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Black is the most common coat colour of the Affenpinscher.
Nicknames Monkey Dog
Country of origin Germany, France[1]
Coat Wire

The Affenpinscher is a terrier-like toy breed of dog.





Weighing 7 to 9 pounds (3-4 kg) and not exceeding 11 inches (24-30 cm) in height at the withers,[2] the Affenpinscher has harsh rough coat and a monkey-like expression (Affe means monkey in German). Its coat is shaggier over the head and shoulders forming a mane, with shorter coat over the back and hind quarters. It is harsh and wiry in texture. The FCI and UK breed standards specifies that the coat must be black,[2][3] but the AKC also allows gray, silver, red,and tan, and belge (not beige; belge is a mixture of red, black and white hairs);[4] other clubs have their own lists of acceptable colours, with black being the preference.The affenpinscher is a dog with a shaggy, wiry-type coat.


Affenpinschers have a distinct appearance that some associate with terriers. They are different from terriers, however, in that they are actually part of the pinscher-schnauzer of group 2 in the FCI classification and so often get along with other dogs and pets. They are active, adventurous, curious, and stubborn, but they are also fun-loving and playful. The breed is confident, lively, affectionate towards family members and is also very protective of them. This loyal little dog enjoys being with its family. It needs consistent, firm training because some can be quite difficult to housebreak. The training should be varied because the dog can easily become bored.The affenpinscher has a terrier like personality.

Affenpinschers are somewhat territorial when it comes to their toys and food, so they are not recommended for very small children. This dog is mostly quiet but can become very excited if attacked or threatened and shows no fear toward any aggressor. It is best suited for a family who likes a show and has a sense of humor.



A small sample (N=21) of Affenpinschers in a UK survey had a median lifespan of 11.4 years,[5] which is a typical lifespan for a purebred dog, but a bit lower than most breeds of their size.[6] The most common causes of death were old age (24%), urologic (19%), and "combinations" (14%).[7].Some are prone to fractures, slipped stifle, pda, open fontanel and respiratory problems in hot weather.


The Affenpinscher is prone to hip dysplasia.[8] As with many small breeds of dog they are prone to collapsed trachea, which is best avoided by walking the dog with a harness instead of a collar. Cataracts are occasionally reported. [8]


The breed is German in origin and dates back to the seventeenth century. Its name is derived from the German Affe (ape, monkey). The breed predates and is ancestral to the Griffon Bruxellois (Brussels Griffon) and Miniature Schnauzer.[9]

Dogs of the Affenpinscher type have been known since about 1600 but these were somewhat larger, about 12 to 13 inches, and came in colors of gray, fawn, black and tan, gray and tan, and also red. White feet and chest were also common. The breed was created to be a ratter, working to remove rodents from kitchens, granaries, and stables.


Affenpinschers need to be groomed two to three times a week.


Affenpinschers often appears on lists of dogs that allegedly do not shed (moult).[10] However, every hair shaft in the dog coat grows from a hair follicle. Each shaft has a cycle of growing, then dying and being replaced by another shaft. When the hair shaft dies, the hair is shed. The length of time of the growing and shedding cycle varies by breed, age, and by whether the dog is an inside or outside dog. "There is no such thing as a nonshedding breed."[11]

Frequent grooming reduces the amount of loose fur in the environment.

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b FCI breed standard. Retrieved March 23, 2007
  3. ^ The Kennel Club (UK) breed standard. Retrieved March 23, 2007
  4. ^ AKC breed standard. Retrieved March 23, 2007
  5. ^ Dog Longevity Web Site, Breed Data page. Compiled by K. M. Cassidy. Retrieved July 5, 2007
  6. ^ Dog Longevity Web Site, Weight and Longevity page. Compiled by K. M. Cassidy. Retrieved July 5, 2007
  7. ^ Kennel Club/British Small Animal Veterinary Association Scientific Committee. 2004. Purebred Dog Health Survey. Retrieved July 5, 2007
  8. ^ a b Canine Inherited Disorders Database, University of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved March 23, 2007
  9. ^ Affenpinscher Club of America: Breed History. Retrieved March 23, 2007
  10. ^ Go Pets America: Dogs that do not shed - Retrieved September 7, 2008
  11. ^ Skin & Hair Anatomy & Function in Dogs, by Race Foster, DVM, Drs. Foster & Smith, Inc. Pet Education

External links

Clubs, associations and societies

Informational Websites

Simple English


Affenpinscher is a small breed of dog in the toy group. They originated in Germany and their name means "Monkey Dog", because their faces are similar to the face of a monkey.


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