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Adna Romanza Chaffee
April 14, 1842(1842-04-14) ‚Äď November 1, 1914 (aged 72)
AdnaChaffee.jpg
General Adna R. Chaffee
Place of birth Orwell, Ohio
Place of death Los Angeles, California
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1861-1906
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Peninsular Campaign
*Maryland Campaign
*Appomattox Campaign

Indian Wars
*Battle of Paint Creek
*Battle of Red River
*Battle of Big Dry Wash
Spanish-American War
*Cuban Campaign
Boxer Rebellion
*Battle of Peking
Philippine-American War
*Mindanao Campaign

Other work Public Servant

Adna Romanza Chaffee (April 14, 1842 ‚Äď November 1, 1914) was a General in the United States Army. Chaffee took part in the American Civil War and Indian Wars, played a key role in the Spanish-American War, and was instrumental at crushing the Boxer Rebellion in China. He was the Army Chief of Staff from 1904 to 1906, overseeing far-reaching transformation of organization and doctrine in the Army.

Contents

Civil War

Chaffee was born in Orwell, Ohio. When the American Civil War broke out in July 1861, Chaffee enlisted in the Union Army as a Private in the U.S. 6th Cavalry Regiment. In 1862, Chaffee was promoted to sergeant and took part in the Peninsular Campaign and the Battle of Antietam. In September of that year he was made the First Sergeant of Company K. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in May 1863. He served with the 6th Cavalry for the remainder of the war, being twice wounded. In February 1865, he was promoted to First Lieutenant. For his "gallant and meritorious" actions in the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House he was brevetted Captain.

Indian Wars

Chaffee decided to remain with the Army after the war. He was posted to the western frontier, and was promoted to Captain of Regulars in October 1867. For the next thirty years he served in the Indian Wars, fighting the Central Plains and Southwestern tribes. In 1868, he was brevetted major for his actions at Paint Creek, Texas. In the following years he engaged the Indians many times, most notably at Red River, Texas in 1874, and Big Dry Wash, Arizona in 1882, for which he was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel. In July 1888 he was promoted to Major and transferred to the 9th Cavalry. From 1894 to 1896, he was an instructor of tactics at the Army’s Infantry and Cavalry School at Fort Leavenworth. In June 1897 he was promoted to Colonel and transferred to the 3rd Cavalry, where he served as commandant of the Cavalry School at Fort Riley until 1898.

Spanish-American War

With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898, he was assigned a brigade and was promoted to Brigadier General of volunteers in May of that year, and in July after the victory at El Caney, to Major General of volunteers. From late 1898 to May 1900, he served as the chief of staff to the military governor of Cuba, General Leonard Wood, being promoted to Colonel of regulars in May 1899.

Boxer Rebellion

In June 1900, the Boxer Rebellion broke out in China. Chaffee was sent to China in July as the commander of the U.S. Army’s China Relief Expedition. The Expedition was a part of the international force sent to rescue Western citizens and put down the rebellion. Chaffee played a key role in the rapid advance to the imperial capital of Beijing and its subsequent capture on August 14, 1900, which relieved the beleaguered embassy staffs and other Western nationals.

Later Military Service

In February 1901, he became a Major General in the regular army. From July of that year until October 1902, he served as the military governor of the Philippines. This included the beginning of the second phase of the Philippine-American War. In October 1902, he became commander of the Department of the East, a position he held until October 1903.

Adna Chaffee, Jr.

In January 1904, he was promoted to Lieutenant General and, from January 9, 1904 until January 14, 1906, served as the Chief of Staff of the United States Army. At his own request, he was retired on February 1, 1906.

In his retirement, he moved to Los Angeles, where he was appointed President of the Board of Public Works for the city of Los Angeles.

Chaffee was married twice: in 1868, he married Kate Haynie Reynolds, who died the following year; in 1875, he married his second wife, Annie Frances Rockwell. His son Adna Chaffee, Jr. also became a general and was one of the fathers of U.S. Army’s armored forces.

Tributes

A historical marker[1] documenting Chaffee's birthplace stands in Orwell, Ohio. As well, the city of Chaffee, Missouri was named in his honor when founded in 1905.

See also

References

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Samuel B.M. Young
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1904‚Äď1906
Succeeded by
John C. Bates
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