States which already had what Missouri was rejected for refusing to relinquish would go with Missouri.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now he had carefully drawn up a bill embracing these three separate propositions, which he intended to propose as a substitute for all these bills in the House, or in Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, at some suitable time.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[167][168]

Second Inaugural Address

.
The only known photographs of Lincoln giving a speech were taken as he delivered his second inaugural address.
^ Lincoln said he had not risen for the purpose of making a speech, but only for the purpose of meeting some of the objections to the bill.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He does not claim that the speech, as here reported, is literally correct only that he has followed the argument, and that in many cases the sentences are as Mr. Lincoln spoke them.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

Here, he stands in the center, with papers in his hand.
.On March 4, 1865, Lincoln delivered his second inaugural address, his favorite of all his speeches.^ Examining a different speech, address, or public letter in each chapter, White tracks the evolution of Lincoln's rhetoric from the measured, lawyerly tones of the First Inaugural to the imaginative daring of the 1862 Message to Congress to the haunting poetry of the Gettysburg Address.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When this speech was delivered, Lincoln, it is claimed, had experienced a change of heart, and consecrated himself to Christ.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Early in 1858, Lincoln delivered his memorable Springfield speech which prepared the way for his debates with Douglas, and made him President of the United States.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.At this time, a victory over the rebels was at hand, slavery was dead, and Lincoln was looking to the future.^ Lincoln (looks at it, rises, and hands it back to her) : Ma'am, there; are times when no man may speak.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln was beset by warm friends and by old coadjutors, and besought to pause in his anti-slavery course while there was yet time.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Looking over the contents of his trunk one day the young man picked up a book and at the same time remarked: "That book belongs to Abe Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.
Fondly do we hope — fervently do we pray — that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away.^ In his last Inaugural he said: 'Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is said to me by Christians, touching his religion: 'Did not he, in his parting speech in Springfield, in 1861, say, "I hope you, my friends, will pray that I may receive," etc.?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Yet, if God wills that it continue, until all the wealth piled by the bond-man's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash, shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said "the judgments of the Lord, are true and righteous altogether."^ But it must be endured.; The cause was a right one two years ago.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He is obliged to be at Pike court where he has a case, with a fee of five hundred dollars, two hundred dollars already paid.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These, if any, must have been the days of the two hundred millions.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds; to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan — to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations.^ The peace of the nation is as dear to them as to us.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It may compose us all.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Let us turn to it, and see what it proves.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[169]

Reconstruction

.Reconstruction began during the war as Lincoln and his associates pondered questions of how to reintegrate the Southern states and what to do with Confederate leaders and the freed slaves.^ As it is not claimed that Lincoln was an Atheist, especially during the last years of his life, the above can very properly be brought forward in support of the negative of this question.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was Secretary of the Republican State Central Committee during the memorable Lincoln-Douglas campaign, and was largely instrumental in bringing Lincoln forward as a candidate for the Presidency in 1860.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The southern, and then best, part of the purchase was already in as a slave State.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln led the "moderates" regarding Reconstruction policy, and was usually opposed by the Radical Republicans, under Thaddeus Stevens in the House and Charles Sumner and Benjamin Wade in the Senate (though he cooperated with these men on most other issues).^ Future anti-slavery Senator Charles Sumner in 1845, though still a private citizen, opposed the War already then being planned.

^ But it is said we cannot restore it; that though we elect every member of the lower House, the Senate is still against us.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.Determined to find a course that would reunite the nation and not alienate the South, Lincoln urged that speedy elections under generous terms be held throughout the war in areas behind Union lines.^ During the war the patriotic Lovejoy had devised a military scheme which he believed would prove beneficial to the Union cause, and obtained an order from the President for its execution.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A compelling description of Lincoln's articulation of the nation's struggle and of the suffering of all - north and south, offering new insight.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He was Surveyor General of Kansas before it was admitted into the Union, and after it became a state, he held the office of State Auditor.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.His Amnesty Proclamation of December 8, 1863, offered pardons to those who had not held a Confederate civil office, had not mistreated Union prisoners, and would sign an oath of allegiance.^ True, it would have been a refinement on the depravity of those who murdered the immaculate Jesus.

[170] Critical decisions had to be made as state after state was reconquered. Of special importance were Tennessee, where Lincoln appointed Andrew Johnson as governor, and Louisiana, where Lincoln attempted a plan that would restore statehood when 10% of the voters agreed to it. .The Radicals thought this policy too lenient, and passed their own plan, the Wade-Davis Bill, in 1864. When Lincoln pocket vetoed the bill, the Radicals retaliated by refusing to seat representatives elected from Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee.^ In this chapter I wish to present some radical thoughts, not from the pen of Lincoln himself, but which in the work from which they are taken bear unmistakable signs of his approval.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln said if there was a general desire on the part of the House to pass the bill now he should be glad to have it done--concurring, as he did generally, with the gentleman from Arkansas [Mr.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1811 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives, and on the first day of taking his seat in that body he was chosen its Speaker.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[171]
.Near the end of the war, Lincoln made an extended visit to Grant's headquarters at City Point, Virginia.^ Thefirst full-length portrait of this powerful faction who came close to defeating Lincoln and ending the war in the South's favor.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He supposed that the statements made by the gentleman from Virginia to show this were all entirely correct in point of fact.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A view of how the war began, how Lincoln successively chose to prosecute it and to end with amnesty and forgiveness.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This allowed the president to confer in person with Grant and Sherman about ending hostilities (as Sherman managed a hasty visit to Grant from his forces in North Carolina at the same time).^ General Lee's surrender to; General Grant leaves but one Confederate force in the field, and the end; is immediate and certain.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The President, a slaveholder from North Carolina, declined a relection, on the ground that, as for more than thirty years the chief officer had been selected from the slave states, it was time the boon sbould be conferred on the Nortb.

^ Among the Life Members are persons from Missouri, Mississippi, Delaware, and Georgia; and the first meeting of the Board of Managers was organized by the choice of a President from a free, and a Secretary from a slave, state.

[172] .Lincoln also was able to visit Richmond after it was taken by the Union forces and to make a public gesture of sitting at Jefferson Davis' own desk, symbolically saying to the nation that the President of the United States held authority over the entire land.^ Why, this same Supreme Court once decided a national bank to be constitutional; but General Jackson, as President of the United States, disregarded the decision, and vetoed a bill for a recharter, partly on constitutional ground, declaring that each public functionary must support the Constitution "as he understands it."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln then passed to the subject of slavery in the States, saying that the people of Illinois agreed entirely with the people of Massachusetts on this subject, except perhaps that they did not keep so constantly thinking about it.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From this article the following extracts are taken and submitted: "In 1837, Mr. Lincoln moved to the city of Springfield, and there came across many people of his own belief.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.He was greeted at the city as a conquering hero by freed slaves, whose sentiments were epitomized by one admirer's quote, "I know I am free for I have seen the face of Father Abraham and have felt him."^ Abraham; will know how to use him.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He knows that, by the law, no one can vote who has not been registered; and he knows that the free-State men place their refusal to vote on the ground that but few of them have been registered.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There's a good many people call him Father Abraham; now.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.When a general asked Lincoln how the defeated Confederates should be treated, Lincoln replied, "Let 'em up easy."^ It was then too late to issue the Proclamation that day, and the fact is I fixed it up a little Sunday, and Monday I let them have it" (Reminiscences of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It must not be asked for Washington and Lincoln that, having reached greatness in political principles, they should have loved littleness in piety."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln said if there was a general desire on the part of the House to pass the bill now he should be glad to have it done--concurring, as he did generally, with the gentleman from Arkansas [Mr.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[173][174] .Lincoln arrived back in Washington on the evening of April 9, 1865, the day Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.^ An April evening in 1865.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The evening of April 14, 1865.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Follow the Route Taken by the Assassin of President Abraham Lincoln as he fled from Ford's Theatre on April 14, 1865 until his capture and death 12 days later at the Garrett Farm in Virginia.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The war was effectively over. .The other rebel armies surrendered soon after, and there was no subsequent guerrilla warfare.^ We may soon expect if this ratio is kept up that there will be no accidents at all.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think I am a Whig; but others say there are no Whigs, and that I am an Abolitionist.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You can't deny it; there's no other answer.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[175]

Home front

The last known high-quality photograph of Lincoln, taken March 1865

Redefining Republicanism

.Lincoln's rhetoric defined the issues of the war for the nation, the world, and posterity.^ An examination of Lincoln's policy of appointing political generals to build a national coalition to fight and win the Civil War.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Limited edition published for the members of the National Lincoln-Civil War Council.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The author shows that only after a desperate struggle to peaceably prevent the nation's disintegration did Lincoln opt for war.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Gettysburg Address defied Lincoln's own prediction that "the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here." His second inaugural address is also greatly admired and often quoted. .In recent years, historians have stressed Lincoln's use of and redefinition of republican values.^ In using for purposes of drama a personality of so wide and recent a; fame as that of Abraham Lincoln, I feel that one or two observations are; due to my readers and critics.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.As early as the 1850s, a time when most political rhetoric focused on the sanctity of the Constitution, Lincoln shifted emphasis to the Declaration of Independence as the foundation of American political values—what he called the "sheet anchor" of republicanism.^ I say this is the leading principle, the sheet-anchor of American republicanism.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "As far as the story of Mr. Lincoln's childhood and early life is concerned, down to the time when his political life began, it has never been told so fully, with such spirit and zest, and with such evident accuracy, as by Colonel Lamon."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lamon was the intimate personal and political friend of Mr. Lincoln, trusting and trusted, from the time of their joint practice in the Illinois Quarter Sessions to the moment of Mr. Lincoln's death at Washington.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[176] .The Declaration's emphasis on freedom and equality for all, rather than the Constitution's tolerance of slavers, shifted the debate.^ The assertion that "all men are created equal" was of no practical use in effecting our separation from Great Britain; and it was placed in the Declaration not for that, but for future use.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But the corner-stone of the government, so to speak, was the declaration that "all men are created equal," and all entitled to "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
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^ We shall again be able, not to declare that "all States as States are equal," nor yet that "all citizens as citizens are equal," but to renew the broader, better declaration, including both these and much more, that "all men are created equal."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

As Diggins concludes regarding the highly influential Cooper Union speech, "Lincoln presented Americans a theory of history that offers a profound contribution to the theory and destiny of republicanism itself."[177] His position gained strength because he highlighted the moral basis of republicanism, rather than its legalisms.[178][179] .Nevertheless, in 1861 Lincoln justified the war in terms of legalisms (the Constitution was a contract, and for one party to get out of a contract all the other parties had to agree), and then in terms of the national duty to guarantee a "republican form of government" in every state.^ "Perhaps it should be stated, that the second marriage in this case was of a kind regarded, I believe, as of a lower order: still it was a legal and acknowledged relation, constituting the parties husband and wife.

