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Aikido
合気道
.Shihonage.jpg
The version of the "four-direction throw" (shihōnage) with standing attacker and seated defender (hanmi-handachi).^ Shiho nage = "Four direction" throw.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hanmi handachi = Position with nage sitting, uke standing.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hanmi handachi Position with Nage sitting, Uke standing.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The receiver of the throw (uke) is taking a breakfall (ukemi) to safely reach the ground.
Focus Grappling
Country of origin Japan Japan
Creator Morihei Ueshiba
Parenthood Aiki-jūjutsu; Jujutsu; Kenjutsu; Sōjutsu
.Aikido (合気道 aikidō?) is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba as a synthesis of his martial studies, philosophy, and religious beliefs.^ Ueshiba Morihei The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aikido was developed in the 1920's and 30's by Morihei Ueshiba.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ueshiba Morihei = The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Aikido is often translated as "the Way of unifying (with) life energy"[1] or as "the Way of harmonious spirit."[2] Ueshiba's goal was to create an art that practitioners could use to defend themselves while also protecting their attacker from injury.
.Aikido is performed by blending with the motion of the attacker and redirecting the force of the attack rather than opposing it head-on.^ Of course, the truly determined will find a way anyway, but the fundamentally reactive nature of aikido gives it an orientation towards ending violence, rather than initiating it.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are designed to blend the energies of attacker and defender, rather than having the two collide.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This depends on several factors; the skill of the person performing the technique, the willingness of the attacker to look out for his own well being, and the circumstances of the attack.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This requires very little physical energy, as the aikidōka (aikido practitioner) "leads" the attacker's momentum using entering and turning movements.^ So not much physical strength is required in Aikido.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In aikido, sutemi may connote an attitude of fearlessness by which one enters into an attacker's space with no thought of preserving one's own safety.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The author shows that the physical movement of Aikido is the embodiment of principles of the spirit.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.The techniques are completed with various throws or joint locks.^ Aikido techniques generally end in a throw, joint lock or pin.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The techniques are very crisp, easy to view with excellent voice overs to assist in understanding the various stages of any given throw or lock.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ Oversimplifying somewhat, we may say that aikido takes the joint locks and throws from jujitsu and combines them with the body movements of sword and spear fighting.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[3] .Aikido can be categorized under the general umbrella of grappling arts.^ Aikido is traditionally defined as a soft , circular art that focuses on pins, throws, and grappling, with little emphasis on strikes or attacks.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Aikido derives mainly from the martial art of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, but began to diverge from it in the late 1920s, partly due to Ueshiba's involvement with the Ōmoto-kyō religion.^ I tough Aikido is a supreme martial art.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although aikido is a relatively recent innovation within the world of martial arts, it is heir to a rich cultural and philosophical background.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many people find that aikido is an effective martial art for dealing with situations similar to this.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Ueshiba's early students' documents bear the term aiki-jūjutsu.[4] .Many of Ueshiba's senior students have different approaches to aikido, depending on when they studied with him.^ Many years ago I studied aikido too.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kisshomaru Ueshiba: Shihonage, a technique to throw an opponent in many different directions.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are introduced to the class by the instructor performing them with a senior student acting as uke (uke is the person who delivers the attack, and receives the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Today aikido is found all over the world in a number of styles, with broad ranges of interpretation and emphasis.^ That is attested by the fact that his Aikido World Headquarters card number is the number 6.

^ Today, Alberto continues to train in this style of Aikido under the supervision of Jorge Garcia Sensei, 3rd dan of the Shudokan School of Aikido.

^ Some examples: "Aikido is not a way to fight with or defeat enemies; it is a way to reconcile the world and make all human beings one family."
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, they all share techniques learned from Ueshiba and most have concern for the well-being of the attacker.^ Most Recent Customer Reviews 5.0 out of 5 stars technically the best This one owns a good library of books written by the various original aikido students of O'Sensei Morihei Ueshiba and this one has an appreciation of them all however, some are...
  • Amazon.com: Aikido (9780870402685): Kisshomaru Uyeshiba: Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Ideally, at the most advanced levels of aikido, one learns to detect signs of aggression in a potential attacker before a physical assault has been initiated.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first thing most people will do when they feel their body being manipulated in an unfamiliar way is to retract their limbs and drop their center of mass down and away from the person performing the technique.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Etymology and basic philosophy

Aikido Kanji.png
The word "aikido" is formed of three kanji:
  • - ai - joining, unifying, combining, fit
  • - ki - spirit, energy, mood, morale
  • - - way, path
.The term 'aiki' does not readily appear in the Japanese language outside the scope of Budo.^ The following interview, conducted by two unnamed ("A" and "B") newspapermen, appeared in the Japanese-language text Aikido by Kisshomaru Ueshiba, Tokyo, 1957, pages 198 -219.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

