Afro-Asian: Wikis

  
  

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Afro-Asian
Bobby Scott (U.S. politician)Bryan ClayKamala HarrisStaceyann Chin
Tyson BeckfordNe-YoChanel ImanCrystal Kay
Notable Afro-Asians:
Robert C. ScottBryan ClayKamala HarrisStaceyann ChinTyson BeckfordNe-YoChanel ImanCrystal Kay
Total population
Official population numbers are unknown.
Regions with significant populations
United States, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Trinidad, Guyana, South Africa, Kenya, United Kingdom, Réunion, Suriname, India,

Afro-Asian or Blasian refers to people of mixed Black, or Sub-Saharan African, and Asian ancestry.

Contents

History

South Africa

Cape coloured school children in South Africa

The Cape Coloured population descend from indigenous Khoisan or Capoid populations, European immigrants and Zanj, Malagasy, Ceylonese and South-East Asian (primarily Indonesian) laborers and slaves brought by the Dutch from the mid-17th Century to the late 18th Century. The majority of Coloureds, particularly in the Western Cape and Northern Cape, speak Afrikaans as a first language, while those in other parts of South Africa tend to speak English as well. Coloureds with Javanese or other Indonesian ancestry may often be regarded as Cape Malay and are primarily Muslims, while the majority of Coloureds are Christian (generally Protestant) or agnostic. Due to similar social adversities experienced under the Apartheid regime from the late 1940s to the late 1980s, Coloured and Indigenous South African communities generally fall under the Black social category when it comes to employment and affirmative action policies.[1]

Southeast Asia

During the Vietnam War many American servicemen had children with local Vietnamese women. Some of these were abandoned by the Vietnamese family, or sent to orphanages. Many orphans and children were airlifted to adopting families in the United States in 1975 during "Operation Babylift" before the fall of South Vietnam. The Afro-Vietnamese (or Afro-Amerasian) children suffered much discrimination in Vietnam at that time. [2] There was also some controversy as to how these orphaned Afro-Amerasian children were placed in new homes in the United States.[3]

The West Indies

In the 1860s, Chinese immigrants were imported or kidnapped by slave masters and slave traders for labor and trade known as "Coolie Trade". During this time many Chinese and Blacks intermarried and had children.[citation needed] According to the 1946 Census, 12,394 Chinese were located between Jamaica and Trinidad. 5,515 of those who lived in Jamaica were Chinese Jamaican and another 3,673 were Chinese-Trinidadians living in Trinidad.[citation needed]

In Haiti, there is a small percentage within the minority who are of Asian descent.

Haitian painter Edouard Wah was born to a Chinese father and Haitian mother.

In Jamaica, Guyana, and Trinidad there are also large populations of East-Indian immigrants or Indo-Caribbean descended, sometimes having Afro-Asian Caribbean children.

United Kingdom

The UK has a large mixed-race population, which constitutes for around 1.2% of the population (or some 677,177 ).[4] The largest sub groups by far are mixed Whites and Black, and mixed Whites and Asians. There are, however, over 70,000 UK citizens that are mixed race and do not fit the above descriptions; a significant percentage of these are Afro-Asian. Famous Afro-Asian Britons include Naomi Campbell, David Jordan. See British Mixed-Race for more information.

United States

In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed and Chinese workers who chose to stay in the U.S. could no longer be with their wives who stayed behind in China. Because White Americans looked at Chinese labor workers as stealing employment, they were harassed and discriminated against. Many Chinese men settled in black communities and in turn married black women.[5]

Tiger Woods, a famous golf player, is of Thai, African-American, Chinese, Native American, and Dutch descent; his father being half African American heritage and his mother being half Thai heritage. R&B singer Amerie is another famous Afro-Asian American, with her father being black and her mother Korean. Hines Ward, an NFL football player for the Pittsburgh Steelers, is also an Afro-Asian.

As of the census of 2000, there were 106,782 Afro-Asian individuals in the United States.[6]

Notable Afro - Asians

See also

References

  1. ^ South African Chinese Become Black; BBC News; 18 June 2008
  2. ^ Anderson, Wanni Wibulswasdi; Lee, Robert G., Displacements and Diasporas: Asians in the Americas, Rutgers University Press, 2005. ISBN 0813536111. For discrimination in Vietnam, cf. p.14. "In another case study, the Vietnamese Afro-Amerasians (Lucious, this volume) suffered severe discrimination in Vietnam, being called 'children of the enemy' ..." And further on p.133, "In Vietnam, Afro-Amerasians experienced the most discrimination because their black skin was perceived as relatively darker than the skin color of other Vietnamese people (especially White Euro-Amerasians)."
  3. ^ Hicks, Nancy. "Black Agencies Charge Injustice In Placing of Vietnam Children", New York Times, 19 April 1975.
  4. ^ "Population size: 7.9% from a minority ethnic group". Office for National Statistics. 2003-02-13. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/CCI/nugget.asp?ID=273. Retrieved 2009-10-03. 
  5. ^ "The United States". Chinese Blacks in the Americas. Color Q World. http://www.colorq.org/MeltingPot/article.aspx?d=America&x=ChineseBlacks. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  6. ^ Le, C. N.. "Multiracial/Hapa Asian Americans". Asian-Nation: The Landscape of Asian America. http://www.asian-nation.org/multiracial.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-21. "According to the 2000 census, out of the 281,421,906 people living in the U.S., 10,242,998 of them identified themselves as entirely of Asian race (3.6%). Additionally, there were 1,655,830 people who identified themselves as being part Asian and part one or more other races. Asian and Black/African American ... 106,782 ... 0.64% (percentage of total multiracial Asians)" 

External links

  • [1] "The Indian Diaspora" at the UCLA
  • [2] Manas project
  • [3] African and Asian connections in history

Simple English

Afro-Asian, or Blasian, means a person of mixed race. Black African and East Asian.

