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Aelia (gens): Wikis

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The gens Aelia, occasionally written Ailia, was a plebeian family at Rome, which flourished from the fifth century B.C. until at least the third century A.D., a period of nearly eight hundred years. The archaic spelling Ailia is found on coins, but must not be confused with Allia, which seems to be a distinct gens. The first member of the gens to obtain the consulship was Publius Aelius Paetus in 337 B.C.

Under the empire the Aelian name became still more celebrated. It was the name of the emperor Hadrian, and consequently of the Antonines, whom he adopted. A number of landmarks built by Hadrian also bear the name Aelius. The Pons Aelius is a bridge in Rome, now known as the Ponte Sant'Angelo. Pons Aelius also refers to a Roman settlement in Britannia Inferior, now the site of Newcastle upon Tyne, while Aelia Capitolina was a Roman colony built on the ruins of Jerusalem.[1]

Contents

Praenomina used by the gens

The Aelii regularly used the praenomina Publius, Sextus, Quintus, and Lucius. There is also one example of Gaius amongst the early members of the gens.[2]

Branches and cognomina of the gens

The family-names and surnames of the Aelia gens are Catus, Gallus, Gracilis, Lamia, Ligur, Paetus, Staienus, Stilo, and Tubero. The only cognomina found on coins are Bala, Lamia, Paetus, and Sejanus. Of Bala nothing is known. Sejanus is the name of the favorite of the emperor Tiberius, who was adopted by one of the Aelii.[3]

Members of the gens

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Aelii Paeti

Aelii Tuberones

  • Publius Aelius Tubero, praetor in 201 and 177 B.C.
  • Quintus Aelius Tubero, tribunus plebis in 194 B.C., proposed the establishment of colonies among the Bruttii and Thurii, and appointed a commissioner for the foundation of the latter colony.[8]
  • Quintus Aelius Tubero, served under his son-in-law, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, in the war against Perseus.
  • Quintus Aelius Q. f. Tubero, a jurist, praetor in 123 and consul suffectus in 118 B.C.
  • Lucius Aelius Tubero, a friend and relation of Cicero.
  • Quintus Aelius L. f. Tubero, a jurist, and perhaps the same man as the consul of 11 B.C.

Others

See also

List of Roman gentes

References

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology by William Smith (1870).


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