This has led to many possible interpretations of the word. 合 is mainly used in compounds to mean 'combine, unite, join together, meet' examples being 合同(combined/united) 合成(composition) 結合(unite/combine/join together) 連合(union/alliance/association) 統合(combine/unify) 合意(mutual agreement). As well as an idea of reciprocalality, 知り合う(to get to know one another) 話し合い(talk/discussion/negotiation) 待ち合わせる(meet by appointment).
気 is often used as a feeling as in 気がする('I feel', as in terms of thinking but with less cognitive reasoning) 気持ち(feeling/sensation) 気分(mood/morale). Also Energy or force. 電気(electricity) 磁気 (magnetism).
.The term connects the practice of aikido with the philosophical concept of Tao, which can be found in martial arts such as judo and kendo, and in the more peaceful arts such as Japanese calligraphy (shodō), flower arranging (kadō) and tea ceremony (chadō or sadō).^ You have a winner - do more, and for more Martial Arts.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ Many teachers of aikido treat it as just such a martial art.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All martial arts, including aikido, consist in sets of strategies for managing conflict.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Therefore from a purely linguistic point of view, we could say Aikido is 'Way of combining forces'. The term aiki refers to the martial arts principle or tactic of blending with an attacker's movements for the purpose of controlling their actions with minimal effort.^ Although aikido is a relatively recent innovation within the world of martial arts, it is heir to a rich cultural and philosophical background.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many people find that aikido is an effective martial art for dealing with situations similar to this.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are designed to blend the energies of attacker and defender, rather than having the two collide.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[5] .One applies aiki by understanding the rhythm and intent of the attacker to find the optimal position and timing to apply a counter-technique.^ But there is a time for such learning, and it is not during the period when a student is struggling to understand the basic form of the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In aikido, a technique cannot be properly applied unless one first unbalances one's partner.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the strategic objectives in applying aikido techniques in to merge with (= musubi) and redirect the aggressive impulse (= ki) of an attacker in order to gain control of it.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.This then is very similar to the principles expressed by Kano Jigoro, when he founded Judo.^ Jigoro Kano (1860-1938), founder of Judo; Gichin Funakoshi (1868-1957), founder of modern Karate; and Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), founder of Aikido.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.Of an interesting note, these kanji are identical to the Korean versions of the characters that form the word hapkido, a Korean martial art.^ A kids version with manga characters would be a great idea to introduce them to this martial art world..
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ By Aikidomaster24 1150777894 Reply Spam [+0] Moderate Up Moderate Down Remove 1582956 1 garbage what an absolutely un-realistic martial art form.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Karate, Kendo, Kung Fu, Judo, Aikido, as well as lesser known disciplines of Budo, Hapkido, and the Thai martial arts.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.Although there are no known direct connections between the two arts, it is suspected that the founders of both arts trained in Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu.^ Although "kamae" generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in aikido between one's physical and one's psychological bearing.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kingston Aikido offers training and instruction in the Japanese Martial Art of Aikido following the principles and teachings of the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although there are some specific exercises for misogi practice, such as breathing exercises, in point of fact, every aspect of aikido training may be looked upon as misogi.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

History

Morihei Ueshiba, founder of aikido.
.Aikido was created by Morihei Ueshiba (植芝 盛平 Ueshiba Morihei, 14 December 1883–26 April 1969), referred to by some aikido practitioners as Ōsensei ("Great Teacher").^ Aikido's founder, Morihei Ueshiba, was born in Japan on December 14, 1883.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido was created in Japan by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969).
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ueshiba Morihei = The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[6] .Ueshiba envisioned aikido not only as the synthesis of his martial training, but also an expression of his personal philosophy of universal peace and reconciliation.^ This collection of memories--gathered here for the first time--captures the essence of this extraordinary martial arts master and visionary, revealing Ueshiba's teaching style, his daily habits, his philosophy of life, the lovably human aspects of his personality, and his deep belief that Aikido cold be used as a means to creating peace and harmony in the world.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Two fundamental lessons of aikido training: the person you are practicing on is your partner , not your opponent and you are always responsible for the safety of your partner .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), founder of the Japanese martial art of Aikido, is one of the greatest and most beloved martial artists in history.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.During Ueshiba's lifetime and continuing today, aikido has evolved from the koryū (old-style martial arts) that Ueshiba studied into a wide variety of expressions by martial artists throughout the world.^ It's the martial arts equivalent of a bachelor's degree ; you're educated, you know the ropes, it is a basis for continuing your studies, but you certainly don't know everything.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All martial arts, including aikido, consist in sets of strategies for managing conflict.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ B: Hino Ashihei wrote a story called "Oja no Za" in Shosetsu Shincho in which he discusses the youthful period of Tenryu Saburo, rebel of the Sumo world, and his encounter with the martial art of Aikido and its true spirit.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

[3]

Initial development

Takeda Sokaku
.Ueshiba developed aikido primarily during the late 1920s through the 1930s through the synthesis of the older martial arts that he had studied.^ It's the martial arts equivalent of a bachelor's degree ; you're educated, you know the ropes, it is a basis for continuing your studies, but you certainly don't know everything.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kingston Aikido offers training and instruction in the Japanese Martial Art of Aikido following the principles and teachings of the founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido (Japanese: ai - harmony, ki - energy or power, do - way, or path) is the martial art developed in the mid-20th Century by Morihei Ueshiba , called O-sensei (great teacher) by his devotees.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[7] .The core martial art from which aikido derives is Daitō-ryū aiki-jūjutsu, which Ueshiba studied directly with Takeda Sokaku, the reviver of that art.^ I tough Aikido is a supreme martial art.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's the martial arts equivalent of a bachelor's degree ; you're educated, you know the ropes, it is a basis for continuing your studies, but you certainly don't know everything.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although aikido is a relatively recent innovation within the world of martial arts, it is heir to a rich cultural and philosophical background.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Additionally, Ueshiba is known to have studied Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū with Tozawa Tokusaburō in Tokyo in 1901, Gotōha Yagyū Shingan-ryū under Nakai Masakatsu in Sakai from 1903 to 1908, and judo with Kiyoichi Takagi (高木 喜代子 Takagi Kiyoichi, 1894–1972) in Tanabe in 1911.[8]
The art of Daitō-ryū is the primary technical influence on aikido. .Along with empty-handed throwing and joint-locking techniques, Ueshiba incorporated training movements with weapons, such as those for the spear (yari), short staff (), and perhaps the bayonet (銃剣 jūken?).^ Aikido techniques generally end in a throw, joint lock or pin.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Seventh, training with weapons provides aikidoka with an opportunity to develop a kind of responsiveness and sensitivity to the movements and actions of others within a format that is usually highly structured.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kisshomaru Ueshiba: Shihonage, a technique to throw an opponent in many different directions.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, aikido derives much of its technical structure from the art of swordsmanship (kenjutsu).^ On the technical side, aikido is rooted in several styles of jujitsu (from which modern judo is also derived), in particular daitoryu-(aiki)jujitsu, as well as sword and (possibly) spear fighting arts.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ First, many aikido movements are derived from classical weapons arts.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Martial Arts : Swordsmanship, Archery, Kendo, Aikido, Judo, Karate and Sumo .
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

