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Africa Cup of Nations
Founded 1957
Region Africa (CAF)
Number of teams 16
Current champions  Egypt
Most successful team  Egypt (7 titles)
2010 Africa Cup of Nations

The Africa Cup of Nations, also referred to as the African Nations Cup (ANC) is the main international association football competition in Africa. It is sanctioned by the Confederation of African Football (CAF), and was first held in 1957. Since 1968, it has been held every two years. The title holders at the time of a FIFA Confederations Cup qualify for that competition.

In 1957 there were only three participating nations: Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. South Africa were to compete, but were disqualified due to the apartheid policies of the government then in power.[1] Since then, the tournament has grown, making it necessary to hold a qualifying tournament. The number of participants in the final tournament reached 16 in 1998 (16 teams were to compete in 1996 but Nigeria withdrew, reducing the field to 15), and since then, the format has been unchanged, with the sixteen teams being drawn into four groups of four teams each, with the top two teams of each group advancing to a "knock-out" stage.

Egypt is the most successful nation in the cup's history, winning the tournament a record seven times. Ghana and Cameroon have won four titles each. Three different trophies have been awarded during the tournament's history, with Ghana and Cameroon winning the first two versions to keep after each of them won a tournament three times. The current trophy was first awarded in 2002 and with Egypt winning it indefinitely after winning their unprecedented third consecutive title in 2010.

Contents

History

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1950s-60s: Early growth of the ANC competition

The origins of the African Nations Cup date back to June 1956, when the creation of the Confederation of African Football was proposed during the third FIFA congress in Lisbon. There were immediate plans for a continental nations tournament to be held, and in February 1957, the first African Cup of Nations took place in Khartoum, Sudan. There was no qualification for this tournament, the field being made up of the four founding nations of CAF (Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, and South Africa). South Africa's refusal to send a multi-racial squad to the competition led to its disqualification and handed Ethiopia a bye straight to the final.[2] As a result, only two matches were played, with Egypt being crowned as the first continental champion after defeating hosts Sudan in the semi-final and Ethiopia in the final. Two years later, Egypt hosted the second ANC in Cairo with the participation of these same three teams. Host and defending champions Egypt repeated as cup winners, this time downing Sudan.

The field grew to include nine teams for the third ANC in 1962 in Addis Ababa, and for the first time there was a qualification round to determine which four teams would play for the title. Host Ethiopia and reigning champion Egypt received automatic berths, and were joined in the final four by Nigeria and Tunisia. Egypt made its third consecutive final appearance, but it was Ethiopia that emerged as victors, after first beating Tunisia and then downing Egypt in extra time.

1960s: Ghanaian domination

In 1963, Ghana made its first appearance as it hosted the event, and won the title after beating Sudan in the final. They repeated that as they became champions two years later in Tunisia – equalling Egypt as two-time winners – with a squad that included only two returning members from the 1963 team.[3]

The 1968 competition's final tournament format expanded to include eight of the 22 teams entered in the preliminary rounds. The qualifying teams were distributed in two groups of four to play single round-robin tournaments, with the top two teams of each group advancing to semi-finals, a system that remained in use for the finals until 1992. The Democratic Republic of Congo won its first title, beating Ghana in the final. Starting with the 1968 tournament, the competition has been regularly held every two years in even numbered years. Cote d'Ivoire forward Laurent Pokou led the 1968 and 1970 tournaments in scoring, with six and eight goals respectively, and his total of 14 goals remained the all-time record until 2008. Play was covered for television for the first time during the 1970 tournament in Sudan,[3] as the hosts lifted the trophy after defeating Ghana – who were playing their fourth consecutive final.

1970s: A decade of champions

Six different nations won titles from 1970 to 1980: Sudan, Congo-Brazzaville, Zaire, Morocco, Ghana, and Nigeria. Zaire's second title in the 1974 edition (they won their first as the Democratic Republic of Congo) came after facing Zambia in the final. For the only time to date in the history of the competition, the match had to be replayed as the first contest between the two sides ended in a 2-2 draw after extra time. The final was re-staged two days later with Zaire winning 2-0. Forward Mulamba Ndaye scored all four of Zaire's goals in these two matches: he was also the top scorer of the tournament with nine goals, setting a single-tournament record that remains unmatched. Three months earlier, Zaire had become the first black African nation to qualify to the FIFA World Cup. Morocco won their first title in the 1976 ANC held in Ethiopia and Ghana took its third championship in 1978, becoming the first nation to win three titles. In 1980, Nigeria hosted the event and beat Algeria to capture its first honours.

1980s: Cameroonian and Nigerian domination

Ghana's fourth continental title came in the 1982 cup tournament; they beat Algeria in the semi-finals in extra time, and faced host Libya in the final. The match ended in a 1-1 draw after 120 minutes and Ghana won the penalty shootout to become champions. Cameroon won their first title two years later by beating Nigeria and in the 1986 cup they faced Egypt – absent from the final since 1962 – with Egypt winning the title on penalty kicks. Cameroon reached its third consecutive final in the 1988 tournament and won their second championship by repeating their 1984 victory over Nigeria. In 1990, Nigeria lost once again as they made their third final appearance in four tournaments, this time falling to Algeria.

1990s: The arrival of South Africa

The 1992 Cup of Nations expanded the number of final tournament participants to 12; the teams were divided into four groups of three, with the top two teams of each group advancing to quarter-finals. Ghanaian midfielder Abedi "Pelé" Ayew, who scored three goals, was named the best player of the tournament after his contributions helped Ghana reach the final; he was, however, suspended for that match and Ghana lost to Cote d'Ivoire in a penalty shootout that saw each side make 11 attempts to determine the winner. Cote d'Ivoire set a record for the competition by holding each of their opponents scoreless in the six matches of the final tournament.

The 12-team, three-group format was used again two years later, where hosts Tunisia were humiliated by their first round elimination. Nigeria, who had just qualified to the World Cup for the first time in their history, won the tournament, beating Zambia, who a year before had been struck by disaster when most of their national squad died in a plane crash while traveling to play a 1994 World Cup qualification match. Nigerian forward Rashidi Yekini, who had led the 1992 tournament with four goals, repeated as the top scorer with five goals.