^ You comply with all other terms of this agreement for free distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm works.
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^ In some respects she certainly is not my equal; but in her natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands, without asking leave of any one else, she is my equal and the equal of all others.
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[180] That duty was also the principle underlying federal intervention in Reconstruction. In his Gettysburg Address Lincoln redefined the American nation, arguing that it was born not in 1789 but in 1776, "conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." He declared that the sacrifices of battle had rededicated the nation to the propositions of democracy and equality, "that this nation shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth." By emphasizing the centrality of the nation, he rebuffed the claims of state sovereignty. .While some critics say Lincoln moved too far and too fast, they agree that he dedicated the nation to values that marked "a new founding of the nation."^ He says: "At one time he wrote a criticism of the New Testament which he proposed to publish and which his friends succeeded in having suppressed, solely because of their regard for his political future."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln then passed to the subject of slavery in the States, saying that the people of Illinois agreed entirely with the people of Massachusetts on this subject, except perhaps that they did not keep so constantly thinking about it.
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^ Lincoln : There are some, shall we say graces, that I lack.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[181]

Civil liberties suspended

.During the Civil War, Lincoln appropriated powers no previous President had wielded: he used his war powers to proclaim a blockade, suspended the writ of habeas corpus, spent money before Congress appropriated it, and imprisoned between 15,000 and 18,000 suspected Confederate sympathizers without trial.^ Future president Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress after the War had started.

^ There had been no application for office before President Lincoln so strongly supported by the aristocracy, and, turning to the young man, be said he would give him the appointment and handed him back the papers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Reporter Gilmore first interviewed Lincoln the day after the Civil War started in 1861 and over the course of the war, came to know the president personally.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[182]

Domestic measures

.Lincoln believed in the Whig theory of the presidency, which left Congress to write the laws while he signed them; Lincoln exercised his veto power only four times, the only significant instance being his pocket veto of the Wade-Davis Bill.^ I write this only to try to remove any impression that I distrust you and the other Whigs of your country.
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^ All mental pangs by time's kind laws Hast lost the power to know.
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^ In the message the President tells us that "during the four succeeding years embraced by the administration of President Adams, the power not only to appropriate money, but to apply it, under the direction and authority of the General Government, as well to the construction of roads as to the improvement of harbors and rivers, was fully asserted and exercised."
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[183] .Thus, he signed the Homestead Act in 1862, making millions of acres of government-held land in the West available for purchase at very low cost.^ A majority of Representatives would very soon reside west of the mountains, he admitted; but would they all come from States in which the public lands were situated?
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.The Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act, also signed in 1862, provided government grants for state agricultural colleges in each state.^ She had a large delegation on that floor; but was she now in favor of granting lands to the new States, as she used to be?
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^ The apprehension, therefore, that the public lands were in danger of being wrested from the General Government by the strength of the delegation in Congress from the new States, was utterly futile.
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^ Congress accepted the cession with the condition; and the first ordinance (which the acts of Congress were then called) for the government of the Territory provided that slavery should never be permitted therein.
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.The Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 and 1864 granted federal support for the construction of the United States' First Transcontinental Railroad, which was completed in 1869.[184] The passage of the Homestead Act and the Pacific Railway Acts was made possible by the absence of Southern congressmen and senators who had opposed the measures in the 1850s.^ I grant you that an unconstitutional act is not a law; but I do not ask and will not take your construction of the Constitution.
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^ Whether the people of that settlement did or did not flee from the approach of the United States army, leaving unprotected their homes and their growing crops, before the blood was shed, as in the message stated; and whether the first blood, so shed, was or was not shed within the inclosure of one of the people who had thus fled from it.
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^ After this he returned to Kentucky, resumed the practice of law, and continued it till the autumn of 1831, when he was by the Legislature of Kentucky again placed in the United States Senate.
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[185]
.Other important legislation involved two measures to raise revenues for the Federal government: tariffs (a policy with long precedent), and a Federal income tax (which was new).^ Almost everything, especially of government policy, is an inseparable compound of the two; so that our best judgment of the preponderance between them is continually demanded.
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.In 1861, Lincoln signed the second and third Morrill Tariff (the first had become law under James Buchanan).^ Lincoln attacked the Bible and the New Testament on two grounds: first, from the inherent or apparent contradictions under its lids; second, from the grounds of reason.
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^ John T. Stuart , who was for a time a member of Congress from Illinois, was the first law partner of Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ John T. Stuart, who was his first law partner, declares: 'Lincoln was an avowed and open Infidel.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

In 1861, Lincoln signed the Revenue Act of 1861[186] creating the first U.S. income tax. This created a flat tax of 3% on incomes above $800 ($19,307 in current dollars), which was later changed by the Revenue Act of 1862[187] to a progressive rate structure.[188]
Lincoln also presided over the expansion of the federal government's economic influence in several other areas. .The creation of the system of national banks by the National Banking Acts of 1863, 1864, and 1865 allowed the creation of a strong national financial system.^ The Washington act goes even further; it absolutely prohibits the territorial Legislature, by very strong and guarded language, from establishing banks or borrowing money on the faith of the Territory.
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.In 1862, Congress created, with Lincoln's approval, the Department of Agriculture, although that institution would not become a Cabinet-level department until 1889. The Legal Tender Act of 1862 established the United States Note, the first paper currency in United States history since the Continentals that were issued during the Revolution.^ Examining a different speech, address, or public letter in each chapter, White tracks the evolution of Lincoln's rhetoric from the measured, lawyerly tones of the First Inaugural to the imaginative daring of the 1862 Message to Congress to the haunting poetry of the Gettysburg Address.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Biography of an Iowa statesman and a member of Congress during Lincoln's tenure as president.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historically important selection of Lincoln papers offered for public inspection inthe Library of Congress in 1947.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

This was done to increase the money supply to pay for fighting the war.
.In 1862, Lincoln sent a senior general, John Pope, to put down the "Sioux Uprising" in Minnesota.^ Cox, Hank H. Lincoln and the Sioux Uprising of 1862.
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.Presented with 303 death warrants for convicted Santee Dakota who were accused of killing innocent farmers, Lincoln ordered a personal review of these warrants, eventually approving 39 of these for execution (one was later reprieved).^ Lincoln : Who ordered you?
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lamon was the intimate personal and political friend of Mr. Lincoln, trusting and trusted, from the time of their joint practice in the Illinois Quarter Sessions to the moment of Mr. Lincoln's death at Washington.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By whom the article on Lincoln in "Chambers's Encyclopedia" was written, whether by one of Lincoln's personal friends, or by a stranger, I know not.
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[189]
.Abraham Lincoln is largely responsible for the institution of the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States.^ It is about one third as large as the present United States, and its importance, so long overlooked, begins to come into view.
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^ Early in 1858, Lincoln delivered his memorable Springfield speech which prepared the way for his debates with Douglas, and made him President of the United States.
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^ "The United States, in concluding the treaty of annexation with Texas, are not disposed to shun any responsibility which may fairly attach to them on account of this transaction.

Prior to Lincoln's presidency, Thanksgiving, while a regional holiday in New England since the 17th century, had only been proclaimed by the federal government sporadically, and on irregular dates. .The last such proclamation was during James Madison's presidency fifty years before.^ If Infidelity and Atheism were synonymous terms it would be difficult to maintain that Lincoln, during the last years of his life at least, was an Infidel.
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^ What did the whole race of man do to know right from wrong during the countless years that passed before this book was given to the world?
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As it is not claimed that Lincoln was an Atheist, especially during the last years of his life, the above can very properly be brought forward in support of the negative of this question.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1863, Lincoln declared the final Thursday in November to be a day of Thanksgiving, and the holiday has been celebrated annually then ever since.^ Lincoln Birthday Greeting , containing Lincoln's Thanksgiving Hymn and 1863 Presidential Proclamation.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Lincoln Day Celebration."
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[190]