[2]
.Ueshiba moved to Hokkaidō in 1912, and began studying under Takeda Sokaku in 1915. His official association with Daitō-ryū continued until 1937.[7] However, during the latter part of that period, Ueshiba had already begun to distance himself from Takeda and the Daitō-ryū.^ He began delving into religions in hopes of finding a deeper significance to life, all the while continuing to pursue his studies of budo, or the martial arts.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Even though I had metm Deguchi only once, I decided to move to Ayabe with my family and I ended up staying until the latter part of the Taisho period (around 1925).
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ B: Did you discover Aikido while you were learning Daito-ryu under Takeda Sokaku?
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

.At that time Ueshiba was referring to his martial art as "Aiki Budō". It is unclear exactly when Ueshiba began using the name "aikido", but it became the official name of the art in 1942 when the Greater Japan Martial Virtue Society (Dai Nippon Butoku Kai) was engaged in a government sponsored reorganization and centralization of Japanese martial arts.^ Aikido techniques are almost exclusively referred to by their Japanese names.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ueshiba decided on the name "aikido" in 1942 (before that he called his martial art "aikibudo"and "aikinomichi").
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He began delving into religions in hopes of finding a deeper significance to life, all the while continuing to pursue his studies of budo, or the martial arts.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[3]

Religious influences

Onisaburo Deguchi
.After Ueshiba left Hokkaidō in 1919, he met and was profoundly influenced by Onisaburo Deguchi, the spiritual leader of the Ōmoto-kyō religion (a neo-Shinto movement) in Ayabe.^ So, I went there and met Deguchi Onisaburo.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The founder of aikido was deeply influenced by Omotokyo, a religion largely grounded in Shinto mysticism.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Omotokyo is a syncretic amalgam of Shintoism, neo-Shinto mysticism, Christianity, and Japanese folk religion.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[9] .One of the primary features of Ōmoto-kyō is its emphasis on the attainment of utopia during one's life.^ In particular, one's attention during aikido training should be single-mindedly focussed on aikido, just as, during a life-or-death duel, one's attention is entirely focussed on the duel.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.This was a great influence on Ueshiba's martial arts philosophy of extending love and compassion especially to those who seek to harm others.^ A kids version with manga characters would be a great idea to introduce them to this martial art world..
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ Some martial arts may be better suited to some types of conflict than others.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), founder of the Japanese martial art of Aikido, is one of the greatest and most beloved martial artists in history.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.Aikido demonstrates this philosophy in its emphasis on mastering martial arts so that one may receive an attack and harmlessly redirect it.^ I tough Aikido is a supreme martial art.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is natural to hope that the martial art one has chosen to train in has effective combat applications.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In aikido, sutemi may connote an attitude of fearlessness by which one enters into an attacker's space with no thought of preserving one's own safety.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

In an ideal resolution, not only is the receiver unharmed, but so is the attacker.[10]
.In addition to the effect on his spiritual growth, the connection with Deguchi gave Ueshiba entry to elite political and military circles as a martial artist.^ Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969), founder of the Japanese martial art of Aikido, is one of the greatest and most beloved martial artists in history.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Kodo Ancient Ways : Lessons in the Spiritual Life of the Warrior/Martial Artist .
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

As a result of this exposure, he was able to attract not only financial backing but also gifted students. .Several of these students would found their own styles of aikido.^ These three weapons were incorporated into aikido because they had been parts of Morihei Ueshiba's own training as a young man.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wallace, IA, USA I have over 30 Aikido videos and none compare to this 3D. Every one from instructor to student should own this one.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ This fact often comes as a great disappointment to students of aikido, especially if they should discover that their own instructors still suffer from a variety of shortcomings.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]

International dissemination

.Aikido was first brought to the rest of the world in 1951 by Minoru Mochizuki with a visit to France where he introduced aikido techniques to judo students.^ Aikido techniques are introduced to the class by the instructor performing them with a senior student acting as uke (uke is the person who delivers the attack, and receives the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In aikido, a technique cannot be properly applied unless one first unbalances one's partner.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first phase of an aikido technique is often to establish shikaku.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[12] .He was followed by Tadashi Abe in 1952 who came as the official Aikikai Hombu representative, remaining in France for seven years.^ Fernando Laxamana, Jr., Oak Harbor and Seattle, United States of America I have been a member of Aikido Seikikai for seven years and just recently started in Aikido Aikikai.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ This motivated me to discover the true spirit of Aikido seven years ago, at which time I came upon the idea of building a heaven on earth.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