South Africa hosted the 20th ACN competition in 1996, marking their first ever appearance after a decades long ban was lifted with the end of apartheid in the country and a failed attempt to qualify in 1994. The number of final round participants in 1996 was expanded to the current 16, split into four groups. However, the actual number of teams playing in the final was only 15 as Nigeria withdrew from the tournament at the final moment for political reasons.[4] The Bafana Bafana won their first title on home soil, defeating Tunisia in the final. South African captain Neil Tovey became the first white player to raise the trophy.[5]

The South Africans would reach the final again two years later in Burkina Faso, but were unable to defend their title, losing to Egypt who claimed their fourth cup.

2000s: Egypt's unprecedented Treble

The 2000 edition was hosted jointly by Ghana and Nigeria, who replaced the originally designated host Zimbabwe. Following a 2-2 draw after extra time in the final, Cameroon defeated Nigeria on penalty kicks. In 2002, the Indomitable Lions made the second consecutive titles since Ghana had done it in the 1960s and after Egypt had done it before in 1957 and 1959. Again via penalty kicks, the Cameroonians beat first-time finalists Senegal, who also debuted in the World Cup later that year. Both finalists were eliminated in quarter finals two years later in Tunisia, where the hosts won their first title, beating Morocco 2-1 in the final. The 2006 tournament was also won by the hosts, Egypt, who reached a continental-record fifth title. The 2008 tournament was hosted by Ghana, and saw Egypt retain the trophy, winning their record-extending sixth tournament by defeating Cameroon 1-0 in the final[6]. Egypt set a new record in the 2010 tournament that was hosted by Angola by winning their third consecutive title in an unprecedented achievement on the African level after defeating Ghana 1-0 in the final, retaining the gold-plated cup indefinitely and extending their record to 7 continental titles.[7]

Egyptian records set in 2010

On 31 January 2010, Egypt set a new African record, not being defeated for 19 consecutive Cup of Nations matches, since a 2-1 loss against Algeria in Tunisia in 2004, and a record 9 consecutive win streak. Egypt also set another record on that day, where it became the first African Cup nation to win three consecutive cups joining Mexico, Argentina, and Iran who won their continent cup 3 times in a row.

Date Opponent Score
3 February 2004 Cameroon 0-0
20 January 2006 Libya 3-0
24 January 2006 Morocco 0-0
28 January 2006 Ivory Coast 3-1
3 February 2006 DR Congo 4-1
7 February 2006 Senegal 2-1
10 February 2006 Ivory Coast 0-0 (4-2 penalties)
22 January 2008 Cameroon 4-2
26 January 2008 Sudan 3-0
30 January 2008 Zambia 1-1
4 February 2008 Angola 2-1
7 February 2008 Ivory Coast 4-1
10 February 2008 Cameroon 1-0
12 January 2010 Nigeria 3-1
16 January 2010 Mozambique 2-0
20 January 2010 Benin 2-0
25 January 2010 Cameroon 3-1
28 January 2010 Algeria 4-0
31 January 2010 Ghana 1-0

Future

Ahead of the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations several European clubs called for a rethink of the tournament's schedule. As it takes place during the European season, players who are involved miss several matches for their clubs[8].

In January 2008, FIFA president Sepp Blatter announced that he wanted the tournament to be held in either June or July by 2016, to fit in the international calendar. This would preclude many countries in central and west Africa from hosting the competition (as these months occur during their wet season) and if the tournament were to remain biennial, it would have to be moved to odd-numbered years so as not to clash with the World Cup.[9]

Format

Qualification

Since the 1962 tournament, qualification matches have been held to determine the participants for the finals. From 1962 to 1990 the qualification matches were generally two-legged knockout ties, with the number of rounds depending upon the number of participants. From 1994 onwards teams attempting to qualify have been divided into groups, with teams playing each other on a round robin basis.

Until 2006 the title holders were Nigeria and tournament hosts qualified for the finals automatically; from 2008, only the hosts qualify automatically. The nature of the qualification groups varies from tournament to tournament.

As of the 2008 tournament, qualification consists of eleven groups of four teams and one group of three teams. Each group winner qualifies, along with the three runners-up with the best records. When the teams qualify for the World Cup, the results of the qualifying also count towards the African Cup of Nations, with usually the top 3 teams in each group of the Final Round of Qualifying would advance to the African Cup of Nations.

As the host nation would also have to qualify for the World Cup, they would also have to play as part of the qualification for the World Cup, but in the event that the qualifiers would make the Final Round, their results would be ignored in the final standings in the case of African Cup of Nations. The next time that this will occur will be in 2014 when the qualifying for the Brazilian 2014 World Cup will take place, this will also be the qualifying for the Libyan African Cup of Nations.

Trophy

Throughout the history of the Nations Cup, three different trophies have been awarded to the winners of the competition. The original trophy, made of silver, was the "Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem Trophy", which was named after the first CAF president, the Egyptian Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[10]

The second trophy was awarded from 1980 to 2000, and it was named "Trophy of African Unity"[11] or "African Unity Cup".[10] It was given by the Supreme Council for Sports in Africa to the CAF prior to the 1980 tournament and it was a cylindrical piece with the Olympic rings over a map of the continent engraved on it. It sat on a squared base and had stylized triangular handles. Cameroon won the Unity Cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2000.

In 2001, the third trophy was revealed, a gold-plated cup designed and made in Italy. Cameroon, permanent holders of the previous trophy, were the first nation to be awarded the new trophy after they won the 2002 edition. Egypt won the gold-plated cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2010, in an unprecedented achievement by winning three consecutive continental titles.

