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A railing accident at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines

An accident is a specific, identifiable, unexpected, unusual and unintended external action which occurs in a particular time and place, without apparent or deliberate cause but with marked effects. It implies a generally negative probabilistic outcome which may have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.

Experts in the field of injury prevention avoid use of the term 'accident' to describe events that cause injury in an attempt to highlight the predictable and preventable nature of most injuries. Such incidents are viewed from the perspective of epidemiology - predictable and preventable. Preferred words are more descriptive of the event itself, rather than of its unintended nature (e.g., collision, drowning, fall, etc.)

Accidents of particularly common types (auto, fire, etc.) are investigated to identify how to avoid them in the future. This is sometimes called root cause analysis, but does not generally apply to accidents that cannot be deterministically predicted. A root cause of an uncommon and purely random accident may never be identified, and thus future similar accidents remain "accidental."

Contents

Definition

Narrowly defined, the designation may refer only to the event, while not including the circumstances (facts surrounding) or results of the event; i.e., ‘accident’ is constrained to an immediate incident, the occurrence of which results in an unplanned outcome. In common use, however, ‘accident’ may include the entire interacting circumstantial framework (chance, pre-existing, or uncontrolled dynamically developing conditions; commonplace actions; random time and place; participants; etc.) leading up to, including, and resulting from, the accident's immediate occurrence.Accident will happen unknowlingly and due to our ignorance.eg:trying to move a bike in a place which is not more than the space of a bike, also known as crash

Types

Physical and non-physical

Physical examples include, e.g., unintended collisions or falls, being injured by touching something sharp, hot, or electrical, or ingesting poison. Non-physical examples are, e.g., unintentionally revealing a secret or otherwise saying something incorrectly, forgetting an appointment, etc.

By activity

By vehicle

Most common causes

Incidence of accidents, sorted by activity.

For physical traumas or injuries leading to hospital discharge, most common causes are traffic accidents and falls

See also

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ACCIDENT (from Lat. accidere, to happen), a word of widely variant meanings, usually something fortuitous and unexpected; a happening out of the ordinary course of things. In the law of tort, it is defined as "an occurrence which is due neither to design nor to negligence"; in equity, as "such an unforeseen event, misfortune, loss, act or omission, as is not the result of any negligence or misconduct." So, in criminal law, "an effect is said to be accidental when the act by which it is caused is not done with the intention of causing it, and when its occurrence as a consequence of such act is not so probable that a person of ordinary prudence ought, under the circumstances, to take reasonable precaution against it" (Stephen, Digest of Criminal Law, art. 210). The word may also have in law the more extended meaning of an unexpected occurrence, whether caused by any one's negligence or not, as in the Fatal Accidents Act 1846, Notice of Accidents Act 1894. See also Contract, Criminal Law, Employers' Liability, Insurance, Tort, &C.

In logic an "accident" is a quality which belongs to a subject but not as part of its essence (in Aristotelian language KaTiI vu j .g3E(pcK s, the scholastic per accidens). Essential attributes are necessarily, or causally, connected with the subject, e.g. the sum of the angles of a triangle; accidents are not deducible from the nature, or are not part of the necessary connotation, of the subject, e.g. the area of a triangle. It follows that increased knowledge, e.g. in chemistry, may show that what was thought to be an accident is really an essential attribute, or vice versa. It is very generally held that, in reality, there is no such thing as an accident, inasmuch as complete knowledge would establish a causal connexion for all attributes. An accident is thus merely an unexplained attribute. Accidents have been classed as (I) "inseparable," i.e. universally present, though no causal connexion is established, and (2) "separable," where the connexion is neither causally explained nor universal. Propositions expressing a relation between a subject and an accident are classed as "accidental," "real" or "ampliative," as opposed to "verbal" or "analytical," which merely express a known connexion, e.g. between a subject and its connotation.


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Simple English

[[File:|thumb|300px|Incidence of accidents, sorted by activity.]] An accident is when something goes wrong when it is not meant to. Physical accidents are things like collisions, injuries, and falling. Non-physical accidents are things like accidentally telling someone a secret, forgetting something important, or deleting an important computer file.

Often, accidents are investigated so that we can learn how to avoid them in the future.

Work accident

An accident at work is defined as an external, sudden and violent event. Work accidents happen while an employee is working. It causes injury or the death of the employee. Also there can be a biological accident. That is if a woman becomes pregnant, and she does not want it.

For an accident to be a work accident, there must be a direct or indirect relationship of cause and effect between the accident and the work.

Many accidents happen in the merchant marine.

Bicycle accidents

A bicycle accident happens when a bicycle ride goes wrong. A bicycle can fall over because of a loss of balance, or crash into something like a car.

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