.Kenji Tomiki toured with a delegation of various martial arts through fifteen continental states of the United States in 1953.[11] Later in that year, Koichi Tohei was sent by Aikikai Hombu to Hawaii, for a full year, where he set up several dojo.^ His intention was to fuse his martial art to a set of ethical, social, and dispositional ideals.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By akaikumo 1186853204 Reply Spam [+0] Moderate Up Moderate Down Remove 4558714 0 interesting everyone says that his martial art is the best.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jack Holt, Burnley, England I have been in martials arts for well over fifty years & this is one of the best learning tools I have seen.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

.This was followed up by several further visits and is considered the formal introduction of aikido to the United States.^ This shows up in aikido in the ideal of developing a state of cognitive openness, permiting one to respond immediately and intuitively to changing circumstances.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When my father settled in Tokyo in 1926, his second visit to the capital, he first came alone and then was followed by the family, which came up from Tanabe in 1927.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ According to the standard set by the International Aikido Federation (IAF) and the United States Aikido Federation (USAF), there are 6 ranks below black belt.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.The United Kingdom followed in 1955; Italy in 1964; Germany and Australia in 1965. Designated "Official Delegate for Europe and Africa" by Morihei Ueshiba, Masamichi Noro arrived in France in September 1961. Today there are aikido dojo available throughout the world.^ Ueshiba Morihei The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ueshiba Morihei = The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido's founder, Morihei Ueshiba, was born in Japan on December 14, 1883.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Proliferation of independent organisations

.The biggest aikido organisation is the Aikikai Foundation which remains under the control of the Ueshiba family.^ Kisshomaru Ueshiba: In Aikido, we constantly train to control our partner's ki freely through the movement of our own ki, by drawing the partner into our own movement.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, aikido has many styles, mostly formed by Morihei Ueshiba's major students.^ Ueshiba Morihei The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ueshiba Morihei = The founder of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this book, John Stevens explores the hidden teachings and deeper dimensions of Aikido, especially its spiritual wisdom as taught by its Founder, Morihei Ueshiba.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

[11]
.The earliest independent styles to emerge were Yoseikan Aikido, begun by Minoru Mochizuki in 1931,[12] Yoshinkan Aikido founded by Gozo Shioda in 1955,[13] and Shodokan Aikido, founded by Kenji Tomiki in 1967.[14] The emergence of these styles pre-dated Ueshiba's death and did not cause any major upheavals when they were formalized.^ Each of these schools represented the vision of aikido that Ueshiba had imparted to different students during different stages of his life ( Gozo Shioda in the case of the Yoshinkan , and Koichi Tohei (namesake of the Tohei hop ) in the case of the Ki Society ), though both students began training under Ueshiba in the 1930's.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Will the Aikido3D be useful in terms of instruction for a perso who trains Yoshinkan Style Aikido.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ The stages of Morihei Ueshiba's life are commonly seen to correspond to the different schools of aikido that emerged after his death; Yoshinkan from his early years, when the influence of Ueshiba's aiki-jutsu training was most prominent, is marked by harder, more linear techniques.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Shodokan Aikido, however, was controversial, since it introduced a unique rule-based competition that some felt was contrary to the spirit of aikido.^ He felt that to seek the true spirit of Aikido he had to go to the birthplace of the art.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]
.After Ueshiba's death in 1969, two more major styles emerged.^ The Aikikai School, often seen as the most 'official' style, originates in the middle period of Ueshiba's life, after 1942 but before the years leading up to his death.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Significant controversy arose with the departure of the Aikikai Hombu Dojo's chief instructor Koichi Tohei, in 1974. Tohei left as a result of a disagreement with the son of the founder, Kisshomaru Ueshiba , who at that time headed the Aikikai Foundation.^ Ueshiba Kisshomaru The son of the founder of aikido and current aikido doshu.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ueshiba Kisshomaru = The son of the founder of aikido and second aikido doshu.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Doshu Head of the way (currently Kisshomaru Ueshiba, son of aikido's founder, Morihei Ueshiba).
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The disagreement was over the proper role of ki development in regular aikido training.^ (Chinese = chi) For many Aikidoka, the primary goal of training in aikido is to learn how to ``extend'' ki, or to learn how to control or redirect the ki of others.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Proper footwork is essential in aikido for developing strong balance and for facilitating ease of movement.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The only way to advance in aikido is through regular and continued training.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.After Tohei left, he formed his own style, called Shin Shin Toitsu Aikido, and the organization which governs it, the Ki Society (Ki no Kenkyūkai).^ Ki no Nagare Aikido Dojo .
  • Aikido In Switzerland: The Swiss Aikido Web home page 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.aikido.ch [Source type: General]

^ Policies governing rank promotions may vary, sometimes dramatically, from one aikido dojo or organization to another.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thus "ki musubi" or "ki no musubi" is one of the goals of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[15]
A final major style evolved from Ueshiba's retirement in Iwama, Ibaraki, and the teaching methodology of long term student Morihiro Saito. It is unofficially referred to as the "Iwama style", and at one point a number of its followers formed a loose network of schools they called Iwama Ryu. .Although Iwama style practitioners remained part of the Aikikai until Saito's death in 2002, followers of Saito subsequently split into two groups; one remaining with the Aikikai and the other forming the independent organization the Shinshin Aikishuren Kai, in 2004 around Saito's son Hitohiro Saito.^ Besides, Aikido contains many spiritual aspects (of course, so do other forms of budo), so at that age one begins to acquire a perspective of the world and of the nature of budo.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If one takes seriously the notion that part of one's aikido training should aim towards self-improvement, one may sometimes have to consider how one will be viewed by others.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Aikikai School, often seen as the most 'official' style, originates in the middle period of Ueshiba's life, after 1942 but before the years leading up to his death.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Today, the major styles of aikido are each run by a separate governing organization, have their own headquarters (本部道場 honbu dōjō?) in Japan, and have an international breadth.^ Policies governing rank promotions may vary, sometimes dramatically, from one aikido dojo or organization to another.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a growing number of aikido organizations and each has its own set of standards for ranking.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[11]

