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Louis XIV at the siege of Besancon in 1674

Adam Frans van der Meulen[1] (Brussels, January 11, 1632 – 15 October 1690, Paris) was a Flemish Baroque painter specialising in battle scenes.[2] He was active first in Brussels, where he was a pupil of was pupil of Pieter Snayers, and from the 1660s onwards in Paris.[3]

He joined the painters' guild in Brussels in 1651.[2] Focussing his art on representing horses and landscapes, his fame crossed borders and in 1662 was called to Paris by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, at the instance of Charles Le Brun, to fill the post of battle painter to Louis XIV of France.

His paintings during the campaigns of Flanders in 1667 so delighted Louis that from that date van der Meulen was ordered to accompany him in all his expeditions. In 1673 he was received into the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, attained the grade of councillor in 1681, and died full of honors in Paris in 1690.

According to Houbraken, he was famous for his battle scenes (Conquêtes), before being invited to France. After his first wife died, Le Brun's cousin fell in love with him and he dared not refuse her, but her expensive tastes ruined him. It is doubtful today how much of this story is true, since Houbraken mentions also that he earned quite a nice living from his royal protector, and all of his expenses were paid for when he was campaigning. He was buried in the St. Hippolyte church in Gobelins[4].

He is best represented by the series of twenty-three paintings, mostly executed for Louis XIV, now in the Louvre. They show that he always retained his Flemish predilections in point of color, although his style was modified by that of the French school.

References

  1. ^ The 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica identifies him as Antony Francis van der Meulen. He is not known as "Antony" in the Getty Union List of Artist Names [accessed 10 March 2008]; however, due to his time in France he is also sometimes known as Adam François van der Meulen.
  2. ^ a b Christine van Mulders, "Meulen, Adam Frans van der," Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press, [accessed 10 March 2008].
  3. ^ Hans Vlieghe, Flemish Art and Architecture, 1585-1700, Pelican history of art, New Haven: Yale University Press (1998): 173. ISBN 0300070381
  4. ^ Antoine Francois vander Meulen biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
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Adam Frans van der Meulen
File:Pierre van
Portrait of the painter Adam Frans van der Meulen by Nicolas de Largillière.
Birth name Adam Frans van der Meulen
Born 1632
Brussels
Died 1690 (aged 57–58)
Paris
Nationality Belgium, France
Field Painting
Movement Baroque

Adam Frans van der Meulen[1] (Brussels, January 11, 1632 – 15 October 1690, Paris) was a Flemish Baroque painter specialising in battle scenes.[2] He was active first in Brussels, where he was a pupil of was pupil of Pieter Snayers, and from the 1660s onwards in Paris.[3]

Biography

He joined the painters' guild in Brussels in 1651.[2] Focussing his art on representing horses and landscapes, his fame crossed borders and in 1662 was called to Paris by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, at the instance of Charles Le Brun, to fill the post of battle painter to Louis XIV of France.

His paintings during the campaigns of Flanders in 1667 so delighted Louis that from that date van der Meulen was ordered to accompany him in all his expeditions. In 1673 he was received into the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, attained the grade of councillor in 1681, and died full of honors in Paris in 1690.

According to Houbraken, he was famous for his battle scenes (Conquêtes), before being invited to France. After his first wife died, Le Brun's cousin fell in love with him and he dared not refuse her, but her expensive tastes ruined him. It is doubtful today how much of this story is true, since Houbraken mentions also that he earned quite a nice living from his royal protector, and all of his expenses were paid for when he was campaigning. He was buried in the St. Hippolyte church in Gobelins[4].

He is best represented by the series of twenty-three paintings, mostly executed for Louis XIV, now in the Louvre. They show that he always retained his Flemish predilections in point of color, although his style was modified by that of the French school.

References

  1. ^ The 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica identifies him as Antony Francis van der Meulen. He is not known as "Antony" in the Getty Union List of Artist Names [accessed 10 March 2008]; however, due to his time in France he is also sometimes known as Adam François van der Meulen.
  2. ^ a b Christine van Mulders, "Meulen, Adam Frans van der," Grove Art Online. Oxford University Press, [accessed 10 March 2008].
  3. ^ Hans Vlieghe, Flemish Art and Architecture, 1585-1700, Pelican history of art, New Haven: Yale University Press (1998): 173. ISBN 0300070381
  4. ^ Antoine Francois vander Meulen biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature


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