Results

Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1957  Sudan
Egypt

4 - 0


Ethiopia

Sudan
( South Africa disqualified)1
1959  UAR
United Arab Republic
2 - 12
Sudan

Ethiopia
3
1962  Ethiopia
Ethiopia
4 - 2
aet

United Arab Republic

Tunisia
3 - 0
Uganda
1963  Ghana
Ghana
3 - 0
Sudan

United Arab Republic
3 - 0
Ethiopia
1965  Tunisia
Ghana
3 - 2
aet

Tunisia

Ivory Coast
1 - 0
Senegal
1968  Ethiopia
Congo DR
1 - 0
Ghana

Ivory Coast
1 - 0
Ethiopia
1970  Sudan
Sudan
3 - 2
Ghana

United Arab Republic
3 - 1
Ivory Coast
1972  Cameroon
Congo
3 - 2
Mali

Cameroon
5 - 2
Zaire
1974  Egypt
Zaire
2 - 2 aet
2 - 0 replay

Zambia

Egypt
4 - 0
Congo
1976  Ethiopia
Morocco
1 - 14
Guinea

Nigeria
3 - 24
Egypt
1978  Ghana
Ghana
2 - 0
Uganda

Nigeria
2 - 05
Tunisia
1980  Nigeria
Nigeria
3 - 0
Algeria

Morocco
2 - 0
Egypt
1982  Libya
Ghana
1 - 1 aet
(7 - 6) penalties

Libya

Zambia
2 - 0
Algeria
1984 Côte d'Ivoire Ivory Coast
Cameroon
3 - 1
Nigeria

Algeria
3 - 1
Egypt
1986  Egypt
Egypt
0 - 0 aet
(5 - 4) penalties

Cameroon

Côte d'Ivoire
3 - 2
Morocco
1988  Morocco
Cameroon
1 - 0
Nigeria

Algeria
1 - 1 aet
(4 - 3) penalties

Morocco
1990  Algeria
Algeria
1 - 0
Nigeria

Zambia
1 - 0
Senegal
1992  Senegal
Côte d'Ivoire
0 - 0 aet
(11 - 10) penalties

Ghana

Nigeria
2 - 1
Cameroon
1994  Tunisia
Nigeria
2 - 1
Zambia

Côte d'Ivoire
3 - 1
Mali
1996  South Africa
South Africa
2 - 0
Tunisia

Zambia
1 - 0
Ghana
1998  Burkina Faso
Egypt
2 - 0
South Africa

Congo DR
4 - 46
(4 - 1) penalties

Burkina Faso
2000  Ghana &
 Nigeria

Cameroon
2 - 2 aet
(4 - 3) penalties

Nigeria

South Africa
2 - 2 aet
(4 - 3) penalties

Tunisia
2002  Mali
Cameroon
0 - 0 aet
(3 - 2) penalties

Senegal

Nigeria
1 - 0
Mali
2004  Tunisia
Tunisia
2 - 1
Morocco

Nigeria
2 - 1
Mali
2006  Egypt
Egypt
0 - 0 aet
(4 - 2) penalties

Côte d'Ivoire

Nigeria
1 - 0
Senegal
2008  Ghana
Egypt
1 - 0
Cameroon

Ghana
4 - 2
Côte d'Ivoire
2010  Angola
Egypt
1 - 0
Ghana

Nigeria
1 - 0
Algeria
2012  Gabon &
 Equatorial Guinea
2014  Libya

1  South Africa were disqualified from the tournament due to the country's apartheid policies.
2 The teams played each other once. In the last game of the tournament, Egypt's 2-1 victory over Sudan made Egypt champions.
3 Only three teams participated.
4 There was no official final match; the tournament was decided in a final group contested by the last four teams.
5 Third place was awarded to Nigeria 2-0 after Tunisia walked off with the third-place match tied 1-1 in the 42nd minute to protest the officiating.
6 No extra time was played.

Statistics

Most championships won

Counting number of championships won, then the classification of countries winning the same number of championship is classified in function of: appearances in the final, third placings and fourth placings.

Wins Nation Year(s)
1 7 times  Egypt 1957, 1959, 1986, 1998, 2006, 2008, 2010
2 4 times  Ghana 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
3 4 times  Cameroon 1984, 1988, 2000, 2002
4 2 times  Nigeria 1980, 1994
4 2 times  Congo DR 1968, 1974
6 1 time  Côte d'Ivoire 1992
7 1 time  Algeria 1990
8 1 time  Tunisia 2004
9 1 time  Morocco 1976
10 1 time  South Africa 1996
11 1 time  Sudan 1970
12 1 time  Ethiopia 1962
13 1 time  Congo 1972

Most appearances in the final match

8  Egypt
 Ghana
6  Cameroon
 Nigeria
3  Tunisia
 Sudan
2  Algeria
 Ethiopia
 Morocco
 Côte d'Ivoire
 South Africa
 Zambia
 Congo DR (once as  Zaire)
1  Congo
 Mali
 Senegal
 Uganda
 Guinea
 Libya
 Gabon

Tournament appearances

Appearances Nation
22  Egypt
19  Côte d'Ivoire
18  Ghana
17  Cameroon
 Nigeria
15  Congo DR once as  Zaire, Congo-Kinshasa & Congo-Leopoldville)
14  Algeria
 Tunisia
 Zambia
13  Morocco
10  Senegal
8  Ethiopia
 Guinea
 South Africa
7  Burkina Faso (once as  Upper Volta)
 Sudan
6  Congo
 Mali
 Togo
 Angola
5  Kenya
 Uganda
 Gabon
4  Mozambique
3  Benin
 Malawi
2  Liberia
 Libya
 Namibia
 Sierra Leone
 Zimbabwe
1  Mauritius
 Rwanda
 Tanzania
 Equatorial Guinea

Most tournaments hosted

Hosts Nation Year(s)
4 times  Egypt 1959, 1974, 1986, 2006
4 times  Ghana 1963, 1978, 2000*, 2008
3 times  Ethiopia 1962, 1968, 1976
3 times  Tunisia 1965, 1994, 2004
2 times  Nigeria 1980, 2000*
2 times  Sudan 1957, 1970
1 time  Algeria 1990
1 time  Burkina Faso 1998
1 time  Cameroon 1972
1 time  Libya 1982
1 time  Côte d'Ivoire 1984
1 time  Mali 2002
1 time  Morocco 1988
1 time  Senegal 1992
1 time  South Africa 1996
1 time  Angola 2010