Training

.In aikido, as in virtually all Japanese martial arts, there are both physical and mental aspects of training.^ ALL martial arts.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ He began delving into religions in hopes of finding a deeper significance to life, all the while continuing to pursue his studies of budo, or the martial arts.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A great deal of both physical and cognitive training is required in order to attain this ideal.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.The physical training in aikido is diverse, covering both general physical fitness and conditioning, as well as specific techniques.^ A great deal of both physical and cognitive training is required in order to attain this ideal.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It should be clear that any transformative power of aikido, if such exists at all, cannot reside in the performance of physical techniques alone.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although "kamae" generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in aikido between one's physical and one's psychological bearing.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .Because a substantial portion of any aikido curriculum consists of throws, the first thing most students learn is how to safely fall or roll.^ If you learn nothing else from aikido, learn how to fall.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some argue that it is important for students to learn how a 'real' attacker might respond to a technique, which has merit.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Chinese = chi) For many Aikidoka, the primary goal of training in aikido is to learn how to ``extend'' ki, or to learn how to control or redirect the ki of others.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .The specific techniques for attack include both strikes and grabs; the techniques for defense consist of throws and pins.^ It also includes learning how to deliver attacks that both provide enough energy for the technique to be performed and also preserve nage from danger.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kisshomaru Ueshiba: Next we do the following techniques: seated ikkyo from shomenuchi attack, nikyo, then joint techniques and pinning techniques, and so on...
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ryokatatori An attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's shoudlers or lapels in both of his hands Ryotetori An attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's wrists or lapels in both of his hands Ryoku Power.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.After basic techniques are learned, students study freestyle defense against multiple opponents, and in certain styles, techniques with weapons.^ In advanced practice, weapons such as the bokken are used in learning subtleties of certain movements, the relationships obtaining between armed and unarmed techniques, defenses against weapons, and the like.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But there is a time for such learning, and it is not during the period when a student is struggling to understand the basic form of the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The added length of the weapons aides students in learning ma'ai , or proper distance, and the added 'threat' of the weapon can add intensity to training.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Fitness

.Physical training goals pursued in conjunction with aikido include controlled relaxation, flexibility, and endurance, with less emphasis on strength training.^ (Chinese = chi) For many Aikidoka, the primary goal of training in aikido is to learn how to ``extend'' ki, or to learn how to control or redirect the ki of others.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One goal of training in aikido is the cultivation of a mind which is able to meet various types of adversity without becoming perturbed.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ueshiba hoped that by training in aikido, people would perfect themselves spiritually as well as physically.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.In aikido, pushing or extending movements are much more common than pulling or contracting movements.^ Far more interactive, cost-effective and watchable than any other aikido learning offering I have seen in the marketplace globally.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ The founder (Morihei Ueshiba) intended aikido to be far more than a system of techniques for self-defense.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Furthermore, it's just damn irritating to nage, and may result in them pulling or pushing a bit harder than they should- especially if they are as undisciplined as uke!
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This distinction can be applied to general fitness goals for the aikido practitioner.^ This is not to say that aikido techniques cannot be combat effective - there are numerous practitioners of aikido who have applied aikido techniques successfully to defend themselves in a variety of life-threatening situations.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.Certain anaerobic fitness activities, such as weight training, emphasize contracting movements.^ Such repetitive practice trains not only one's facility with the weapon, but also general fluidity of body movement that is applicable to empty-hand training.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This type of training also emphasizes movement from one's center of mass (hara).
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

In aikido, specific muscles or muscle groups are not isolated and worked to improve tone, mass, and power. .Aikido-related training emphasizes the use of coordinated whole-body movement and balance similar to yoga or pilates.^ A very useful Aikido training tool.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ Aikido is a fascinating martial art which relies on a combination of timing, balance, entering and turning body movements and atemi (strikes) to redirect aggressive attacks in a circular or spiral path.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Proper footwork is essential in aikido for developing strong balance and for facilitating ease of movement.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.For example, many dojos begin each class with warm-up exercises (準備体操 junbi taisō?), which may include stretching and break falls.^ Other relevant factors may include a trainee's attitude with respect to others, regularity of attendance, and, in some organizations, contribution to the maintenance of the dojo or dissemination of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some dojo only teach weapon techniques to more senior students, and may offer special classes in their use.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After techniques are presented by the instructor, students break up into pairs (or in the case of odd numbers, pairs and a trio), and, after an initial bow, begin to practice the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[17]

