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Afghan Independence Day is celebrated in Afghanistan on 19 August to commemorate the Treaty of Rawalpindi in 1919.[1] The treaty granted independence from Britain; although Afghanistan was never conquered by Britain. The British army was defeated three times in Afghanistan. The First Anglo-Afghan War 1839–1842 led to the massacre of the entire British invading force by Afghan forces in the city Jalalabad.[2]

The Second Anglo-Afghan War 1888–93 led to the British defeat in Kandahar Maiwand province. The Third Anglo-Afghan War 1919 led the British to give up on their imperialist ambition to conquer Afghanistan and Afghanistan declared its independence.

The event is recognised throughout Afghanistan and also celebrates Afghan culture and national pride. It is celebrated every year.

In some Afghan Diaspora communities where many of the world’s millions of Afghan refugees live, Afghan Independence Day is referred to and celebrated as Afghan Refugee Day. On this day Afghan refugees exchange presents and participate in traditional Afghan games and activities to celebrate both their Afghan heritage and their refugee experience.

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