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Adélie Land
Terre Adélie
MottoLiberté, égalité, fraternité
AnthemLa Marseillaise
Capital Dumont d'Urville Station
66°40′S 140°01′E / 66.667°S 140.017°E / -66.667; 140.017
Official language(s) French
Government
 -  President Nicolas Sarkozy
 -  Administrator Rollon Mouchel-Blaisot[1]
French overseas territory
 -  Discovered 1840 
Area
 -  Total 432,000 km2 
166,796 sq mi 
Population
 -   census 33 (winter) 
Currency euro (EUR)
Time zone UTC+10
Internet TLD .tf
Calling code 262

Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between 136° E (near Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12′S 136°11′E / 66.2°S 136.183°E / -66.2; 136.183) and 142° E (near Point Alden at 66°48′S 142°02′E / 66.8°S 142.033°E / -66.8; 142.033), with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2,600 km toward the South Pole. It is one of five districts of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. The land area, mostly ice covered, is estimated at 432,000 km².

Since January 12, 1956, there has been a permanently staffed French research base at 66°40′S 140°01′E / 66.667°S 140.017°E / -66.667; 140.017, Dumont d'Urville Station, with a winter population of 33, which goes up to 78 in the Antarctic summer. The first French station, Port Martin, was built April 9, 1950 at 66°49′04″S 141°23′39″E / 66.81778°S 141.39417°E / -66.81778; 141.39417, but destroyed by fire the night of January 22 to 23, 1952. Port Martin hosted a winter population of 11 in 1950 and of 17 in 1951.

France has also maintained an inland station on the Antarctic ice sheet, 320 km from the coast and from Dumont d'Urville Station, at an elevation of 2400 meters, Charcot Station (named after Jean-Baptiste Charcot) at 69°22′S 139°01′E / 69.367°S 139.017°E / -69.367; 139.017, built for the IGY 1957/1958, in operation from January 1957 to 1960, which housed only three men. The station was largely dug into the snow to protect it against the strong winds.

Adélie Land borders on the Australian Antarctic Territory both West and East, namely on Clarie Land (part of Wilkes Land) in the West, and George V Land in the East.

The coast was discovered in 1840 by French explorer Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville, who named it after his wife, Adélie.

Adélie Land was the filming location of the documentary March of the Penguins.

See also

References

  • Fire destroys station in Antarctica, French expedition's loss, The Times, January 26, 1952.

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Proper noun

Singular
Adélie Land

Plural
-

Adélie Land

  1. One of the five French Southern and Antarctic Lands, a subdivision of the Antarctic.

Translations








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