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Gum Arabic Tree
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. senegal
Binomial name
Acacia senegal
Willd.

Acacia senegal is a small deciduous acacia tree known by the common names Rfaudraksha, Gum Arcacia, Gum Arabic Tree, or Gum Senegal Tree. It is native to semi-desert regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as Oman, Pakistan, and northwestern India. It grows to a height of 5-12m, with a trunk up to 30 ft in diameter.[1]

Contents

Identification

Storage

Protected from light

Uses

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Forage

New foliage is very useful as forage.[2]

Food

Dried seeds are used as food by humans.[2]

Gum arabic

It produces gum arabic, which is used as a food additive, in crafts, and as a cosmetic. The gum is drained from cuts in the bark, and an individual tree will yield 200 to 300 grams. Seventy percent of the world's gum arabic is produced in Sudan.

Acacia senegal

Medicinal uses

The gum is used for soothing mucous membranes of the intestine and to treat inflammed skin. It is also reportedly used as for its astringent properties, to treat bleeding, bronchitis, diarrhea, gonorrhea, leprosy, typhoid fever and upper respiratory tract infections.[2]

Rope

Roots near the surface of the ground are quite useful in making all kinds of very strong ropes and cords. The tree bark is also used to make rope[2]

Wood

Handles for tools, parts for weaving looms.[2]

Botanical variations

  • Acacia senegal var. leiorhachis Brenan[3]
  • Acacia senegal var. rostrata Brenan[3]
  • Acacia senegal var. senegal[3]

References

Notes

  1. ^ World Agroforestry Centre
  2. ^ a b c d e Purdue University
  3. ^ a b c FAO

General references

Van Wyk, Ben-Erik (2005). Food Plants of the World. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, Inc. ISBN 0-88192-743-0

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia senegal

Name

Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Verek-Akazie
English: Gum arabic
Français: Acacia Sénégal
日本語: アラビアゴムノキ

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