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Accipiter
Collared Sparrowhawk (A. cirrocephalus),
Kobble Creek (Queensland, Australia)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Order: Falconiformes (but see there)
Family: Accipitridae
Subfamily: Accipitrinae
Genus: Accipiter
Brisson, 1760
Diversity
About 50 species
Synonyms

Hieraspiza Kaup, 1844 (but see text)

The genus Accipiter is a group of birds of prey in the family Accipitridae, many of which are named as goshawks and sparrowhawks. They can be anatomically distinguished from their relatives by the lack of a procoracoid foramen. Two small and aberrant species usually placed here do possess a large procoracoid foramen and are also distinct as regards DNA sequence. They may warrant separation in the old genus Hieraspiza.[1]

These birds are slender with short broad rounded wings and a long tail which helps them manoeuvre in flight. They have long legs and long sharp talons used to kill their prey, and a sharp hooked bill used in feeding. Females tend to be larger than males. They often ambush their prey, mainly small birds and mammals, capturing it after a short chase. The typical flight pattern is a series of flaps followed by a short glide. They are commonly found in wooded or shrubby areas.

Species in taxonomic order

Shikra (A. badius) with a garden lizard (Calotes sp.) in Hyderabad, India
Brown Goshawk (A. fasciatus), Kurwongbah (Queensland, Australia)

An Accipiter was seen on 12 March 1994 south of the summit of Camiguin in the Philippines, where the genus was not known to occur. It may have been an undescribed taxon, but more likely it was not; it could simply have been a vagrant of a known species.[2]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Olson (2006)
  2. ^ Balete et al. (2006), Heaney & Tabaranza (2006)

References

  • Balete, Danilo S.; Tabaranza, Blas R. Jr. & Heaney, Lawrence R. (2006): An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Camiguin Island, Philippines. Fieldiana Zool. New Series 106: 58–72. DOI:10.3158/0015-0754(2006)106[58:AACOTB]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
  • Heaney, Lawrence R. & Tabaranza, Blas R. Jr. (2006): Mammal and Land Bird Studies on Camiguin Island, Philippines: Background and Conservation Priorities. Fieldiana Zool. New Series 106: 1-13. DOI:10.3158/0015-0754(2006)106[1:MALBSO]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
  • Olson, Storrs L. (2006): Reflections on the systematics of Accipiter and the genus for Falco superciliosus Linnaeus. Bull. B.O.C. 126: 69-70. PDF fulltext

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Falconiformes
Familia: Accipitridae
Subfamilia: Accipitrinae
Genus: Accipiter
Species: A. albogularis - A. badius - A. bicolor - A. brachyurus - A. brevipes - A. butleri - A. castanilius - A. chilensis - A. chionogaster - A. cirrocephalus - A. collaris - A. cooperii - A. erythrauchen - A. erythronemius - A. erythropus - A. fasciatus - A. francesiae - A. gentilis - A. griseiceps - A. gularis - A. gundlachi - A. haplochrous - A. henicogrammus - A. henstii -A. hiogaster - A. imitator - A. luteoschistaceus - A. madagascariensis - A. melanochlamys - A. melanoleucus - A. meyerianus - A. minullus - A. nanus - A. nisus - A. novaehollandiae - A. ovampensis - A. poliocephalus - A. poliogaster - A. princeps - A. rhodogaster - A. rufitorques - A. rufiventris - A. soloensis - A. striatus - A. superciliosus - A. tachiro - A. toussenelii - A. trinotatus - A. trivirgatus - A. ventralis - A. virgatus

Name

Accipiter Brisson, 1760

Reference

Ornithologie 1 p.28,310

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Accipiter on Wikimedia Commons.







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