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Aegean Islands: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aegean Sea Islands map showing island groups.

The Aegean Islands (Greek: Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated: Nisiá Aigaíou) are a group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete delimits the sea to the south. The ancient name of the Aegean Sea, Archipelago, was later applied to the islands it contains and is now used more generally, to refer to any island group. The Greek Aegean Islands traditionally subdivided into seven groups, from north to south:

Almost all of the Aegean Islands belong to Greece, being split among nine administrative peripheries. Turkish possessions include Imbros (Gökçeada), Tenedos (Bozcaada), and various smaller islets off Turkey's western coast.

The term Italian Aegean Islands (Italian: Isole Italiane dell-’Egeo) is sometimes used to refer to the Aegean islands conquered by Italy during the Italo-Turkish War in 1912 and annexed (through the Treaty of Lausanne) from 1923 until 1947: the Dodecanese, including Rhodes and Kastelorizo.

See also

References

  • Aegean Sea, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05.
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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Greek Islands article)

From Wikitravel

Europe : Greece : Greek Islands
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Most visitors to Greek want their trip to include, or even to be devoted to, "the islands," but may initially be bewildered by their number and variety. In order to sort out these islands' diverse attractions, here is a high-level overview of them; the characteristics of each group will be summarized on their regional pages with further descriptions on the links to the individual islands. Also below there are some suggestions which may be helpful for travelers in getting an idea of which islands they may find most appealing.

Saronic Gulf Islands
Cyclades
Dodecanese
Rhodes
Sporades
East Aegean Islands
North Aegean Islands
Western Greek Islands

Note that Crete is not included on this page since due to its size and importance it's described as a separate region, and the island of Evvia is so large and so closely associated with the mainland that it's considered together with the mainland areas of Central and Northern Greece rather than being included in the above list. Also, a few small offshore Greek islands are described on the pages of the mainland areas they are close to.

Quick Island Finder

What follows is by no means a complete list of island attractions, but is meant as a starting point to help travelers to The Greek Islands, especially first time ones, decide which islands might repay further investigation. Islands top ranked in their category are given first, followed by an also listing of others that rank highly in the category.

Islands with great beaches: Mykonos, Naxos, Thassos, Rhodes, Skiathos, Skopelos; also Kos, Lefkada, Serifos, Milos, Corfu, Kefallonia.

Islands with significant archeological sites and museums: Delos, Rhodes, Aegina, also Kos, Thassos, Lesvos.

Great island harbor towns: Chios, Hydra, Symi, Naxos, Rhodes, Mykonos, also Syros, Corfu, Lefkada.

Great island medieval towns and fortresses: Corfu, Rhodes, Sifnos, Serifos.

Lots of night life: Ios, Mykonos, also Skiathos, Rhodes, Corfu.

Good for walking: Sifnos, Kefallonia, Tilos, also Skopelos.

Significant connection with early or Orthodox Christianity: Patmos, Tinos, also Chios, Milos.

Impressive landscape: Santorini, Nisyros also Naxos, Syros.

Closest to Athens: Saronic Gulf Islands, also Serifos, Sifnos, Milos.

Best access by airplane: Rhodes, Santorini, Mykonos, also Corfu, Milos.

Islands with luxury hotels or resorts: Rhodes, Santorini.

Honeymoon favorites: Santorini, also Mykonos

A note on island town names: Often, though not always, the main town of a Greek island will have the same name as the island; thus, Naxos is the name of the main town on Naxos, and Paros is the name of the main town on Paros. Sometimes these towns also have alternate names; thus Paros town is sometimes known as Parikia. In addition to these names, the main town on an island is often also referred to locally on the island as Hora (sometimes spelled Khora), which basically means "the place": thus "Hora" on Naxos means Naxos town, while "Hora" on Paros means Paros town.


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