Assassination

.
The assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
^ An Inquiry into the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
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^ Kline, Michael J. The Baltimore Plot: The First Conspiracy to Assassinate Abraham Lincoln.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SOLD Oldroyd, Osborn H. The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln: Flight, Pursuit, Capture, and Punishment of the Conspirators.
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From left to right: Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln and John Wilkes Booth
.Originally, John Wilkes Booth, a well-known actor and a Confederate spy from Maryland, had formulated a plan to kidnap Lincoln in exchange for the release of Confederate prisoners.^ This is the more probable from the well-known fact that Mr. Lincoln seldom communicated to anyone his views on this subject.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If I was Mr. Lincoln's valet, the rule does not apply in this case, for my opinion of him is too well known.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Aaron Burr was kinder to the church than John Wilkes Booth.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.After attending an April 11 speech in which Lincoln promoted voting rights for blacks, an incensed Booth changed his plans and determined to assassinate the president.^ April 1965, on the Lincoln assassination.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Follow the Route Taken by the Assassin of President Abraham Lincoln as he fled from Ford's Theatre on April 14, 1865 until his capture and death 12 days later at the Garrett Farm in Virginia.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In that speech Mr. Lincoln is made to say: 'But for this book we could not know right from wrong.'
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[191]
.Learning that the President and First Lady would be attending Ford's Theatre, he laid his plans, assigning his co-conspirators to assassinate Vice President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William H. Seward.^ The Constitution provides that the President and Vice-President of the United States shall be of different States, but says nothing as to the latitude and longitude of those States.
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^ Pierce, of New Hampshire, and Mr. Bright, of Indiana, both from free States, are President and Vice-President, and the Union stands and will stand.
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^ I mention this condition because, I learned this morning from the Secretary of State, that he is forwarding to the Governor, at Palestine, all papers he receives in the case, as fast as he receives them.
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.Without his main bodyguard Ward Hill Lamon, to whom he related his famous dream regarding his own assassination, Lincoln left to attend the play Our American Cousin on April 14, 1865. As a lone bodyguard wandered, and Lincoln sat in his state box (Box 7) in the balcony, Booth crept up behind the President and waited for what he thought would be the funniest line of the play ("You sock-dologizing old man-trap"), hoping the laughter would muffle the noise of the gunshot.^ April 1965, on the Lincoln assassination.
  • Guidon Books Lincoln Library 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.guidon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The evening of April 14, 1865.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ President Lincoln died on the 15th of April, 1865.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

When the laughter began, Booth jumped into the box and aimed a single-shot, round-ball .44 caliber (11 mm) Deringer at his head, firing at point-blank range. Major Henry Rathbone momentarily grappled with Booth but was cut by Booth's knife. Booth then leaped to the stage and shouted "Sic semper tyrannis!" (Latin: Thus always to tyrants) and escaped, despite suffering a broken leg in the leap.[192] .A twelve-day manhunt ensued, in which Booth was chased by Federal agents (under the direction of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton).^ SMITH; has gone and CAMERON has been replaced by EDWIN M. STANTON,; Secretary of War.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[193] He was eventually cornered in a Virginia barn house and shot, dying of his wounds soon after.[194]
Lincoln's funeral train carried his remains, as well as 300 mourners and the casket of his son, William, 1,654 miles (2,662 km) to Illinois
An army surgeon, Doctor Charles Leale, initially assessed Lincoln's wound as mortal. The President was taken across the street from the theater to the Petersen House, where he lay in a coma for nine hours before dying. .Several physicians attended Lincoln, including U.S. Army Surgeon General Joseph K. Barnes of the Army Medical Museum.^ Alluding to the inaugural ball, Mr. Washburn says: "A small number of mutual friends -- including Mr. Lincoln -- made up a party to attend the inauguration ball together.
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^ While the president of the Confederacy, and the general of its vanquished armies -- a statesman of acknowledged worth, and a soldier unsurpassed -- were devout believers in Christianity, their victorious adversaries, Lincoln and Grant, were dis-believers.
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^ GENERAL GRANT,; Commander-in-Chief, under Lincoln, of the Northern armies, is seated at; a table with CAPTAIN MALINS, an aide-de-camp.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

Using a probe, Barnes located some fragments of Lincoln's skull and the ball lodged 6 inches (15 cm) inside his brain. Lincoln never regained consciousness and was pronounced dead at 7:22:10 a.m. .April 15, 1865. He was the first president to be assassinated or to lie in state.^ Among the Life Members are persons from Missouri, Mississippi, Delaware, and Georgia; and the first meeting of the Board of Managers was organized by the choice of a President from a free, and a Secretary from a slave, state.

.Lincoln's body was carried by train in a grand funeral procession through several states on its way back to Illinois.^ Yours very truly, A. LINCOLN. ON OUT-OF-STATE CAMPAIGNERS TO WILLIAM GRIMES. SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, July 12, 1856 Your's of the 29th of June was duly received.
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^ It was immediately sent back to the body from whence it emanated, with a letter of a most unbecoming character, in which the body was informed that the churches were not to be dictated to in any way on the subject of holding slaves.

^ In this state of affairs the Genius of Discord himself could scarcely have invented a way of again setting us by the ears but by turning back and destroying the peace measures of the past.
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[195] .While much of the nation mourned him as the savior of the United States, Copperheads celebrated the death of a man they considered a tyrant.^ They [his friends] did not regard him as a religious man.
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^ Early in 1858, Lincoln delivered his memorable Springfield speech which prepared the way for his debates with Douglas, and made him President of the United States.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ But next the President tells us the Congress of the United States understood the State of Texas they admitted into the Union to extend beyond the Nueces.
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The Lincoln Tomb in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, is 177 feet (54 m) tall and, by 1874, was surmounted with several bronze statues of Lincoln. To prevent repeated attempts to steal Lincoln's body and hold it for ransom, Robert Todd Lincoln had it exhumed and reinterred in concrete several feet thick in 1901.

Administration, Cabinet and Supreme Court appointments 1861–1865

Official White House portrait of Abraham Lincoln by George Peter Alexander Healy
Lincoln appointed the following Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States:
Judge Seat State Began active
service
Ended active
service
Noah Haynes Swayne Seat 7 Virginia 18620127January 27, 1862 18810124January 24, 1881
Samuel Freeman Miller Seat 8 Maine 18620721July 21, 1862 18901013October 13, 1890
David Davis Seat 9 Maryland 18621210December 10, 1862 18770304March 4, 1877
Stephen Johnson Field Seat 10 California 18630520May 20, 1863 18971201December 1, 1897
Salmon P. Chase Seat 1 New Hampshire 18641215December 15, 1864 18730507May 7, 1873
The Lincoln Cabinet
OFFICE NAME TERM
President Abraham Lincoln 1861–1865
Vice President Hannibal Hamlin 1861–1865
Andrew Johnson 1865
State William H. Seward 1861–1865
War Simon Cameron 1861–1862
Edwin M. Stanton 1862–1865
Treasury Salmon P. Chase 1861–1864
William P. Fessenden 1864–1865
Hugh McCulloch 1865
Justice Edward Bates 1861–1864
James Speed 1864–1865
Post Montgomery Blair 1861–1864
William Dennison, Jr. 1864–1865
Navy Gideon Welles 1861–1865
Interior Caleb B. Smith 1861–1862
John P. Usher 1863–1865

States admitted to the Union

Religious and philosophical beliefs

.In March 1860 in a speech in New Haven, Connecticut, Lincoln said, regarding slavery, "Whenever this question shall be settled, it must be settled on some philosophical basis.^ With regard to it, nothing had been done to forestall the question of slavery.
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^ Lincoln said he had not risen for the purpose of making a speech, but only for the purpose of meeting some of the objections to the bill.
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^ Equal justice to the South, it is said, requires us to consent to the extension of slavery to new countries.
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.No policy that does not rest upon some philosophical public opinion can be permanently maintained."^ Our government rests in public opinion.
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^ This Capitol is built at the public expense, for the public benefit; but does any one doubt that it is of some peculiar local advantage to the property-holders and business people of Washington?
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^ I give no opinion of my own, but state the facts, and express the hope that the department will act in this as in all other cases on some proper general rule.
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.The philosophical basis for Lincoln's beliefs regarding slavery and other issues of the day require that Lincoln be examined "seriously as a man of ideas."^ It has no such provision in it; and I defy the ingenuity of man to give a reason for the omission, other than that it was not intended to follow the Utah and New Mexico laws in regard to the question of slavery.
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^ But these are days, Mr. Lincoln, if; I may say so, too difficult, too dangerous, for these to weigh at the; expense of other qualities that you were considered to possess.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

