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Afula
Afula City Auditorium and Art Gallery 01.jpg
City Auditorium and Art Gallery
Coat of arms of Afula.png
Coat of arms of Afula
Afula is located in Israel
Afula
District North
Government City
Hebrew עֲפוּלָה
Arabic العفولة
Population 39,300 (2008)
Area 26,909 dunams (26.909 km2; 10.390 sq mi)
Mayor Avi Elkabetz
Founded in 1925
Coordinates 32°36′22.56″N 35°17′17.11″E / 32.6062667°N 35.2880861°E / 32.6062667; 35.2880861Coordinates: 32°36′22.56″N 35°17′17.11″E / 32.6062667°N 35.2880861°E / 32.6062667; 35.2880861
Historical water tower from the 1920's in the center of Afula

Afula (Hebrew: עֲפוּלָה‎; Arabic: العفولة‎, al-ʻAfūlaḧ) is a city in the North District of Israel, often known as the "Capital of the Valley", referring to the Jezreel Valley. The city had a population of 39,200 at the end of 2007.[1]

Contents

History

Located in the lower Galilee region, Afula is roughly halfway between Jenin and Nazareth. It lies on the site of Biblical Ofel, the hometown of Gideon. It is mentioned in the Book of Kings (2 Kings 5, 24) in connection with Elisha and the disciple of Elijah, who lived in the vicinity.

In 1799, during Napoleon's Syrian campaign, the Battle of Mount Tabor was fought around the village of al-Fulah.

In 1909 or 1910, Yehoshua Hankin completed his first major purchase in the Jezreel Valley. He bought some 10,000 dunams (10 km²) of land in Al-Fuleh (now Afula), which became the home of Merchavia and Tel Adashim. This purchase also marked the start of bitter disputes between Arabs and Jews over the rights of tenant farmers who had been evicted, and regarding the employment of Jewish or Arab watchmen for the land.

The modern community of Afula was founded in 1925 by the American Zionist Commonwealth, after the completion of the purchase of the valley from the Sursuk family of Beirut. The nearby Arab village of Al-Fulah, which was founded by Saladin was disbanded by the turn of the century. At the time, the community was served by the Jezreel Valley railroad, which was abandoned during the War of Independence.

Because of Afula’s proximity to the West Bank, it has been a target for terrorists during the Oslo peace process and the Second Intifada. On 6 April 1994, a car bombing carried out by Hamas in the center of Afula killed five people. Afula also was the target of a suicide attack on a bus on 5 May 2002, in which one person died several people were injured at Afula’s central bus station. On 19 May 2003, the city's Amakim Mall was bombed, killing three and wounding 70. This attack was carried out by Palestinian Islamic Jihad and the Fatah movement’s Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades.

On 17 July 2006, Hezbollah fired Katyusha rockets at Afula, one of the southernmost rocket attacks on Israel from Lebanon. Six people were treated for shock as a result of the bombing. On 28 July, a rocket landed causing a fire. The Katyusha carried 100 kilograms of explosives.

Demographics

According to provisional data by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), by June 2008 the city had a total population of 39,300.[1] In 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.4% Jewish and other non-Arabs, without significant Arab population whilst there were 262 immigrants. There were 18,500 males and 19,900 females. The population of the city was spread out with 34.3% 19 years of age or younger, 15.8% between 20 and 29, 17.5% between 30 and 44, 16.9% from 45 to 59, 4.0% from 60 to 64, and 11.5% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 0.9%. See Population groups in Israel.

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Income

According to CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 13,762 salaried workers and 887 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 4,723, a real change of 6.4% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 5,913 (a real change of 8.6%) versus ILS 3,541 for females (a real change of 2.0%). The mean income for the self-employed is 6,477. There are 962 people who receive unemployment benefits and 3,938 people who receive an income guarantee.

Education

According to CBS, there are 24 schools and 8,688 students in the city. They are spread out as 16 elementary schools and 3,814 elementary school students, and 12 high schools and 4,874 high school students. 52.3% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.

Sport

The city's basketball club, Hapoel Afula, currently play in the Super League.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Afula is twinned with:

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Afula[1] is medium sized town in the north of Israel. It's the largest city in the Jezreel Valley] and its capital.

Get in

By bus or by taxi

you can use egged buses from Tel Aviv (842, 841), Haifa (301), Jerusalem (962, 963) and Tiberias (835, 841, 962, 830)[2]. From other cities in the the valley (Migdal Ha'emek, Bet Shean, Nazareth) you can get to Afula by Kavim buses [3] or by sherut (shared) taxis. Sherut taxis also available from Tel-Aviv, Haifa and Tiberias.

Do

Givaat Ha'more - "the hill of the instructor" - one of the mountains surrounding Jezreel Valley. Nice place for easy hike. It's highly recommended to go all the way up to the mountain viewpoint in order to watch the beautiful landscape from above.You can go up with Kavim buses from Afula (Lines 3, 14, 2 bus ticket costs 5.80 NIS and you can use the same ticket all day long). [4] [5]

Daily tours - You can go out of Afula for daily tours in Tel Meggido (archeological site. 10 minutes drive), Mount Tabor (Holy place for Christians. 10 minutes drive) and many others.

Hall of Culture (Hei'hal Ha'Tarbut) - Located in the center of the city. Here you can watch theater shows, opera and films.

The Art Gallery - Located in the center of the city, in the same building as the hall of culture. here you can enjoy the works of the local artists.

G - BA'EMEK (AKA Ha'Mitham) - is a large shoping center located near the road from down town Afula to Givaat Ha'more. To get there you can use all of the busses from Afula to Givaat Ha'more or to Afula Elite (Upper Afula) - 10, 3, 2, 9, 14 and 13 (Bus ticket costs 3.80 NIS or 5.80 NIS for all day). In this large and modern shoping center you will find Cafes, resturants, clothing shops and many other shops.

Eat

Falafel Golani - Locals say this is the best falafel in the middle east. Located in the center of the city, in Ha'Nasi St. (opposite to the police station). Near Falafel Golani you will be able to find many other falafel and kebab shops such as Falafel Ha'Nasi, Baguette Nir and Shawuarma Al'Fasi as well as few bakeries and pizzerias. [6] [7]

Spoons - coffee shop. Located in the center of the city, Near Karmel Hotel. [8]

HaTzarfatia HaKtana (The Little Frenchwoman) - a caf'e and restaurant in Afula, open since 1991. HaTzarfatia HaKtana has been managed for the last 12 years by Tami and Dganit, who have turned it into a well known spot in the Afula area. This is a place to celebrate birthdays, weddings, other specials events, and of course, a place to come spoil yourself any day of the week. address: 5 Shprintsak St, Afula. Phone: +972-4-6526516 [9]

Sleep

Malon Karmel (Karmel Hotel) - located in the center of the city. Phone: +972 -4- 6522106. address: 7 Zalman Hoz st, Afula.

Mount Tabor Inn - located near Mount Tabor, 10 minutes drive from Afula. Phone: : +972-4-6772899 E-mail: tabor@barak.net.il [10]

Malon Nof Tavor (Nof Tavor Hotel) - 5 minutes drive from afula. Phone: +972-4-6408000 E-Mail:hotel@nof-tavor.com [11]

Stay safe

Medical Services

Ha'emek medical center - one of the biggest and advanced hospitals in the country is located in Afula, on the main road to Givaat Ha'More and Tiberias (5 minutes drive from the center of the city). [12]

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
Afula

Plural
-

Afula

  1. A town in the northern part of Israel.

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