Aichi Prefecture: Wikis

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Aichi Prefecture
Japanese: 愛知県
Aichi-ken
Map of Japan with Aichi highlighted
Capital Nagoya
Region Chūbu
Island Honshū
Governor Masaaki Kanda
Area (rank) 5,153.81 km² (28th)
 - % water 5.4%
Population  (April 27, 2007)
 - Population 7,341,000 (4th)
 - Density 1,424 /km²
Districts 10
Municipalities 63
ISO 3166-2 JP-23
Website Official site
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)
 - Tree Hananoki (Acer pycnanthum)
 - Bird Scops-owl (Otus scops japonicus)
 - Fish Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)
Symbol of Aichi Prefecture
Symbol of Aichi Prefecture
Template ■ Discussion ■ WikiProject Japan

Aichi Prefecture (愛知県 Aichi-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tokai region of the Chūbu region. The capital is Nagoya. It is the focus of the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

Originally, the region was divided into the three provinces of Owari, Mikawa and Ho. After the Nou-sama era, Mikawa and Ho were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was institutionalized as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute.

In 2009 the prefecture's Board of Education was accused of illegal hiring practices: Japan Times article

Geography

Satellite picture of Mikawa Bay.

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka to the east, Nagano to the northeast, Gifu to the north, and Mie to the west. It measures 106 km east to west and 94 km south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With 5,153.81 km² it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1415 m above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan's fourth largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the Oct 2005-Oct 2006 period, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4%.

Map of Aichi Prefecture.


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Cities

Thirty-Five cities are located in Aichi Prefecture:

Towns and villages

Towns and villages in each district:

Nagakute
Tōgō
Kanie
Ōharu
Shippō
Tobishima
Agui
Higashiura
Mihama
Minamichita
Taketoyo
Hazu
Isshiki
Kira
Kozakai
Shitara
Tōei
Toyone
Miyoshi
Haruhi
Toyoyama
Fusō
Ōguchi
Kōta

Mergers

Economy

Aichi's industrial output is higher than any other prefecture in Japan: the prefecture is known as the center of Japan's automotive and aerospace industries. Companies headquartered in Aichi include:

Aisin Seiki Kariya
Brother Industries, Ltd. Nagoya
Central Japan Railway Company Nagoya
Denso Corporation Kariya
Makita Corporation Anjō
Matsuzakaya Nagoya
Nagoya Railroad Nagoya
Nippon Sharyo Nagoya
Noritake Nagoya
Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota

Companies such as Fuji Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors, Pfizer, Sony, Suzuki, Bodycote, and Volkswagen Group also operate plants and/or branch offices in Aichi.

Demographics

As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents of which nearly 2% are of foreign nationality.

Population by age (2001)
Age  % Population  % Male  % Female
0 - 9 10.21 10.45 9.96
10 - 19 10.75 11.02 10.48
20 - 29 15.23 15.71 14.75
30 - 39 14.81 15.31 14.30
40 - 49 12.21 12.41 12.01
50 - 59 15.22 15.31 15.12
60 - 69 11.31 11.22 11.41
70 - 79 6.76 6.01 7.52
over 80 3.12 2.01 4.23
unknown 0.38 0.54 0.23

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Volleyball

Rugby

Tourism

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other sites in Aichi include the tour of the Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama, and the castles in Nagoya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Inuyama.

Because of Aichi's location along the Eastern seacoast, there are some scenic spots, but other than the Atsumi Peninsula surf beaches there are no significant beach destinations when compared to neighboring Shizuoka Prefecture. Most attractions are man-made destinations, dealing with the region's history or modern marvels.

External links

Coordinates: 35°5′N 136°59′E / 35.083°N 136.983°E / 35.083; 136.983


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