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Adelaide
South Australia
Adelaide DougBarber.jpg
Aerial view of Adelaide city centre
Adelaide is located in Australia
Adelaide
Population: 1,289,865 (2007) [1] (5th)
Density: 1295/km² (3,354.0/sq mi) (2006)[2]
Established: 28 December 1836
Area: 1826.9 km² (705.4 sq mi)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

ACST (UTC+9:30)

ACDT (UTC+10:30)

Location:
LGA: 18
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
22.1 °C
72 °F
12.1 °C
54 °F
545.3 mm
21.5 in
Adelaide in 1839, looking south-east from North Terrace

Adelaide (pronounced /ˈædəleɪd/[3]) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of South Australia, and is the fifth-largest city in Australia, with a population of more than 1.28 million.[4] It is a coastal city situated on the eastern shores of Gulf St. Vincent, on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, between the Gulf St. Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges. The suburbs reach roughly 20 km (12 mi) from the coast to the foothills but sprawl 90 km (56 mi) from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south.

Named in honour of Queen Adelaide, the German-born consort of King William IV, the city was founded in 1836 as the planned capital for the only freely settled British province in Australia. Colonel William Light, one of Adelaide's founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens in the area originally inhabited by the Kaurna people. Light's design set out Adelaide in a grid layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares, and entirely surrounded by parkland. Early Adelaide was shaped by religious freedom and a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties, which led to world-first reforms.

As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the metropolitan area.

Today, Adelaide is noted for its many festivals and sporting events, its food, wine and culture, its long beachfronts, and its large defence and manufacturing sectors. It continues to rank highly as a livable city, being in the Top 10 in The Economist's World's Most Livable Cities index.[5]

Contents

History

Prior to British settlement, the Adelaide area was inhabited by the Kaurna Aboriginal nation (pronounced "Garner" or "Gowna"). Acknowledged Kaurna country comprised the Adelaide Plains and surrounding regions – from Cape Jervis in the south, and to Port Wakefield in the north. Among their unique customs were burn-offs (controlled bushfires) in the Adelaide Hills which the early Europeans spotted before the Kaurna people were pushed out by settlement. By 1852, the total population (by census count) of the Kaurna was 650 in the Adelaide region and steadily decreasing. During the winter months, they moved into the Adelaide Hills for better shelter and firewood. Today, many Kaurna people can still be found in the city centre.[6][7]

South Australia was officially settled as a new British province on 28 December 1836, near the The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North. This day is now commemorated as Proclamation Day in South Australia. The site of the colony's capital city was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, through the design made by the architect George Strickland Kingston.[8] In 1823, Light had fondly written of the Sicilian city of Catania: "The two principal streets cross each other at right angles in the square in the direction of north and south and east and west. They are wide and spacious and about a mile long", and this became the basis for the plan of Adelaide. Light chose, not without opposition, a site on rising ground close to the River Torrens, which became the chief early water supply for the fledgling colony. "Light's Vision", as it has been termed, has meant that the initial design of Adelaide required little modification as the city grew and prospered. Usually in an older city it would be necessary to accommodate larger roads and add parks, whereas Adelaide had them from the start.

Adelaide was established as the centre of a planned colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution, based upon the ideas of Edward Gibbon Wakefield. Wakefield had read accounts of Australian settlement[9] while in prison in London for attempting to abduct an heiress, and realised that the eastern colonies suffered from a lack of available labour, due to the practice of giving land grants to all arrivals.[10] Wakefield's idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen.[11] Funds raised from the sale of land would be used to bring out working class emigrants, who would have to work hard for the monied settlers to ever afford their own land.[12] As a result of this policy, Adelaide does not share the convict settlement history of other Australian cities like Sydney, Perth, Brisbane and Hobart.

Adelaide's early history was wrought by economic uncertainty and incompetent leadership. The first governor of South Australia, John Hindmarsh, clashed frequently with others, in particular with the Resident Commissioner, James Hurtle Fisher. The rural area surrounding Adelaide city was surveyed by Light in preparation to sell a total of over 405 km2 (156 sq mi) of land. Adelaide's early economy started to get on its feet in 1838 with the arrival of livestock from New South Wales and Tasmania. The wool industry served as an early basis for the South Australian economy. Light's survey was completed in this period, and land was promptly offered to sale to early colonists. Wheat farms ranged from Encounter Bay in the south to Clare in the north by 1860.

Governor Gawler took over from Hindmarsh in late 1838 and promptly oversaw construction of a governor's house, Adelaide Gaol, police barracks, hospital, and customs house and a wharf at Port Adelaide. In addition, houses for public officials and missionaries, and outstations for police and surveyors were also constructed during Gawler's governorship. Adelaide had also become economically self-sufficient during this period, but at heavy cost: the colony was heavily in debt and relied on bail-outs from London to stay afloat. Gawler was recalled and replaced by Governor Grey in 1841. Grey slashed public expenditure against heavy opposition, although its impact was negligible at this point: silver was discovered in Glen Osmond that year, agricultural industries were well underway, and other mines sprung up all over the state, aiding Adelaide's commercial development. The city exported meat, wool, wine, fruit and wheat by the time Grey left in 1845, contrasting with a low point in 1842 when one-third of Adelaide houses were abandoned.

The General Post Office (left) and Treasury buildings (right) on Victoria Square, 1950.

Trade links with the rest of the Australian states were established with the Murray River being successfully navigated in 1853 by Francis Cadell, an Adelaide resident. South Australia became a self-governing colony in 1856 with the ratification of a new constitution by the British parliament. Secret ballots were introduced, and a bicameral parliament was elected on 9 March 1857, by which time 109,917 people lived in the province.[13]

In 1860 the Thorndon Park reservoir was opened, finally providing an alternative water source to the turbid River Torrens. In 1867 gas street lighting was implemented, the University of Adelaide was founded in 1874, the South Australian Art Gallery opened in 1881 and the Happy Valley Reservoir opened in 1896. In the 1890s Australia was affected by a severe economic depression, ending a hectic era of land booms and tumultuous expansionism. Financial institutions in Melbourne and banks in Sydney closed. The national fertility rate fell and immigration was reduced to a trickle. The value of South Australia's exports nearly halved. Drought and poor harvests from 1884 compounded the problems, with some families leaving for Western Australia. Adelaide was not as badly hit as the larger gold-rush cities of Sydney and Melbourne, and silver and lead discoveries at Broken Hill provided some relief. Only one year of deficit was recorded, but the price paid was retrenchments and lean public spending. Wine and copper were the only industries not to suffer a downturn.

20th century

King William Street, named in honour of King William IV, looking south from North Terrace.

Electric street lighting was introduced in 1900 and electric trams were transporting passengers in 1909. 28,000 men were sent to fight in World War I. Adelaide enjoyed a post-war boom but, with the return of droughts, entered the depression of the 1930s, later returning to prosperity under strong government leadership. Secondary industries helped reduce the state's dependence on primary industries. The 1933 census recorded the state population at 580,949, less of an increase than other states due to the state's economic limitations.[citation needed] World War II brought industrial stimulus and diversification to Adelaide under the Playford Government, which advocated Adelaide as a safe place for manufacturing due to its less vulnerable location. 70,000 men and women enlisted and shipbuilding was expanded at the nearby port of Whyalla.

The South Australian Government in this period built on former wartime manufacturing industries. International manufacturers like General Motors Holden and Chrysler[14] made use of these factories around Adelaide, completing its transformation from an agricultural service centre to a twentieth-century city. A pipeline from Mannum brought River Murray water to Adelaide in 1954 and an airport opened at West Beach in 1955. An assisted migration scheme brought 215,000 immigrants of many nationalities, mainly European, to South Australia between 1947 and 1973[citation needed].

The Dunstan Governments of the 1970s saw something of an Adelaide 'cultural revival' – establishing a wide array of social reforms and overseeing the city becoming a centre of the arts, building upon the biennial "Adelaide Festival of Arts" which commenced in 1960. Adelaide hosted the Formula One Australian Grand Prix between 1985 and 1996 on a street circuit in the city's east parklands, before losing it to Melbourne.[15] The 1991 State Bank collapse plunged both Adelaide and South Australia into economic recession, and its effects lasted until 2004, when ratings agency Standard & Poor's reinstated South Australia's AAA credit rating.[16] Recent years have seen the Clipsal 500 V8 Supercar race make use of sections of the former Formula One circuit.

Geography

Adelaide's metropolitan area

Adelaide is located north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges. The city stretches 20 km (12 mi) from the coast to the foothills, and 90 km (56 mi) from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the Adelaide Metropolitan Region has a total land area of 870 km2 (340 sq mi), and is at an average elevation of 50 metres (160 ft) above sea level. Mount Lofty is located east of the Adelaide metropolitan region in the Adelaide Hills at an elevation of 727 metres (2,385 ft). It is the tallest point of the city and in the state south of Burra.

Much of Adelaide was bushland before British settlement, with some variation – swamps and marshlands were prevalent around the coast. However, much of the original vegetation has been cleared with what is left to be found in reserves such as the Cleland Conservation Park and Belair National Park. A number of creeks and rivers flow through the Adelaide region. The largest are the Torrens and Onkaparinga catchments. Adelaide relies on its many reservoirs for water supply, with Mount Bold Reservoir and Happy Valley Reservoir together supplying around 50% of Adelaide's requirements.

Urban layout

1888 Map of Adelaide, showing the gradual development of its urban layout

Adelaide is a planned city, designed by the first surveyor-general of South Australia, Colonel William Light. His plan, now known as Light's Vision, arranged Adelaide in a grid, with five squares in the inner City of Adelaide and a ring of parks known as the Adelaide Parklands surrounding it. Light's design was initially unpopular with the early settlers, as well as South Australia's first Governor, John Hindmarsh. Light persisted with his design against this initial opposition.

The benefits of Light's design are numerous; Adelaide has had wide multi-lane roads from its beginning, an easily navigable grid layout and a beautiful green ring around the city centre. There are two sets of ring roads in Adelaide that have resulted from the original design. The inner ring route borders the parklands and the outer route completely bypasses the inner city through (in clockwise order) Grand Junction Road, Hampstead Road, Ascot Avenue, Portrush Road, Cross Road and South Road.[17]

Urban expansion has to some extent outgrown Light's original plan. Numerous satellite cities were built in the later half of the 20th century, notably Salisbury and Elizabeth on the city's northern fringes, which have now been enveloped by its urban sprawl. New developments in the Adelaide Hills region facilitated the construction of the South Eastern Freeway to cope with growth. Similarly, the booming development in Adelaide's South made the construction of the Southern Expressway a necessity.

The corner of North Terrace (right) and Pulteney Street (left), looking south-west from Bonython Hall.

