Acropolis: Wikis

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A view of Athens from the Acropolis
Assos Acropolis
Temple of Zeus, in Acropolis of the Ancient city of Pergamon

Acropolis means "highest city" in Greek, literally city on the extremity (akros, akron,[1] edge, extremity + polis, city, pl. acropoleis). For purposes of defense, early people naturally chose elevated ground to build a new settlement, frequently a hill with precipitous sides. In many parts of the world, these early citadels became the nuclei of large cities, which grew up on the surrounding lower ground, such as modern Rome.

The word Acropolis, although Greek in origin and associated primarily with the Greek cities Athens, Argos, Thebes, and Corinth (with its Acrocorinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels, including Rome, Jerusalem, Celtic Bratislava, many in Asia Minor, or even Castle Rock in Edinburgh. An example in Ireland is the Rock of Cashel.

The most famous example is the Acropolis of Athens,[2] which, by reason of its historical associations and the several famous buildings erected upon it (most notably the Parthenon), is known without qualification as the Acropolis. Although originating in the mainland of Greece, use of the acropolis model quickly spread to Greek colonies such as the Dorian Lato on Crete during the Archaic Period.

Because of its classical Greco-Roman style, the ruins of Mission San Juan Capistrano's Great Stone Church in California, United States has been called the "American Acropolis".

Other parts of the world developed other names for the high citadel or alcázar, which often reinforced a naturally strong site. In Central Italy, many small rural communes still cluster at the base of a fortified habitation known as La Rocca of the commune.

The term acropolis is also used to describe the central complex of overlapping structures, such as plazas and pyramids, in many Mayan cities, including Tikal and Copán.

References

  1. ^ acro-. (n.d.). The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Retrieved September 29, 2008, from Dictionary.com website: Quote: "[From Greek akros, extreme; see ak- in Indo-European roots.] "
  2. ^ World Heritage: Acropolis, Athens

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Athens/Acropolis article)

From Wikitravel

Europe : Greece : Attica : Athens : Acropolis
Contents
The Parthenon - the largest temple on the Athenian Acropolis
The Parthenon - the largest temple on the Athenian Acropolis

The Athenian Acropolis is the ancient high city of Athens, a prominent plateaued rock perched high above the modern city with commanding views and an amazing array of ancient architecture, mostly from the Classical period of Ancient Greece, the most famous of which is the Parthenon. A visit to Athens is not complete without visiting the Acropolis - hundreds of tourists each day accordingly make the pilgrimage.

Get in

The Acropolis of Athens is open daily. Summer opening times: 8AM-7PM, Winter opening times: 8AM - sunset. Telephone: +30 210 3214172. Get there as early as possible to avoid heavy crowds, and summer heat when relevant.

General admission is €12 but excellent concessions are available, as is free access to many categories of individuals, especially under-18s and European university students - check the official web site [1]. There are also a limited number of free days for the public listed each year; again, check the website.

The entrance to the Acropolis is off Theorias Street. From the Akropoli metro stop and New Acropolis Museum, walk west along Dionysiou Areopagitou Street and take the first left on to Theorias; from the Thissio metro stop west of Monastiraki, walk west to Apostolou Pavlou Street, turn left on it, and walk south to turn left on Theorias. From Plaka, you can walk south up steep Mnisikleous Street as far as you can go and turn right on Theorias.

The main archaeological site is surrounded by a large public area, a plethora of trees with beautiful stone-paved paths (designed by the great Greek architect Pikionis). A canteen with a wide range of food and drink is reached before you get to the ticket kiosk - but beware: refreshments are available only at exorbitant prices. You will definitely need a bottle of water with you in the hot summer, so either bring it with you or buy it from the kiosk on Dionysiou Areopagitou Street, just outside the entrance. There are water fountains within the site, but the water isn't always cold. Guides can nearly always be found offering to show you around - at a price - at the point where tickets are checked. An alternative will be a printed version of this article (info not yet added), or ask for the free leaflet published by the Archaeological Resources Fund (includes a ground plan of the site and valuable information on the various monuments).

Some views will be marred by scaffolding. Many portions of the site are undergoing major, needed renovations.