Other future hosts:

 Gabon (2012*)
 Equatorial Guinea (2012*)
 Libya (2014)
  • * Co-hosts

Overall top goalscorers

Goals Scorers
18 Cameroon Samuel Eto'o
14 Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Pokou
13 Nigeria Rashidi Yekini
12 Egypt Hassan El-Shazly
11 Egypt Hossam Hassan, Cameroon Patrick Mboma
10 Zambia Kalusha Bwalya, Zaire Mulamba Ndaye,Tunisia Francileudo Santos, Côte d'Ivoire Joel Tiéhi, Ethiopia Mengistu Worku Ahmed Hassan
9 Côte d'Ivoire Abdoulaye Traoré
8 Guinea Pascal Feindouno, Ghana Wilberforce Kwadwo Mfum, Egypt Ahmed Hassan
7 Côte d'Ivoire Didier Drogba, Egypt Taher Abouzaid, Egypt Aly Abougreisha, South Africa Benni McCarthy, Cameroon Roger Milla, Nigeria Jay-Jay Okocha,
Mali Frédéric Kanouté

Top scorers by year

Year Player Goals
1957 Egypt Diab Mohammed Diab El-Attar (Ad-Diba) 5
1959 Egypt Mahmoud Al-Gohari 3
1962 Egypt Abdelfatah Badawi
Ethiopia Mengistu Worku
3
1963 Egypt Hassan El-Shazly 6
1965 Ghana Ben Acheampong
Ghana Osei Kofi
Côte d'Ivoire Eustache Manglé
3
1968 Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Pokou 6
1970 Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Pokou 8
1972 Mali Salif Keita 5
1974 Zaire Mulamba Ndaye 9
1976 Guinea Keita Aliou Mamadou ‘N’Jo Léa’ 4
1978 Uganda Philip Omondi
Ghana Opoku Afriyie
Nigeria Segun Odegbami
3
1980 Morocco Khaled Al Abyad Labied
Nigeria Segun Odegbami
3
1982 Ghana George Alhassan 4
1984 Egypt Taher Abouzaid 4
1986 Cameroon Roger Milla 4
1988 Algeria Lakhdar Belloumi
Cameroon Roger Milla
Côte d'Ivoire Abdoulaye Traoré
Egypt Gamal Abdelhamid
2
1990 Algeria Djamel Menad 4
1992 Nigeria Rashidi Yekini 4
1994 Nigeria Rashidi Yekini 5
1996 Zambia Kalusha Bwalya
South Africa Mark Williams
5
1998 Egypt Hossam Hassan
South Africa Benni McCarthy
7
2000 South Africa Shaun Bartlett 5
2002 Cameroon Patrick Mboma
Cameroon René Salomon Olembé
Nigeria Julius Aghahowa
3
2004 Cameroon Patrick Mboma
Mali Frédéric Kanouté
Morocco Youssef Mokhtari
Nigeria Jay-Jay Okocha
Tunisia Francileudo dos Santos
4
2006 Cameroon Samuel Eto'o 5
2008 Cameroon Samuel Eto'o 5
2010 Egypt Geddo 5

General Statistics

Team P W D L GF GC Dif
 Egypt 84 45 15 24 139 82 +57
 Nigeria 74 39 18 17 105 73 +32
 Cameroon 67 36 19 12 104 59 +45
 Ghana 66 37 13 16 91 56 +35
 Côte d'Ivoire 68 28 16 24 98 81 +17
 Zambia 51 21 11 19 63 56 +7
 Morocco 51 18 19 14 59 46 +13
 Algeria 51 18 16 17 63 57 +6
 Tunisia 50 16 18 16 66 63 +3
 Congo DR 56 16 15 25 65 81 -16
 Senegal 43 15 11 17 49 40 +9
 South Africa 31 13 9 9 37 32 +5
 Guinea 32 10 11 11 45 48 -3
 Mali 25 9 7 9 31 37 -6
 Sudan 20 6 5 9 24 31 -7
 Ethiopia 24 7 2 15 28 54 -26
 Congo 22 5 6 11 21 34 -13
 Angola 13 2 6 5 18 23 -5
 Togo 18 2 6 10 13 32 -19
 Burkina Faso 21 2 5 14 20 45 -25
 Libya 8 2 4 2 8 9 -1
 Uganda 16 3 1 12 17 31 -14
 Kenya 14 1 4 9 8 24 -16
 Zimbabwe 6 2 0 4 8 13 -5
 Liberia 5 1 2 2 5 7 -2
 Malawi 6 1 2 4 6 11 -5
 Gabon 8 1 2 5 6 16 -10
 Rwanda 3 1 1 1 3 3 0
 Sierra Leone 5 1 1 3 2 11 -9
 Namibia 6 0 2 4 9 18 -9
 Tanzania 3 0 1 2 3 6 -3
 Mozambique 10 0 2 8 4 21 -17
 Mauritius 3 0 0 3 2 8 -6
 Benin 7 0 1 6 4 17 -13

See also

References

  1. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/cup_of_nations/1709599.stm African Cup of Nations - How it all began] BBC Sport, 14 December 2001
  2. ^ BBC News (14 December 2001). "African Nations Cup - How it all began". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/cup_of_nations/1709599.stm. Retrieved 9 March 2007. 
  3. ^ a b BBC Sport (16 January 2004). "The early years". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/3396199.stm. Retrieved 9 March 2007. 
  4. ^ Mark Gleeson, BBC Sport, Cape Town (12 October 2004). "SA to meet Nigeria". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/3736102.stm. Retrieved 10 December 2007. 
  5. ^ BBC Sport (16 January 2004). "African Cup of Nations: 1980-2002". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/3399773.stm. Retrieved 11 March 2007. 
  6. ^ "Ghana 2008 all results". International football journalism. 10 February 2008. http://arogeraldes.blogspot.com/2007/10/sorteo-de-la-copa-africana-de-naciones.html. Retrieved 10 February 2008. 
  7. ^ "Ghana 0-1 Egypt". BBC Sport. 2010-01-31. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/8489708.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  8. ^ BBC Sport (12 December 2007). "African Nations Cup - Possible changes". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/7140013.stm. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
  9. ^ "Blatter wants Cup of Nations move". BBC Sport. 18 January 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/7194966.stm. Retrieved 18 January 2008. 
  10. ^ a b BBC News (25 September 2001). "Nations Cup trophy revealed". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/1562471.stm. Retrieved 16 March 2007. 
  11. ^ FIFA.com. "The Great Adventure of African Football". FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/en/print/article/0,4039,10769,00.html. Retrieved 16 March 2007. 

