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An agency of the European Union are decentralised bodies of the European Union (EU), which are distinct from the institutions. Agencies are established to accomplish specific tasks. Each agency has its own legal personality. Some answer the need to develop scientific or technical know-how in certain fields, others bring together different interest groups to facilitate dialogue at European and international level.



Distinct from EU institutions, the agencies of the European Union were set up to accomplish very specific tasks such as promoting environmental protection, transport safety and multilingualism. They span Europe – Dublin to Stockholm, Warsaw to Lisbon – providing services, information and know-how to the general public. Most agencies were categorised under the three pillars of the European Union, but this structure was abolished with the entry into force of the Lisbon treaty.

Official name Abbreviation Location Est.
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA Bilbao 1996
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop Thessaloniki 1975
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions EUROFOUND Dublin 1975
European Environment Agency EEA Copenhagen 1994
European Training Foundation ETF Turin 1994
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA Lisbon 1993
European Medicines Agency EMEA London 1995
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market OHIM Alicante 1999
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO Angers 1994
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT Luxembourg 1994
European Agency for Reconstruction EAR Thessaloniki 2000
European Food Safety Authority EFSA Parma 2002
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA Lisbon 2002
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Cologne 2003
European Network and Information Security Agency ENISA Heraklion 2005
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Stockholm 2005
European Global Navigation Satellite System Supervisory Authority GSA Brussels 2004
European Railway Agency ERA Valenciennes/Lille 2004
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex Warsaw 2005
Community Fisheries Control Agency CFCA Vigo 2005
European Chemicals Agency ECHA Helsinki 2007
European Institute for Gender Equality  ? Vilnius 2007
European Fundamental Rights Agency FRA Vienna 2007
European Defence Agency EDA Brussels 2004
European Institute for Security Studies ISS Paris 2001
European Union Satellite Centre EUSC Torrejón de Ardoz 2002
European Police College CEPOL Bramshill 2001
European Police Office Europol The Hague 1999
European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operation Eurojust The Hague 2002

Executive agencies

Executive agencies are created by European Commission for a fixed period.

Proposed agencies

See also

External links

The following links are all part of the official EU-website.

Recommended reading:



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