Following European regulations, disabled access to the Acropolis can be gained by means of special paths and a purpose-built lift [2] on the north face of the hill. Apparently this is only for the use of those in wheelchairs.

  • The Parthenon— The largest temple on the Acropolis, originally dedicated to the goddess of the city, Athena, later converted to a church and then a mosque. Built between 447 and 438 BCE at the height of the Classical period. Original home to what some refer to as the "Elgin Marbles", now in London's British Museum.
  • The Temple of Athena Nike— First temple on the Acropolis to be built in the Ionic style, and one of the few exemplars of an amphiprostyle temple in all of Greece: what made it truly unique was the unit by which it was planned, which turns out to be the Egyptian foot of 300 mm.
  • The Erectheion— Dedicated to the worship of the two principal gods of Attica, Athena and Poseidon-Erechtheus.
  • The Propylea— The ancient monumental gateway to the Acropolis.
  • New Acropolis Museum [3]. Designed by Swiss star architect Bernard Tschumi at a site south of the Acropolis, this long-overdue replacement for the musty old museum opened in June 2009. Located in Plaka just below the Acropolis, it's easily accessed from the Acropolis station of the Metro. Entry is a token €1 until the end of 2009.

Buy

For students of the European Union, entrance is free.

  • Athens Backpackers, 12 Makri Street - Makryanni, Athens, +30 210 32 25 891. Standard backpacking hostel offering clean and comfortable beds, 24 hr receptions access, and discounted wi fi access. Great spot to meet other travellers.  edit
  • Hostel Dioskouros, 6 Pittakou street, 0030 210 3248165 (). Tel: Right beneath the Acropolis. 1 minute walk from the Acropolis Museum. Getting to Dioskouros: From Airport You can either take the Metro or Bus (E95). Both leave you at Syntagma SQ on Amalias avenue. Walk to number 38 and turn in right onto Periandrou street. When on Periandrou street take the 1st left and you will see Dioscouros in front of you Or you can get a taxi, which will cost between 30 - 40 euros. Port: Train. Get the train to Monastiraki (green Line). From there change to the blue line and its one stop to Syntagma. This leaves you on on Amalias avenue. Walk to number 38 and turn in right onto Periandrou street. When on Periandrou street take the 1st left and you will see Dioscouros in front of you 20.  edit
  • Tony Hotel: 26Zaharitsa Str., Koukaki, +30 210 9235761, +30 210 9230561, fax +30 210 9236370, tony@hoteltony.gr, [4].
  • Acropolis View Hotel Athens, Webster street 10, Athens, +30 210 32 25 891. Attention to detail is catered for in this hotel, with most rooms having a fresh lick of paint on them every year. Rooms are also equipped with central heating and A/C, private baths and mini fridges and some units have balconies. Price from €88 for a single room in high season.  edit
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ACROPOLIS (Gr. tutpos, top, n-oXts, city), literally the upper part of a town. For purposes of defence early settlers naturally chose elevated ground, frequently a hill with precipitous sides, and these early citadels became in many parts of the world the nuclei of large cities which grew up on the surrounding lower ground. The word Acropolis, though Greek in origin and associated primarily with Greek towns (Athens, Argos, Thebes, Corinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels (Rome, Jerusalem, many in Asia Minor, or even Castle Hill at Edinburgh). The most famous is that of Athens, which, by reason of its historical associations and the famous buildings erected upon it, is generally known without qualification as the Acropolis (see


<< Acron

Acropoltta >>


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also acropolis

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “This isn’t just a “specific use of acropolis”; it will doubtlessly have an Ancient Greek etymon.”

Pronunciation

  • (RP) enPR: əkrŏʹpəlĭs, IPA: /əˈkɹɒpəlɪs/,[1] SAMPA: /@"kr\Qp@lIs/

Proper noun

Singular
Acropolis

Plural
-

Acropolis

  1. The Athenian Acropolis; cf. acropolis.

Translations

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References

  • Notes:
  1. ^Acropolis” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]

Anagrams


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|250px|The Acropolis of Athens]] The word acropolis (Greek acron, edge + polis, city) means the edge of a town or a high city. The term acropolis is also used to describe the central complex of overlapping structures, such as plazas and pyramids, in many Mayan cities, including Tikal and Copán.


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