Further reading

External links


Africa Cup of Nations
Founded 1957
Region Africa (CAF)
Number of teams 16
Current champions  Egypt
2012 Africa Cup of Nations

The Africa Cup of Nations, also referred to as the African Nations Cup (ANC) is the main international association football competition in Africa. It is sanctioned by the Confederation of African Football (CAF), and was first held in 1957. Since 1968, it has been held every two years. The title holders at the time of a FIFA Confederations Cup qualify for that competition.

In 1957 there were only three participating nations: Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia. South Africa were originally scheduled to compete, but were disqualified due to the apartheid policies of the government then in power.[1] Since then, the tournament has grown greatly, making it necessary to hold a qualifying tournament. The number of participants in the final tournament reached 16 in 1998 (16 teams were to compete in 1996 but Nigeria withdrew, reducing the field to 15), and since then, the format has been unchanged, with the sixteen teams being drawn into four groups of four teams each, with the top two teams of each group advancing to a "knock-out" stage.

Egypt is the most successful nation in the cup's history, winning the tournament a record seven times (including when Egypt was known as the United Arab Republic between 1958 and 1971). Ghana and Cameroon have won four titles each. Three different trophies have been awarded during the tournament's history, with Ghana and Cameroon winning the first two versions to keep after each of them won a tournament three times. The current trophy was first awarded in 2002 and with Egypt winning it indefinitely after winning their unprecedented third consecutive title in 2010.

As from 2013, the tournament will switch to being held in odd-numbered years so that it does not clash with the FIFA World Cup.[2]

Contents

History

1950s-60s: Early growth of the ANC competition

The origins of the African Nations Cup date back to June 1956, when the creation of the Confederation of African Football was proposed during the third FIFA congress in Lisbon. There were immediate plans for a continental nations tournament to be held, and in February 1957, the first African Cup of Nations took place in Khartoum, Sudan. There was no qualification for this tournament, the field being made up of the four founding nations of CAF (Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, and South Africa). South Africa's insistence on selecting only caucasian players for their squad due to that nation's apartheid policy led to its disqualification, and as a consequence Ethiopia were handed a bye straight to the final.[3] Hence, only two matches were played, with Egypt being crowned as the first continental champion after defeating hosts Sudan in the semi-final and Ethiopia in the final. Two years later, Egypt hosted the second ANC in Cairo with the participation of these same three teams. Host and defending champions Egypt repeated as cup winners, this time downing Sudan.

The field grew to include nine teams for the third ANC in 1962 in Addis Ababa, and for the first time there was a qualification round to determine which four teams would play for the title. Host Ethiopia and reigning champion Egypt received automatic berths, and were joined in the final four by Nigeria and Tunisia. Egypt made its third consecutive final appearance, but it was Ethiopia that emerged as victors, after first beating Tunisia and then downing Egypt in extra time.

1960s: Ghanaian domination

In 1963, Ghana made its first appearance as it hosted the event, and won the title after beating Sudan in the final. They repeated that as they became champions two years later in Tunisia – equalling Egypt as two-time winners – with a squad that included only two returning members from the 1963 team.[4]

The 1968 competition's final tournament format expanded to include eight of the 22 teams entered in the preliminary rounds. The qualifying teams were distributed in two groups of four to play single round-robin tournaments, with the top two teams of each group advancing to semi-finals, a system that remained in use for the finals until 1992. The Democratic Republic of Congo won its first title, beating Ghana in the final. Starting with the 1968 tournament, the competition has been regularly held every two years in even numbered years. Cote d'Ivoire forward Laurent Pokou led the 1968 and 1970 tournaments in scoring, with six and eight goals respectively, and his total of 14 goals remained the all-time record until 2008. Play was covered for television for the first time during the 1970 tournament in Sudan,[4] as the hosts lifted the trophy after defeating Ghana – who were playing their fourth consecutive final.

1970s: A decade of champions

Six different nations won titles from 1970 to 1980: Sudan, Congo-Brazzaville, Zaire, Morocco, Ghana, and Nigeria. Zaire's second title in the 1974 edition (they won their first as the Democratic Republic of Congo) came after facing Zambia in the final. For the only time to date in the history of the competition, the match had to be replayed as the first contest between the two sides ended in a 2-2 draw after extra time. The final was re-staged two days later with Zaire winning 2-0. Forward Mulamba Ndaye scored all four of Zaire's goals in these two matches: he was also the top scorer of the tournament with nine goals, setting a single-tournament record that remains unmatched. Three months earlier, Zaire had become the first black African nation to qualify to the FIFA World Cup. Morocco won their first title in the 1976 ANC held in Ethiopia and Ghana took its third championship in 1978, becoming the first nation to win three titles. In 1980, Nigeria hosted the event and beat Algeria to capture its first honours.

1980s: Cameroonian and Nigerian domination

Ghana's fourth continental title came in the 1982 cup tournament; they beat Algeria in the semi-finals in extra time, and faced host Libya in the final. The match ended in a 1-1 draw after 120 minutes and Ghana won the penalty shootout to become champions. Cameroon won their first title two years later by beating Nigeria and in the 1986 cup they faced Egypt – absent from the final since 1962 – with Egypt winning the title on penalty kicks. Cameroon reached its third consecutive final in the 1988 tournament and won their second championship by repeating their 1984 victory over Nigeria. In 1990, Nigeria lost once again as they made their third final appearance in four tournaments, this time falling to Algeria.