.Lincoln was a strong supporter of the American Whig version of liberal capitalism who, more than most politicians of the time, was able to express his ideas within the context of Nineteenth Century religious beliefs.^ Lincoln abandon his lifelong ideas of universal, eternal and absolute laws and contend that the New Testament is any more inspired than Homer's poems, than Milton's 'Paradise Lost,' than Shakespeare, than his own eloquent and inspired oration at gettysburg?
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^ In the following caustic words, he expresses his contempt for their officiousness: "I am approached with the most opposite opinions and advice, and by religious men who are certain they represent the Divine will.
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^ But how can your support be more valuable than in; lending him your unequalled understanding?
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[196]
.There were few people who strongly or directly influenced Lincoln's moral and intellectual development and perspectives.^ From this article the following extracts are taken and submitted: "In 1837, Mr. Lincoln moved to the city of Springfield, and there came across many people of his own belief.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Alley is one of the many who know that Lincoln was not a Christian, and one of the few who have the courage to affirm it.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ To one who had sought his services and had stated his case, he replied: "Yes, I can win it; but there are some things legally right that are not morally right; this is one: I cannot take your case."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.There was no teacher, mentor, church leader, community leader, or peer that Lincoln would credit in later years as a strong influence on his intellectual development.^ Lincoln said, 'There is no hell.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln : Would there be more fighting?
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ If Infidelity and Atheism were synonymous terms it would be difficult to maintain that Lincoln, during the last years of his life at least, was an Infidel.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Lacking a formal education, Lincoln's personal philosophy was shaped by "an amazingly retentive memory and a passion for reading and learning."^ Lamon says that Lincoln in his youth made a mockery of the popular religion; not from any lack of reverence for what he believed to be good, but because "he thought that a person had better be without it."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.It was Lincoln's reading, rather than his relationships, that were most influential in shaping his personal beliefs.^ If there was one person to whom Lincoln was more indebted than to any other, it was his step-mother, Sarah Lincoln, a beautiful woman -- beautiful not only in face and form, but possessed of a most lovely character.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And now, to quote you, 'Do you not think it were better for the truth of history that you should state the facts about Lincoln, and that you should commend him for what he was rather than for what he was not?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He affirmed that Lincoln was a Christian, and by means of this work, and through Scribner's Magazine, of which he was for Many years the editor, contributed more than any other person to render a belief in this claim popular.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[197][198]
.Even as a child, Lincoln largely rejected organized religion, but the Calvinistic "doctrine of necessity" would remain a factor throughout his life.^ Soon after Lincoln removed to Springfield, he became acquainted with Mr. Green Caruthers and remained on intimate terms with him during all the subsequent years of his life.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Those influences levied a tax of a considerable per cent upon my strength throughout the religious controversy" (Lamon's Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ These claimants, being for the most part rigid sectarians themselves, endeavor to convince the world that he not only became a Christian, but an orthodox Christian, and a sectarian; that even from a Calvinistic standpoint, he was "sound not only on the truth of the Christian religion but on all its fundamental doctrines and teachings."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.In 1846 Lincoln described the effect of this doctrine as "that the human mind is impelled to action, or held in rest by some power, over which the mind itself has no control."^ He lived constantly in the serious conviction that he was himself the subject of a special decree, made by some unknown and mysterious power, for which he had no name" (Ibid., p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Leonard Swett ] WERE I to rest my case here, the evidence already adduced is sufficient I think, to convince any unprejudiced mind that Lincoln was not a Christian.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Butler relates some incidents connected with the meeting, and quotes a passage from Lincoln's speech to the effect that from the agitation of the slavery question, truth would in the end prevail.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[199] .In April 1864, in justifying his actions regarding Emancipation, Lincoln wrote, "I claim not to have controlled events, but confess plainly that events have controlled me.^ I claim not to have controlled events, but confess plainly that events have controlled me.'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I claim not to have controlled events, but confess plainly that; events have controlled me.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Holland's claim rests chiefly upon a confession which Lincoln is said to have made to Newton Bateman in 1860.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.Now, at the end of three years struggle the nation's condition is not what either party, or any man devised, or expected.^ I think I now understand the relative strength of the three parties in this State as well as any one man does, and my opinion is that to-day Buchanan has alone 85,000, Fremont 78,000, and Fillmore 21,000.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In some trifling particulars the condition of that race has been ameliorated; but as a whole, in this country, the change between then and now is decidedly the other way, and their ultimate destiny has never appeared so hopeless as in the last three or four years.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

God alone can claim it."[200]
.As Lincoln matured, and especially during his term as president, the idea of a divine will somehow interacting with human affairs increasingly influenced his public expressions.^ If Infidelity and Atheism were synonymous terms it would be difficult to maintain that Lincoln, during the last years of his life at least, was an Infidel.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As it is not claimed that Lincoln was an Atheist, especially during the last years of his life, the above can very properly be brought forward in support of the negative of this question.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ E.B. Washburn contributed to the 'North American Review' a lengthy article on Lincoln, When President Taylor was inaugurated, Lincoln was serving his term in Congress.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.On a personal level, the death of his son Willie in February 1862 may have caused Lincoln to look towards religion for answers and solace.^ Willie's death occurred in February, 1862, nearly fourteen years after the death of Eddie, and four years after Smith claimed to have converted Lincoln.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln (looks at it, rises, and hands it back to her) : Ma'am, there; are times when no man may speak.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln feel more for the graves of strangers than for the death of his once living, loving, and lovable son, now dead, moldering to ashes in the silent tomb!
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[201] After Willie's death, in the summer or early fall of 1862, Lincoln attempted to put on paper his private musings on why, from a divine standpoint, the severity of the war was necessary:
The will of God prevails. In great contests each party claims to act in accordance with the will of God. Both may be, and one must be, wrong. .God cannot be for and against the same thing at the same time.^ The same thing was true of the whole nation at the time our Constitution was formed.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is not this entirely conclusive that at all times we have held the Missouri Compromise as a sacred thing, even when against ourselves as well as when for us?
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the present civil war it is quite possible that God's purpose is something different from the purpose of either party—and yet the human instrumentalities, working just as they do, are of the best adaptation to effect his purpose.^ And when they have achieved all those purposes their work will be yet incomplete.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As yet they are but few on either side.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They were working for the election of either Gen.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.I am almost ready to say this is probably true—that God wills this contest, and wills that it shall not end yet.^ I will not say that we may not sooner or later be compelled to meet force by force; but the time has not yet come, and, if we are true to ourselves, may never come.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think it just to say that all true men North should sympathize with them, and ought to be willing to do any possible and needful thing to right their wrongs.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you say we shall not control it, because it is only part, the same is true of every other part; and when all the parts are gone, what has become of the whole?
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.By his mere quiet power, on the minds of the now contestants, He could have either saved or destroyed the Union without a human contest.^ You; remember his words: "If I could save the Union without freeing any; slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves,; I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others; alone, I would also do that.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Union now, as in 1820, was thought to be in danger, and devotion to the Union rightfully inclined men to yield somewhat in points where nothing else could have so inclined them.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But aside from these the South as well as the North now rejoices that the Union was preserved and the Republic saved.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

Yet the contest began. And having begun He could give the final victory to either side any day. Yet the contest proceeds.[202]
.Lincoln's religious skepticism was fueled by his exposure to the ideas of the Lockean Enlightenment and classical liberalism, especially economic liberalism.^ In after life he became more religious; but the Bible puzzled him, especially the miracles" (Every-Day Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Wood, on the other hand, was a man of broad and Liberal ideas, and Lincoln did not hesitate to express to him his views with freedom.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln did not, to my knowledge, in any way, change his religious ideas, opinions or beliefs, from the time he left Springfield till the day of his death.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[197] .Consistent with the common practice of the Whig party, Lincoln would often use the Declaration of Independence as the philosophical and moral expression of these two philosophies.^ Why not call Mr. Lincoln a rational Buddhist, a rational Mohammedan, a rational Confucian, a rational Mormon, for all these, if true to their faith, love morality."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And if we compare the opinion of Jefferson and Taylor, as expressed in these paragraphs, we shall find them more exactly alike than we can often find any two expressions having any literal difference.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ While we affirm, and reaffirm, if necessary, our devotion to the principles of the Declaration of Independence, let our practical work here be limited to the above.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[203] In a February 22, 1861 speech at Independence Hall in Philadelphia Lincoln said,
I have never had a feeling politically that did not spring from the sentiments embodied in the Declaration of Independence. ... .It was not the mere matter of the separation of the Colonies from the motherland; but that sentiment in the Declaration of Independence which gave liberty, not alone to the people of this country, but, I hope, to the world, for all future time.^ Who can realize that freedom's champion, the champion of a civilized world and of all tongues and kindreds of people, has indeed fallen!
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Declaration was adopted for the purpose of justifying the colonists in the eyes of the civilized world in withdrawing their allegiance from the British crown, and dissolving their connection with the mother country."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To us it is left to know that the majority of the people have not yet declared for it, and to hope that they never will.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.It was that which gave promise that in due time the weight would be lifted from the shoulders of all men.^ Several men have given their opinion as to the distance of the steamboat Carson, and I suppose if one should go and measure that distance you would believe him in preference to all of them.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The proviso men in the House, including myself, voted it down, because, by implication, it gave up the southern part to slavery, while we were bent on having it all free.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He was a fierce zealot, and gloried proudly in his title of 'fanatic;' for it was his conviction that fanatics were at all times the salt of the earth, with power to save it from the blight that follows the wickedness of men.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

This is a sentiment embodied in the Declaration of Independence.[204]
.He found in the Declaration justification for Whig economic policy and opposition to territorial expansion and the nativist platform of the Know Nothings.^ Thus, with the author of the Declaration of Independence, the policy of prohibiting slavery in new territory originated.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.In claiming that all men were created free, Lincoln and the Whigs argued that this freedom required economic advancement, expanded education, territory to grow, and the ability of the nation to absorb the growing immigrant population.^ As a nation we began by declaring that "all men are created equal."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So again, he insists that the separate national existence of Mexico shall be maintained; but he does not tell us how this can be done, after we shall have taken all her territory.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We now practically read it "all men are created equal, except negroes."
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[205]
.It was the Declaration of Independence, rather than the Bible, that Lincoln most relied on to oppose any further territorial expansion of slavery.^ And now, to quote you, 'Do you not think it were better for the truth of history that you should state the facts about Lincoln, and that you should commend him for what he was rather than for what he was not?'
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And yet, those who desire to know Lincoln as he really was, should read Lamon rather than Holland.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He says: "Lincoln went further against Christian beliefs and doctrines and principles than any man I ever heard: he shocked me.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

.He saw the Declaration as more than a political document.^ And, more than this, you have had the services, the blood, and the lives of our political brethren in every trial and on every field.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Emancipation Proclamation, with the possible exception of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States, is the most important political document ever issued in America.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Since I saw you at Jacksonville, I have had no more suspicion of the Whigs of Morgan than of those of any other part of the district.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.To him, as well as to many abolitionists and other antislavery leaders, it was, foremost, a moral document that had forever determined valuable principles for the future shaping of the nation.^ Many of them will do so not because they like his position on this question, but because they prefer him, being wrong on this, to another whom they consider farther wrong on other questions.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is elected by them, as well as Congress is; but can he, in the nature of things know the wants of the people as well as three hundred other men, coming from all the various localities of the nation?
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Speaking of Lincoln's religion, he said: "For nearly fifty years I was a resident of Illinois, I practiced for many years in the same courts with Lincoln and knew him well.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[206]

