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Imam Abu Yusuf
Full name Imam Abu Yusuf
Died 798
Era Islamic Golden Age
Region Muslim Jurist
School Sunni Hanafi
Main interests Islamic Jurisprudence
Notable ideas Evolution of Islamic Jurisprudence

Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari, better known as Abu Yusuf (Arabic: أبو يوسف‎) (d.798) was a student of legist Abu Hanifah (d.767) who helped spread the influence of the Hanafi school of Islamic law through his writings and the government positions he held.

Contents

Biography

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Part of a series on
Sunni Islam

Sunni.PNG

Full Name

Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘ah
أهل السنة والجماعة‎


Beliefs

Monotheism
Prophethood & Messengership
Holy BooksAngels
Judgement DayPredestination


Pillars

Declaration of FaithPrayer
CharityFastingPilgrimage


Rightly Guided Caliphs

Abu BakrUmar ibn al-Khattab
Uthman ibn AffanAli ibn Abi Talib


Schools of Law (Shariah)

HanafiShafi`iMalikiHanbaliAhl-e-Hadith


Schools of Theology

MaturidiAsh'ari


Modern Movements

BarelviSalafiDeobandi


Hadith Collections

Sahih BukhariSahih Muslim
Al-Sunan al-Sughra
Sunan Abu Dawood
Sunan al-Tirmidhi
Sunan ibn MajaAl-Muwatta
Sunan al-Darami

He was appointed Qadi (judge) in Baghdad, Iraq, and later chief justice (qadi al-qudat) under Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (r.786-809) with authority to appoint judges in the empire. Some of his opinions differ from those of Abu Hanifah, probably on the basis of traditions not available to the earlier scholar.

Works

  • Kitab al-Kharaj, his most famous work, is a treatise on taxation and fiscal problems of the state prepared for the caliph. [1]
  • Usul al-fiqh - the earliest known work of principles of Islamic jurisprudence. A portion of his works were devoted to international law.[1]
  • Kitab al-Athar, a collection of traditions (ahadith) he narrated
  • Kitab Ikhtilaf Abi Hanifa wa Ibn Abi Layla, one of the early works on comparative Fiqh
  • Kitab al-Radd ‘Ala Siyar al-Awza’i, a refutation of the famous Syrian jurist and tradition, al-Awza’i on the law of war.

See also

References

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