1990s: The return of South Africa

The 1992 Cup of Nations expanded the number of final tournament participants to 12; the teams were divided into four groups of three, with the top two teams of each group advancing to quarter-finals. Ghanaian midfielder Abedi "Pelé" Ayew, who scored three goals, was named the best player of the tournament after his contributions helped Ghana reach the final; he was, however, suspended for that match and Ghana lost to Cote d'Ivoire in a penalty shootout that saw each side make 11 attempts to determine the winner. Cote d'Ivoire set a record for the competition by holding each of their opponents scoreless in the six matches of the final tournament.

The 12-team, three-group format was used again two years later, where hosts Tunisia were humiliated by their first round elimination. Nigeria, who had just qualified to the World Cup for the first time in their history, won the tournament, beating Zambia, who a year before had been struck by disaster when most of their national squad died in a plane crash while traveling to play a 1994 World Cup qualification match. Nigerian forward Rashidi Yekini, who had led the 1992 tournament with four goals, repeated as the top scorer with five goals.

South Africa hosted the 20th ACN competition in 1996, marking their first ever appearance after a decades long ban was lifted with the end of apartheid in the country and a failed attempt to qualify in 1994. The number of final round participants in 1996 was expanded to the current 16, split into four groups. However, the actual number of teams playing in the final was only 15 as Nigeria withdrew from the tournament at the final moment for political reasons.[5] The Bafana Bafana won their first title on home soil, defeating Tunisia in the final. South African captain Neil Tovey became the first white player to raise the trophy.[6]

The South Africans would reach the final again two years later in Burkina Faso, but were unable to defend their title, losing to Egypt who claimed their fourth cup.

2000s: Egypt's unprecedented Treble

The 2000 edition was hosted jointly by Ghana and Nigeria, who replaced the originally designated host Zimbabwe. Following a 2-2 draw after extra time in the final, Cameroon defeated Nigeria on penalty kicks. In 2002, Cameroon's Indomitable Lions made the second consecutive titles since Ghana had done it in the 1960s and after Egypt had done it before in 1957 and 1959. Again via penalty kicks, the Cameroonians beat first-time finalists Senegal, who also debuted in the World Cup later that year. Both finalists were eliminated in quarter finals two years later in Tunisia, where the hosts won their first title, beating Morocco 2-1 in the final. The 2006 tournament was also won by the hosts, Egypt, who reached a continental-record fifth title. The 2008 tournament was hosted by Ghana, and saw Egypt retain the trophy, winning their record-extending sixth tournament by defeating Cameroon 1-0 in the final[7]. Egypt set a new record in the 2010 tournament that was hosted by Angola by winning their third consecutive title in an unprecedented achievement on the African level after defeating Ghana 1-0 in the final, retaining the gold-plated cup indefinitely and extending their record to 7 continental titles (including when Egypt was known as the United Arab Republic between 1958 and 1971).[8]

Egyptian records set in 2010

On 31 January 2010, Egypt set a new African record, not being defeated for 19 consecutive Cup of Nations matches, since a 2-1 loss against Algeria in Tunisia in 2004, and a record 9 consecutive win streak. Egypt also set another record on that day, where it became the first African nation to win three consecutive cups joining Mexico, Argentina, and Iran who won their continent cup 3 times in a row.

Date Opponent Score
3 February 2004 Cameroon 0-0
20 January 2006 Libya 3-0
24 January 2006 Morocco 0-0
28 January 2006 Côte d'Ivoire 3-1
3 February 2006 DR Congo 4-1
7 February 2006 Senegal 2-1
10 February 2006 Côte d'Ivoire 0-0 (4-2 penalties)
22 January 2008 Cameroon 4-2
26 January 2008 Sudan 3-0
30 January 2008 Zambia 1-1
4 February 2008 Angola 2-1
7 February 2008 Côte d'Ivoire 4-1
10 February 2008 Cameroon 1-0
12 January 2010 Nigeria 3-1
16 January 2010 Mozambique 2-0
20 January 2010 Benin 2-0
25 January 2010 Cameroon 3-1
28 January 2010 Algeria 4-0
31 January 2010 Ghana 1-0

Future

Ahead of the 2008 Africa Cup of Nations several European clubs called for a rethink of the tournament's schedule. As it takes place during the European season, players who are involved miss several matches for their clubs[9].

In January 2008, FIFA president Sepp Blatter announced that he wanted the tournament to be held in either June or July by 2016, to fit in the international calendar, although this would preclude many countries in central and west Africa from hosting the competition (as these months occur during their wet season).[10]

In May 2010, it was announced that the tournament would be moved to odd-numbered years from 2013. This will mean the tournament will not take place in the same year as the World Cup. It also means there will be two tournaments within thirteen months in January 2012 (co-hosted by Gabon and Equatorial Guinea) and January 2013 (hosted by Libya).[2]

South Africa, Morocco and Congo DR are currently bidding to stage either the 2015 or 2017 Africa Cup of Nations.

Results

Year Host nation Final Third Place
Champion Score Second Place
1957 File:Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg Sudan
Egypt

4 - 0

File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg
Ethiopia
File:Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan1
19592  UAR
United Arab Republic
n/a3 File:Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg
Ethiopia
Year Host nation Final Third Place Match
Champion Score Second Place Third Place Score Fourth Place
1962 File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg Ethiopia File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg
Ethiopia
4 - 2
aet

United Arab Republic

Tunisia
3 - 0
Uganda
1963  Ghana
Ghana
3 - 0 File:Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan

United Arab Republic
3 - 0 File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg
Ethiopia
1965  Tunisia
Ghana
3 - 2
aet

Tunisia
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
1 - 0
Senegal
1968 File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg Ethiopia
Congo DR
1 - 0
Ghana
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
1 - 0 File:Flag of Ethiopia (1897).svg
Ethiopia
1970 File:Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg Sudan File:Flag of Sudan (1956-1970).svg
Sudan
3 - 2
Ghana