Legacy and memorials

The Apotheosis of Abraham Lincoln, greeted by George Washington in heaven (an 1860s work)
.Lincoln's death made the President a national martyr,[207] regarded by historians in numerous polls as among the greatest presidents in U.S. history, usually in the top three, along with George Washington and Franklin D. Roosevelt.^ Shrigley, of Philadelphia, who was acquainted with President Lincoln in Washington, and who received a hospital chaplaincy from him, says: "President Lincoln was also remarkably tolerant.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Neither in Matheny's letter, nor in his interpretation of this letter, is there a word to indicate that he recognized the fact that Lincoln went to Washington to assume the office and perform the duties of President.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Early in 1858, Lincoln delivered his memorable Springfield speech which prepared the way for his debates with Douglas, and made him President of the United States.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[208] .A study published in 2004, found that scholars in the fields of history and politics ranked Lincoln number one, while law scholars placed him second after Washington.^ He knows that, by the law, no one can vote who has not been registered; and he knows that the free-State men place their refusal to vote on the ground that but few of them have been registered.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lamon was the intimate personal and political friend of Mr. Lincoln, trusting and trusted, from the time of their joint practice in the Illinois Quarter Sessions to the moment of Mr. Lincoln's death at Washington.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shrigley, of Philadelphia, who was acquainted with President Lincoln in Washington, and who received a hospital chaplaincy from him, says: "President Lincoln was also remarkably tolerant.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[209] Among contemporary admirers, Lincoln is usually seen as personifying classical values of honesty and integrity, as well as respect for individual and minority rights, and human freedom in general. .Many American organizations of all purposes and agendas continue to cite his name and image, with interests ranging from the gay rights-supporting Log Cabin Republicans to the insurance corporation Lincoln National Corporation.^ But all Americans may show the grief which his death inspires, for his character and fame are national property.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Lincoln was not making an argument for the purpose of convicting the gentleman of any impropriety at all.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Lincoln automobile brand is also named after him.^ Lincoln : Then tell me the name of his brand.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

The statue of Lincoln in Parliament Square, London
US Postage Stamp, 1959 issue, 4c, with image of Lincoln taken from the Lincoln Memorial.
The ballistic missile submarine Abraham Lincoln (SSBN-602) and the aircraft carrier Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) were named in his honor.[210] .During the Spanish Civil War, the American faction of the International Brigades named themselves the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.^ About few other men has so much been written as about Abraham Lincoln; while no other American's life has engaged the pens of so many biographers.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He now lies buried near Springfield, under a monument commemorating his greatness and his virtues -- and his name was Abraham Lincoln."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1886, the publishers of the 'North American Review' issued one of the most unique, original, and interesting works on Lincoln that has yet appeared -- "Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[211] Lincoln has been memorialized in many town, city, and county names,[212] including the capital of Nebraska.[213] .Lincoln, Illinois, is the only city to be named for Abraham Lincoln before he became President.^ The parlour of Abraham Lincoln's House at Springfield, Illinois, early; in 1860 .
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is taken up, with; shouts of "The President," "Speech," "Abraham Lincoln," "Father; Abraham," and so on.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

[214]
Lincoln's name and image appear in numerous places. These include the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.,[213] the U.S. Lincoln $5 bill and the Lincoln cent, and Lincoln's sculpture on Mount Rushmore. .Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park in Hodgenville, Kentucky,[215] Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial in Lincoln City, Indiana,[216] and Lincoln Home National Historic Site in Springfield, Illinois,[217] commemorate the president.^ The parlour of Abraham Lincoln's House at Springfield, Illinois, early; in 1860 .
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Yours very truly, A. LINCOLN. ON OUT-OF-STATE CAMPAIGNERS TO WILLIAM GRIMES. SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, July 12, 1856 Your's of the 29th of June was duly received.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ J.J. Thompson, an old resident of Illinois, now in Colorado, in a letter, dated March 18, 1888, writes as follows: "I know Abraham Lincoln from my boyhood up to the time of his death.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[218] .In addition, New Salem, Illinois (a reconstruction of Lincoln's early adult hometown),[219] Ford's Theatre, and Petersen House (where he died) are all preserved as museums.^ The parlour of Abraham Lincoln's House at Springfield, Illinois, early; in 1860 .
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He came to Illinois in 1830, and, after some little roving, settled in New Salem, now in Menard county and state of Illinois.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The old gentleman was Ezra Stringham, one of Lincoln's early acquaintances in Illinois.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[220] The state nickname for Illinois is Land of Lincoln; the slogan has appeared continuously on nearly all Illinois license plates issued since 1954.[221]
.Abraham Lincoln's birthday, February 12, was never a national holiday, but it was observed by 30 states.^ Yours very truly, A. LINCOLN. ON OUT-OF-STATE CAMPAIGNERS TO WILLIAM GRIMES. SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, July 12, 1856 Your's of the 29th of June was duly received.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The compiler of the Dictionary of Congress states that while preparing that work for publication, in 1858, he sent to Mr. Lincoln the usual request for a sketch of his life, and received the following reply: Born February 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most truly your friend, A. LINCOLN. SPEECH ON DECLARATION OF WAR ON MEXICO SPEECH IN THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, JANUARY 12, 1848.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[212] .In 1971, Presidents Day became a national holiday, combining Lincoln's and Washington's birthdays, and replacing most states' celebration of his birthday.^ He declares that Lincoln was an Infidel because his associations were "with rough and skeptical men;" but that after removing to Washington and "associating with a different class of men" he became a Christian.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Shrigley, of Philadelphia, who was acquainted with President Lincoln in Washington, and who received a hospital chaplaincy from him, says: "President Lincoln was also remarkably tolerant.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In after life he became more religious; but the Bible puzzled him, especially the miracles" (Every-Day Life of Lincoln, p.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[222] .As of 2005, Lincoln's Birthday is a legal holiday in 10 states.^ Your obedient servant, A. LINCOLN. MORE POLITICAL PATRONAGE REQUESTS TO THE SECRETARY OF STATE. WASHINGTON, March 10, 1849.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

[223] .The Abraham Lincoln Association was formed in 1908 to commemorate the centennial of Lincoln's birth.^ He now lies buried near Springfield, under a monument commemorating his greatness and his virtues -- and his name was Abraham Lincoln."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[224] The Association is now the oldest group dedicated to the study of Lincoln.[225]
.To commemorate his 200th birthday in February 2009, Congress established the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission (ALBC) in 2000 to honor Lincoln.^ He now lies buried near Springfield, under a monument commemorating his greatness and his virtues -- and his name was Abraham Lincoln."
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[226] .The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum is located in Springfield and is run by the State of Illinois.^ Yours, etc., A. LINCOLN. 1852 EULOGY ON HENRY CLAY, DELIVERED IN THE STATE HOUSE AT SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, JULY 16, 1852.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yours truly, A. LINCOLN. RESPONSE TO A DOUGLAS SPEECH SPEECH IN SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS, JUNE 26, 1857.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Springfield paper: "What I mean, in my Reed letter, by Mr. Lincoln's earlier life, is his whole life and history in Illinois.
  • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

[227]
Lincoln owned a model 1857 Waltham William Ellery watch, with serial number 67613. This watch is now in the custody of the Smithsonian Museum.[228] .On March 11, 2009, the National Museum of American History found a message engraved inside Lincoln's watch by a watchmaker named Jonathan Dillon who was repairing it at the outbreak of the American Civil War.^ Inside the box , MRS. LINCOLN is kneeling; by her husband, who is supported by STANTON. A DOCTOR runs across the; lounge and goes into the box.
  • The Project Gutenberg eBook of; ABRAHAM LINCOLN,; by JOHN DRINKWATER.; 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Only two days ago, Judge Trumbull found it necessary to propose a bill in the Senate to prevent a general civil war and to restore peace in Kansas.
  • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

The engraving reads (in part): "Fort Sumpter was attacked by the rebels" and "thank God we have a government."[229]

