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Acueducto de los Milagros
(Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida)
*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

El acueducto de Los Milagros.jpg
State Party  Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv
Reference 664
Region** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1993  (17th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
** Region as classified by UNESCO.

The Acueducto de los Milagros ("Miraculous Aqueduct") is a ruined Roman aqueduct in Mérida, Spain, formerly the Roman colony of Emerita Augusta.

Only a relatively small stretch of the aqueduct still stands, consisting of 38 arched pillars standing 25 metres (82 ft) high along a course of some 830 metres (2,720 ft). It is constructed from opus mixtum - granite ashlar blocks interspersed with red brick - utilising a double arcade arrangement. The structure originally brought water to the city from an artificial lake, called the Lago de Proserpina, supplied by the river Aberregas around 5 km (3 miles) to the north-west of M√©rida.[1]

It is thought to have been constructed during the 1st century AD, with a second phase of building (or renovations) around 300 AD. In later centuries, the inhabitants of Mérida dubbed it the "Miraculous Aqueduct" for the awe that it evoked.[2]

The aqueduct was one of three built at M√©rida, the other two being the 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) long Aqua Augusta, fed by the Cornalvo reservoir, and San L√°zaro, fed by underground channels.[3] The aqueduct is preserved as part of the Archaeological Ensemble of M√©rida, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[4]

In the immediate vicinity a small Roman bridge called Puente de Albarregas runs parallel to the arcades.

References

  1. ^ Roger Collins. Spain: An Oxford Archaeological Guide, p. 195, 199. Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-19-285300-7
  2. ^ "Study for the determination of the pathologies in the constituent materials of the Milagros Aqueduct (M√©rida)", J.M. √Āvila Mac√≠as, M.I. Mota L√≥pez, I. Rodr√≠guez Maribona, in Heritage, Weathering and Conservation: Proceedings of the International Heritage, Weathering and Conservation Conference (HWC-2006), 21-24 June 2006, ed. Alvarez De Buergo. Taylor & Francis, 2006. ISBN 0-415-41272-2
  3. ^ Leonard A. Curchin. Roman Spain: Conquest and Assimilation, p. 106. Routledge, 1991. ISBN 0-415-02365-3
  4. ^ "Archaeological Ensemble of M√©rida". UNESCO. 2009-03-19. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/664/. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 

See also

Coordinates: 38¬į54‚Ä≤58.3‚Ä≥N 6¬į20‚Ä≤15.8‚Ä≥WÔĽŅ / ÔĽŅ38.916194¬įN 6.337722¬įWÔĽŅ / 38.916194; -6.337722

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