United Arab Republic
3 - 1
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
1972 File:Flag of Cameroon (1961).svg Cameroon File:Flag of the People'
Congo
3 - 2
Mali
File:Flag of Cameroon (1961).svg
Cameroon
5 - 2
Zaire
1974  Egypt
Zaire
2 - 2 aet
2 - 0 replay

Zambia

Egypt
4 - 0 File:Flag of the People'
Congo
1976 File:Flag of Ethiopia (1975-1987, 1991-1996).svg Ethiopia
Morocco
n/a4
Guinea

Nigeria
n/a4
Egypt
1978  Ghana
Ghana
2 - 0
Uganda

Nigeria
2 - 05
Tunisia
1980  Nigeria
Nigeria
3 - 0
Algeria

Morocco
2 - 0
Egypt
1982  Libya
Ghana
1 - 1 aet
(7 - 6) penalties

Libya

Zambia
2 - 0
Algeria
1984 Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire
Cameroon
3 - 1
Nigeria

Algeria
3 - 1
Egypt
1986  Egypt
Egypt
0 - 0 aet
(5 - 4) penalties

Cameroon
Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire 3 - 2
Morocco
1988  Morocco
Cameroon
1 - 0
Nigeria

Algeria
1 - 1 aet
(4 - 3) penalties

Morocco
1990  Algeria
Algeria
1 - 0
Nigeria

Zambia
1 - 0
Senegal
1992  Senegal Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire 0 - 0 aet
(11 - 10) penalties

Ghana

Nigeria
2 - 1
Cameroon
1994  Tunisia
Nigeria
2 - 1
Zambia
Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire 3 - 1
Mali
1996  South Africa
South Africa
2 - 0
Tunisia

Zambia
1 - 0
Ghana
1998  Burkina Faso
Egypt
2 - 0
South Africa

Congo DR
4 - 46
(4 - 1) penalties

Burkina Faso
2000  Ghana &
 Nigeria

Cameroon
2 - 2 aet
(4 - 3) penalties

Nigeria

South Africa
2 - 2 aet
(4 - 3) penalties

Tunisia
2002  Mali
Cameroon
0 - 0 aet
(3 - 2) penalties

Senegal

Nigeria
1 - 0
Mali
2004  Tunisia
Tunisia
2 - 1
Morocco

Nigeria
2 - 1
Mali
2006  Egypt
Egypt
0 - 0 aet
(4 - 2) penalties
Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
Nigeria
1 - 0
Senegal
2008  Ghana
Egypt
1 - 0
Cameroon

Ghana
4 - 2 Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
2010  Angola
Egypt
1 - 0
Ghana

Nigeria
1 - 0
Algeria
2012  Gabon &
 Equatorial Guinea
2013  Libya
  1. ^  South Africa were disqualified from the tournament due to the country's apartheid policies.
  2. ^ Only three teams participated.
  3. ^ There was no final match; the three teams played each other once, with the winner on points receiving the Cup. It finished: UAR 4pts, Sudan 2, Ethiopia 0.
  4. ^ There was no final match; the tournament was decided in a final group contested by the last four teams. It finished: Morocco 5pts, Guinea 4, Nigeria 3, Egypt 0.
  5. ^ The third-place match was tied 1–1 when the Tunisian team withdrew from the field in the 42nd minute in protest at the officiating. Nigeria were awarded a 2–0 walkover.
  6. ^ No extra time was played.

Trophy

Throughout the history of the Nations Cup, three different trophies have been awarded to the winners of the competition. The original trophy, made of silver, was the "Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem Trophy", which was named after the first CAF president, the Egyptian Abdelaziz Abdallah Salem. As the first winner of three Nations Cup tournaments, Ghana obtained the right to permanently hold the trophy in 1978.[11]

The second trophy was awarded from 1980 to 2000, and it was named "Trophy of African Unity"[12] or "African Unity Cup".[11] It was given by the Supreme Council for Sports in Africa to the CAF prior to the 1980 tournament and it was a cylindrical piece with the Olympic rings over a map of the continent engraved on it. It sat on a squared base and had stylized triangular handles. Cameroon won the Unity Cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2000.

In 2001, the third trophy was revealed, a gold-plated cup designed and made in Italy. Cameroon, permanent holders of the previous trophy, were the first nation to be awarded the new trophy after they won the 2002 edition. Egypt won the gold-plated cup indefinitely after they became three-time champions in 2010, in an unprecedented achievement by winning three consecutive continental titles.

Statistics

Most championships won

Counting number of championships won, then the classification of countries winning the same number of championship is classified in function of: appearances in the final, third placings and fourth placings.

WinsNationYear(s)
1 7 times  Egypt 1957, 1959, 1986, 1998, 2006, 2008, 2010
2 4 times  Ghana 1963, 1965, 1978, 1982
2 4 times  Cameroon1984, 1988, 2000, 2002
4 2 times  Nigeria1980, 1994
4 2 times  Congo DR1968, 1974
6 1 time
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire||1992
6 1 time  Algeria1990
6 1 time  Tunisia2004
6 1 time  Morocco1976
6 1 time  South Africa1996
6 1 time  Sudan1970
6 1 time  Ethiopia1962
6 1 time  Congo1972

Most appearances in the final match

AppearancesNation
8  Egypt
 Ghana
6  Cameroon
 Nigeria
3  Tunisia
 Sudan
2  Algeria
 Ethiopia
 Morocco
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
     South Africa
     Zambia
     Congo DR (once as  Zaire)
1  Congo
 Mali
 Senegal
 Uganda
 Guinea
 Libya
 Gabon

Tournament appearances

AppearancesNation
22  Egypt
19
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
18  Ghana
17  Cameroon
 Nigeria
15  Congo DR once as  Zaire, Congo-Kinshasa & Congo-Leopoldville
14  Algeria
 Tunisia
 Zambia
13  Morocco
10  Senegal
8  Ethiopia
 Guinea
 South Africa
7  Burkina Faso (once as  Upper Volta)
 Sudan
6  Congo
 Mali
 Togo
 Angola
5 Template:Country data KEN
 Uganda
 Gabon
4  Mozambique
3  Benin
 Malawi
2  Liberia
 Libya
 Namibia
 Sierra Leone
 Zimbabwe
1  Mauritius
 Rwanda
 Tanzania
 Equatorial Guinea

