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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Africanization can also refer to Africanized "killer" bees.

Africanization or Africanisation (lit., making something African) has been applied in various contexts, notably in naming and in the composition of staff.


Africanization of names

Africanization has referred to the modification of place names and personal names to reflect an "African" identity. In some cases, changes are not a change of transliteration rather than of the European name.[1]

It is worth noting that in many cases during the colonial period, African place names were Anglicized or Francized.

Various African countries have undergone name changes during the previous century as the result of consolidations and secessions, territories gaining sovereignty, and regime changes.

Previous name Year Current name
Overseas Province of Angola 1975 Angola, Republic of
Dahomey, Republic of 1975 Benin, Republic of
Bechuanaland Protectorate 1966 Botswana, Republic of
Upper Volta 1984 Burkina Faso
Oubangui-Chari 1960 Central African Republic
Zaire, Republic of 1997 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Middle Congo 1960 Congo, Republic of the
Ivory Coast, The 1985 Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of
Afars and the Issas, Territory of 1977 Djibouti, Republic of
Spanish Guinea 1968 Equatorial Guinea, Republic of
Abyssinia 1941 Ethiopia, Federal Democratic Republic of
Gold Coast 1957 Ghana, Republic of
French West Africa (part of) 1958 Guinea, Republic of
Portuguese Guinea 1974 Guinea-Bissau, Republic of
Basutoland, Territory of 1966 Lesotho, Kingdom of
Nyasaland Protectorate 1964 Malawi, Republic of
French Sudan 1960 Mali, Republic of
Overseas Province of Mozambique 1975 Mozambique, Republic of
South West Africa 1990 Namibia, Republic of
German East Africa / Ruanda-Urundi 1962 Rwanda, Republic of / Burundi, Republic of
British Somaliland / Italian Somaliland 1960 Somalia Republic
Zanzibar / Tanganyika 1964 Tanzania, United Republic of
Buganda 1962 Uganda, Republic of
Northern Rhodesia 1964 Zambia, Republic of
Southern Rhodesia 1980 Zimbabwe, Republic of


Personal names

Other name changes take place when an African person converts to another religion. Examples:

Place names

See also

Africanization of civil services

In some countries immediately following their independence, "Africanization" was the name given to efforts to increase the number of Africans in civil service (replacing Europeans).[2]



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