See also

References

  1. ^ Goodwin, p. 91.
  2. ^ Holzer, p. 232.
  3. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 20–22
  4. ^ Thornton, p. 101
  5. ^ Donald (1996), p. 20
  6. ^ White, p. 12, 13
  7. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 22, 24
  8. ^ Lamb, p. 189.
  9. ^ Gilgoff, Dan (February 12, 2009). "Abraham Lincoln's Religious Uncertainty". U.S. News & World Report. http://www.usnews.com/articles/news/history/2009/02/12/abraham-lincolns-religious-uncertainty.html. Retrieved 2009-10-11. 
  10. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 23–24.
  11. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 28, 152
  12. ^ Donald (1996), p. 36
  13. ^ Fehrenbacher, p. 163.
  14. ^ Sandburg, pp. 22–23
  15. ^ White, pp. 25, 31, 47.
  16. ^ Sandberg (1974), p. 10.
  17. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 55–58
  18. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 67–69; Thomas, pp. 56–57, 69–70.
  19. ^ Donald quotes a key phrase from the letter, "I now say, that you can now drop the subject [of marriage], dismiss your thoughts (if you ever had any) from me forever, and leave this letter unanswered, without calling forth one accusing murmur from me." Donald (1996), pp. 67–69.
  20. ^ Lamb, p. 43.
  21. ^ a b Sandburg, pp. 46–48.
  22. ^ Donald (1996), p. 86
  23. ^ Sandburg, pp. 50–51.
  24. ^ White, p. 125.
  25. ^ a b White, p. 126.
  26. ^ Baker, p. 120.
  27. ^ White, p. 179.
  28. ^ White, pp. 181, 476.
  29. ^ White, p. 181.
  30. ^ "Lincoln's Last Descendant Dies". The Spkesman-Review (Associated Press). December 26, 1985. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=et8SAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mu8DAAAAIBAJ&pg=400,5684384. 
  31. ^ Emerson, p. page number needed
  32. ^ Emerson, Jason (June/July 2006). "The Madness of Mary Lincoln". American Heritage. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/articles/web/20060601-mary-todd-lincoln-abraham-lincoln-robert-todd-lincoln-batavia-illinois-sanitarium-james-bradwell-marriage.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  33. ^ Shenk, Joshua Wolf (October 2005). "Lincoln's Great Depression". The Atlantic. http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200510/lincolns-clinical-depression. Retrieved 2009-10-08. 
  34. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 41–46.
  35. ^ White, p. 59.
  36. ^ Dirck, p. 16.
  37. ^ Lincoln (1992), p. 17.
  38. ^ White, pp. 71, 79, 108.
  39. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 67–69, pp. 100–101.
  40. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 67–69 pp. 75, 121.
  41. ^ Sandburg, p. 40.
  42. ^ Holzer (2006), p. 16;
  43. ^ Abraham Lincoln, quoted in Lincoln the Politician, p. 62
  44. ^ Oates, pp. 37, 38
  45. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 212, 222.
  46. ^ Guelzo, p. 63.
  47. ^ Donald, p. 52
  48. ^ White, p. 135.
  49. ^ Oates, p. 79.
  50. ^ Heidler, pp. 181–182.
  51. ^ Oates, pp. 79–80.
  52. ^ a b Basler (ed.) 2001, pp. 199–202.
  53. ^ a b McGovern, p. 33.
  54. ^ Basler (ed.) 2001, p. 202.
  55. ^ Mueller, Jean West; Wynell B. Schamel. "Teaching With Documents: Lincoln's Spot Resolutions". National Archives. http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/lincoln-resolutions/. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  56. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 140–141.
  57. ^ Donald (1996), p. 96
  58. ^ John J Duff, A. Lincoln: Prairie Lawyer(1960)
  59. ^ Paul Finkelman, "Abraham Lincoln: Prairie Lawyer" in Norman Gross, ed. America's Lawyer-Presidents: from Law Office to Oval Office (2004), pp. 129–47.
  60. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 142–143, 156, 157
  61. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 156–157.
  62. ^ "Abraham Lincoln's Patent Model: Improvement for Buoying Vessels Over Shoals". National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. http://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/object.cfm?key=35&objkey=19. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  63. ^ Emerson, Jason (Winter 2009). "A Man of Considerable Mechanical Genius". Invention and Technology 23 (4): 10–13. 
  64. ^ Thornton, pp. 100–101.
  65. ^ a b Donald (1996), p. 155.
  66. ^ Dirck, p. 92.
  67. ^ Handy, James S. (January 1917). "Book Review: Abraham Lincoln, the Lawyer-Statesman". Illinois Law Review (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Law Pub. Association) 11 (6): 440. 
  68. ^ a b c d Donald (1996), pp. 150–151.
  69. ^ McGovern, pp. 36–37.
  70. ^ Goodwon, p. 792.
  71. ^ Prokopowicz, pp. 94–95.
  72. ^ Basler (1953), p. 255.
  73. ^ White, p. 199.
  74. ^ Oates, p. 119.
  75. ^ White, pp. 205–208.
  76. ^ McGovern, pp. 38–39.
  77. ^ Donald (1996), p. 193.
  78. ^ Oates, pp. 138–139.
  79. ^ White, p. 251.
  80. ^ Harris, p. 98.
  81. ^ Lincoln used his bank account with Jacob Bunn's bank. Carl Sandburg, "Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years" (2007 edition), P. 104
  82. ^ McPherson (1993), p. 182.
  83. ^ David Zarefsky, Lincoln, Douglas, and Slavery: in the Crucible of Public Debate (1990)
  84. ^ >Carwardine, p. 89-90
  85. ^ Carwardine, p. 97.
  86. ^ Holzer, p. 157.
  87. ^ Donald (1996), p. 244.
  88. ^ Oates, pp. 175–176.
  89. ^ Sandburg, pp. 118–119.
  90. ^ Roland, p. 24.
  91. ^ Goodwin, pp. 253–254.
  92. ^ Boritt 1997, p. 10.
  93. ^ Boritt 1997, pp. 13, 18.
  94. ^ Nevins (1950), pp. 261–272.
  95. ^ Nevins (1950), pp. 277, 290, 298–305.
  96. ^ Luthin, pp. 171, 197–198, 202–203, 210, 218.
  97. ^ Mansch, p. 61.
  98. ^ Harris, p. 243.
  99. ^ White, p. 350.
  100. ^ Nevins (1950), p. 312 notes that if the opposition had formed fusion tickets in every state, Lincoln still would have 169 electoral votes; he needed 152 to win the Electoral College. Potter, p. 437, and Luthin, p. 227 both conclude it was impossible for Lincoln's opponents to combine because they hated each other.
  101. ^ Steven Hansen, The making of the third party system: voters and parties in Illinois, 1850–1876 (1980); Michael F. Holt, "The New Political History and the Civil War Era," Reviews in American History, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Mar., 1985), pp. 60–69 in JSTOR
  102. ^ Potter, p. 325–327, 355, 445–447.
  103. ^ Edgar, Walter B. (1998). South Carolina: A History. University of South Carolina Press. p. 350. ISBN 9781570032554. 
  104. ^ a b c Donald (1996), p. 267.
  105. ^ Potter, p. 498.
  106. ^ Crofts, Daniel W. (1993). Reluctant Confederates: Upper South Unionists in the Secession Crisis. 
  107. ^ White, p. 362.
  108. ^ Potter, pp. 520, 569–570.
  109. ^ a b White, pp. 360–361.
  110. ^ Fehrenbacher, p. 192.
  111. ^ McPherson, p. 115.
  112. ^ White, p. 369.
  113. ^ Donald (1996), p. 234.
  114. ^ White, p. 388.
  115. ^ Sandburg, pp. 140, 143.
  116. ^ Vorenberg, p. 22.
  117. ^ [http://www.lib.niu.edu/2006/ih060934.html ]
  118. ^ Goodwin, pp. 297–298.
  119. ^ a b Donald (1996), p. 292.
  120. ^ Nevins (2000), p. 29.
  121. ^ a b Oates, p. 226
  122. ^ David H. Donald, Lincoln (Simon & Schuster, 1996), 302.
  123. ^ Heidler 2000, p. 174
  124. ^ Mark E. Neely, the fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties (1991) pp 3–31.
  125. ^ Donald (1996), p. 338, 339
  126. ^ Sandburg 2007, p. 168–171
  127. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 295–296 notes that major northern newspapers expected victory within 90 days.
  128. ^ White Jr., p. 440
  129. ^ White, p. 440
  130. ^ Donald (1996), p. 360, 361
  131. ^ Nevins 1960, p. 2:159–62
  132. ^ Thomas, pp. 335–338, 346.
  133. ^ Goodwin, p. 478, 479
  134. ^ Goodwin, pp. 478–480. Lincoln reappointed McClellan owing to his military prowess, not his personality.
  135. ^ Goodwin, p. 481
  136. ^ Donald (1996), p. 389, 390
  137. ^ Donald (1996), p. 390
  138. ^ Nevins 1960, pp. 2:343–52
  139. ^ White, p. 538
  140. ^ Nevins 1960, pp. 2:432–50
  141. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 444–445.
  142. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 430–431.
  143. ^ Donald (1996), p. 431.
  144. ^ Donald (1996), p. 490, 491
  145. ^ Heidler 2000, p. 868
  146. ^ Thomas, p. 315.
  147. ^ Thomas, pp. 422–424.
  148. ^ White, p. 668
  149. ^ Neely, Jr., Mark E. (December 2004). "Was the Civil War a Total War?". Civil War History 50 (4): 434–458. 
  150. ^ Nevins (2000) (Vol. IV), pp. 6–17.
  151. ^ Donald, pp. 391, 392
  152. ^ Thomas, p. 434.
  153. ^ Mackubin Thomas Owens (March 8, 2004). "Mackubin Thomas Owens on Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America on National Review Online". National Review. http://www.nationalreview.com/books/owens200403251139.asp. 
  154. ^ Donald, pp. 364, 365
  155. ^ "Letter to Horace Greeley". Abraham Lincoln Online. http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/greeley.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  156. ^ "Letter to Albert G. Hodges". Abraham Lincoln Online. 1864-04-04. http://showcase.netins.net/web/creative/lincoln/speeches/hodges.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  157. ^ Donald (1996), p. 555.
  158. ^ J. G, Randall, Lincoln the President: Springfield to Gettysburg (1945) 2: 229-32; Allan Nevins, The War for the Union: War Becomes Revolution (1960) 2:239-40.
  159. ^ Douglass, Frederick (April 2001). The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. Digital Scanning. ISBN 1582183678. 
  160. ^ Curtin, Andrew G. (1863-09-03). "Andrew G. Curtin to Abraham Lincoln, Friday, September 4, 1863 (Politics in Pennsylvania)". Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/mal:@field(DOCID+@lit(d2604300)). Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  161. ^ "Introduction to Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address". InfoUSA. United States Department of State. Archived from the original on 2007-08-13. http://web.archive.org/web/20070813234249/http://usinfo.state.gov/usa/infousa/facts/democrac/25.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-30. "Few documents in the growth of American democracy are as well known or as beloved as the prose poem Abraham Lincoln delivered at the dedication of the military cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania." 
  162. ^ "Gettysburg Address". Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Edition. Columbia University Press via Bartleby.com. May 2001. http://www.bartleby.com/65/ge/GettysbuAd.html. Retrieved 2007-11-30. "It is one of the most famous and most quoted of modern speeches." 
  163. ^ Historian James McPherson has called it "The most eloquent expression of the new birth of freedom brought forth by reform liberalism." McPherson (2007), p. 185.
  164. ^ Text at Wills, p. 263.
  165. ^ Grimsley, p. 80.
  166. ^ Basler (1953), p. 514.
  167. ^ McGovern, p. 111.
  168. ^ McPherson (2008), p. 250. There is a good discussion of Lincoln's 1864 election anxieties and the effect of Sherman's victory at Atlanta in McPherson (2008), pp. 231–250.
  169. ^ Basler (1953), p. 333.
  170. ^ "Proclamation of Amnesty". Bartleby.com. 1863. http://www.bartleby.com/43/37.html. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  171. ^ Donald (1996), §20.
  172. ^ This meeting was memorialized in G.P.A. Healy's famous painting "The Peacemakers". White House Historical Association. http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_about/whitehouse_collection/whitehouse_collection-art-06.html. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  173. ^ Donald (1996), pp. 576, 580.
  174. ^ "President Lincoln Enters Richmond, 1865". Eyewitness to History. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/richmond.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-21. 
  175. ^ "The Lincoln Log, April 9, 1865.". http://www.thelincolnlog.org/view/show_date?day=09&month=04&year=1865. 
  176. ^ Jaffa, p. 399.
  177. ^ Diggins, p. 307.
  178. ^ Foner, p. 215.
  179. ^ McPherson, pp. 61–64.
  180. ^ Jaffa, p. 263.
  181. ^ Wills, p. 39.
  182. ^ Neely, p. 253, n. 7.
  183. ^ Donald (2001), p. 137.
  184. ^ Paludan, p. 116.
  185. ^ McPherson, James. .Battle Cry of Freedom: the Civil War Era.^ When he pronounced his matchless oration on the chief battle-field of the war, he gave expression to the resolve that 'this nation, under God, should have a new birth of freedom.'"
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "When Greece rose against the Turks and struck for liberty, his name was mingled with the battle-cry of freedom.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    Oxford University Press, 2003, ISBN 9780195168952, pp. 450–452
  186. ^ Revenue Act of 1861, sec. 49, 12 Stat. 292, at 309 (August 5, 1861).
  187. ^ Revenue Act of 1862, sec. 90, 12 Stat. 432, at 473 (July 1, 1862).
  188. ^ Paludan, p. 111.
  189. ^ Cox, Hank H. (2005). Lincoln And The Sioux Uprising of 1862. Nashville: Cumberland House Publishing. p. 182. ISBN 9781581824575. 
  190. ^ National Park Service. "1863 Thanksgiving proclamation". http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/source/sb2/sb2w.htm. 
  191. ^ Harrison, pp. 3–4.
  192. ^ Swanson, James L.. Manhunt: The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln's Killer. New York: HarperCollins. p. 48. ISBN 9780060518509. 
  193. ^ Swanson, James L.. Manhunt: The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln's Killer. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 113–115. ISBN 9780060518509. 
  194. ^ Swanson, James L.. Manhunt: The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln's Killer. New York: HarperCollins. pp. 334–335. ISBN 9780060518509. 
  195. ^ Guelzo, p. 452.
  196. ^ Guelzo, pp. 18–19.
  197. ^ a b Guelzo, p. 20.
  198. ^ Miller, pp. 57–59.
  199. ^ Donald (1996), p. 15.
  200. ^ Donald (1996), p. 514.
  201. ^ Wilson, pp. 251–254.
  202. ^ Wilson, p. 254.
  203. ^ Guelzo, p. 194.
  204. ^ Jaffa, p. 258.
  205. ^ Guelzo, pp. 194–195.
  206. ^ Miller, p. 297.
  207. ^ Naveh, p. 50
  208. ^ Bose, p. 5
  209. ^ Taranto, p. 264
  210. ^ Sweetman, pp. 242, 256, 266
  211. ^ Carroll, p. page number needed
  212. ^ a b Dennis, p. 194
  213. ^ a b Boritt 2006, p. 194
  214. ^ Reinhart, Mark S. (2008). Abraham Lincoln on Screen: Fictional and Documentary Portrayals on Film and Television. McFarland. p. 94. ISBN 9780786435364. 
  215. ^ "Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site". U.S. National Park Service. 2009-09-11. http://www.nps.gov/abli/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  216. ^ "Lincoln Home National Historic Site". U.S. National Park Service. 2009-09-15. http://www.nps.gov/libo/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  217. ^ "Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial". U.S. National Park Service. 2009-11-02. http://www.nps.gov/liho/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  218. ^ Merrill, pp. 312, 368
  219. ^ "Lincoln's New Salem State Historic Site". http://www.lincolnsnewsalem.com/. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  220. ^ "About Ford's". http://www.fordstheatre.org/home/about-fords. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  221. ^ "1950–1959 plate history". Ilinois DMV. http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/special/plate_history/1950_1959.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  222. ^ Schwartz, p. 196–199
  223. ^ Schauffler, p. xi
  224. ^ Peterson, Merrill D. (1995). Lincoln in American Memory. Oxford University Press US. p. 263. ISBN 9780195096453. 
  225. ^ Ferguson, p. 147
  226. ^ Carroll, James R. (2009-01-12). "Let the Lincoln bicentennial celebrations begin". The Courier-Journal. http://www.courier-journal.com/article/20090112/NEWS01/901120364. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  227. ^ "The Official Website of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum". Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. http://www.alplm.com/. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  228. ^ "Abraham Lincolns Waltham Pocket Watch". Antique Time. http://www.horologist.com/gallery_9.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  229. ^ "Museum finds 'secret' message in Lincoln's watch". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSTRE52A0FG20090311. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 