Most tournaments hosted

HostsNationYear(s)
4 times  Egypt 1959, 1974, 1986, 2006
4 times  Ghana 1963, 1978, 2000*, 2008
3 times  Ethiopia 1962, 1968, 1976
3 times  Tunisia 1965, 1994, 2004
2 times  Nigeria 1980, 2000*
2 times  Sudan 1957, 1970
1 time  Algeria 1990
1 time  Burkina Faso 1998
1 time  Cameroon 1972
1 time  Libya 1982
1 time
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire ||1984
1 time  Mali 2002
1 time  Morocco 1988
1 time  Senegal 1992
1 time  South Africa 1996
1 time  Angola 2010

Other future hosts:

 Gabon (2012*)
 Equatorial Guinea (2012*)
 Libya (2013)
  • * Co-hosts

Overall top goalscorers

Goals Scorers
18 Samuel Eto'o
14Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Pokou
13 Rashidi Yekini
12 Hassan El-Shazly
11 Hossam Hassan, Patrick Mboma
10 Kalusha Bwalya, Mulamba Ndaye, Francileudo Santos, Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Joel Tiéhi, Mengistu Worku Ahmed Hassan
9 Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Abdoulaye Traoré
8 Pascal Feindouno, Wilberforce Kwadwo Mfum, Ahmed Hassan
7 Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Didier Drogba, Taher Abouzaid, Ali Abugreisha, Benni McCarthy, Roger Milla, Jay-Jay Okocha,
Frédéric Kanouté

Top scorers by year

Year Player Goals
1957 Mohamed Ad-Diba 5
1959 Mahmoud Al-Gohari 3
1962 Abdelfatah Badawi
Mengistu Worku
3
1963 Hassan El-Shazly 6
1965 Ben Acheampong
Osei Kofi
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Eustache Manglé
3
1968
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Pokou
6
1970
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Pokou
8
1972 Salif Keita 5
1974 Mulamba Ndaye 9
1976 Keita Aliou Mamadou ‘N’Jo Léa’ 4
1978 Phillip Omondi
Opoku Afriyie
Segun Odegbami
3
1980 Khaled Al Abyad Labied
Segun Odegbami
3
1982 George Alhassan 4
1984 Taher Abouzaid 4
1986 Roger Milla 4
1988 Lakhdar Belloumi
Roger Milla
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire Abdoulaye Traoré
    Gamal Abdelhamid
2
1990 Djamel Menad 4
1992 Rashidi Yekini 4
1994 Rashidi Yekini 5
1996 Kalusha Bwalya 5
1998 Hossam Hassan
Benni McCarthy
7
2000 Shaun Bartlett 5
2002 Patrick Mboma
René Salomon Olembé
Julius Aghahowa
3
2004 Patrick Mboma
Frédéric Kanouté
Youssef Mokhtari
Jay-Jay Okocha
Francileudo dos Santos
4
2006 Samuel Eto'o 5
2008 Samuel Eto'o 5
2010 Geddo 5

General Statistics

Team P W D L GF GC Dif
 Egypt 9051152415484+70
 Nigeria 8042191911178+33
 Ghana 714013189659+38
 Cameroon 7137201411067+43
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire
7129172510384+19
 Zambia 552213206862+6
 Algeria 5720172067670
 Morocco 511819145946+13
 Tunisia 531621166966+3
 Congo DR 561615256581-16
 Senegal 431511174940+9
 South Africa 3113993732+5
 Guinea 321011114548-3
 Mali 28108103843-5
 Sudan 206592431-7
 Ethiopia 2472152854-26
 Congo 2256112134-13
 Angola 173862428-4
 Togo 1826101332-19
 Burkina Faso 2326152046-26
 Libya 824289-1
 Uganda 1631121731-14
 Gabon 11236818-10
Template:Country data Kenya 14149824-16
 Zimbabwe 6204813-5
 Liberia 512257-2
 Rwanda 3111330
 Malawi 6114611-5
 Sierra Leone 5113211-9
 Namibia 6024918-9
 Mozambique 120210426-22
 Tanzania 301236-3
 Benin 9018420-16
 Mauritius 300328-6

See also

References

  1. ^ African Cup of Nations - How it all began BBC Sport, 14 December 2001
  2. ^ a b "Nations Cup switched to odd years". BBC News. 16 May 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/8685251.stm. 
  3. ^ BBC News (14 December 2001). "African Nations Cup - How it all began". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/cup_of_nations/1709599.stm. Retrieved 9 March 2007. 
  4. ^ a b BBC Sport (16 January 2004). "The early years". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/3396199.stm. Retrieved 9 March 2007. 
  5. ^ Mark Gleeson, BBC Sport, Cape Town (12 October 2004). "SA to meet Nigeria". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/3736102.stm. Retrieved 10 December 2007. 
  6. ^ BBC Sport (16 January 2004). "African Cup of Nations: 1980-2002". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/3399773.stm. Retrieved 11 March 2007. 
  7. ^ "Ghana 2008 all results". International football journalism. 10 February 2008. http://arogeraldes.blogspot.com/2007/10/sorteo-de-la-copa-africana-de-naciones.html. Retrieved 10 February 2008. 
  8. ^ "Ghana 0-1 Egypt". BBC Sport. 2010-01-31. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/8489708.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  9. ^ BBC Sport (12 December 2007). "African Nations Cup - Possible changes". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/football/africa/7140013.stm. Retrieved 14 December 2007. 
  10. ^ "Blatter wants Cup of Nations move". BBC Sport. 18 January 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/7194966.stm. Retrieved 18 January 2008. 
  11. ^ a b BBC News (25 September 2001). "Nations Cup trophy revealed". BBC. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/football/africa/1562471.stm. Retrieved 16 March 2007. 
  12. ^ FIFA.com. "The Great Adventure of African Football". FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/en/print/article/0,4039,10769,00.html. Retrieved 16 March 2007. [dead link]

Further reading

External links


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