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The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights is a regional court that rules on African Union states' compliance with the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.

It came into being on January 25, 2004 with the ratification by fifteen member states of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights Establishing the AfCHPR.[1]

The court is in the process of being merged with the African Court of Justice following a decision by member states at a June 2004 African Union Summit.

The Court is located in Arusha, Tanzania. Arusha was also the location selected in 1996 for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which continues to function.

On January 22, 2006, the Eighth Ordinary Session of the Executive Council of the African Union elected the first eleven Judges of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights.

Judges are normally elected for six-year terms and can be re-elected once. The President and Vice-President are elected to two-year terms.

The Court had its first meeting on July 2-5, 2006.


Since 2006

On December 15, 2009, the Court has delivered its first judgment, finding an application against Senegal inadmissible.[2] The plans to merge with the African Court of Justice appear to have stalled: as of December, 2009, only two countries have ratified the relevant protocol, out of 15 needed for its entry into force.[3]


Name State Position Elected Term Ends
Jean Mutsinzi Rwanda Rwanda President 2006 2012
Sophia A.B. Akuffo Ghana Ghana Vice-President 2006 2012
Gerard Niyungeko Burundi Burundi Member 2006 2012
Fatsah Ouguergouz Algeria Algeria Member 2006 2010
Kellelo Justina Masafo-Guni Lesotho Lesotho Member 2006 2010
Hamdi Faraj Fanoush Libya Libya Member 2006 2010
El Hadji Guissé Senegal Senegal Member 2006 2010
Bernard Ngoepe South AfricaSouth Africa Member 2008 2012
Githu Muigai KenyaKenya Member 2008 2012
Joseph Nyamihana Mulenga Uganda Uganda Member 2008 2014
Modibo Tounty Guindo Mali Mali Member 2006 2012

Former Judges

Name State Position Elected Term Ended
George W. Kanyeihamba UgandaUganda Member 2006 2008
Jean Emile Somda Burkina FasoBurkina Faso Member 2006 2008

See also

External links




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