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Adenanthera pavonina
Adenanthera pavonina with the red seeds ,(Location).
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Genus: Adenanthera
Species: A. pavonina
Binomial name
Adenanthera pavonina
L.
Seeds

Adenanthera pavonina is a species of tree, used for its timber, also known as Barbados pride, Coral-wood, Coralwood, Peacock flower fence, Red beadtree, Red sandalwood tree, Red sandalwood, Sandalwood tree; syn. Adenanthera gersenii Scheff., Adenanthera polita Miq., Corallaria parvifolia Rumph. This plant is found in the wild in India, where in each language it has its own name (for example in Kerala it is known as Manchadi), and it is also introduced in the following countries of America: Brazil, specially in Caatinga vegetation; Costa Rica, Honduras, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Tobago, Venezuela, and the United States, specially in southern Florida.

Uses

In addition, this plant is useful for nitrogen fixation, and it is often cultivated as a forage, a medicinal plant, and an ornamental plant which is used as a garden plant and urban tree. This tree is common within the tropics of the old world, particularly in the Maldives, principally upon the shores. The beauty of the seeds, their use as beads and for necklace, and their nourishing qualities, have combined to scatter the plant. The small, yellowish flower grows in dense drooping rat-tail flower heads, almost like catkins. The curved hanging pods, with a bulge opposite each seed, split open each into two twisted halves to reveal the hard, scarlet seeds that have been used since early times for weighing gold. The young leaves can be cooked and eaten. The wood, which is extremely hard, is used in boat-building and making furniture.

The tree is useful in treating boils, is used for making soap, acts as a suppurative, tonic and also has anti-tumor properties.[1]

References

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Adenanthera pavonina

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Adenanthera
Species: Adenanthera pavonina

Name

Adenanthera pavonina L.

References

  • Carolus Linnaeus Species Plantarum 1:384. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 1440

Vernacular names

English: Red bead tree
Gagana Samoa: lopa
lea faka-Tonga: lopa

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