Roles of uke and tori

.Aikido training is based primarily on two partners practicing pre-arranged forms (kata) rather than freestyle practice.^ Aikido instruction is based on two pillars: observation, and partner practice.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are designed to blend the energies of attacker and defender, rather than having the two collide.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two fundamental lessons of aikido training: the person you are practicing on is your partner , not your opponent and you are always responsible for the safety of your partner .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.The basic pattern is for the receiver of the technique (uke) to initiate an attack against the person who applies the technique - the 取り tori, or shite 仕手, (depending on aikido style) also referred to as (投げ nage (when applying a throwing technique), who neutralises this attack with an aikido technique.^ Tantotori Techniques applied against attacks with a knife Te Hand.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jotori A technique applied against an attack with a jo Juji ``+'' shaped throw.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Uke Person being thrown (receiving the technique).
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]
.Both halves of the technique, that of uke and that of nage, are considered essential to aikido training.^ Suwariwaza Techniques executed with both Uke and Nage in a seated position.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The standing pair perform the technique, switch, perform the technique, and then uke sits, and the sitting student rises to become the new uke; to put it more plainly, nage always remains standing after both partners have performed the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It also includes learning how to deliver attacks that both provide enough energy for the technique to be performed and also preserve nage from danger.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[18] Both are studying aikido principles of blending and adaptation. .Nage learns to blend with and control attacking energy, while uke learns to become calm and flexible in the disadvantageous, off-balance positions in which nage places them.^ It also includes learning how to deliver attacks that both provide enough energy for the technique to be performed and also preserve nage from danger.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is to facilitate learning the techniques and certain principles of positioning with respect to an attack.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If attacks are performed authentically, and techniques carried out correctly with an honest nage and uke, they will work as advertised.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.This "receiving" of the technique is called ukemi.^ Ukemi = Literally "receiving [with/through] the body," thus, the art of falling in response to a technique.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[18] .Uke continuously seeks to regain balance and cover vulnerabilities (e.g., an exposed side), while nage uses position and timing to keep uke off-balance and vulnerable.^ Techniques are practiced twice on each side before partners switch roles- uke attacks on the left, right, left, and right, and then switches to performing the role of nage .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Suwariwaza Techniques executed with both Uke and Nage in a seated position.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hanmi handachi = Position with nage sitting, uke standing.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.In more advanced training, uke will sometimes apply reversal techniques (返し技 kaeshi-waza?) to regain balance and pin or throw nage.^ Kaeshi waza = Technique reversal.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The standing pair perform the technique, switch, perform the technique, and then uke sits, and the sitting student rises to become the new uke; to put it more plainly, nage always remains standing after both partners have performed the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tenchinage A throw similar to irminage in which Nage breaks Uke's balance by extending one hand up and the other one down while moving toward Uke Tenkai Pivot.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Ukemi (受身?) refers to the act of receiving a technique.^ Ukemi refers to the methods of receiving and reacting to techniques, as well as the maneuvers used to prevent injury when one is thrown or pinned.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Good ukemi involves a parry or breakfall that is used to avoid pain or injury, such as joint dislocations.^ Ukemi refers to the methods of receiving and reacting to techniques, as well as the maneuvers used to prevent injury when one is thrown or pinned.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Initial attacks

.Aikido techniques are usually a defense against an attack; therefore, to practice aikido with their partner, students must learn to deliver various types of attacks.^ These techniques are frequently practiced in aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the first place, it is important to realize that aikido techniques are usually practiced against stylized and idealized attacks.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although aikido techniques are usually practiced with a single partner, it is important to keep in mind the possibility that one may be attacked by multiple aggressors.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although attacks are not studied as thoroughly as in striking-based arts, "honest" attacks (a strong strike or an immobilizing grab) are needed to study correct and effective application of technique.^ Suki An opening or gap where one is vulnerable to attack or application of a technique, or where one's technique is otherwise flawed.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is important, however, to study atemi carefully and perhaps to devote some time to practicing application of atemi so that one will be able to apply it effectively when necessary.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All aikido techniques begin with the defender moving off the line of attack and then creating a new line (often a non-straight line) for application of an aikido technique.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.Many of the strikes (打ち uchi?) of aikido are often said to resemble cuts from a sword or other grasped object, which indicates its origins in techniques intended for armed combat.^ Atemi is often vital for bypassing or ``short-circuiting'' an attacker's natural responses to aikido techniques.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are often many seemingly very different ways of performing the same technique in aikido.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some misogi sword exercises in aikido, for example, involve imagining that each cut of the sword destroys some negative aspect of one's personality.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .Other techniques, which appear to explicitly be punches (tsuki), are also practiced as thrusts with a knife or sword.^ Tsuki A punch or thrust (esp.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tsuki = A punch or thrust (esp.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tsuki = Straight thrust (punch), esp.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Kicks are generally reserved for upper-level variations; reasons cited include that falls from kicks are especially dangerous, and that kicks (high kicks in particular) were uncommon during the types of combat prevalent in feudal Japan. Some basic strikes include:
.
  • Front-of-the-head strike (正面打ち shōmen'uchi?) a vertical knifehand strike to the head.
  • Side-of-the-head strike (横面打ち yokomen'uchi?) a diagonal knifehand strike to the side of the head or neck.
  • Chest thrust (胸突き mune-tsuki?) a punch to the torso.^ Yokomen Side of the head.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Yokomenuchi A strike to the side of the head or neck Yon Four, fourth.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tsuki A punch or thrust (esp.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Specific targets include the chest, abdomen, and solar plexus. Same as "middle-level thrust" (中段突き chūdan-tsuki?), and "direct thrust" (直突き choku-tsuki?).
  • Face thrust (顔面突き ganmen-tsuki?) a punch to the face. Same as "upper-level thrust" (上段突き jōdan-tsuki?).
.Beginners in particular often practice techniques from grabs, both because they are safer and because it is easier to feel the energy and lines of force of a hold than a strike.^ Most often aikido techniques are practiced with Uke and Nage in pre-determined stances.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All aikido techniques begin with the defender moving off the line of attack and then creating a new line (often a non-straight line) for application of an aikido technique.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although in aikido we have to practice specific techniques, aikido as it might manifest itself in self-defense may not resemble any particular, standard aikido technique.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Some grabs are historically derived from being held while trying to draw a weapon; a technique could then be used to free oneself and immobilize or strike the attacker who is grabbing the defender.^ Some dojo only teach weapon techniques to more senior students, and may offer special classes in their use.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The concept of katsu jin ken found some explicit application in the development of techniques which would use non-cutting parts of the sword to strike or control one's opponent, rather than to kill him/her.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this technique you enter just as your opponent tries to strike you, and at that time two or three atemi (strikes) are made.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] The following are examples of some basic grabs:
.
  • Single-hand grab (片手取り katate-dori?) one hand grabs one wrist.
  • Both-hands grab (諸手取り morote-dori?) both hands grab one wrist.
  • Both-hands grab (両手取り ryōte-dori?) both hands grab both wrists.^ Mune dori = One or two hand lapel hold.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Katate tori (also katate mochi) = One hand holding one hand.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Tekubitori An attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's forearms or wrists Tenchi Heaven and earth.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Same as "double single-handed grab" (両片手取り ryōkatate-dori?).
  • Shoulder grab (肩取り kata-dori?) a shoulder grab.^ Katatetori An attack in which Uke grabs one of Nage's hands in one of his hands Katatori An attack in which Uke grabs at Uke's shoulder or lapel Keiko Training.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ."Both-shoulders-grab" is ryōkata-dori (両肩取り?)
  • Chest grab (胸取り mune-dori or muna-dori?) grabbing the (clothing of the) chest.^ Ryokata tori = Grabbing both shoulders.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    Same as "collar grab" (襟取り eri-dori?).

