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Adaptive clothing is clothing designed for people with physical disabilities, the elderly, and the infirm who may experience difficulty dressing themselves due to an inability to manipulate closures, such as buttons and zippers, or due to a lack of a full range of motion required for self-dressing. Adaptive clothing typically offers rear-closure designs so that an individual can be dressed more easily by a carer. For example, rather than buttons and zippers, Velcro may be used for garment closures.

Adaptive pants designed for dressing a wheelchair user while the wearer remains seated.

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Special needs

Adaptive clothing often addresses such problems as edema, incontinence and inappropriate behavior issues associated with Alzheimer's disease. Different styles of adaptive clothing are best suited to an individual with disabilities based on the nature of the wearer's ailment. For example, a person who is unable to lift his arms above shoulder level would need a different clothing solution than a person suffering from incontinence. Special needs clothing can be difficult to find, since each person's need is so specific. For that reason, some seek to employ the services of a dressmaker to transform ready-made clothing into garments which suit their unique needs.

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Alzheimer's disease

Dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease often causes patients to disrobe at inappropriate times. Adaptive clothing for Alzheimer's patients usually features rear closures for the purpose of making it difficult to remove articles of clothing without the assistance of a care giver.

Edema

Edema is a swelling of the feet and legs, which can lead to difficulty and discomfort when wearing conventional footwear. Adaptive shoes are loose fitting, adjustable in size, and offer non-restrictive Velcro closures.

Incontinence

Individuals suffering from incontinence require clothing that can withstand rigorous and repeated washing. Shoes for incontinent individuals are designed to be washable and to not readily absorb moisture.

Stroke

Stroke frequently causes varying degrees of paralysis, leading to an inability to operate buttons and zippers. Adaptive clothing for stroke patients will use velcro, as it can be manipulated more easily with one hand.

References

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