New roads are not the only transport infrastructure developed to cope with the urban growth, however. The O-Bahn Busway is an example of a unique solution to Tea Tree Gully's transport woes in the 1980s.[18] The development of the nearby suburb of Golden Grove in the late 1980s is possibly an example of well-thought-out urban planning. The newer urban areas as a whole, however, are not as integrated into the urban layout as much as older areas, and therefore place more stress on Adelaide's transportation system – although not on a level comparable with Melbourne or Sydney.

In the 1960s a Metropolitan Adelaide Transport Study Plan was proposed in order to cater for the future growth of the city. The plan involved the construction of freeways, expressways and the upgrade of certain aspects of the public transport system. The then premier Steele Hall approved many parts of the plan and the government went as far as purchasing land for the project. The later government elected under Don Dunstan shelved the plan, but allowed the purchased land to remain vacant, should the future need for freeways arise. Some parts of this land have been utilised for transport (e.g. the O-Bahn Busway) while other parts have been progressively subdivided for residential use.

In 2008 the SA Government announced plans for a network of transport-oriented developments across the Adelaide metropolitan area and purchased a 10 hectare industrial site at Bowden for $52.5 million as the first of these developments.[19][20]

Climate

Adelaide
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
20
 
29
17
 
 
13
 
29
17
 
 
25
 
26
15
 
 
40
 
23
12
 
 
60
 
19
10
 
 
81
 
16
8
 
 
75
 
15
7
 
 
67
 
17
8
 
 
60
 
19
10
 
 
46
 
22
11
 
 
32
 
25
14
 
 
28
 
27
16
average max. and min. temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Bureau of Meteorology[21]

Adelaide has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), where most of the rain falls in the winter months. Of the Australian capital cities, Adelaide is the driest, and it has a semi-arid climate influence because of its dryness. Rainfall is unreliable, light and infrequent throughout summer. In contrast, the winter has fairly reliable rainfall with June being the wettest month of the year, averaging around 80 mm. Frosts are rare, with the most notable occurrences having occurred in July 1908 and July 1982. There is usually no appreciable snowfall, except at Mount Lofty and some places in the Adelaide Hills.

Governance

The Adelaide metropolitan area is divided between eighteen local government areas, including, at its centre, the City of Adelaide, which administers the CBD, North Adelaide, and the surrounding Adelaide Parklands. It is the oldest municipal authority in Australia and was established in 1840, when Adelaide and Australia's first mayor, James Hurtle Fisher, was elected. From 1919 onwards, the City has had a Lord Mayor, the current being Lord Mayor Michael Harbison.

Adelaide, as the capital of South Australia, is the seat of the Government of South Australia. As Adelaide is South Australia's capital and most populous city, the State Government co-operates extensively with the City of Adelaide. In 2006, the Ministry for the City of Adelaide was created to facilitate the state government's collaboration with the Adelaide City Council and the Lord Mayor to improve Adelaide's image. The state parliament's Capital City Committee[22] is also involved in the governance of the City of Adelaide, being primarily concerned with the planning of Adelaide's urban development and growth.

Demography

Chinatown on Moonta St in the Market precinct.
One dot represents 100 persons born in the
UK (dark blue),
Greece (light blue),
China (red),
Italy (light green),
Germany (orange),
Lebanon (purple) and
Vietnam (yellow),
based on 2006 Census

As of 2006 Census, Adelaide had a metropolitan population of more than 1,105,839, making it Australia's fifth largest city. In the 2002–2003 period the population grew by 0.6%, while the national average was 1.2%. Some 70.3% of the population of South Australia are residents of the Adelaide metropolitan area, making South Australia one of the most centralised states.

Major areas of population growth in recent years were in outer suburbs such as Mawson Lakes and Golden Grove. Adelaide's inhabitants occupy 341,227 houses, 54,826 semi-detached, row terrace or town houses and 49,327 flats, units or apartments.

High socioeconomic areas include much of the coastal suburbs (such as Brighton and Glenelg), eastern suburbs (such as Wattle Park, Kensington Gardens, St. Peters, Medindie and College Park) and inner south-eastern suburbs (such as Waterfall Gully and Unley), the Adelaide hills and North Adelaide. Almost a fifth (17.9%) of the population had university qualifications. The number of Adelaideans with vocational qualifications (such as tradespersons) fell from 62.1% of the labour force in the 1991 census to 52.4% in the 2001 census.

Overseas-born Adelaideans composed 23.7% (262,367) of the total population. The north-western suburbs (such as Woodville and Athol Park) and suburbs close to the CBD have a higher ratio of overseas-born residents. The five largest groups of overseas-born were from England (7.3%), Italy (1.9%), Scotland (1.0%), Vietnam (0.9%), and Greece (0.9%). The most-spoken languages other than English were Italian (3.0%), Greek (2.2%), Vietnamese (1.2%), Mandarin (0.8%), and Cantonese (0.7%).[23]

Religion

Over half of the population identifies as Christian, with the largest denominations being Catholic (22.1%), Anglican (14.0%), Uniting Church (8.4%) and Eastern Orthodox (3.8%). Approximately 24% of the population expressed no religious affiliation, compared with the national average of 18.7%, and although ironically the large number of churches in Adelaide has led people to believe this is the source of the nickname The City of Churches [24] it is actually a shortening of its original nickname The City of Churches and Pubs and was changed in a deliberate attempt by the city fathers to clean up Adelaide's image in its early history, mostly since forgotten.

Age structure

Overall, Adelaide is ageing more rapidly than other Australian capital cities. Just over a quarter (26.7%) of Adelaide's population is aged 55 years or older, in comparison to the national average of 24.3%. Adelaide has the lowest number of children (under-15 year olds), which composed 17.8% of the population, compared to the national average of 19.8%.

Economy

Adelaide's economy is primarily based around manufacturing, defence technology and research, commodity export and corresponding service industries. It has large manufacturing, defence and research zones. They contain car manufacturing plants for General Motors Holden, and plants that produce electronic systems that are sold worldwide for applications in medical, communications, defence, automotive, food and wine processing and industrial sectors. The revenue of Adelaide's electronics industry has grown at over 15% per year since 1990. The electronics industry in Adelaide employs over 13,000 people, which is more than the automotive industry. Almost half of all cars produced in Australia are made in Adelaide.[25]

The global media conglomerate News Corporation was founded in and until 2004 incorporated in Adelaide and is still considered its 'spiritual' home by Rupert Murdoch. Australia's largest oil company, Santos, prominent South Australian brewery, Coopers, major national retailer Harris Scarfe and Australia's second largest listed investment company Argo Investments Limited call Adelaide their home.

The collapse of the State Bank in 1992 resulted in large levels of state debt (as much as A$4 billion). The collapse had meant that successive governments had enacted lean budgets, cutting spending, which had been a setback to the further development of the city and state. The debt has recently been reduced with the State Government once again receiving a AAA+ Credit Rating.[26] The South Australian economy, very closely tied to Adelaide's, still enjoys a trade surplus and has higher per capita growth than Australia as a whole.[27]

Defence industry

Adelaide is home to a large proportion of Australia's defence industries, which contribute over AU$1 billion to South Australia's Gross State Product. 72% of Australian defence companies are located in Adelaide.[citation needed] The principal government military research institution, the Defence Science and Technology Organisation, and other defence technology organisations such as BAE Systems Australia and Lockheed Martin Australia, are located north of Salisbury and west of Elizabeth in an area now called "Edinburgh Parks", adjacent to RAAF Base Edinburgh.

Others, such as Saab Systems, are located in or near Technology Park. The Australian Submarine Corporation, based in the industrial suburb of Osborne, was charged with constructing Australia's Collins class submarines[28] and more recently the AU$6 billion contract to construct the Royal Australian Navy's new air-warfare destroyers.[29]

Employment statistics

There are 466,829 employed people in Adelaide, with 62.3% full-time and 35.1% part-time. In recent years there has been a growing trend towards part-time (which includes casual) employment, increasing from 11.6% of the workplace in 1991, to over a third today. 15% of workers are employed in manufacturing, 5% in construction, 15% in retail trade, 11% in business services, 7% in education and 12% in health and community services.

The median weekly individual income for people aged 15 years and over is $447 per week, compared with $466 nationally. The median family income is $1,137 per week, compared with $1,171 nationally.[23] Adelaide's housing and living costs are substantially lower than that of other Australian cities, with housing being notably cheaper. The median Adelaide house price is half that of Sydney and two-thirds that of Melbourne.

The three month trend unemployment rate to March 2007 was 6.2%.[30] The Northern suburbs' unemployment rate is disproportionately higher than the other regions of Adelaide at 8.3%, while the East and South are lower than the Adelaide average at 4.9% and 5.0% respectively.[31]

Education

Mitchell Building, University of Adelaide, from North Terrace.

Education forms an increasingly important part of the city's economy, with the South Australian Government and educational institutions attempting to position Adelaide as "Australia's education hub" and marketing it as a "Learning City".[32] The number of international students studying in Adelaide has increased rapidly in recent years to 23,300, of which 2,380 are secondary school students.[32] In addition to the city's existing institutions, foreign institutions have been attracted to set up campuses in order to increase its attractiveness as an education hub.[33]

The Hawke Building, part of the UniSA, City West Campus
View over the north ridge and central part of the Flinders University's Bedford Park campus, taken from the south ridge.

Primary and secondary education

At the level of primary and secondary education, there are two systems of school education. There is a public system operated by the South Australian Government and a private system of independent and Catholic schools. All schools provide education under the South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) or, to a lesser extent, the International Baccalaureate (IB), with Adelaide having the highest number of IB schools in Australia.

Tertiary education

The tertiary education system in Adelaide is extensive. There are several institutes of TAFE South Australia throughout the city which provide vocational education and training. Additionally, there are three public and two private universities, all ranked within the world's top 400 in the Times Higher Education magazine.[34]

The University of Adelaide, with 20,478 students,[35] is Australia's third-oldest and a member of the leading Group of Eight. It has five campuses throughout the state, including two in the city-centre, and also has a campus in Singapore. The University of South Australia, with 36,000 students,[36] has two North Terrace campuses, three other campuses in the metropolitan area and campuses at Whyalla and Mount Gambier. Flinders University, with 16,237 students,[37] is located in the southern suburb of Bedford Park, alongside the Flinders Medical Centre.

Carnegie Mellon became the first foreign university to open in Australia when it established two postgraduate campuses in the city-centre in 2006: the Heinz College Australia in Victoria Square and the Entertainment Technology Centre in Light Square. Cranfield University followed suit in 2007 and established a postgraduate campus in Victoria Square alongside the Heinz College.

Another leading institution, the University College London, will establish its first international campus alongside Carnegie Mellon and Cranfield University in 2009, with postgraduate courses commencing in 2010.[33] The two hundred year-old Royal Institution of Great Britain is also establishing an Australian counterpart in Adelaide which will formally open in 2009.[38]

Culture

Sideshow Alley at the Royal Adelaide Show circa 2005.