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    ^ Orthodox religionism may well despair of Abraham Lincoln as of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, or President Jefferson."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co. ISBN 0-8028-3872-3.
     
  • Harrison, Lowell Hayes (2000). Lincoln of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813121566. 
  • Harris, William C. (2007). Lincoln's Rise to the Presidency. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700615209. 
  • Heidler, Jeanne T. (2006). The Mexican War. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313327926. 
  • Heidler, David S. and Jeanne T. Heidler, ed (2000). .Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History.^ Hamilton's Discussions on Philosophy Spencer's 'First Principles,' 'Social Statics,' etc.; Buckle's 'History of Civilization,' and Lecky's 'History of Rationalism.'
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.. p. 174. ISBN 9780393047585.
     
  • Holzer, Harold (2004). Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech That Made Abraham Lincoln President. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780743299640. 
  • Holzer, Harold; Edna Greene Medford, Frank J. Williams (2006). .The Emancipation Proclamation: Three Views (Social, Political, Iconographic).^ The Emancipation Proclamation, with the possible exception of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States, is the most important political document ever issued in America.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    LSU Press. ISBN 9780807131442.
     
  • Jaffa, Harry V. (2000). A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-8476-9952-8. 
  • Lamb, Brian and Susan Swain, ed (2008). .Abraham Lincoln: Great American Historians on Our Sixteenth President.^ SPEAKER, our Democratic friends seem to be in a great distress because they think our candidate for the Presidency don't suit us.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    New York: PublicAffairs. ISBN 9781586486761.
     
  • Lincoln, Abraham (2001) [1946]. Basler, Roy Prentice. ed. .Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings.^ The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 .
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Writings of Abraham Lincoln, Volume 2, 1843-1858, by Abraham Lincoln This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306810756.
     
  • Lincoln, Abraham (1953). Basler, Roy Prentice. ed. Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln (9 vols.). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813501727. 
  • Lincoln, Abraham (1992). Paul McClelland Angle, Earl Schenck Miers. ed. .The Living Lincoln: the Man, his Mind, his Times, and the War he Fought, Reconstructed from his Own Writings.^ The Sangamon county Monitor, of Springfield, where Lincoln lived for a quarter of a century, says: "Herndon knew Lincoln's views better than any man in America."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lincoln told me, over and over, that man has no freedom of will, or, as he termed it, 'No man has a freedom of mind.'
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Inter Ocean says that Herndon "knew more of Lincoln's inner life than any living man."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Barnes & Noble Publishing. ISBN 9781566190435.
     
  • Luthin, Reinhard H. (1944). The First Lincoln Campaign. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780844612928. 
  • McGovern, George S.; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Sean Wilentz (2008). Abraham Lincoln. Macmillan. ISBN 9780805083453. 
  • McPherson, James M. (1992). .Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution.^ About few other men has so much been written as about Abraham Lincoln; while no other American's life has engaged the pens of so many biographers.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In 1886, the publishers of the 'North American Review' issued one of the most unique, original, and interesting works on Lincoln that has yet appeared -- "Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln .
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195076066.
     
  • McPherson, James M. (1993). .Battle Cry of Freedom: the Civil War Era.^ When he pronounced his matchless oration on the chief battle-field of the war, he gave expression to the resolve that 'this nation, under God, should have a new birth of freedom.'"
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "When Greece rose against the Turks and struck for liberty, his name was mingled with the battle-cry of freedom.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    US: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195168952.
     
  • McPherson, James M. (2007) [1996]. Drawn with the Sword: Reflections on the American Civil War. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195117967. 
  • McPherson, James M. (2008). .Tried by War: Abraham Lincoln as Commander in Chief.^ His chief opponent, Douglas, was himself a Freethinker Stephen A. Douglas, like Abraham Lincoln, died an unbeliever.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 9781594201912.
     
  • Mansch, Larry D. (2005). .Abraham Lincoln, President-Elect: The Four Critical Months from Election to Inauguration.^ E.B. Washburn contributed to the 'North American Review' a lengthy article on Lincoln, When President Taylor was inaugurated, Lincoln was serving his term in Congress.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Orthodox religionism may well despair of Abraham Lincoln as of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, or President Jefferson."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The President flatters himself that the new central idea is completely inaugurated; and so indeed it is, so far as the mere fact of a Presidential election can inaugurate it.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    McFarland. ISBN 078642026X.
     
