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Agra Canal headworks, at Okhla barrage, in Delhi, 1871.

The Agra Canal is an important Indian irrigation work which starts from Okhla in Delhi. The Agra canal originates from Okhla barrage, downstream of Nizamuddin bridge[1]. It opened in 1874.

In the beginning, it was available for navigation, in Delhi, erstwhile Gurgaon, Mathura and Agra Districts, and Bharatpur State. Later, navigation was stopped in 1904 and the canal has since then, been exclusively used for irrigation purposes only. At present the canal does not flow in district Gurgaon, but only in Faridabad, which was earlier a part of Gurgaon.

The Canal receives its water from the Yamuna River at Okhla, about 10 KM to the south of New Delhi. The weir across the Yamuna was the first attempted in Upper India upon a foundation of fine sand; it is about 800-yard long, and rises seven-feet above the summer level of the river.

From Okhla the canal follows the high land between the Khari-Nadi and the Yamuna and finally joins the Banganga river about 20 miles below Agra. Navigable branches connect the canal with Mathura and Agra [2].


  1. ^ Agra Canal Modernization Project
  2. ^ Agra Canal This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain..

Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°18′E / 28.567°N 77.3°E / 28.567; 77.3

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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