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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An adventure is an activity that is perceived to involve risky, dangerous or exciting experiences.

The term is often used to refer to activities with some potential for physical danger, such as skydiving, mountain climbing, and extreme sports. However, the term also broadly refers to any enterprise that is potentially fraught with physical, financial or psychological risk, such as a business venture, a love affair, or other major life undertakings.

Adventurous experiences create psychological and physiological arousal,[1] which can be interpreted as negative (e.g. fear) or positive (e.g. flow), and which can be detrimental as stated by the Yerkes-Dodson law. For some people, adventure becomes a major pursuit in and of itself. According to adventurer André Malraux, in his La Condition Humaine (1933), "If a man is not ready to risk his life, where is his dignity?". Similarly, Helen Keller famously stated that "Life is either a daring adventure or nothing."

Contents

About

Activities such as hiking, and exploring can be seen as adventurous.

Outdoor adventurous activities are typically undertaken for the purposes of recreation or excitement: examples are adventure racing and adventure tourism. Adventurous activities can also lead to gains in knowledge, such as those undertaken by explorers and pioneers. Adventure education intentionally uses challenging experiences for learning.

Adventure in mythology

Lewis Carroll's "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" is a well-known example of a fantasized adventure story.
Example alt text
Young Adventurers not in search of wealth, but in search of adventure itself.

The oldest and most widespread stories in the world are adventure stories.[2] Joseph Campbell discussed his notion of the monomyth in his book, The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Campbell proposed that the heroic mythological stories from culture to culture comprised of a similar underlying pattern, starting with the "call to adventure", followed by a hazardous journey and eventual triumph. The adventure novel exhibits these "protagonist on adventurous journey" characteristics as do many popular feature films, such as Star Wars.

Adventurer

An adventurer is a person who bases their lifestyle or their fortunes on adventurous acts. An adventurer or adventuress is a term that usually takes one of three meanings:

  • One whose travels are unusual and often exotic, though not so unique as to qualify as exploration.
  • One who lives by their wits.
  • One who takes part in a risky or speculative course of action for profit or position.

In fiction, the adventurer figure or Picaro may be regarded as a descendant of the knight-errant of Medieval romance. Like the knight, the adventurer roams through episodic encounters, usually involving wealth, romance, or fighting. Unlike the knight, the adventurer was a realistic figure, often lower class or otherwise impoverished, who is forced to make his way to fortune, often by deceit. Also, an adventurer is a roguish hero of low social class who lives by his or her wits in a corrupt society. The picaresque novel originated in Spain in the middle of the fifteenth century. Novels such as Lazarillo de Tormes were influential across Europe. Throughout the eighteenth century, a great number of novels featured bold, amoral, adventuring protagonists, who made their way into wealth and happiness, sometimes with and sometimes without the moral conversion that generally accompanies the Spanish model.

Under Victorian morality the term, used without qualifiers, came to imply a person of low moral character, often someone trying to marry for money.

In comic book handbooks such as Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe and Who's Who: The Definitive Directory of the DC Universe, the term "adventurer" is used as a synonym for "super-hero" when listing a character's occupation.

In role-playing games, the player characters are often professional adventurers, who earn wealth and fame by adventure, such as undertaking hazardous missions, exploring ruins, and slaying monsters. This stereotype is strong enough that the adventurers can often be used as a synonym for the player characters. However non-player character groups of adventurers can also exist, and can be an interesting encounter for the players.

List of adventurers

Historical adventurers

T.E. Lawrence, also known as the adventurer Lawrence of Arabia

Modern adventurers

Me Isaac

Fictional adventurers

References

  1. ^ M Gomà-i-Freixanet (2004), "Sensation Seeking and Participation in Physical Risk Sports", On the psychobiology of personality, http://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=6YjcgAn8TfsC&oi=fnd&pg=PA187 
  2. ^ Zweig, P. (1974). The adventurer: The fate of adventure in the Western world. New York: Basic Books.

External links


Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

This is the beginning of a learning project about "adventure".

Some starting questions and ideas to explore are:

Attention yellow.svg Have a go at answering these questions here on this page or put links to where you've responded elsewhere
  1. What is an adventure? (Research and read about others' ways of conceptualising adventure - and then write your own description of adventure and post the link here)
  2. Can adventures be entirely of the mind or spirit - or must they have a physical component?
  3. Why is adventure important? What role does it and should it play in individual lives and society as a whole?
  4. What are the dangers of being too adventurous? Or is there far greater risk of us not being adventurous enough?
  5. What are some people more adventurous than others?
  6. Write about an adventure you have had and post the link here
  7. Who are your favourite adventurers and why?

See also


Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

Adventure
disambiguation
This is a disambiguation page, which lists works which share the same title. If an article link referred you here, please consider editing it to point directly to the intended page.


Adventure may refer to:


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ADVENTURE (from Lat. res adventura, a thing about to happen), chance, and especially chance of danger; so a hazardous enterprise or remarkable incident. Thus an "adventurer," from meaning one who takes part in some speculative course of action, came to mean one who lived by his wits and a person of no character. The word is also used in certain restricted legal connexions. Joint adventure, for instance, may be distinguished from partnership. A bill of adventure in maritime law (now apparently obsolete) is a writing signed by the shipmaster declaring that goods shipped in his name really belong to another, to whom he is responsible. The bill of gross adventure in French maritime law is an instrument making a loan on maritime security.


<< Adventitious

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Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Category:Adventure article)

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

An entry about Adventure games can be found at Wikipedia. For games that incorporate action elements (such as The Legend of Zelda), see Category:Action-adventure.

Subcategories

This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.

D

S

Pages in category "Adventure"

The following 169 pages are in this category, out of 169 total.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

  • Hamtaro: Ham-Ham Heartbreak
  • Hamtaro: Ham-Hams Unite!
  • Higemaru Makaijima
  • Hikari Shinwa: Palutena no Kagami

H cont.

  • Hook
  • Hotel Dusk: Room 215

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

P cont.

Q

  • Quest for Glory I: So You Want To Be A Hero
  • Quest for Glory II: Trial by Fire
  • Quest for Glory III: Wages of War
  • Quest for Glory IV: Shadows of Darkness

R

S

T

V

W

Z

  • Zack & Wiki: Quest for Barbaros' Treasure

Ø


Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Adventure may be:

Disambiguation
This is a disambiguation page which serves to distinguish topics that share a common name.

Disambiguation pages are navigational aids which list other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred to this page, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to the intended page.


This article uses material from the "Adventure" article on the Gaming wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

An adventure is something exciting that happens to someone. An adventure can be a made-up story, or it can be something that happens in real life.

People often like to read stories about a person or a group of people who go off and have an adventure. There is often some danger in the story. Enid Blyton wrote stories about The Famous Five who go off to have exciting adventures. Harry Potter has lots of adventures: he meets strange people and gets into lots of dangerous situations.

People in real life like to have adventures. They may be explorers who like to go to far-away places where no one has ever been before.

Adventure sports are sports that are exciting but can be rather dangerous. Skydiving, gliding and rock climbing are adventure sports.

An adventure playground is a playground for children where they can climb, swing and jump on things. They have been made by adults for children to use and are normally quite safe.

An adventurer is someone who spends all his life going on adventures or doing things that are risky.

Space travel is an example of a modern adventure.

An adventure game is a video game about adventures.

The word venture is a short form of "adventure". A "business venture" is a business project in which there is a lot of risk. "Venture" can also be a verb: "They ventured out into the storm".








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