Mohammad Oudeh (Arabic: محمد عودة), commonly known as Abu Daoud or Abu Dawud (Arabic: أبو داود), was a Palestinian politician and militia commander in Fatah and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). He served in a number of commanding functions in Fatah's armed units, including in Lebanon and Jordan. He planned the 1972 Munich massacre.
From 1971, Abu Daoud was a leader of the Black September, a Fatah offshoot created to avenge the September 1970 expulsion of the fedayeen movement from Jordan and carry out international operations. The group gained international notoriety for its role in the attempted kidnapping of Israeli athletes in the 1972 Munich Olympics, and then killed the 11 Israeli athletes and a German policeman. The group was disbanded in 1973-1974, but during and after these years, many Black September members were killed in an Israeli assassination campaign. On 27 July 1981, Abu Daoud was shot 13 times from a distance of around two meters in a Warsaw Victoria (now Sofitel) hotel coffee shop, but surprisingly survived the attack, chasing his would-be assassin down to the front entrance before collapsing.
After the Black September operations, Abu Daoud resumed public work within Fatah and the PLO, in close collaboration with Abu Iyad and other officials. He led armed units in Lebanon during the Lebanese Civil War. In January 1977, Abu Daoud was intercepted by French police in Paris while traveling from Beirut under an assumed name. Under protest from the PLO, Iraq, and Libya, who claimed that because Abu Daoud was traveling to a PLO comrade's funeral he should receive diplomatic immunity, the French government refused a West German extradition request on grounds that forms had not been filled in properly and put him on a plane to Algeria before Germany could submit another request.
Abu Daoud was allowed safe passage through Israel in 1996 so he could attend a PLO meeting convened in the Gaza Strip for the purpose of rescinding an article in its charter that called for Israel’s eradication. As of December 2005 Abu Daoud is 68 and lives in Damascus, Syria; his wife lives in Amman. He has participated in numerous interviews on Aljazeera and in other Arab and international media outlets about his life, about the Munich events and about Palestinian politics.
Abu Daoud published an autobiography Palestine: From Jerusalem to Munich in French in 1999, and was later going to be published by Arcade Books as Memoirs of a Palestinian Terrorist in English. However Arcade Books dropped the project and publication never occurred. For the work he was awarded the Palestine Prize for Culture in 1999, a 10,000 franc prize.