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Agnimitra (149 - 141 BCE) was the second King of the Sunga Dynasty of Northern India. He succeeded his father, Pusyamitra Sunga, in 149 BCE. (Note: the Vāyu and Brahmānda Puranas have assigned 8 years as the length of his reign.)

According to Kālidāsa in the Mālavikāgnimitram [1], Agnimitra belonged to the Baimbika family (Baimbika-kula). He was the Viceroy of Vidisa during his father's reign [2].

Contents

War with Vidarbha

According to the Mālavikāgnimitram, war broke out between the Sunga and neighboring Vidarbha during Agnimitra's reign. Before the rise of the Sunga, Vidarbha had become independent from the Mauryan Empire when a Mauryan minister named Sachiva put his brother-in-law (Yajnasena on the throne. Madhavasena, a cousin of Yajnasena, sought help from Agnimitra in overthrowing his cousin, but was captured and imprisoned before he could take refuge in Vidisa.

Agnimitra demanded the release of Madhavasena, and in return Yajnasena requested the release of Sachiva (the Mauryan minister, who had been captured earlier by Agnimitra). Instead, Agnimitra sent his army to invade Vidarbha. Yajnasena was defeated and forced to divide Vidarbha with Madhavasena, and both cousins recognized the suzerainity of the Sunga rulers. [3] [4]

Other Information

The Mālavikāgnimitram gives us the names of three of his queens: Dharini (the mother of the fourth Sunga King, Vasumitra), Iravati, and Malavika (a princess of Vidarbha).

Agnimitra's reign ended in 141 BCE and he was succeeded either by his son Vasujyeshtha (according to the Matsya Purana) or Sujyeshtha (according to the Vayu, Brahamānda, Vishnu, and Bhagavata Puranas).

Preceded by
Pushyamitra
King of Sunga Dynasty
149 - 141 BCE
Succeeded by
Vasujyeshtha

Further reading

  • Indigenous States of Northern India (Circa 200 BC to 320 AD) by Bela Lahiri, University of Calcutta,1974.
  • Political History of Ancient India by Hemchandra Raychaudhuri, University of Calcutta,1972.
  • Malavikagnimitram (Malavika and Agnimitra) by Kalidasa (ed.) by Ramji Thakur, Global Vision, New Delhi, 2004, ISBN 81-8220-014-8.

References

  1. ^ Mālavikāgnimitram, (Act IV, Verse 14)
  2. ^ Mālavikāgnimitram, (Act V, Verse 20)
  3. ^ Mālavikāgnimitram, (Act I, Verse 6-8 and Act V, Verse 13-14).
  4. ^ Kalidas, Encyclopedia Americana

External links

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