While established as a British province, and very much English in terms of its culture, Adelaide attracted immigrants from other parts of Europe early-on, including German and other European non-conformists escaping religious persecution. The first German Lutherans arrived in 1838 bringing with them the vine cuttings that they used to found the acclaimed wineries of the Barossa Valley.

After the Second World War, Italians, Greeks, Dutch, Poles and many other European nationalities came to make a new start. An influx of Asian immigrants following the Vietnam War, and more recently many African refugees, have added to Adelaide's multicultural mix.

Arts and entertainment

Adelaide's arts scene flourished in the 1970s under the leadership of premier Don Dunstan, removing some of the more puritanical restrictions on cultural activities then prevalent around Australia. It was at this time that the renowned Adelaide Festival of Arts and Fringe Festival were established, and over time they have spawned sister events including the Adelaide Cabaret Festival, Adelaide Film Festival, Adelaide Festival of Ideas, Adelaide Writers' Week and WOMADelaide held predominately in the autumnal month of March. Hayley Lever, originally from Adelaide became a leader in the Impressionist art movement in the United States.

Other festivals include FEAST, one of Australia's four main queer culture celebrations; Tasting Australia, a biennual food and wine affair; and the Royal Adelaide Show, an annual agricultural and state fair. Reflecting the city's multiculturalism, there are many ethnic fairs including the German Schützenfest and Greek Glendi. Adelaide is also home to the Adelaide Christmas Pageant, the world's largest Christmas parade.

The Art Gallery of South Australia, and part of the South Australian Museum, on North Terrace.

As the state capital, Adelaide is also home to a great number of cultural institutions with many located along the boulevard of North Terrace. The Art Gallery of South Australia, with around 35,000 works, holds Australia's second largest state-based collection.

Situated adjacent are the South Australian Museum and State Library of South Australia, while the Adelaide Botanic Garden, National Wine Centre and Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute are located nearby in the East End of the city. The Adelaide Festival Centre, on the banks of the Torrens, is the focal point for much of the cultural activity in the city and home to the State Theatre Company of South Australia, with other venues including the Adelaide Entertainment Centre and the city's many smaller theatres, pubs and cabaret bars.

The music of Adelaide has produced various musical groups and individuals who have achieved both national and international fame. This includes the Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, the Adelaide Youth Orchestra, rock bands: The Angels, Cold Chisel, The Superjesus, Wolf & Cub, roots/blues group The Audreys, internationally acclaimed metal acts I Killed The Prom Queen and Double Dragon, popular Australian hip-hop outfit Hilltop Hoods, pop acts, Orianthi, Guy Sebastian, and Wes Carr, as well as internationally successful tribute act The Australian Pink Floyd Show.

Famous rocker Jimmy Barnes spent most of his youth in the northern suburb of Elizabeth. The first Australian Idol winner, Guy Sebastian, hails from the north-eastern suburb of Golden Grove. American musician Ben Folds used to base himself in Adelaide when he was married to Australian Frally Hynes. In addition to its own WOMADelaide, Adelaide attracts several touring music festivals, including Big Day Out, Parklife and Laneway.

Media

Newspapers in Adelaide are dominated by News Corporation publications—Adelaide being the birthplace of News Corporation itself. The only South Australian daily newspaper is The Advertiser, published by News Corporation six days a week, while the Sunday paper is the Sunday Mail.

There are eleven suburban community newspapers published weekly, known collectively as the Messenger Newspapers, also published by a subsidiary of News Corporation. A recent addition to the print medium in the city is The Independent Weekly, providing one alternative view.

Two national daily newspapers are circulated in the city: The Australian and its weekend publication, The Weekend Australian, also published by News Corporation; and The Australian Financial Review published by Fairfax. Interstate dailies, The Age and The Sydney Morning Herald, published by Fairfax, are also typically available. The Adelaide Review is a free paper published fortnightly, and other independent magazine-style papers are published, but are not as widely available.

All of the five Australian national television networks broadcast both analogue PAL and high definition digital services in Adelaide. They share three transmission towers on the ridge near the summit of Mount Lofty. The two government-funded stations are ABC TV and SBS TV. The Seven Network and Network Ten both own their Adelaide stations (SAS-7 and ADS-10 respectively).

Adelaide's NWS-9 is affiliated with the Nine Network and was owned by Southern Cross Broadcasting until the sale to WIN Corporation in May 2007. Adelaide also has a community television station, C31 Adelaide. The Foxtel pay TV service is available as cable television in a few areas, and as satellite television to the entire metropolitan area. It is resold by a number of other brands, mostly telephone companies.

There are twenty radio stations that serve the entire metropolitan area as well as four community stations that serve only parts of the metropolitan area. Of the twenty full coverage stations there are six commercial stations, six community stations, six national stations and two narrowcast stations. Commercial stations include FIVEaa, Cruise 1323, Mix 102.3, SAFM, Nova 91.9, and Triple M. With the Australian Broadcasting Corporation having five stations: ABC 891 Adelaide (Local Radio), ABC NewsRadio, ABC Radio National, ABC Classic FM and Triple J.

Sport

Adelaide Oval during a cricket match in 2006.

The main sports played professionally in Adelaide are Australian rules football, soccer and cricket. Adelaide is the home of two Australian Football League teams: the Adelaide Crows and Port Adelaide Power. A local football league, the SANFL, is made up of nine teams from around Adelaide.

Adelaide has developed a strong culture of attracting crowds to major sporting events.[39] Most large sporting events take place at either AAMI Stadium or the historic Adelaide Oval, home of the Southern Redbacks cricket team. Adelaide hosts an international cricket test every summer, along with a number of One Day International cricket matches. Memorial Drive Park, adjacent to the Adelaide Oval, used to host the Adelaide International, a major men's tennis tournament in the lead-up to the Australian Open before the tournament was moved to Brisbane in 2009.

Adelaide's professional football (soccer) team, Adelaide United, play in the A-League. Founded in 2003, their home ground is Hindmarsh Stadium, which has a capacity of 16,500 and is one of the few purpose-built soccer stadia in Australia. In 2008 the Cronulla Sharks, an Australian NRL franchise, and the South Australian Government announced a three year contract in which the Sharks will play a single home game each season at Hindmarsh Stadium.

The Adelaide 36ers and the Adelaide Lightning play in national basketball competitions, with home games at the Distinctive Homes Dome. The Adelaide Thunderbirds play in the trans-Tasman netball competition, with home games at ETSA Park.

Adelaide hosts the Tour Down Under bicycle race, the largest cycling event outside Europe and the first event outside Europe with UCI ProTour status.

The Australian Grand Prix for Formula One racing was hosted by Adelaide from 1985 to 1995 on a street circuit in the city's eastern parklands.[15] The Grand Prix became a source of pride and losing the event to Melbourne in a surprise announcement left a void that has since been filled with the highly successful Clipsal 500 for V8 Supercar racing, held on a modified version of the same street circuit. The Classic Adelaide, a rally of classic sporting vehicles, is also held in the city and its surrounds.

The World Solar Challenge race attracts teams from around the world, most of which are fielded by universities or corporations although some are fielded by high schools. The race has a 20-year history spanning nine races, with the inaugural event taking place in 1987.

360-degree panoramic view of the Southern Plaza of the Festival Theatre Centre.
(From left-to-right, starting SE):
Background: (SE): Government House, The Myer Centre, (S): Parliament House, Dame Roma Mitchell Building (SW): Adelaide Railway Station/Casino/Hyatt Hotel
Foreground: (SE): Southern Plaza, (S-to-W): City Sign
Background:(W-to-N): Adelaide Festival Centre: The Dunstan Playhouse, The Space Theatre, The outdoor amphitheatre, The Festival Theatre
Foreground:(W-to-N): Southern Plaza
Background:(N-to-NE): The Festival Theatre (northern) Plaza, (NE-to-E): Trees along King William Road
Foreground:(N-to-E): Stairs from Southern Plaza down to Festival Theatre Plaza, and Southern Plaza.

Infrastructure

Health

Adelaide's first hospital is the Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH). Founded in 1840, it is one of the major hospitals in Adelaide and is a teaching hospital of the University of Adelaide. It has a capacity of 705 beds. Two other RAH campuses which specialise in specific patient services are located in the suburbs of Adelaide – the Hampstead Rehabilitation Centre in Northfield, and the Glenside Campus Mental Health Service. Four other large hospitals in the Adelaide area are: the Women's and Children's Hospital (305 beds), which is located on King William Road in North Adelaide; the Queen Elizabeth Hospital (340 beds), located in Woodville, the Flinders Medical Centre (500 beds), located in Bedford Park and in the northern suburbs, and the Lyell McEwin Hospital (198 beds) in Elizabeth. These hospitals are also associated with medical schools. The Women's and Children's, the Queen Elizabeth and the Lyell McEwin are affiliated with the University of Adelaide, Flinders Medical Centre is affiliated Flinders University, and the Lyell McEwin is also affiliated with the University of South Australia.

In June 2007 the State Government announced a series of overhauls to the health sector that would see a new hospital constructed on railyards at the west end of the city, to replace the Royal Adelaide Hospital located at the east end of the city. Should it go ahead, the new 800 bed hospital would cost AU$1.7bn and be named the "Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Hospital" after the former Governor of South Australia.[40] However, in 2009, at the former governor's request, the state government chose to drop this name and instead transfer the Royal Adelaide Hospital name to the proposed facility.

In addition, major upgrades would see the Flinders Medical Centre become the primary centre for health care for the southern suburbs, while upgrades for the Lyell McEwin Hospital in Elizabeth would see that become the centre for the northern suburbs. The trio of the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, the Modbury Hospital and the Noarlunga Hospital would become specialist elective surgery centres. The Repatriation General Hospital would also expand its range of specialty areas beyond veterans' health to incorporate stroke, orthopaedic rehabilitation and aged care.[41] With the "Global Financial Crisis" of 2008, it remains to be seen if and how these initiatives will proceed.

Transport

Tram at the City West terminus, en route to Glenelg.

Being centrally located on the Australian mainland, Adelaide forms a strategic transport hub for east-west and north-south routes. The city itself has a metropolitan-wide public transport system, which is managed by and known as the Adelaide Metro. The Adelaide Metro consists of a contracted bus system including the O-Bahn Busway, metropolitan railways, and the Adelaide-Glenelg Tram, which has also now been extended as a metropolitan tram through the city centre.

Road transport in Adelaide has historically been comparatively easier than many of the other Australian cities, with a well-defined city layout and wide multiple-lane roads from the beginning of its development. Historically, Adelaide was known as a "twenty-minute city", with commuters having been able to travel from metropolitan outskirts to the city proper in roughly twenty minutes. However, these roads are now often considered inadequate to cope with Adelaide's growing road traffic, and often experience traffic congestion[42].