  • Peterson, Merrill D. (1995). Lincoln in American Memory. Oxford University Press US. pp. 312, 368. ISBN 9780195096453. 
  • Miller, William Lee (2002). Lincoln's Virtues: An Ethical Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-40158-X. 
  • Mitchell, Thomas G. (2007). .Anti-slavery politics in antebellum and Civil War America.^ The later British criticism of the United States for not eradicating slavery in the early 1800's, combined with their tacit support of the 'Confederacy' during the Civil War is a prime example of the irony and hypocrisy of politics: that self-interest will ever overpower right.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275991685.
     
  • Naveh, Eyal J. (2002). Crown of Thorns: Political Martyrdom in America From Abraham Lincoln to Martin Luther King, Jr.. NYU Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780814757765. 
  • Neely, Mark E. (1992). The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195080322. 
  • Nevins, Allan (1950). Ordeal of the Union; Vol. IV: The Emergence of Lincoln: Prologue to Civil War, 1859–1861. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 9780684104164. 
  • Nevins, Allan (2000) [1971]. The War for the Union; Vol. I: The Improvised War: 1861–1862. Konecky & Konecky. ISBN 9781568522968. 
  • Nevins, Allan (2000) [1971]. The War for the Union; Vol. IV: The Organized War to Victory: 1864–1865. Konecky & Konecky. ISBN 9781568522999. 
  • Nevins, Allan (1960). .The War for the Union: War becomes revolution, 1862–1863.^ In 1862, and 1863, the other years assigned for his conversion, he was in the midst of the great Rebellion, all his thoughts and all his energies enlisted in the mighty task of saving the Union.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Konecky & Konecky. ISBN 9781568522975.
     
  • Oates, Stephen B. (1993). .With Malice Toward None: a Life of Abraham Lincoln.^ About few other men has so much been written as about Abraham Lincoln; while no other American's life has engaged the pens of so many biographers.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The doctors of divinity were accordingly called in, and prescribed "The Later Life and Religious Sentiments of Abraham Lincoln," after which it was supposed that divinity would recover.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Reed has much to say about Lincoln's "life and religious sentiments;" in fact, his lecture is entitled, "The Later Life and Religious Sentiments of Abraham Lincoln."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    HarperCollins. ISBN 9780060924713.
     
  • Paludan, Phillip Shaw (1994). .The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln.^ Orthodox religionism may well despair of Abraham Lincoln as of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, or President Jefferson."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 9780700606719.
     
  • Potter, David M.; Don Edward Fehrenbacher (1976). The impending crisis, 1848–1861. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780061319297. 
  • Prokopowicz, Gerald J. (2008). .Did Lincoln Own Slaves?: and Other Frequently Asked Questions about Abraham Lincoln.^ About few other men has so much been written as about Abraham Lincoln; while no other American's life has engaged the pens of so many biographers.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In some respects she certainly is not my equal; but in her natural right to eat the bread she earns with her own hands, without asking leave of any one else, she is my equal and the equal of all others.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Among other things, I asked him if Lincoln had ever been converted to Christianity.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Random House, Inc.. ISBN 9780375425417.
     
  • Roland, Charles Pierce (2004). An American Iliad: the Story of the Civil War. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813123004. 
  • Sandburg, Carl (2007) [1974]. Goodman, Edward C.. ed. .Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years.^ In 1872, seven years after the publication of Holland's work, Lamon's "Life of Abraham Lincoln" was published.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the same year, the "Life of Abraham Lincoln," written by Dr. J.G. Holland, appeared.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Sterling Publishing Company. ISBN 9781402742880.
     
  • Schreiner, Samuel Agnew (2005) [1987]. The Trials of Mrs. Lincoln. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803293250. 
  • Schauffler, Robert Haven (2005). Lincoln's Birthday. Kessinger Publishing. p. xi. ISBN 9780766198425. 
  • Schwartz, Barry (2009). .Abraham Lincoln in the Post-Heroic Era: History and Memory in Late Twentieth-Century America.^ The Sangamon county Monitor, of Springfield, where Lincoln lived for a quarter of a century, says: "Herndon knew Lincoln's views better than any man in America."
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And thus for a quarter of a century the question of Abraham Lincoln's religious belief has been tossed like a battledore from side to side.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    University of Chicago Press. pp. 196–199. ISBN 9780226741888.
     
  • Sweetman, Jack (2002). American Naval History: An Illustrated Chronology of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, 1775–Present. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781557508676. 
  • Taranto, James; Leonard Leo. Presidential Leadership: Rating the Best and the Worst in the White House. Simon and Schuster. p. 264. ISBN 9780743254335. 
  • Thomas, Benjamin P. (2008) [1952]. .Abraham Lincoln: A Biography.^ One of the last biographies of Lincoln that has appeared is "Abraham Lincoln The Liberator," written by Charles W. French.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 9780809328871.
     
  • Thornton, Brian; Richard W. Donley (2005). .101 Things You Didn't Know about Lincoln: Loves and Losses, Political Power Plays, White House Hauntings.^ The only thing in it that I wish to talk to you at once about is that because of my vote for Ashmun's amendment you fear that you and I disagree about the war.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ And now, to quote you, 'Do you not think it were better for the truth of history that you should state the facts about Lincoln, and that you should commend him for what he was rather than for what he was not?'
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A pious lady, who served in the capacity of a hospital nurse at Washington, and who sometimes visited the White House, testifies to Lincoln's belief in the efficacy of prayer.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    Adams Media. ISBN 9781593373993.
     
  • Vorenberg, Michael (2001). Final Freedom: the Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521652674. 
  • White, Jr., Ronald C. (2009). A. Lincoln: A Biography. Random House, Inc.. ISBN 9781400064991. 
  • Wills, Garry (1993). Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-86742-3. 
  • Wilson, Douglas L. (1999). Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln. Knopf Publishing Group. ISBN 9780375703966. 

External links

Project Gutenberg eTexts
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  • List of Works by Abraham Lincoln at Project Gutenberg
  • Richardson, James D. (compiler).^ You comply with all other terms of this agreement for free distribution of Project Gutenberg-tm works.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are a few things that you can do with most Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works even without complying with the full terms of this agreement.
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    ^ C. The Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation ("the Foundation" or PGLAF), owns a compilation copyright in the collection of Project Gutenberg-tm electronic works.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents and more: Volume 6, part 1: Abraham Lincoln. .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/12462.  includes major (and minor) state papers, but not speeches or letters
  • Lincoln's Yarns and Stories.^ I still should have voted for the Whig candidate; but I should have made no speeches, written no letters; and you would have been elected by at least a thousand majority.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Most truly your friend, A. LINCOLN. SPEECH ON DECLARATION OF WAR ON MEXICO SPEECH IN THE UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, JANUARY 12, 1848.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/2517.
     
  • Hay, John; John George Nicolay (1890).^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Abraham Lincoln: a History.  "Volume 1".^ The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 .
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Writings of Abraham Lincoln, Volume 2, 1843-1858, by Abraham Lincoln This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/6812.
      to 1856; coverage of national politics.^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    "Volume 2". .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/11708.  (1832 to 1901); covers 1856 to early 1861; coverage of national politics; part of 10 volume "life and times" by Lincoln's aides
  • Nicolay, Helen (1907).^ The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Writings of Abraham Lincoln, Volume 2, 1843-1858, by Abraham Lincoln This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I say "to the end of life," because I have understood that from time to time he added something to his education during the greater part of his whole life.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    The Boys' Life of Abraham Lincoln. .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1815.  (1866 to 1954)
  • Ketcham, Henry (1901).^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    The Life of Abraham Lincoln. .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/6811. ; popular
  • Morse, John T. (1899).^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Abraham Lincoln. ; a solid scholarly biography "Volume 1".^ One of the last biographies of Lincoln that has appeared is "Abraham Lincoln The Liberator," written by Charles W. French.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 .
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Writings of Abraham Lincoln, Volume 2, 1843-1858, by Abraham Lincoln This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/12800
    . "Volume 2". .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/12801. 
  • Francis Fisher Browne (1913).^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The Every-day Life of Abraham Lincoln.^ About few other men has so much been written as about Abraham Lincoln; while no other American's life has engaged the pens of so many biographers.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Lincoln,' said he, I will never have any other partner while you live;' and to the day of the assassination all the doings of the firm were in the name of 'Lincoln & Herndon'" (Everyday Life of Lincoln, p.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In after life he became more religious; but the Bible puzzled him, especially the miracles" (Every-Day Life of Lincoln, p.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/14004
    . ; popular
  • George Haven Putnam, Litt. D. (1909). Abraham Lincoln: The People's Leader in the Struggle for National Existence. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/11728. 
  • Stephenson, Nathaniel W. (1922). .Lincoln's Personal Life.^ All earnest man, instant in season and out of season, he spoke with the eloquence of apparent truth and of real personal love" (Life of Lincoln, pp.
    • Six Historic Americans: Abraham Lincoln 9 February 2010 12:28 UTC www.infidels.org [Source type: Original source]

    .http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/1713.
     ; popular
  • Benson (Lorn Charnwood), Godfrey Rathbone (1917).^ To learn more about the Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4 and the Foundation web page at http://www.pglaf.org.
    • The Writings of Abraham Lincoln - Volume 2: 1843-1858 / Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 14 May 2010 5:21 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    Abraham Lincoln. http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/18379. 
Political offices
Preceded by
James Buchanan
President of the United States
March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865
Succeeded by
Andrew Johnson
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Henry
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 7th congressional district

March 4, 1847 – March 4, 1849
Succeeded by
Thomas L. Harris
Party political offices
Preceded by
John C. Frémont
Republican Party presidential candidate
1860, 1864
Succeeded by
Ulysses S. Grant
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Henry Clay
Persons who have lain in state or honor
in the United States Capitol rotunda

April 19, 1865 – April 21, 1865
Succeeded by
Thaddeus Stevens