Contents

History

West Asia and Africa

Ethiopians went to South Arabia in the 2nd century and the 4th century. By 532 AD they had invaded Yemen. After this, many more Africans came to South Arabia as slaves; men were usually traded, and the women were kept as servants for the Arab leaders. Mixed-race children were more valuable in South Arabia. Two such children became Princes of the Abbassids. At this time, the Arabian army, known as the Sabaens, moved to Ethiopia. In Iraq, Bantu-speaking Africans were called Zanj. The large number of Zanj slaves working in bad conditions in Iraq lead to the famous Zanj Rebellion over fifteen years (869-883 AD). African rebels took over many of Iraq's cities forcing Arabs to flee to African nations such as Kenya, Somalia, and Tanzania. Today someone of African and Arab descent is considered Afro-Arab.[1][2]

A former slave by the name of Najah seized power in the 10th century and established the Banu Najah dynasty, the first royal Afro-Asian family.[3]

South Asia

As early as 1100 AD, African slaves were brought to India by Arab merchants in medieval times from the Bantu-speaking parts of eastern Africa. These Africans became known as Siddi or Habshi, Arabic word meaning Black African. Today, marriage has made the Siddi population in India much smaller. Someone of Indian and African background is considered an Indo-African. In South Asia there are over 15,000 individuals who identify as Afro-Asian.[4][5]

United States

In 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed and Chinese workers who chose to stay in the U.S. could no longer be with their wives who stayed behind in China. Because White Americans looked at Chinese labor workers as stealing jobs, they were treated badly. Many Chinese men settled in black communities and in turn married black women.[6]

Tiger Woods, a famous golf player, is of white, Chinese, Native American, Thai, and black descent; his father being half African American and his mother being half Thai. R&B singer Amerie is another famous Afro-Asian American, with her father being black and her mother Korean. Hines Ward, an NFL football player, is also an Afro-Asian. He currently plays for the Pittsburgh Steelers.

As of the census of 2000, there were 106,782 Afro-Asian individuals in the United States.[7]

The West Indies

In the 1860s, Chinese people were imported for labor and trade. It became more common for a Chinese man to marry a black woman since there was more black women than Chinese women. According to the 1946 Census, 12,394 Chinese were located between Jamaica and Trinidad. 5,515 of those who lived in Jamaica were Chinese Jamaican and another 3,673 were Chinese-Trinidadians living in Trinidad. In Guyana and Haiti, there is also a very small percentage within the minority who are of Asian descent.

Haitian painter Edouard Wah was born to a Chinese father and Haitian mother. Grace Jones is also part Chinese.[needs proof]

United Kingdom

The UK has a large mixed-race population, which is about 1.4% of the population (or around 850,000 people). The largest groups are mixed Whites and Black, and mixed Whites and Asians. However there are over 70,000 UK citizens that are mixed race and do not fit the above descriptions, a large percentage of these are Afro-Asian. Famous Afro-Asian Britons include Naomi Campbell, David Jordan.

References

  1. "Black Africans in West Asia". Color Q World. http://www.colorq.org/MeltingPot/article.aspx?d=Asia&x=BlackWestAsians. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  2. "Black African and Arab Intermarriage in East Africa". Color Q World. http://www.colorq.org/MeltingPot/article.aspx?d=Africa&x=ArabBlacks. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  3. Pankhurst, R., "Ports and Slaves; Coffee and Chat", IV in Let's Look Across the Red Sea, Addis Tribune Accessed online 7 May 2007[dead link]
  4. "Habshis and Siddis - Africans and African descendants in South Asia". Color Q World. http://www.colorq.org/MeltingPot/article.aspx?d=Asia&x=Habshi. Retrieved 2007-05-07. 
  5. Mampilly, Zachariah, C.. "The African Diaspora of the Indian Sub-continent". Africana.com. http://www.the-south-asian.com/Sept2001/Indo-African_Diaspora.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  6. "The United States". Chinese Blacks in the Americas. Color Q World. http://www.colorq.org/MeltingPot/article.aspx?d=America&x=ChineseBlacks. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
  7. Le, C. N.. "Multiracial/Hapa Asian Americans". Asian-Nation: The Landscape of Asian America. http://www.asian-nation.org/multiracial.shtml. Retrieved 2008-07-21. "According to the 2000 census, out of the 281,421,906 people living in the U.S., 10,242,998 of them identified themselves as entirely of Asian race (3.6%). Additionally, there were 1,655,830 people who identified themselves as being part Asian and part one or more other races. Asian and Black/African American ... 106,782 ... 0.64% (percentage of total multiracial Asians)" 
  • John Middleton, The World of the Swahili.
  • James de V. Allen, Swahili Origins.
  • Agehananda Bharati, The Asians in East Africa: Jayhind and Uhuru.
  • "The Indian Diaspora" at the UCLA Manas project

Other websites








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