Adelaide has one freeway and two expressways; the South Eastern Freeway, connecting the city with the Adelaide Hills and beyond to Murray Bridge, the Port River Expressway connecting Port Adelaide and Outer Harbor to interstate routes, and the Southern Expressway, an interchangeable one-way road connecting the southern suburbs with the city proper. The Gawler Bypass skirting Gawler is another expressway style, high speed inter-urban corridor. In February 2010, the current state government announced plans to upgrade the Southern Expressway to a dual direction expressway if it was re-elected at the next State election.[43]

A third expressway, the Northern Expressway (formerly the Sturt Highway extension), a northern suburbs bypass route—connecting the Gawler Bypass to Port Wakefield Road—started construction in 2008. There are also plans for major upgrades to busy sections of South Road, including road widening and underpasses of Anzac Highway (completed in 2009), Grange Road, Port Road and the Outer Harbour Railway Line, during the first stage.[44]

Airports

Adelaide has two Airports, Adelaide International Airport and Parafield Airport.

Adelaide International Airport, located in Adelaide's west, is Australia's newest and most advanced airport terminal and is designed to serve in excess of 6.3 million passengers annually. The new dual international/domestic terminal named T1 incorporates glass aerobridges and has the ability to cater for the new Airbus A380.[45] In March 2007, Adelaide Airport was rated the world's second best airport in the 5–15 million passengers category at the Airports Council International (ACI) 2006 awards in Dubai.[46]

The airport is designed to handle 27 aircraft simultaneously and is capable of processing 3,000 passengers per hour. Unusually for a major city, it is located only about seven kilometres (4.4 mi) from the CBD. The airport is serviced by five international airlines in addition to domestic, regional and charter operators: Air New Zealand, Cathay Pacific, Malaysia Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Pacific Blue.[47]. Adelaide airport currently has direct flights servicing destinations of Denpasar Bali (Indonesia), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), Nadi (Fiji), Hong Kong, Singapore and Auckland (New Zealand).[48]

Parafield Airport Adelaide's second airport, located eighteen kilometres (11.2 mi) north of the CBD is used for small aircraft, pilot training and recreational aviation purposes only.

Utilities

Aerial view of Happy Valley Reservoir in early 2007

Adelaide's energy requirements are met by a variety of companies who separately provide for the generation, transmission, distribution and retail sales of gas and electricity. Some of the major companies are: TRUenergy, which generates electricity; ElectraNet, which transmits electricity from the generators to the distribution network; ETSA Utilities (formerly a government-owned company which was privatised by the Olsen Government in the 1990s), which distributes electricity from transmission companies to end users; and AGL Energy, which retails gas and electricity.[49] Substantial investment has been made in maintenance and reinforcement of the electricity supply network to provide continued reliability of supply.

Adelaide derives most of its electricity from a gas-fired plant operated by AGL Energy at Torrens Island, with more coming from power stations at Port Augusta and Pelican Point, and from connections to the national grid. Gas is mainly supplied from the Moomba Gas Processing Plant in the Cooper Basin, and is piped to Adelaide and other areas within the state.[50] A small part of supply also comes from wind turbines at Sellicks Hill, and a trial of more turbines on city buildings is underway.[51]

Adelaide's water supply is gained from its reservoirs: Mount Bold, Happy Valley, Myponga, Millbrook, Hope Valley, Little Para and South Para. The yield from these reservoir catchments can be as little as 10% of the city's requirements in drought years and about 60% in average years. The remaining demand is met by the pumping of water from the River Murray. A sea water desalination plant capable of supplying half of Adelaide's water requirements (100GL per annum) is currently being planned, with construction expected to be completed by 2012. The provision of water services is by the government-owned SA Water.

Adelaide's city skyline viewed at night from Light's Vision (Montefiore Hill).
Some of the Adelaide Hills Face Zone, looking south from Magill.

See also

Lists:

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (23 April 2009). http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Previousproducts/1345.4Main%20Features4Nov%202008?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=1345.4&issue=Nov%202008&num=&view=. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (17 March 2008). "Explore Your City Through the 2006 Census Social Atlas Series". http://abs.gov.au/websitedbs/d3310114.nsf/4a256353001af3ed4b2562bb00121564/45b3371f4a681356ca25740e007c92bf!OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  3. ^ Macquarie ABC Dictionary. The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. 2003. p. 10. ISBN 0 876429 37 2. 
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (2006). "Regional Population Growth" (PDF). http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/50A9687C793C52E4CA25711D000DF7C9/$File/32180_2004-05.pdf. Retrieved 2006-05-10. 
  5. ^ The Economist's World's Most Livable Cities 2008, www.economist.com. Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
  6. ^ Adelaide Council Naming Practices, 13 March 2000, Catholic Education South Australia.
  7. ^ South Australian Place Names, Government of South Australia.
  8. ^ Johnson and Langmead, The Adelaide city plan : fiction and fact, Wakefield Press, 1986.
  9. ^ Wakefield cites Edward Curr, An Account of the Colony of Van Diemen’s Land, principally designed for the use of emigrants, George Cowie & Co., London, 1824; Henry Widdowson, Present State of Van Diemen’s Land; comprising an account of its agricultural capabilities, with observations on the present state of farming, &c. &c. pursued in that colony: and other important matters connected with Emigration, S. Robinson, W. Joy and J. Cross, London, and J. Birdsall, Northampton, 1829; and James Atkinson, An Account of the State of Agriculture & Grazing in New South Wales; Including Observations on the Soils and General Appearance of the Country, and some of its most useful natural productions; with an account of the Various Methods of Clearing and Improving Lands, Breeding and Grazing Live Stock, Erecting Buildings, the System of employing Convicts, and the expense of Labour generally; the Mode of Applying for Grants of Land; with Other Information Important to those who are about to emigrate to that Country: The result of several years’ residence iand practical experience in those matters in the Colony., J. Cross, London, 1826
  10. ^ Wakefield, Letter from Sydney, December 1829, pp. 99–185, written from Newgate prison. Editor Robert Gouger.
  11. ^ Wakefield wrote about this under a pseudonym, purporting to be an Australian settler. His subterfuge was so successful that he confused later writers including Karl Marx, who wrote 'It is the great merit of E.G. Wakefield to have discovered not anything new about the Colonies, but to have discovered in the Colonies the truth of as to the condition of capitalist production in the mother-country.' Das Kapital, Moscow, 1958, p 766"
  12. ^ Plan of a Company to be Established for the Purpose of Founding a Colony in Southern Australia, Purchasing Land Therein, and Preparing the Land so Purchased for the Reception of Immigrants, 1832; in WAKEFIELD, Edward Gibbon, PRICHARD, M. F., (ed.) The Collected Works of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, Collins, London, 1968, p 290.
  13. ^ Blair, Robert D. (2001). "Events in South Australian History 1834-1857". Pioneer Association of South Australia. http://www.users.on.net/~rdblair/events-sa.htm. Retrieved 2006-05-10. 
  14. ^ When Chrysler stopped manufacturing in Adelaide, Mitsubishi Motors Australia Limited took over the Tonsley Park factory. After many years of mixed fortunes, Mitsubishi ceased manufacturing at Tonsley Park on 27 March 2008.
  15. ^ a b "Adelaide Street Circuit". Formula 1 Database. http://www.f1db.com/f1/page/Adelaide_Street_Circuit. Retrieved 2007-06-13. 
  16. ^ "All-round country". The Australian: p. 14. 2004-09-29. 
  17. ^ Adelaide's Inner and Outer Ring Routes, 24 August 2004, South Australian Department of Transport.
  18. ^ "Adelaide's Freeways - A History from MATS to the Port River Expressway". Ozroads. http://www.ozroads.com.au/SA/freeways.htm. 
  19. ^ "Clipsal site at Bowden to become a green village", Ministerial Press Release, 24 October 2008, SA Govt, Retrieved 2008-11-20.
  20. ^ "Government reveals Clipsal site purchase price", Ministerial Press Release, 15 November 2008, SA Govt, Retrieved 2008-11-20.
  21. ^ "Summary statistics ADELAIDE (KENT TOWN)". Monthly climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_023090.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  22. ^ Capital City Committee, October 2008, SA Government and Adelaide City Council, Accessed 2009-06-20.
  23. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Adelaide (Statistical Division)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=405&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  24. ^ Finn-Olaf Jones, A ‘City of Churches’ Emerges as a Culinary Hub, 23 Dec 2007, Travel section, The New York Times, Accessed 2009-06-20.
  25. ^ South Australia Fact Sheet: Automotive, Business South Australia.
  26. ^ South Australia's Credit Rating the Highest, Business South Australia.
  27. ^ South Australia's Economic Performance Update, Dec 2005, Business South Australia.
  28. ^ Collins Class Submarines (SSG), Royal Australian Navy.
  29. ^ South Australia: The Defence Industry Choice, Defence SA.
  30. ^ Adelaide, Labour Market Information Portal.
  31. ^ SA Regional Labour Force Data, April 2007, Australian Bureau of Statistics Labour Force Survey.
  32. ^ a b Edwards, Verity (2008-05-03). "Education attracts record numbers". The Weekend Australian. 
  33. ^ a b Hodges, Lucy (2008-05-29). "Brave new territory: University College London to open a branch in Australia". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/higher/brave-new-territory-university-college-london-to-open-a-branch-in-australia-835571.html. 
  34. ^ "The world's top 400 universities, THES - QS World University Rankings". Quacquarelli Symonds. http://www.topuniversities.com/worlduniversityrankings/results/2007/overall_rankings/top_400_universities/. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  35. ^ "Facts & Figures". University of Adelaide. http://www.adelaide.edu.au/uni/facts/. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  36. ^ "Key Statistics". University of South Australia. http://www.unisa.edu.au/pas/bai/keystatistics/studentnumbers.asp. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  37. ^ "Our facts and figures". Flinders University. http://www.flinders.edu.au/about/our-university/our-facts-and-figures.cfm. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  38. ^ Edwards, Verity (2008-05-03). "Ri Australia plugs into world science". The Weekend Australian. 
  39. ^ Australian sport owes much to little old Adelaide, The Roar, Retrieved on 21 January 2010.
  40. ^ Owen, Michael (2007-06-07). "800 beds, helipad and train station: Our 'Marj' hospital". The Advertiser: p. 5. 
  41. ^ 'News: New $1.7 billion hospital spearheads health reform'
  42. ^ "Metro Malcontent - The Twenty Minute City No More" (PDF). Royal Automobile Association, South Australia. 2005. http://www.raa.net/download.asp?file=documents\document_677.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-28.  (1.18MB PDF)
  43. ^ "No more one-way Southern Expressway". ABC News Online (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 18 February 2010. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/02/17/2822003.htm. 
  44. ^ South Road Upgrade
  45. ^ Innes, Stuart (2005-01-10). "Super airliner cleared to land at our new airport". The Advertiser. 
  46. ^ "World's top customer service airports recognised". Airports Council International. 2007-03-12. http://www.airports.org/cda/aci_common/display/main/aci_content07_c.jsp?zn=aci&cp=1-6^12875_666_2__. Retrieved 2008-10-14. 
  47. ^ "Adelaide Airport: Operators". http://www.aal.com.au/operators/default.aspx. Retrieved 27 January 2010. 
  48. ^ "2009 Northern Winter Timetable". http://www.aal.com.au/lib/pdf/09NorthernWinterTimetableFinal2.pdf. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  49. ^ "Industry structure". Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. http://www.energy.sa.gov.au/dhtml/ss/section.php?sectID=12&tempID=1. Retrieved 2006-05-05. 
  50. ^ "Supply Security". Department for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure. http://www.energy.sa.gov.au/pages/conventional/planning/supply/security.htm:sectID=10&tempID=1. Retrieved 2006-05-05. 
  51. ^ "Mini Wind Turbines whirl into city buildings". Premier of South Australia. http://www.premier.sa.gov.au/news.php?id=624. Retrieved 2006-08-06. 

