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Adab (behavior): Wikis


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Islamic Jurisprudence

– a discipline of Islamic studies

This is a sub-article of Islamic jurisprudence and etiquette.

Adab, in the context of behavior, refers to prescribed Arabic-Islamic etiquette: "refinement, good manners, morals, decorum, decency, humaneness".[1] While interpretation of the scope and particulars of Adab may vary among different cultures, common among these interpretations is regard for personal standing through the observation of certain codes of behavior.[2] To exhibit Adab would be to show "proper discrimination of correct order, behavior, and taste."[2]

Islam has rules of etiquette and an ethical code involving every aspect of life. Muslims refer to Adab as good manners, courtesy, respect, and appropriateness, covering acts such as entering or exiting a washroom, posture when sitting, and cleansing oneself. According to Sahih Bukhari, Muhammad refrained from bad language; neither a 'Fahish nor a Mutafahish. He used to say "The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character."


Examples of encouraging Adab



  • "See you not how Allâh sets forth a parable? - A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high)...... And the parable of an evil word is that of an evil tree uprooted from the surface of earth having no stability." Qur'an 14: 24, 25. Ibrahim Sura
  • "Repel evil with that which is best: We are Well-acquainted with the things they say."—Qur'an 23:96.
  • "And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: 'To us our deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant.'"—Qur'an 28:55.
  • "Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men; for Allah loves those who do good."—Qur'an 3:134.
  • "When a (courteous) greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of all things."—Qur'an 4:86.


Sunni hadith:

Shi'a hadith:

See also

Notes and References

  1. ^ Firmage, Edwin Brown and Weiss, Bernard G. and Welch, John W. Religion and Law. 1990, page 202-3
  2. ^ a b Ensel, Remco. Saints and Servants in Southern Morocco. 1999, page 180
  3. ^ "keeping away" implies "keeping away from evil and doing what is right"
  4. ^ "Zivare donyah se chiz ast: mal, farzand va zan. Zinate akerat se chiz ast: elm, parhizgari va zadage. Zinate badan: Kam khordan, kam khabidan va kam koftan. Va zinate Ghalb: Sabr, zukot va shokr." "Nasayeh: sayings of the fourteen infalibles, 1001 sayings", by Ali Meshkini.
  • Bruce Privratsky, Muslim Turkistan, pgs. 98-99


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