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Aerolineas Argentinas flight 322

A de Havilland DH.106 Comet similar to accident aircraft
Accident summary
Date November 23, 1961
Type Pilot error
Site Near Viracopos-Campinas International Airport, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
23°1′28.40″S 47°6′24.15″W / 23.024556°S 47.1067083°W / -23.024556; -47.1067083Coordinates: 23°1′28.40″S 47°6′24.15″W / 23.024556°S 47.1067083°W / -23.024556; -47.1067083
Passengers 40
Crew 12
Injuries 0
Fatalities 52
Survivors 0
Aircraft type de Havilland DH.106 Comet 4C
Operator Aerolineas Argentinas
Tail number LV-AHR

Aerolineas Argentinas Flight 322 was the flight number of a scheduled international passenger flight from Buenos Aires to Trinidad and New York City via Campinas, Brazil, which crashed and caught fire on November 23, 1961, shortly after takeoff from the Viracopos-Campinas International Airport, with the deaths of all 40 passengers and 12 crew on board.[1][2][3][4] The flight was being operated by a Comet 4C jetliner, registration LV-AHR.

Contents

Flight history

The four-engined Aerolineas Argentinas turbojet arrived from Buenos Aires, Argentina and landed at Viracopos-Campinas International Airport (IATA: VCPICAO: SBKP), 62 miles north of São Paulo, as an intermediate stop.[5] It took off at 05:38, bound for Piarco International Airport (IATA: POSICAO: TTPP), Trinidad, with New York City as its final destination. After reaching an altitude of about 100 metres (330 ft), the aircraft lost altitude, collided with eucalyptus trees and crashed into the ground; its fuel tanks exploded on impact. All 52 people on board were killed in the disaster.[2][6]

Investigation

The accident was investigated by the Brazilian government with participation from the government of Argentinia, the state of registry of the accident aircraft.

The weather conditions at the time of the accident were "dark night due to 7/8 (broken) stratocumulus at 400 metres (1,300 ft) and to 8/8 coverage (overcast) by altostratus at 2,100 metres (6,900 ft)."[2] According to the Brazilian Air Ministry, the weather conditions did not contribute to the accident.[2]

The investigation revealed that the first officer was seated in the left seat of the flight deck, which the investigators saw as an indication that he was receiving flight instruction from the captain during the accident flight.[2][7]

The Brazilian Air Ministry determined the following Probable Cause:[1]

It was presumed that the co-pilot was under flight instruction. If such was the case, the instructor, who was pilot-in-command, may have failed to brief or supervise the co-pilot properly.

The Argentinian government issued the following statement:[1]

Argentina has determined, in the light of information it has gathered, that the cause of the accident was: "Failure to operate under IFR during a takeoff by night in weather conditions requiring IFR operation and failure to follow the climb procedure for this type of aircraft; a contributory cause was the lack of vigilance by the pilot-in-command during the operations."

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "ASN accident record". ASN. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19611123-0. Retrieved 2009-06-03.  
  2. ^ a b c d e "Official accident report of Comet IV LV-AHR". Brazilian Air Ministry on De Havilland Comet website. Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. http://www.webcitation.org/5kmCHK86A. Retrieved 2009-06-03.  
  3. ^ "52 Killed in Crash of Argentine Jet - Hits After Takeoff in Brazil - Craft Was Bound for New York City". Associated Press, in The Capital Times, Madison, WI. November 23, 1961.  
  4. ^ "Jetliner Crashes, Burns in Brazil, 52 Feared Dead". Associated Press in Press-Telegram, Long Beach, CA. November 23, 1961.  , "The ill-fated plane was the airline's flight 322.", p. 3
  5. ^ "Comet Airliner Crashes in Brazil - 52 Killed". Reuter. November 23, 2009. http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3083/3238268366_92f6da6fed_b.jpg.  
  6. ^ "ALL 52 ON JET DIE IN BRAZIL CRASH; Argentine Comet Dives to Earth Just After Taking Off -- American Aboard All 52 on Argentine Jet Killed In Crash on Take-Off in Brazil". Associated Press on NYT. November 24, 1961. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10615F93F591A728DDDAD0A94D9415B818AF1D3&scp=1&sq=brazil%20comet%20crash&st=cse.  
  7. ^ The Brazilian Air Ministry report mentions the first officer's lack of logged pilot in command time in type, although it's unclear whether Argentinian flight rules would have allowed a first officer to log such time before he is promoted to captain. The Argentinian government makes no mention of this point in its official "cause" statement.

External links

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