Further reading

  • Kathryn Gargett; Susan Marsden, Adelaide: A Brief History Adelaide: State History Centre, History Trust of South Australia in association with Adelaide City Council, 1996 ISBN 0-7308-0116-0
  • Derek Whitelock et al., Adelaide: a sense of difference Melbourne: Arcadia, 2000 ISBN 0-87560-657-1

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

The River Torrens passing near the University of Adelaide
The River Torrens passing near the University of Adelaide

Adelaide [1] is the capital city of South Australia. In Adelaide, you can enjoy stylish architecture, boutique shopping, sandy swimming beaches, fabulous arts events, nightlife, fine dining, and some of Australia's best café strips. Its population is slightly over 1 million, which makes it by far the largest city in the otherwise sparsely populated state. It is also known for having the conveniences of a large city, while at the same time being far less cosmopolitan than the "Big Four".

Adelaide is centrally located among the wine regions of McLaren Vale, Barossa Valley and Clare Valley, all of which are within day-trip distance.

Get in

By car

Adelaide is at least a days drive away from capital cities on the Australian east coast. The shortest route from Adelaide to Melbourne takes eight to nine hours. Roads are all paved, and there are some freeway sections, but it is mostly two lane roads of reasonable quality.

  • Melbourne - Adelaide = 736 km via Horsham (National Highway 8) or 901 km via Mt Gambier (National Highway 1)
  • Sydney - Adelaide = 1422 km via Wagga Wagga and Mildura (National Highway 20) or 1659 km via Broken Hill (National Highway 32). The road through Wagga will save you some hours due to freeway most of the way from Sydney to Wagga, and the fast straight road from Wagga past Hay. The road through Broken Hill is perhaps the more interesting route, however.
  • Adelaide - Brisbane = 2031 km via Broken Hill

By plane

Adealaide airport is around 7km to the west of downtown. West Beach, and excellent swimming beach with plenty of accommodation is located only 4km away.

Adelaide's airport has regular international connections to Auckland (Air New Zealand [2]), Hong Kong (Cathay Pacific [3]), Denpasar (Pacific Blue [4]), Nadi (Pacific Blue [5]), Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia Airlines [6]) and Singapore (Singapore Airlines [7] & Qantas [8]) as well as domestic connections to many Australian cities. Budget airlines Virgin Blue, [9] Jetstar [10] and Tiger Airways [11] offer the cheapest domestic airfares.

There is only a single terminal for international and domestic departures, and transfers are seamless.

The airport has ATM, currency change, food, shopping and lockers. Free Wi-Fi is available throughout the terminal.

Between the airport and the city

The public JetBus services the airport, connecting airport and the city around every 15 minutes for most of the day. A ticket costs $4.40 during peak/$2.20 off-peak, and includes unlimited transfers within a 2 hours period. The city center can be reached with 15-25 minutes.

Skylink Adelaide operates a regular service to most traveler specified destinations within the CBD area from the airport, for example hotel drop off. The service is $8/$3.50, and services also run out to Keswick Interstate Railway Terminal ($4).

Taxis are available outside the terminal, at around $16 to the city centre (three people in a taxi to a hotel in the city is cheaper than the Skylink).

Rental cars are available.

By train

Great Southern Railway [12] runs long distance tourist train services, The Ghan runs to Alice Springs and Darwin, The Overland, runs to Melbourne, and the Indian Pacific runs to Perth, Broken Hill and Sydney. These journeys are train experiences, and offer sleepers, and the opportunity to take your car with you on the train. However, they take considerably longer and invariably cost more than the journey by bus or plane.

VLine runs a daily combined bus/train journey to Adelaide from Melbourne. You can connect from NSW Countrylink trains to connecting Vline buses at Albury or Benalla.

Get around

Metropolitan train, tram and bus services are contracted out by the State Government under the unified brand name "Adelaide Metro" and use a unified ticketing system, "Metroticket". Single trip tickets can be purchased on-board any bus, train or tram and allow the passenger to move freely around the transport network for two hours.

The Passenger Transport InfoCentre (corner of King William & Currie Streets, Adelaide) is the place to visit for timetable and route information. Economical "multi-trip" tickets containing 10 trips are available, and you can save even more by traveling only between 9AM and 3PM on an "interpeak" multi-trip ticket. Tickets and route information can also be obtained from many newsagents, delis and post offices.

The city centre is compact and can be easily covered on foot, but for the leg weary there are free buses and tram travel within the city centre is also free. The City Loop (#99C) bus runs Monday-Friday 7:40AM-6PM every 15 minutes, Friday 6PM-9:20PM every 30 minutes, Saturday 8AM-5PM every 30 minutes and Sunday (and public holidays) 10AM-5PM every 30 minutes. It has clockwise and anticlockwise routes each with about thirty stops taking in all the major cultural and commercial centres, beginning at Victoria Square and including Adelaide Railway Station. The buses feature ground-level access ramps.

There is a tram that runs from North Terrace to the popular seaside suburb of Glenelg. Stops within the city centre include Adelaide Railway Station and Victoria Square. Tram travel within the city centre is free, as is travel confined to Jetty Road in Glenelg. Otherwise the standard ticket system applies and the whole trip takes about 30 minutes. Tickets may be bought in advance or purchased from the conductor.

Be warned that bus and train frequency declines sharply after 6PM, with hourly intervals being typical in the suburbs. Some services cease operation before midnight, so check your timetables and expect to catch a taxi if required if you are out after this time. Some special 'After Midnight' bus services operate either half-hourly or hourly after midnight on Saturday nights.

Visitors from Japan and Western Europe should be warned that the local and interstate train services are not quite up to the speed and standards of their own train systems, purely due to the fact that there is not enough population to justify the cost of a modern, European style upgraded light rail or high speed network. The system is still quite clean and functional though, and (mostly) punctual!

Taxis are provided by several companies and can be hailed on the street or arranged by phone. There is a common rate of flagfall and a per-distance/time charge, both of which are increased at night and on weekends.

The Adelaide Metro website [13] contains comprehensive information about public transport in Adelaide. Accurate transit instructions, including transfers and complex cross-city travel, can be obtained using the travel planner, or using the "transit" directions in google maps.

NGO "Bicycle SA" [14] provides a range of bicycle services, including free-to-use tourist bikes, from its offices at 46 Hurtle Square. Tel +61 8 232 2644.

Glenelg Town Hall
Glenelg Town Hall
The pier at Glenelg Beach
The pier at Glenelg Beach
  • Historic beachside suburb of Glenelg offering a jetty, the 'Grand' (a quality hotel) and many restaurants and cafes. Catch one of the historic trams from in Adelaide's CBD on weekends and holidays (or new 'light rail' trams other times).
  • Montefiore Hill in North Adelaide (provides a spectacular view of the city, especially at night)
  • Adelaide Hills, including the Mt Lofty Summit which provides spectacular views of the Adelaide plains, Adelaide metropolitan area, Adelaide CBD, Glenelg and surrounding areas. There is a restaurant at the Mt. Lofty summit, which is moderately priced and there is a souvenir shop which also offers tourist information. The summit cannot be accessed by vehicle between late evening and early morning hours, however the lookout is still accessible by foot.

Other lookouts include Windy Point along Belair Road, and Skye at the end of Kensington Road.

