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Adelino da Palma Carlos

103rd Prime Minister of Portugal (49th of the Republic, 1st since the Carnation Revolution)
In office
May 16, 1974 – July 18, 1974
Preceded by Marcello Caetano (effective)
António de Spínola (interim, as President of the National Salvation Junta)
Succeeded by Vasco Gonçalves

Born May 3, 1905(1905-05-03)
Faro, Portugal
Died October 27, 1992 (aged 87)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political party Independent

Adelino da Palma Carlos, GCC, GCIH, GOL (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐdɨˈlinu dɐ ˈpaɫmɐ ˈkaɾluʃ]; Faro, 3 May 1905 – Lisbon, 27 October 1992), was a Portuguese lawyer, scholar, politician and a freemason, one of at least five sons of Manuel Carlos and wife Auta Vaz Velho da Palma. He was an opponent of the fascist regime of the Estado Novo (New State) of António de Oliveira Salazar (and later Marcelo Caetano) since his youth, and, being a liberal, rather than a socialist, was chosen by President António de Spínola, as the 103rd and the first prime-minister after the April 25, 1974 revolution. He was also the 11th Bastonary of the Order of the Lawyers of Portugal.

His 1st Provisional Government was in power from 15 May to 17 July 1974. As an independent, he chose cabinet members from widely divergent political parties and positions, including members of the then center-left Popular Democratic Party, the Socialist Party and even the Portuguese Communist Party and the Armed Forces Movement (MFA) officers. The ideological diversity of the government seems to be one of the main reasons why the government didn't last, being the other the calling for anticipated presidential elections before Constituent Assembly election, 1975. He was replaced by Colonel Vasco Gonçalves, a choice that Spínola would latter regret. After leaving office, Palma Carlos was never involved in politics again.

He was married to Elina Júlia Chaves Pereira Guimarães (Lisbon, 1904 - 1991).


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