Basic techniques

Diagram of ikkyō, or "first technique". Yonkyō has a similar mechanism of action, although the upper hand grips the forearm rather than the elbow.
The following are a sample of the basic or widely practiced throws and pins. .The precise terminology for some may vary between organisations and styles, so what follows are the terms used by the Aikikai Foundation.^ Some dojo only teach weapon techniques to more senior students, and may offer special classes in their use.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some dojos are better than others, and some may just fit your own style and personality better than others.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ [The following vocabulary list is by no means complete, but it contains some of the more commonly encountered terms one may encounter during an aikido class.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Note that despite the names of the first five techniques listed, they are not universally taught in numeric order.[19]
.
  • First technique (一教 ikkyō?) a control using one hand on the elbow and one hand near the wrist which leverages uke to the ground.^ Ikkyo The first wrist pinning technique Ireru Use.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ryokatatori An attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's shoudlers or lapels in both of his hands Ryotetori An attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's wrists or lapels in both of his hands Ryoku Power.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In aikido, a technique cannot be properly applied unless one first unbalances one's partner.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [20] .This grip also applies pressure into the ulnar nerve at the wrist.
  • Second technique (二教 nikyō?) a pronating wristlock that torques the arm and applies painful nerve pressure.^ Shihonage A throwing technique is which pressure is applied against Uke's wrist and wlbow using a sword-swinging motion to throw Uke down Shikaku Literally ``dead angle.''
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Nikkyo The second wrist pinning technique No Belongs to, of.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    (There is an adductive wristlock or Z-lock in ura version.)
  • .
  • Third technique (三教 sankyō?) a rotational wristlock that directs upward-spiraling tension throughout the arm, elbow and shoulder.
  • Fourth technique (四教 yonkyō?) a shoulder control similar to ikkyō, but with both hands gripping the forearm.^ Morotetori An attack in which Uke grabs Nage's forearm with both hands Mudansha Students without black-belt ranking.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The knuckles (from the palm side) are applied to the recipient's radial nerve against the periosteum of the forearm bone.[21]
  • Fifth technique (五教 gokyō?) visually similar to ikkyō, but with an inverted grip of the wrist, medial rotation of the arm and shoulder, and downward pressure on the elbow. .Common in knife and other weapon take-aways.
  • Four-direction throw (四方投げ shihōnage?) The hand is folded back past the shoulder, locking the shoulder joint.
  • Forearm return (小手返し kotegaeshi?) a supinating wristlock-throw that stretches the extensor digitorum.
  • Breath throw (呼吸投げ kokyūnage?) a loosely used term for various types of mechanically unrelated techniques, although they generally do not use joint locks like other techniques.^ Shiho nage = "Four direction" throw.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Aikido techniques generally end in a throw, joint lock or pin.
    • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Kisshomaru Ueshiba: Shihonage, a technique to throw an opponent in many different directions.
    • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

    [22]
  • .
  • Entering throw (入身投げ iriminage?) throws in which nage moves through the space occupied by uke.^ Tenchinage A throw similar to irminage in which Nage breaks Uke's balance by extending one hand up and the other one down while moving toward Uke Tenkai Pivot.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Koshinage A throw in which Uke is thrown over Nage's hips Kote Wrist.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Iriminage A throw that uses an entering motion Jiyu Free-style.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The classic form superficially resembles a "clothesline" technique.
  • Heaven-and-earth throw (天地投げ tenchinage?) beginning with ryōte-dori; moving forward, nage sweeps one hand low ("earth") and the other high ("heaven"), which unbalances uke so that he or she easily topples over.
  • Hip throw (腰投げ koshinage?) aikido's version of the hip throw.^ Koshinage A throw in which Uke is thrown over Nage's hips Kote Wrist.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tenchinage A throw similar to irminage in which Nage breaks Uke's balance by extending one hand up and the other one down while moving toward Uke Tenkai Pivot.
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Gyaku hanmi Opposing stance (if Uke has the right foot forward, Nage has the left foot forward, if Uke has the left foot forward, Nage has the right foot forward).
    • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Nage drops his or her hips lower than those of uke, then flips uke over the resultant fulcrum.
  • Figure-ten throw (十字投げ jūjinage?) or figure-ten entanglement (十字絡み jūjigarami?) a throw that locks the arms against each other (The kanji for "10" is a cross-shape: 十).^ Koshi nage = Hip throw.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Juji nage (juji garami) = Arm entwining throw.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Furthermore, it can result in injury to the offending uke; almost every technique provides a mechanical or anatomical advantage to nage.
    • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    [23]
  • .
  • Rotary throw (回転投げ kaitennage?) nage sweeps the arm back until it locks the shoulder joint, then uses forward pressure to throw.^ Kaiten nage = Rotary throw.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Oversimplifying somewhat, we may say that aikido takes the joint locks and throws from jujitsu and combines them with the body movements of sword and spear fighting.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Juji nage (juji garami) = Arm entwining throw.
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    [24]