  • Hahndorf German settlement, a short drive up the freeway, attractions include a small chocolate factory, the Beerenberg Strawberry Farm (where you can pick your own strawberries for very reasonable prices!) parks with barbeque facilities and a playground plus many small stores selling all manner of products.
  • Walking North Terrace will take you past the Casino (Railway Station below), Parliament House, Government House, the State Library, Migration Museum (free entry), Art Gallery (free entry), Adelaide University, University of South Australia, Royal Adelaide Hospital, the Botanic Gardens. A worthwhile trek!
  • Catch an O-Bahn bus out to the North East suburban shopping centre of Tea Tree Plaza. The O-Bahn is a 12Km long guided bus way, where special street buses run on guided tracks at up to 100Kmh. It uses the unified metroticket system mentioned above.
  • During mid-March, the Clipsal 500 supercar racing event is very popular, sporting massive street parties, huge concert line-ups and many fanatic Adelaidians.
  • During late Feb-March, the Adelaide Fringe Festival (second largest of its type in the world) and Festival of Arts bring the city alive with music, arts, dance and culture from all over the world. Both are large and very popular events visited by people from all over the world. WOMAD (World of Music Arts and Dance) is another hugely popular music festival now held every year in March. People come from all over Australia and overseas to be at this very special event. Adelaide at its very best.
  • Lazy walks along white sandy beaches.
  • Conservation parks such as Cleland and Warrawong Wildlife Sanctuary, Cleland is a good stop on the way down from Mt. Lofty. The park offers gas BBQ facilities (Entry fees apply).
  • See the Rundle Lantern light display (Cnr Rundle St and Pultney St). From dusk to midnight every night with 750 light panels.
Adelaide from the Torrens
Adelaide from the Torrens
  • Migration Museum is on Kintore Avenue, Adelaide (behind the State Library). [15] Open everyday 10AM-5PM, except Good Friday and Christmas Day.
  • Art Gallery of South Australia is on North Terrace, Adelaide (half way between Kintore Avenue and Frome Road in between the South Australian Museum and the University of Adelaide), 8 8207 7000, [16]. Open everyday 10AM-5PM, except Christmas Day.
  • South Australian Museum is on North Terrace, Adelaide (next to the Art Gallery of South Australia). [17] Open everyday 10AM to 5PM, except Good Friday and Christmas Day.
  • Port Adelaide Lighthouse
  • Port Adelaide SA Train Museum
  • Glenelg Museum & historic tram
  • Gawler Museum, via Gawler train line
  • The South Australian Maritime Museum is located at 126 Lipson Street, Port Adelaide. Contact telephone number: +61 8 8207-6255. Adult: $8.50 Concession: $6.50 Child: $3.50 Family: $22 (2 adults & up to 5 children)
  • The National Motor Museum is in Birdwood, less than an hour's drive from the city centre. [18]
  • The National Wine Centre in the city centre [19]
  • Adelaide Central Market, a vibrant hub of fresh food delights and one of the world's largest undercover markets. [20]
A Koala at Cleland Conservation Park
A Koala at Cleland Conservation Park
  • Belair National Park is a national park of 835 ha, located 11KM south of Adelaide City. Due to its history as a "Recreation Park" it has many good trails for bushwalking, as well as tennis courts and grassy areas available for hire, and a good adventure playground for children. Old Government House, the colony's first official Vice-regal summer residence, is located within the park. [21] A vehicle entry fee applies to cars entering the park, or else its western parts can be accessed from the Belair line train, a 35 minute journey from Adelaide city. The park gates are open daily from 8AM to sunset, everyday except Christmas Day.
  • Cleland Conservation Park [22] is a large National Park of 992ha, located 20 minutes from Adelaide City. Although it lacks the picnic and sports facilities of Belair, Cleland offers greater opportunities for tourists to get up close and personal with Australian native fauna. Visitors can feed and wander at their leisure among kangaroos, wallabies, Emus and waterfowl. Displays of Dingoes, reptiles, Tasmanian Devils, Wombats, Echidnas and Koalas allow easy viewing access, or stroll through the aviaries. Visitors also have the rare opportunity to be photographed holding a Koala, under supervision from Parks and Wildlife Officers. There is also an Aboriginal cultural tour.
  • Morialta Conservation Park [23]is located 10 km north-east of the CBD, where the suburbs meet the Adelaide hills. It covers 533 ha, and contains numerous walking trails of various levels of difficulty, including trails that pass by three major waterfalls, and provide panoramic views over Adelaide itself. There is also a popular rock climbing area within the park. Note that the waterfalls only flow in the winter months, and are usually completely dry by Christmas.
  • Warrawong Wildlife Sanctuary [24] is a privately run wildlife sanctuary, strongly fenced off from the outside, allowing it to remain completely free of feral plants and animals, especially cats. Warrawong offers unguided day, and guided day and night tours for tourists. As well as allowing visitors to get up close and personal with well known animals like the Kangaroo, Warrawong also offers a unique opportunity to see a number of very rare or less well known native Australian animals, such as the Platypus, Tree Kangaroo, Quoll, Bettong, Potoroo, Pademelon, Bandicoot, Bilby and Possums.
  • Go to the free Haigh's Chocolate factory tour. Established in 1915, Haigh's is one of the best chocolates in Australia. Located just 5 minutes from the CBD, the factory tour will give you a glimpse on how this fine chocolate is made and free samples! Tours run Monday to Saturday at 11:00AM, 1:00PM and 2:00PM, bookings essential.
  • Check out the wineries, beaches, whale watching, fairy penguins and other attractions south of the city on the Fleurieu peninsula.
Inside the Bicentennial Conservatory at the Botanic Gardens
Inside the Bicentennial Conservatory at the Botanic Gardens
  • The Adelaide Casino on North Terrace, adjoining the Festival and Convention centres. Adelaide Casino is South Australia's only licensed Casino, and offers not just great gaming, but also three restaurants, and four bars, including the LOCO nightclub and Grandstand sports bar. Valet parking is also available.
  • The Adelaide Botanic Gardens are free to enter and are a worthwhile visit; the gardens are quiet and relaxing even though they're in the heart of the city. They contain many large grassed areas ideal for relaxing, and just outside the gardens are the city parklands where ball games and picnics can be held. There is a cafe in the gardens and a conservatory.
  • The Bicentennial Conservatory is not free, but it is a worthwhile visit, simulating a tropical rainforest with mist falling from the roof. Be warned, it is warm and humid inside.
  • West Beach is ideal for family walks and swimming - it is close to both Glenelg and Henley Beach. At Henley Beach there is Henley square which hosts some 15 restaurants - an excellent dining venue. Beaches south of and including Semaphore are all excellent white sand beaches, some with public toilets and cold water showers. If you want to 'wet a line' there are jetties at (suburban beaches, from north to south) Grange, Semaphore, Henley Beach, Glenelg, Brighton and Port Noarlunga.
  • During the summer months get down to the Adelaide Oval for a cricket match. Australia plays host to a couple of touring nations each summer and they will play a few matches at this beautiful ground which is just minutes from the city centre. Tickets for internationals tend to be snapped up quickly, but domestic matches (South Australia play their home matches in Adelaide) are frequent and equally exciting.
  • The local sport is Australian Rules Football. Home games for the local teams the Adelaide Crows and Port Adelaide Power are played at AAMI Stadium in West Lakes, usually referred to by its old name of "Football Park" or "Footy Park". Getting tickets shouldn't be a problem - check out the AFL website [25] for more details.
  • Alternatively, the local footy league, the SANFL [26], has 4 games per weekend. Norwood Oval, home of the Redlegs [27], is situated on the Parade in Norwood which is home to a variety of restaurant, café and pub options for after the game.
  • Soccer is increasingly popular in Australia, although certainly not yet at the level of Aussie Rules or (in other states) rugby league. The local team in the national A-League is Adelaide United, who play home games at Hindmarsh Stadium.
  • Take a tour of the Coopers Brewery [28], the only remaining large family owned brewery in Australia, well known around the world for their bottle conditioned ales. Founded by Thomas Cooper in 1862, the Brewery is currently run fifth generation Tim and Glenn Cooper. All proceeds from the tours go to charity.
  • Go to Adelaide events - South Australia has been known as the 'festival state'. Major events include the Tour Down Under [29] international cycling race in January, the biannual Adelaide Festival of Arts [30], the annual Adelaide Fringe [31], annual WOMADelaide [32]and the Clipsal 500 V8 race [33].
  • Rundle Mall [34], is a pedestrian-only shopping strip, with many arcades and side streets coming off it. Runs parallel to North Terrace. Over 800 shops.
  • The Central Market [35] offers fresh produce and a range of goods, with cheap multi-storey parking. Closed Mondays, Wednesdays and Sundays. Located between Grote St and Gouger St, west of Victoria Square.
  • Chinatown, a pedestrian-only area (Moonta St) adjacent to Central Market.
  • The Tea Tree Plaza [36] complex (TTP for short) is a medium-sized shopping centre with over 250 shops. Tea Tree Plaza is the terminus of the Adelaide O'Bahn dedicated busway which begins in the city centre at Hackney Road. It is easy to get there from the city centre; most of the buses that stop on the Grenfell Street stops travel to the TTP interchange via the O'Bahn busway. It is easy to see from a distance as it has the large antenna and supporting pyramid type structure, well-known to the locals, on the roof of the Myer department store. Ample parking is available around, on top of, and underneath the complex. More information is at [37]. The much smaller Tea Tree Plus shopping centre is right next to Tea Tree Plaza.
  • Westfield Marion Shopping Centre [38] is Adelaide's largest shopping centre with over 400 shops. There are buses direct from the city centre, timetables can be found at [39] More information on Marion Shopping Centre as well as how to get there can be found at their website.
  • Harbour Town [40] a mid sized mall currently undergoing an expansion, featuring outlet shopping, situated up against the western edge of the Adelaide Airport. Only a short bus ride from the Airport, and 15 minutes from the city centre.

Eat

Many restaurants in Adelaide allow "BYO". You can bring one or more bottles of wine to the restaurant and the staff will pour it for you and add a service charge to the bill, typically between about $8 and $20. Often this will work out cheaper than buying wine at the restaurant. Check beforehand with the restaurant.

