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Adria
—  Comune  —
Comune di Adria
Canal Bianco
Adria is located in Italy
Adria
Location of Adria in Italy
Coordinates: 45°03′N 12°03′E / 45.05°N 12.05°E / 45.05; 12.05Coordinates: 45°03′N 12°03′E / 45.05°N 12.05°E / 45.05; 12.05
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Rovigo (RO)
Frazioni Baricetta, Bellombra, Bottrighe, Ca' Emo, Campelli, Canareggio, Canton, Canton Basso, Capitello, Case Beviacqua, Case Matte, Ca'Tron, Cavanella Po, Cavedon, Chiavica Pignatta, Corcrevà, Curicchi, Fasana Polesine, Fienile Santissimo, Forcarigoli, Isolella, Mazzorno Sinistro, Montefalche, Palazzon, Passetto, Piantamelon, Sabbioni, San Pietro Basso, Tiro A Segno, Valliera, Voltascirocco
Government
 - Mayor Massimo "Bobo" Barbujani (since 22 June 2009)
Area
 - Total 113.5 km2 (43.8 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 20,505
 Density 180.7/km2 (467.9/sq mi)
 - Demonym Adriesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 45011
Dialing code 0426
Patron saint Saints Peter and Paul
Saint day 29 June
Website Official website
The New Cathedral

Adria is a town and comune in the province of Rovigo in the Veneto region of Northern Italy, situated between the mouths of the rivers Adige and Po. It is the seat of a diocese together with Rovigo.

The Etruscan[1] city of Adria ("Hatria") underlies the modern city, three to four meters below the current level. Adria ("Hatria") gave its name at an early period to the Adriatic Sea, to which it was connected through channels.[2] Adria and Spina were the Etruscan ports and depots for Felsina (now Bologna).

Contents

History

The first settlements on the area are of Venetic origin, on the 12-9th century BC; at that time the mainstream of the Po, the Adria channel, flowed into the sea by this area. The Villanovan culture, named for an archaeological site at the village of Villanova, near Bologna (Etruscan Felsina), flourished in this area from the 10th until as late as the 6th century BC.The foundations of classic Atria are dated from 530 to 520 BC[3].

The Etruscans built the port and settlement of Adria after the channel was not the mainstream anymore; the Etruscan port and town of Adria flourished on the late 6th century BC. The Etruscan-controlled area of the Po Valley was generally known as Padan Etruria (Padan refers to the Po River), as opposed to their main concentration along the Tyrrhenian coast south of the Arno.

Greeks[4] from Aegina[5] and later from Syracuse by Dionysius I colonised the city making it into an emporion.Greeks had been trading with the Eneti from the sixth century BC.[6]

Mass Celtic incursions into the Po valley resulted in friction between the Gauls and Etruscans, and also intermarriage, attested by epigraphic inscriptions where Etruscan and Celtic names appear together.The city was populated[7] by Etruscans,Eneti,Greeks and Celts.

Pliny the Elder, a Roman author and fleet commander, wrote about a system of channels in Atria that was, "first made by the Tuscans [Etruscans], thus discharging the flow of the river across the marshes of the Atriani called the Seven Seas, with the famous harbor of the Tuscan town of Atria which formerly gave the name of Atriatic to the sea now called the Adriatic." Pliny's "Seven Seas" were interlinked coastal lagoons, separated from the open sea by sandspits and barrier islands[8]. The Etruscans extended this natural inland waterway with new canals to extend the navigation possibilities of the tidal reaches of the Po all the way north to Atria. As late as the time of the emperor Vespasian, shallow draft galleys could still be rowed from Ravenna into the heart of Etruria.

Under Roman occupation the town lost importance to the former Greek colony Ravenna as the continued siltation of the Po delta carried the seafront farther to the east. The sea is now about 22 km from Adria.

The first exploration of ancient Atria was carried out by Carlo Bocchi and published as Importanza di Adria la Veneta. The collections of the Bocchi family were given to the public at the beginning of the twentieth century and comprise a major part of the city museum collection of antiquities.

