|Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Awarded for||"Performance by an actress in a supporting role"|
|Presented by||Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences|
|First awarded||1936 (for performances in films released in 1936)|
|First winner||Gale Sondergaard,
Anthony Adverse (1936)
|Currently Held By||Mo'Nique,
Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire (2009)
Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. Since its inception, however, the award has commonly been referred to as the "Oscar for Best Supporting Actress". While actresses are nominated for this award by Academy members who are actors and actresses themselves, winners are selected by the entire Academy membership.
Throughout the past 74 years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, AMPAS has presented a total of 74 Best Supporting Actress awards to 72 different actresses. Winners of this Academy Award of Merit currently receive the familiar Oscar statuette, depicting a gold-plated knight holding a crusader's sword and standing on a reel of film. Prior to the 16th Academy Awards ceremony (1943), however, they received a plaque. The first recipient was Gale Sondergaard, who was honored at the 9th Academy Awards ceremony (1936) for her performance in Anthony Adverse. The most recent recipient was Mo'Nique, who was honored at the 82nd Academy Awards ceremony (2009) for her performance in Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire.
Until the 8th Academy Awards ceremony (1935), nominations for the Best Actress award were intended to include all actresses, whether the performance was in either a leading or supporting role. At the 9th Academy Awards ceremony (1936), however, the Best Supporting Actress category was specifically introduced as a distinct award following complaints that the single Best Actress category necessarily favored leading performers with the most screen time. Nonetheless, May Robson had received a Best Actress nomination (Lady for a Day, 1933) for her performance in a clear supporting role. Currently, Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role, Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role, and Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role constitute the four Academy Awards of Merit for acting annually presented by AMPAS.
|Superlative||Best Actress||Best Supporting Actress||Overall|
|Actress with most awards||Katharine Hepburn||4||Shelley Winters
|Actress with most nominations||Meryl Streep||13||Thelma Ritter||6||Meryl Streep||16|
|Actress with most nominations without ever winning||Deborah Kerr||6||Thelma Ritter||6||Deborah Kerr
|Film with most nominations||All About Eve
Suddenly, Last Summer
The Turning Point
Terms of Endearment
Thelma & Louise
|2||Tom Jones||3||All About Eve||4|
|Oldest winner||Jessica Tandy||80||Peggy Ashcroft||77||Jessica Tandy||80|
|Oldest nominee||Jessica Tandy||80||Gloria Stuart||87||Gloria Stuart||87|
|Youngest winner||Marlee Matlin||21||Tatum O'Neal||10||Tatum O'Neal||10|
|Youngest nominee||Keisha Castle-Hughes||13||Tatum O'Neal
The only actresses to have won the award twice are Shelley Winters and Dianne Wiest. Winters won in 1959 and 1965 (she was also nominated in 1972, in addition to being nominated in the Best Actress category in 1951); Wiest won in 1986 and 1994 (she was also nominated in 1989).
Thelma Ritter had six nominations, more than any other actress in this category. As she never won the award, she also holds the record for the number of unsuccessful nominations. Ritter holds the record for the most successive nominations: 1950–1953. Glenn Close was nominated three years consecutively (1982–1984).
Actresses with four nominations are Ethel Barrymore, Agnes Moorehead, Lee Grant, Maureen Stapleton, Geraldine Page, and Maggie Smith. All of Moorehead's and Page's nominations were unsuccessful (but Page did win a Best Actress award, in 1986); each of the others have won (with Smith also having previously won a Best Actress award, in 1970).
Those with three nominations are: Anne Revere, Celeste Holm, Claire Trevor, Angela Lansbury, Shelley Winters, Glenn Close, Diane Ladd, Dianne Wiest, Meryl Streep, Frances McDormand, Cate Blanchett, and Marisa Tomei. Lansbury, Close, Ladd and McDormand have never won a Best Supporting Actress award (but McDormand did win a Best Actress award, in 1997).
Hattie McDaniel was the first African American, Miyoshi Umeki the first Asian, Rita Moreno the first (and only) Puerto Rican and the first Hispanic, Brenda Fricker the first (and only) Irish, Catherine Zeta-Jones the first (and only) Welsh, Cate Blanchett the first (and only) Australian, and Penélope Cruz the first (and only) Spaniard to win Best Supporting Actress.
Three actresses have received Best Supporting Actress nominations for non-speaking roles: Patty Duke won the award for The Miracle Worker in 1962, Samantha Morton was nominated for Sweet and Lowdown in 1999, and Rinko Kikuchi was nominated for Babel in 2006. Both Morton and Kikuchi performed their roles without speaking a word, while Duke had no dialogue other than grunts and screams.
The earliest nominee in this category who is still alive is Olivia de Havilland (1939), followed by Angela Lansbury (1944). The earliest winner in this category who is still alive is Celeste Holm (1947), followed by Eva Marie Saint (1954). Gloria Stuart, born 1910, is the oldest nominee in this category still alive. Stuart is also the oldest acting nominee ever (for Titanic, 1998).
There have been no posthumous nominations for this award.
Eight women have won the award for playing prostitutes: Anne Baxter (1946), Claire Trevor (1948), Donna Reed (1953), Jo Van Fleet (1955), Dorothy Malone (1956), Shirley Jones (1960), Mira Sorvino (1995) and Kim Basinger (1997).
Hispanic actresses who have been nominated for Best Supporting Actress are: Katy Jurado, the first Mexican actress (1954), Susan Kohner, the first Mexican-American Actress (1959), Rita Moreno, the first Puerto Rican actress and first winner (1961, West Side Story), Norma Aleandro the first Argentine actress (1988), Rosie Perez, the first Puerto Rican-American actress (1993), and Adriana Barraza, the second Mexican actress (2006).
Following the Academy's practice, the films below are listed by year of their Los Angeles qualifying run, which is usually (but not always) the film's year of release. For example, the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress of 1999 was announced during the award ceremony held in 2000. Winners are listed first in bold, followed by the other nominees. For a list sorted by actress names, please see List of Best Supporting Actress nominees. For a list sorted by film titles, please see List of Best Supporting Actress nominees (films).
Beginning with the 1943 awards, winners in the supporting acting categories were awarded Oscar statuettes similar to those awarded to winners in all other categories, including the leading acting categories. Prior to this, however, winners in the supporting acting categories were awarded plaques.
As the Academy Awards are based in the United States and are centered on the Hollywood film industry, the majority of Academy Award winners have been Americans. Nonetheless, there is significant international presence at the awards, as evidenced by the following list of winners of the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress.
At the 37th Academy Awards (1964), for the first time in history, all four of the top acting honors were awarded to non-Americans: Rex Harrison, Julie Andrews, Peter Ustinov, and Lila Kedrova. This occurred for the second time at the 80th Academy Awards (2007), when all four acting categories were similarly represented: Daniel Day-Lewis, Marion Cotillard, Javier Bardem, and Tilda Swinton.