  • Gouger Street offers a wide range of tastes to suit many budgets in a variety of Asian, Italian and seafood restaurants as well as upmarket French, Argentinian and many other choices. From Friday to Sunday make sure to reserve a table to avoid disappointment. Gouger Street also incorporates Adelaide's "Chinatown Arch" which fronts a large number of budget eating options. As well as The Central Market, which on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Thursdays, Fridays and Saturday mornings are buzzing with produce traders, sights and smells.
  • Hutt Street offers a small variety of upmarket restaurants that please most tastes, and also has a wide variety of gourmet shops and supermarkets.
    • Kenji Modern Restaurant 242 Hutt St, +61 8 8232-0944– nominated as the best Japanese restaurant in Adelaide.
    • Alfonzo 202 Hutt Street– an Italian eatery and shop; a great place to enjoy breakfast and lunch any time of the day.
  • Rundle Street a large number of al fresco cafes and restaurants of varying budget and taste. It is the cultural hub of Adelaide and the equivalent of Melbourne's Chapel Street.
  • Jasmin Indian Restaurant, 31 Hindmarsh Square, Adelaide 5000, Australia, (08) 8223 7837, [41]. Thu-Sun 9AM-4PM (for breakfast & lunch); Fri & Sat 6PM-late (for dinner). $1-$19.  edit
  • An eclectic mix of small restaurants and cafes make Melbourne Street an interesting place to eat.
    • Elephant walk 76 Melbourne St, +61 8 8267-2006– particularly interesting because it is a small, cosy cafe which is very dimly lit. Each booth is separated by straw screens so you can't really see the other patrons. It opens at 8PM and if they're full, you'll have to wait outside for a table.
  • The variety of take-aways, pubs, cafes, bakeries and restaurants that line most of O'Connell Street means you won't be wanting.
  • The Parade, Norwood has a long stretch of shopping and cosmopolitian dining. Buses from the CBD numbering 122-124 or a very short taxi ride.
  • Jetty Road / Mosley Square, Glenelg has a variety of restaurants and pubs at the end of a 30 minute tram journey.
  • Stuart Road, Dulwich features two cafes, a licensed restaurant and a very good bakery. Catch the 145 or 146 from North Terrace which heads along Fullarton Road and up Dulwich Avenue.
  • King William Road, Hyde Park is an upmarket strip of fashionable cafes, coffee shops and restaurants.
  • Vietnam on Addison Road just off Torrens Road, Pennington is the finest (fun-est) Vietnam dining there is. The "cold wrap" is a must-have when dining there. Make sure to reserve a table because they're always full.
  • Raj on Taj King William Rd, +61 8 8271-7755– Good, underpriced Indian food. There are two Raj on Taj restaurants, one in Hyde Park and one nearby in Unley. The Hyde Park one is the better of the two.
  • Cafe de Vili2-14 Manchester Street- Vili is an Adelaide producer of pastries, especially pies and pasties. This unpretentious eatery at their factory serves full meals in addition to pastries. Shift workers and night owls regularly eat there because it is open 24 hours, 7 days. It is a minor Adelaide icon.
  • Fasta Pasta is the McDonalds of pasta; although found in other states its popularity in South Australia is due to the chain having started in Adelaide.
  • Regent Thai 165 O'Connell St, +61 8 8239-0927- Excellent and consistent standard Thai menu. The friendly proprietor Chang was a refugee from the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. Try the oysters in coriander sauce, the red curry chicken, or ask for a whole fish steamed with ginger and shallots. Its sister restaurant at Glenelg, Phuket, is worth checking out as well. Mains $13-$18.
  • Nu Thai 117 Gouger St, +61 8 8410-2288- Slightly more expensive than Regent, with a more adventurous menu. They have a huge blackboard inside with a long list of specials which change regularly. Arguably the best Asian restaurant on Gouger St.
  • Amalfi 29 Frome St, +61 8 8223-1948- This little Italian place located just off Rundle St has a loyal following and is usually jam packed. It has an inventive range of pizzas and pastas, with quality a cut above the other Italian cafes filling Rundle St.
  • Jasmin 31 Hindmarsh Square, +61 8 8223-7837- Arguably Adelaide's best Indian restaurant. Beautifully decorated, with classical music playing and impeccable service. The very hot curries (vindaloo and tindaloo) are especially good. You might also consider trying the mixed entree or orange sponge cake.
  • Chefs Of Tandoori 292 Unley Rd, +61 8 8373-5055- As the name suggest, founded by Indian chefs who deserted the Tandoori Oven across the road. Good Indian food at a very reasonable price.
  • Fellini 102 O'Connell St, +61 8 8239-2235- This large North Adelaide cafe is packed to the rafters every weekend. The menu is Italian-based pasta, pizza and so on, but what keeps the punters coming back is the large size of the menu and inventiveness of the dishes.
  • North- This is the signature restaurant of the Adelaide Casino, and offers exclusive a la carte cuisine, influenced by European and Japanese flavours. On the corner of North Terrace and Station Road.
  • Hotaru Japanese Restaurant 162 Gouger St, +61 8 8410-2838 - A cosy Japanese restaurant with wonderful food, particularly the fresh sashimi, various sushi rolls and the grilled eggplant. The home-made sesame ice cream and green tea ice cream are just wonderful. Hotaru is located off the main Gouger St area.
  • Enoteca [42] 262 Carrington St, +61 8 8227-0766 - This restaurant is attached to Adelaide's Italian Club, so you would expect top quality Italian food and that's exactly what you will get, along with an extensive selection of local and Italian wines. The cuisine here ranks with the best Italian food in Adelaide.
  • The Manse [43] 142 Tynte St, +61 8 8267-4636 - Small, peaceful French contemporary restaurant tucked in a quiet corner of North Adelaide.
  • Magill Estate Restaurant [44] 78 Penfold Rd, +61 8 8301-5551 - While the food here is good, the real stars are the view and the wine list. This restaurant is owned by Penfolds, probably Australia's best-known premium red wine makers, and overlooks the vineyards on their Magill property, not far from the city center. The grapes grown on this estate are used to make the Magill Estate label single vineyard Shiraz. The wine list allows you to order back vintages of the Penfolds (and other) wines going back 20 or more years.
  • Windy Point Restaurant [45] Windy Point Lookout, Belair Rd - +61 8 8278-8255- A restaurant with a nice ambience, excellent service and good food prepared in a unique way, complete with a nice view of the city skyline. For those who wish to have a less formal setting, the adjacent cafe also offers a good selection. Usually only open for dinner from 6PM onwards, though lunches are possible with prior arrangements.
  • Alphütte [46] 242 Pulteney St, +61 8 8223-4717 - A small Swiss restaurant tucked at the edge of the city centre, well known among locals for its steak.
  • Auge [47] 22 Grote St, +61 8 8410-9332 - A small Italian/Modern Australian fusion restaurant tucked in a corner opposite Central Market.
  • Red Ochre [48] War Memorial Drive, North Adelaide, +61 8 8211-8555 - A nice modern Australian restaurant with a nice ambience situated on the River Torrens, with a good view of the city skyline.
  • Shiki Restaurant [49] Hyatt Regency Adelaide, North Terrace, +61 8 8231-2382 - A Japanese restaurant with a nice atmosphere in one of Adelaide's premier hotels. Mainly known for it's teppanyaki but also serves other Japanese dishes like sushi, sashimi and tempura.

Drink

There are pubs and bars dotted all around the CBD, but a few districts are worth singling out. Rundle St and its neighbouring area (also known simply as "The East End") have a number of popular pubs. Hindley St used to be notorious as the seedy home of Adelaide's strip clubs and bikie bars, but it and its surrounds ("The West End") have undergone a renaissance. The eastern end of Hindley St is more mainstream, whereas the western end (West of Morphett St) has a few trendier and more alternative venues. The seedy places are still there, but so too is a university campus and a number of trendy bars and clubs. Also important are Gouger St (still mostly restaurants, but an increasing number of bars and pubs) and O'Connell St, home to a few of North Adelaide's popular pubs.

Smoking in pubs and clubs is banned under South Australian law. Many drinking establishments have outdoor areas where smoking is permitted.

  • Grandstand, Adelaide Casino, North Terrace Adelaide, +61 8 8212-2811. Sun-Thurs 10AM-late, Fri-Sat 11AM-5:30AM. Situated on the first floor of Adelaide Casino, Grandstand is Adelaide's premier venue for watching all live sporting events. Featuring several TV screens showing all the action from Fox Sports, Setanta and Main Event, Grandstand also has full Keno and TAB facilities. An excellent bar menu is also available, as are regular great drink promotions.
  • Crown & Anchor, 196 Grenfell St Adelaide, +61 8 8223-3212. M-We 11AM-3AM, Thu-Sat 11AM-4AM. Situated just off Rundle St, this Adelaide institution is often referred to as "The Cranker" - or, less kindly, the "Crowd of Wankers" - and attracts those of an alternative bent. Goths, metalheads, punks and hippies all mingle in this multi-roomed venue, sipping beer. But don't worry, piercings and tattoos aren't essential to have a good time. Music playing could be just about anything.
  • Worldsend, 208 Hindley St, Adelaide, +61 8 8231-9137. M-Fr 11AM-late, Sat 4PM-late, Su closed. Serves food all day. This lively pub features a beer garden and a solid restaurant. The crowd is generally early to mid twenties, many from the nearby Hindley St campus of the University of South Australia. While it definitely has a strong pub feel, the music is more like a bar, with live jazz and funk, house and drum'n'bass (rather than rock) the order of the day.
  • The Exeter, 246 Rundle St, Adelaide, +61 8 8223-2623. This friendly old-school pub is much frequented by students from nearby Adelaide University and TAFE. At night, it has an alternative feel drawing crowds from all areas. Two back rooms contain a great little restaurant (the curry nights on Wednesday and Thursday are popular) and a small music venue, mostly showcasing live alternative bands. M-Su 11AM-late.
  • The Archer, 60 O'Connell St, North, +61 8 8361-9300. The pub of choice for the younger crowd in North Adelaide, with a modern, hip feel and a large range of beers on tap. Be aware that it has to close earlier than most places (usually midnight) due to residential noise restrictions.
  • The Cumberland Arms, 205 Waymouth St, Adelaide, +61 8 8231-3577. M 9AM-12AM, Tu 9AM-1AM, W-Th 9AM-3AM, F-Sa 6PM-4AM, Sun 6PM-2AM. Located in a strip of bars and clubs along the southern end of Light Square (adjacent to Hindley St), the Cumberland was bought out and refurbished some years ago. Nowadays it's a cozy spot which does a good job of being all things to all people. The front bar areas conceal a dancefloor within, where a DJ is invariably playing house, and an outdoor area around the side. The popularity of "The Cumby" is cyclic, but if it's not happening, one of the adjacent places will be.
  • The Grace Emily, 232 Waymouth St, Adelaide, +61 8 8231-5500, [50] - Opposite "The Cumby" (above), the Grace has plenty of trinkets behind and around the bar to keep one's eyeballs busy whilst nursing a Coopers or bloody mary. Local, interstate and even overseas bands play most nights. Every Monday night Billy Bob's BBQ Jam sees a variety of local bands strut their stuff to impress the crowd with 3 or 4 songs (though perhaps more by popular demand) whilst a sausage sizzle out the beer garden feeds the hordes - a highlight of an otherwise quiet evening in Adelaide.
  • The Austral, Rundle St., [51]. On the main street for shopping and nightlife in Adelaide, which is really the same long street as Hindley Street but with a different name either side of King William Road, and the pedestrian only Rundle Mall in the middle. The Austral is the unofficial backpackers pub of choice.
  • Coopers Alehouse, 316 Pulteney St., [52] also known by the original name still on the front facade The Earl of Aberdeen, is the only pub to hold the complete range of Coopers Beers on tap, including the Vintage Ale. Also serves good food, including pizzas, in the attached Arnou Woodfired at the Earl restaurant. Ten minute walk from the Rundle St.-Pulteney St. intersection.
  • The Stag, 299 Rundle St. (Corner of Rundle and East Tce.), [53] More up market establishment, with good views of the parklands from the al fresco seating, good range of drinks and weekly live music. The second floor balcony literally overlooked the old Formula 1 street circuit and was always crammed with race fans. With the shortened Clipsal 500 course this is no longer possible, but still a good place to go after the days races.
  • Zhivago 155 Waymouth Street- This West End bar attracts a friendly, relaxed, mid-twenties crowd.
  • First 128 Rundle Mall, +61 8 8223-4044- Situated in Richmond Hotel, this is the only nightspot on Rundle Mall. First started life as a chilled out cocktail bar, but rapidly became popular as an after-work spot on Fridays, and could now also be filed under "clubs". On weekends they are packed out and play commercial house, but on weeknights it reverts to the original cocktail bar atmosphere.
  • Fumo Blu270 Rundle St, +61 8 8232-2533- Below ground cocktail lounge in the heart of Rundle St.
  • Boho, [54] 27 Unley Road, +61 8 8271-5544- A burlesque themed bar, with live music and burlesque and period performances, located a 5 minute drive, bus or Tram ride South of the CBD.
  • Supermild 182 Hindley St, +61 8 8212-9699- Situated underground (look for steps leading down off Hindley Street West), this is a dimly-lit cocktail bar tending to have DJs playing eclectic electronica.
  • Rocket Bar 142 Hindley Street [55] - Inconspicuously located off Hindley Street (it's a door with a sign above it), Rocket Bar is a live venue that hosts international/interstate and local alternative indie acts. Also home to indie/alternative Modular nights and ABRACADABRA on Fridays. Open every weekend until late.
  • HQ, [56] 1 North Tce, +61 8 7221-1245- Previously known as "Heaven" and "Heaven II", this complex at the far end of the West End has the best sound system and most floor space to be found anywhere in the city. It is easily Adelaide's largest club. The big nights are Saturday, where you'll hear mostly commercial house, with a little trance, and Wednesday, which is a retro night. Fridays can also be big, depending on what's on; check the website.
  • Mars Bar 120 Gouger Street, +61 8 8231-9639- Adelaide's only gay club. Straight people are also welcome.
  • Jive, 181 Hindley St, Adelaide, [57]. 300 capacity mainly live venue that hosts local and interstate rock/alternative/indie acts. Also home to indie/alternative dance club Gosh! on fortnightly Saturdays. Open every weekend and sometimes during the week too.  edit

Sleep

Budget

There is a choice of backpacker accommodation around the central bus station.

