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Montenegrin EU accession bid
Status Stabilisation and Association
European Union Montenegro Locator.svg
EU Montenegro
PPP GDP ($bl.) 14.712.000 6.944
Area (km²) 4,324,782 13,812
Population 497,198,740 684,736

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The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro started the process of Accession to the European Union in November 2005, when negotiations over a Stabilisation and Association Agreement began. In May 2006, Montenegro voted for independence in a referendum and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro was dissolved. Serbia continued with the existing negotiations, and separate negotiations were launched with Montenegro in September 2006. [1][2] The Agreement was initialled on 15 March 2007 and officially signed on 15 October 2007.

Montenegro officially applied to join the EU on 15 December 2008.[3]On 23 April 2009, the Council invited the European Commission to submit its opinion on the application. The Commission presented Montenegro with a questionnaire to asses its application on 22 July 2009 [4]. On 9 December 2009, Montenegro delivered its answers to the EC questionnaire [5]. The Commission's opinion will be submitted to the Council in the course of 2010.[6][7]

Montenegro is experiencing ecological, judicial and crime-related problems that may hinder its bid.[8] Montenegro signed a deal with the Bulgarian government in December 2007 in which Bulgaria will help the small nation with its Euro-Atlantic and EU integration for the following three years.[9]

Montenegro unilaterally adopted the German mark as its state currency in November 1999, and switched to the euro when it was launched in 2002.




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