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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Acacia angustissima
Conservation status

Secure (TNC)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. angustissima
Binomial name
Acacia angustissima
(Mill.) Kuntze
Range of Acacia angustissima
Synonyms
  • Acacia angulosa Bertol.
  • Acacia elegans M.Martens & Galeotti
  • Acacia filicina Willd.
  • Acacia filicioides (Cav.)
  • Acacia glabrata Schltdl.
  • Acacia hirsuta Schltdl.
  • Acacia insignis M. Martens & Galeotti
  • Acacia pittieriana Standl.
  • Acaciella angulosa (Bertol.) Britton & Rose
  • Acaciella angustissima (Mill.) Britton & Rose,
  • Acaciella costaricensis Britton & Rose
  • Acaciella holtonii Britton & Killip
  • Acaciella martensis Britton & Killip
  • Acaciella rensonii Britton & Rose
  • Acaciella santanderensis Britton & Killip
  • Mimosa angustissima Mill.
  • Mimosa filicioides Cav.
  • Mimosa ptericina Poir.[1]

Acacia angustissima (Prairie acacia, White ball acacia) is a perennial, deciduous, shrub or tree in the Fabaceae family native to Central America and the United States. It is also found in South America, India and Pakistan. Other common names for it include Carboncillo, Timbe, Timbre,[2] Fern Acacia and Prairie wattle.[3] It grows 1m to 4m in height having whitish, 1.3 cm diameter spherical flowers from June through September. "Angustissima" in Latin means "narrowest," describing the look of the shrub's leaves.[3] It is not listed as being a threatened species.[2]

Contents

Natural habitat

Acacia angustissima fruit (bean)

Altitude: 0-2600m
Annual Temperature Mean: 5-30 deg. C.
Annual Rainfall Mean: 895-2870mm
Soil: A. angustissima is well-suited for acidic, low-nutrient soils and it has very good resistance to drought.[4]

Uses

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Alcoholic beverages

The bark is used in the production of alcoholic beverages.[4] The root is used in the drink pulque in Mexico.[5]

Forage

Acacia angustissima's seeds are high in protein and are somewhat useful as forage for livestock.[2] The tree has a tannin content of 6%, which inhibits the ability of livestock to make use of the tree's protein.[4]

Medicine

Acacia angustissima

The indigenous Tzotzil and Tzeltal Maya people of Mexico use A. angustissima to treat digestive tract problems. They also use it to treat toothache, rheumatoid arthritis and cuts of the skin. Experiments have shown that A. angustissima mildly inhibits the growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.[4]

Propagation

There are 90,000–100,000 seeds/kg.[6]

Botanical varieties

  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. angustissima
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. chisosiana Isely
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. hirta (Torrey & A.Gray)Robinson
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. shrevei (Britton & Rose)Isely
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. suffrutescens (Rose)Isely
  • Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze var. texensis (Torrey & A.Gray)Isely[7]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ "- ILDIS LegumeWeb". www.ildis.org. http://www.ildis.org/LegumeWeb?version~10.01&LegumeWeb&tno~15362. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  
  2. ^ a b c Acacia angustissima
  3. ^ a b Native Plant Information Network
  4. ^ a b c d World Agroforestry Centre
  5. ^ Rätsch, Christian. Enzyklopädie der psychoaktiven Pflanzen. Botanik, Ethnopharmakologie und Anwendungen.. p. 15. ISBN 978-3855025701.  
  6. ^ Tropical Forages
  7. ^ ILDIS Legumes of the World

General references

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Acacia angustissima

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia angustissima

Name

Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze


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