  • Adelaide Travellers Inn, 220 Hutt Street, Adelaide, SA , +61 8 8224-0753 email bookings@nomadsworld.com [58]. Nomads Mad card Members receive $2 off per night or their 7th night FREE.
  • Adelaide Central YHA, 135 Waymouth Street, +61 8 8414-3010 (fax +61 8 8414 3015, email adlcentral@yhasa.org.au), [59]. $25.50 per bed per night in a dorm room, $75 for a private double room and $90 for double en suite. YHA/Hostelling International members receive a 10% discount.
  • My Place Adelaide, [60] 257 Waymouth Street, +1 800 221 529, very clean, good social vibe and free breakfast & free bus to Glenelg beach
  • The Austral, 205 Rundle Street, +61 8 8223-4660, [61]. The Austral is a pub which provides accommodation upstairs from the bar area. Rooms are clean and fairly quiet despite the bar downstairs, although the mattresses aren't great quality. Bathrooms are shared. Close to Adelaide's centre. $35 per night single and $55 per night double.
  • Plaza Hotel, 85 Hindley Street, +61 8 8231-6371 (fax +61 8 8231 2055, email plazahotel@bigpond.com) [62]. Single rooms $66 per night, double rooms $72 per night.
  • Cannon Street Backpackers Across the Flinders Street Bus Terminal. Starting from $18 with in house bar. Lots of Irish and English backpackers that like to party hard, so place tends to be on a bit noisy.
  • Blue Galah, Rundle St CBD, +61 8 8231-9295 (fax +61 8 8231 9598, email bookings@bluegalah.com.au) [63]. $24 per night in a dorm room, $70 per night for a private single/twin/double room, weekly dorm rates are also available.
  • Hostel 109, 109 Carrington Street, +61 8 8223-1771, [64]. Small, quiet, modern, secure & centrally located. Very clean. Free Internet Access.
  • Mantra on Frome, Adelaide, +61 8 8223-9000 (toll free: 1300-987-604, , fax: +61 8 8223-9014), [65]. 88 Frome Street, Adelaide SA 5000. 4 star apartment hotel. 72 studio, one, two and three bedroom apartments, most with private balconies, fully-equipped kitchens and laundry facilities. All apartments feature living and dining areas with cable television and in-house movies.  edit
  • Mantra Hindmarsh Square, Adelaide, +61 8 8412-3333 (toll free: 1300-987-604, , fax: +61 8 8412-3344), [66]. 55-67 Hindmarsh Square, Adelaide SA 5000. Mantra Hindmarsh Square is only a short stroll from the Rundle Mall shopping and Rundle Street dining precinct and minutes away from the Adelaide Convention Centre, Adelaide Casino, Festival and Entertainment Centres. Guests have a choice of 179 studios, one and two bedroom air-conditioned suites which have kitchenette, bathroom and laundry facilities. Some suites also offer a private balcony with views across Adelaide city.  edit
  • BreakFree on Hindley, Adelaide, +61 8 8217-2500 (toll free: 1300-987-604, , fax: +61 8 8217-2519), [67]. 255 Hindley Street, Adelaide SA 5000. BreakFree on Hindley offers business and leisure travelers 142 self-contained studio and two bedroom apartments situated in Adelaide’s contemporary West End. Guests will enjoy comfortable accommodation in well-appointed spacious apartments which include modern amenities and a range of premier guest facilities.  edit
  • BreakFree Directors Studios, Adelaide, +61 8 8213-2500 (toll free: 1300-987-604, , fax: +61 8 8213-2519), [68]. 259 Gouger Street, Adelaide SA 5000. BreakFree Directors Studios is a boutique hotel situated in the heart of Adelaide City. Located within proximity to the thriving central business district and major Adelaide city attractions.  edit
  • Golden Chain Motels, [69]. has many locations in Adelaide serving quality accommodation at affordable prices. View a Map of Adelaide [70]  edit
  • Adelaide City Park Motel, +61 8 8223-1444 (, fax: +61 8 8223-1133), [71]. 471 Pulteney Street. Tel: 800 231 444 ,. Double rooms from $88 per night.  edit
  • Holiday Inn Adelaide, +61 8 8231-5552 (, fax: +61 8 8237-3800), [72]. 65 Hindley Street. Double rooms $150 per night.  edit
  • Quest on King William, +61 8 8217-5000 (, fax: +61 8 8217-5050), [73]. 82 King William Street. These serviced apartments are available for short-term or long term rental. One bedroom apartments from $145 a night short-term or $135 per night for long-term rentals.  edit
  • Quest Mansions, +61 8 8232-0033 (, fax: +61 8 8223-4559), [74]. 21 Pulteney Street. These serviced apartments are available for short-term or long term rental. Studio apartments $138 a night short-term and $111 a night long-term. One bedroom apartments from $196 a night short-term or $158 per night for long-term rentals.  edit
  • Esplanade Apartments, (), [75]. Absolute Beachfront 80 Seaview Road West Beach. +61 8 83530443 , fax +61 88 3564478),. Apartments one bedroom from $75 per night and two bedroom from $90 per night.  edit
  • Frogmore Apartments 13 Military Road West Beach (close to beach with excellent Mt Lofty Range views). +61 8 83533874 ,. Apartments one bedroom from $75 per night and two bedroom from $90 per night, three bedrooms from $110 per night .
  • Rydges South Park Adelaide, 1 South Terrace 1300 857 922 - The hotel is situated next to the southern parklands with views of the Adelaide Hills and features 97 rooms with 9 spa suites.
  • Hilton Adelaide, 233 Victoria Square, +61 8 8217-2000 (, fax: +61 8 8217 2001), [76]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 11AM. Deluxe king sized rooms from $250/night.  edit
  • Medina Grand Adelaide Treasury, 2 Flinders Street, +61 8 8112-0000 (, fax: +61 8 8112 0199), [77]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 10AM. Located in the former Treasury building and consisting of 80 one & two bedroom apartments & studio rooms. The hotel overlooks Victoria Square and is only minutes to Rundle Mall and Adelaide's Central Markets. Studio rooms from $210/night.  edit
  • Rendezvous Allegra, 55 Waymouth St, +61 8 8115-8888 (, fax: +61 8 8115 8800), [78]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 11AM.  edit
  • Stamford Plaza Adelaide, 150 North Terrace, +61 8 8461-1111 (, fax: +61 8 8231 7572), [79]. Queen sized rooms from $225/night.  edit

Stay safe

Salisbury east and Para Hills are areas known for rock throwing incidents involving buses. These include routes 205, 206, 560, 225, 226, T500, 229. However these events are rare and the suburbs are quite a far distance north of the city out in the suburbs and travellers are unlikely to venture there.

In the past few months of early 2009 there have been many violent incidents and social disturbances in the Northern suburb of Davoren Park [80][81]. It would be inadvisible to travel alone at night through this and/or surrounding suburbs.

In Adelaide, car theft and break ins are a nuisance. Do not leave valuables in view at any time even for a few minutes whilst leaving the vehicle unattended.

Many of the suburban railway stations are rundown and poorly maintained, with poor lighting and graffiti ridden bus stop style shelters. If catching a train at a suburban station, it is best to arrive at the station within 1 - 2 minutes of the scheduled arrival time. The trains are fairly reliable in comparison to Sydney and Melbourne. There are security guards on all trains after 7PM with many bus connections available. Exercise personal safety at Adelaide, Woodville and Noarlunga stations (and Gawler, Noarlunga lines [82]).

Adelaide is no more dangerous than any other similar sized Australian city to walk around. If you don't go looking for trouble, you usually will not find it. Police actively patrol the vicinities of Rundle Mall and Gouger/Hindley St, the latter being where many of the city's nightclubs and bars are located.

Taxi ranks are located by the Adelaide Casino, North Terrace, outside the Hilton on Victoria Square, and the Western end of Rundle St where it intersects with Pulteney St. outside of Hungry Jacks.

The City Parklands areas on all sides (though most particularly off West Terrace) are to be avoided at all times after dusk. These areas are isolated and have little to no lighting at all, making them frequent locations for assaults. There are often homeless and intoxicated groups there who may cause trouble with passers-by as well.

Contact

There is extensive free Wi-Fi access (port 80 only) in the CBD and the airport provided by Internode [83]. View coverage here: [84]

Get out

Nearby

  • Go to the wine regions of Adelaide Hills, McLaren Vale, Barossa Valley and Clare Valley.
  • Explore the natural environment of Kangaroo Island.
  • Head North to explore the natural beauty and frontier history of the Flinders Ranges and Wilpena Pound
  • Picturesque Victor Harbor, just an hour or so drive south of Adelaide. Granite Island is one of the few places you can see Fairy Penguins in their natural habitat. Visit the nearby surf beaches in Pt Elliot, Middletown and Goolwa.
  • The stunning Flinders Ranges begin just one and a half hours north of Adelaide.
  • Whispering wall at the Barossa Reservoir.
  • The Yorke Peninsula is a popular holiday destination for Adelaidians, and less touristy than Victor Harbor, with towns dotted along the coast and the rugged Innes National Park at the foot of the peninsula.

Further away

  • Travel the 1500km to Alice Springs! You have already travelled several thousand kilometres to get to Australia, so another 1500km wont hurt! Main stops on the way are Port Augusta and Coober Pedy. Also, eventually, you will reach the turn off to Uluru.
  • Go on a tour to Melbourne which moves along the coast. These tours usually will pass through the Coorong National Park, followed by the Limestone Coast and finally the Great Ocean Road before arriving in Melbourne. Some also include an Aboriginal bush tour as part of the package.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also Adélaïde

Contents

English

Etymology

Borrowed from the French form of Old High German Adalheidis, adal "noble" + heid "nature, character". A cognate of Alice.

Proper noun

Singular
Adelaide

Plural
-

Adelaide

  1. A female given name
  2. State capital of South Australia, named in honor of Queen Adelaide, wife of King William IV.

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations


Croatian

Proper noun

Adelaide m.

  1. Adelaide (city)

Simple English

Adelaide
Location of Adelaide within Australia
Coordinates: 34°55′44″S 138°36′4″E / 34.92889°S 138.60111°E / -34.92889; 138.60111
State South Australia
Founded 1836
Population (2007)
 - Total 1,158,259
Time zone ACST (UTC+9.5)
 - Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10.5)
Website City of Adelaide website

Adelaide is a city in Australia. It is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and it has an approximate population of 1.1 million people.

It is the fifth biggest city in Australia, behind Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. Adelaide was founded in 1836 by Colonel William Light, who named it after Queen Adelaide.

Adelaide is near the Southern Ocean and is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula. It has a river going through it called the River Torrens. Many festivals are held there, and grapes for wine production are grown in the Barossa Valley about 50 kilometres (30 mi) northeast of Adelaide.








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