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For the similarly named Pakistani institution, see Federal Investigation Agency.
Federal Investigations Agency
Agencia Federal de Investigación
Abbreviation AFI
AFI shield.jpg
Shield of the Federal Investigations Agency
Agency overview
Formed November 1, 2001 to May 29, 2009
Preceding agency Federal Judicial Police
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency Mexico
Constituting instrument Decree of the Union Executive on November 1, 2001
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Mexico City
Website (Spanish)

The Federal Investigations Agency (Agencia Federal de Investigación, AFI in Spanish) is a elite Mexican federal agency that existed from November 1, 2001 to May 29, 2009 to fight corruption and organized crime, through an executive order by President Vicente Fox Quesada. The AFI replaced an earlier agency, the Federal Judicial Police. The agency was directed by the Attorney General's Office (PGR) and may have been partly modeled on the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States. AFI was differentiated strictly from other Mexican law enforcement agencies to stop possible "contamination" or corruption by older personnel of other government organizations.

AFI agents in action often wore masks to prevent themselves from being identified by gang leaders. While AFI agents were uniformed when carrying out raids, "street-level" uniformed federal police patrols and transport terminal security are handled by the Federal Police rather than the AFI.

Public Safety Secretary Genaro García Luna hopes to reform the nation's long-troubled police. Among other steps, he has consolidated several agencies into a Federal Police force of nearly 25,000.[1]



Some agents of the Federal Investigations Agency were believed to work as enforcers for the Sinaloa Cartel. The Attorney General's Office reported in December 2005 that one-fifth of its officers are under investigation for criminal activity, and that nearly 1,500 of AFI's 7,000 agents were under investigation for suspected criminal activity and 457 were facing charges.[2][3]

In November 2008, Rodolfo de la Guardia García, the No. 2 official in the AFI (from 2003-2005), was placed under arrest as investigators look into the possibility that he leaked information to the Sinaloa Cartel in return for monthly payments in dollars.[4]

Disintegration of the AFI

On 29th May 2009, the Federal Investigations Agency was changed to the Ministerial Federal Police.[5]



  1. ^ L.A. Times
  2. ^ Cook, Colleen W., ed. (October 16, 2007), "CSR Report for Congress" (PDF), Mexico's Drug Cartels, USA: Congressional Research Service,, retrieved 2008-11-02 
  3. ^ "Crime-torn Mexican 'FBI' Investigates 1,500 Agents," Reuters, December 4, 2005; Tim Gaynor and Monica Medel, "Drug Gangs Corrupt Mexico's Elite 'FBI,'" Reuters, December 6, 2005; and, Laurie Freeman, State of Siege: Drug-Related Violence and Corruption in Mexico, Washington Office on Latin America, June 2006.
  4. ^ "Mexico's corruption inquiry expands to ex-police official". Associated Press. November 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  5. ^

See also

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