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This article concerns the Nazi official Adolf Wagner; for the German economist, see Adolph Wagner.

Adolf Wagner (October 1, 1890 in Algringen, Lothringen - April 12, 1944 in Bad Reichenhall) was a German soldier and high-ranking Nazi Party official from Algringen, Alsace-Lorraine.

He served in World War I as an officer in the German Army. A member of the Nazi Party from its earliest days, he was appointed a Gauleiter for various districts in Germany, eventually becoming Gauleiter of the Gau München-Oberbayern. He was also Minister of the Interior and of cultural affairs of Bavaria and there the absolute ruler exceeding the formal head of state, the Reichsstatthalter and the Prime Minister Ludwig Siebert by far in power. He served as the master of ceremonies for the annual commemorations of the Beer Hall Putsch every November 9 in Munich.

Wagner angered Adolf Hitler in 1941 when he insisted on removing crucifixes from Bavarian classrooms, which outraged the Roman Catholic Church and the general public. The opposition to this move was so strong Wagner was forced to rescind the order, one of the rare circumstances of successful public opposition in Nazi Germany.

Despite this faux pas, Hitler apparently remained on good terms with Wagner. When Wagner died in April 1944, two years after suffering a stroke that had effectively incapacitated him, the increasingly reclusive Führer made a rare public appearance to attend his lavish funeral.


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ADOLF WAGNER (1835-), German economist, was born at Erlangen on the 25th of March 1835. Educated at Göttingen and Heidelberg, he was professor of political science at Dorpat and Freiburg, and after 1870 at Berlin. A prolific writer on economic problems, he brought out in his study of the subject the close relation which necessarily exists between economics and jurisprudence. He ranks without doubt as one of the most eminent German economists and a distinguished leader of the historical school. His leanings towards Christian socialism made him one of those to whom the appellation of "KathederSocialisten" or "socialists of the (professional) chair" was applied, and he was one of the founders of the Verein fiir Socialpolitik. In 1871 he undertook, in conjunction with Professor E. Nasse (1829-1890), a new edition of Rau's Lehrbuch der politischen Okonomie, and his own special contributions, the Grundlegung and Finanzwissenschaft, afterwards published separately, are probably his most important works. He approaches economic studies from the point of view that the doctrine of the jus naturae, on which the physiocrats reared their economic structure, has lost its hold on belief, and that the old a priori and absolute conceptions of personal freedom and property have given way with it. He lays down that the economic position of the individual, instead of depending merely on so-called natural rights or even on his natural powers, is conditioned by the contemporary juristic system, which is itself an historical product. These conceptions, therefore, of freedom and property, half economic, half juristic, require a fresh examination. Wagner accordingly investigates, before anything else, the conditions of the economic life of the community, and in subordination to this, determines the sphere of the economic freedom of the individual. Among his works are Beitreige zur Lehre von den Banken (1857), System der deutschen Zettelbankgesetzgebung (1870-1873) and Agrarand Industriestaat (1902).

His brother, Hermann Wagner (1840-), a distinguished geographer, joined the Geographical Institute of Justus Perthes in 1868, and was editor of the statistical section of the Gothaer Almanack up to 1876. In 1872 he founded Die Bevolkerung der Erde, a critical review of area and population, and in 1880 he was appointed professor of geography at Göttingen. He was editor of the Geographisches Jahrbuch from 1880 to 1908. His publications include Lehrbuch der Geographie (7th ed., 1903) and Methodischer Schulatlas (12th ed., 5907).

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