There are several ideas concerning the etymology of the ancient toponym Adria/Atria. One theory is that it derives from an "Illyrian" (Venetic language intended?) word adur, 'water', 'sea'.[9]

Main sights

  • Church of Santa Maria Assunta della Tomba (formerly the cathedral), of medieval origin but rebuilt in 1718. It houses an octagonal baptismal font from the 7th or 8th century, with the carved name of the 3rd bishop of Adria, Bono. Other artworks include several 15th and 16th centuries paintings, and, in the chapel, a terracotta relief depicting a Dormitio Virginis, attributed to Michele da Firenze.
  • Adria Cathedral, the New Cathedral (Cattedrale Nuova dei Santi Petro i Paulo), dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul
  • Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Adria

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Adria is twinned with the following towns:

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ The Archaeology of Etruscan Society by Vedia Izzet,2008,page 13: "... 161), the Latin atrium is derived from the Etruscan town of Atria (modern Adria), ascribing the form to the houses of the town), and ..."
  2. ^ The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites quoting Strabo (5.1.8)), consider that Adria derived its name from the Adriatic Sea; Hecataeus asserts that both Adria and the Adriatic sea derived their names from the Adria river.
  3. ^ The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe by Barry Cunliffe,2001,table 4
  4. ^ An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,Index
  5. ^ In An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis by Mogens Herman,ISBN 0198140991,2004,,"As a long-distance trading community, Aigina was not an active coloniser, but colonised Kydonia (no. 968) in 519, Adria (no. 75) c.C61, and Damastion in Illyria after 431 (Strabo 8.6.16)."
  6. ^ The Ancient Mediterranean by Michael Grant,1988,page 171,"On the north side of the Delta,sixth century objects have been found at Adria where Greeks traded with the Eneti who inhabited the present Venezia"
  7. ^ A Companion to the Classical Greek World by Konrad H. Kinzl, 2007,page 178: "... Adria appears to have been a Greek (possibly Aiginetan) emporion, but it also had a substantial Etruscan population, and possibly also Venetic and Celtic elements (Fogolari and Scarfi 1970).
  8. ^ Two bands of sand dunes east of the city mark the former sea front in Etruscan-Greek times, and in Roman times.(Princeton Encyclopedia)
  9. ^ Adrian Room, "Brewer's Dictionary of Names", p.7. (ISBN 1-85986-323-x)

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ADRIA (anc. Atria; the form Adria or Hadria is less correct: Hatria was a town in Picenum, the modern Atri), a town and episcopal see of Venetia, Italy, in the province of Rovigo, 15 m. E. by rail from the town of Rovigo. It is situated between the mouths of the Adige and the Po, about 13z m. from the sea and but 13 ft. above it. Pop. (1901) 15,678. The town occupies the site of the ancient Atria, which gave its name to the Adriatic. Its origin is variously ascribed by ancient writers, but it was probably a Venetian, i.e. Illyrian, not an Etruscan, foundation - still less a foundation of Dionysius I. of Syracuse. Imported vases of the second half of the 5th century B.C. prove the existence of trade with Greece at that period; and the town was famous in Aristotle's day for a special breed of fowls. Even at that period, however, the silt brought down by the rivers rendered access to the harbour difficult, and the historian Philistus excavated a canal to give free access to the sea. This was still open in the imperial period, and the town, which was a municipium, possessed its own gild of sailors; but its importance gradually decreased. Its remains lie from io to 20 ft. below the modern level. The Museo Civico and the Bocchi collection contain antiquities.

See R. Schone, Le antichitd del Museo Bocchi di Adria (Rome, 1878). (T. As.)


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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German Wikipedia has an article on:
Adria

Wikipedia de

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Adriatisches Meer

Wikipedia de

See also Adrià

German

Proper noun

Adria f.

  1. the Adriatic Sea

Synonyms

  • Adriatisches Meer

Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

(Acts 27:27; R.V., "the sea of Adria"), the Adriatic Sea, including in Paul's time the whole of the Mediterranean lying between Crete and Sicily. It is the modern Gulf of Venice, the "Mare Superum" of the Romans, as distinguished from the "Mare Inferum" or Tyrrhenian Sea.

This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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