Implementations

.
Diagram showing two versions of the ikkyō technique: one moving forward (the omote version) and one moving backward (the ura version).
^ Most techniques also exist in two variations- a rotational form ( omote ) and a more linear 'entering' form ( iremi ).
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the course of practicing ukemi, one has the opportunity to monitor the way one is being moved so as to gain a clearer understanding of the principles of aikido techniques.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In theory, aikido techniques allow one to defeat an armed attacker, disarming and immobilizing in a single move.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

See text for more details.
.Aikido makes use of body movement (tai sabaki) to blend with uke.^ Tai sabaki = Body movement.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ B: So you practice tai no sabaki (body movements), ki no nagare (ki flow), tai no tenkan ho (body turning), ukemi, and then begin the practice of techniques.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I just passed my 2nd kyu test and used Aikido 3D to review and anchor the movements in my mind.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

.For example, an "entering" (irimi) technique consists of movements inward towards uke, while a "turning" (転換 tenkan?) technique uses a pivoting motion.^ Tenkan Turning movement, esp.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tenkan = Turning movement, esp.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Omote ``The front,'' thus, a class of movements in aikido in which Nage enters in front of Uke.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .Additionally, an "inside" ( uchi?) technique takes place in front of uke, whereas an "outside" ( soto?) technique takes place to his side; a "front" ( omote?) technique is applied with motion to the front of uke, and a "rear" ( ura?) version is applied with motion towards the rear of uke, usually by incorporating a turning or pivoting motion.^ Tenchinage A throw similar to irminage in which Nage breaks Uke's balance by extending one hand up and the other one down while moving toward Uke Tenkai Pivot.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Omote ``The front,'' thus, a class of movements in aikido in which Nage enters in front of Uke.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shihonage A throwing technique is which pressure is applied against Uke's wrist and wlbow using a sword-swinging motion to throw Uke down Shikaku Literally ``dead angle.''
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Finally, most techniques can be performed while in a seated posture (seiza). .Techniques where both uke and nage are sitting are called suwari-waza, and techniques performed with uke standing and nage sitting are called hanmi handachi.^ Hanmi handachi = Position with nage sitting, uke standing.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Handachi Sitting techniques.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Suwariwaza Techniques executed with both Uke and Nage in a seated position.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26]
.Thus, from fewer than twenty basic techniques, there are thousands of possible implementations.^ But there is a time for such learning, and it is not during the period when a student is struggling to understand the basic form of the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ O Sensei: There are about 3,000 basic techniques, and each one of them has 16 variations .
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Over one thousand photographs illustrate the basic principles and techniques, including the use if the wooden sword, the wooden staff, and "empty hand" techniques.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.For instance, ikkyō can be applied to an opponent moving forward with a strike (perhaps with an ura type of movement to redirect the incoming force), or to an opponent who has already struck and is now moving back to reestablish distance (perhaps an omote-waza version).^ Repeatedly moving in and out of the striking range of a weapon fosters an intuitive sense of distance and timing - something which is crucial to empty-hand training as well.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Specific aikido kata are typically referred to with the formula "attack-technique(-modifier)".[27] For instance, katate-dori ikkyō refers to any ikkyō technique executed when uke is holding one wrist.^ Although "kamae" generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in aikido between one's physical and one's psychological bearing.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are introduced to the class by the instructor performing them with a senior student acting as uke (uke is the person who delivers the attack, and receives the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mune dori = One or two hand lapel hold.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

This could be further specified as katate-dori ikkyō omote, referring to any forward-moving ikkyō technique from that grab.
.Atemi (当て身) are strikes (or feints) employed during an aikido technique.^ Aikido employs techniques of training and instruction that are somewhat unique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Atemi is often vital for bypassing or "short-circuiting" an attacker's natural responses to aikido techniques.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In this technique you enter just as your opponent tries to strike you, and at that time two or three atemi (strikes) are made.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

Some view atemi as attacks against "vital points" meant to cause damage in and of themselves. For instance, Gōzō Shioda described using atemi in a brawl to quickly down a gang's leader.[28] Others consider atemi, especially to the face, to be methods of distraction meant to enable other techniques. A strike, whether or not it is blocked, can startle the target and break his or her concentration. The target may also become unbalanced in attempting to avoid the blow, for example by jerking the head back, which may allow for an easier throw.[26] .Many sayings about atemi are attributed to Morihei Ueshiba, who considered them an essential element of technique.^ "I request a favor") and when bowing either to the instructor at the end of class or to one's partner at the end of a technique it is considered proper to say "domo arigato gozaimashita" ("thank you").
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The founder (Morihei Ueshiba) intended aikido to be far more than a system of techniques for self-defense.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many aikido techniques cannot be performed effectively without the concomitant application of atemi (a strike delivered to the attacker for the purpose of facilitating the subsequent application of the technique).
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[29]

Weapons

Disarming an attacker using a "sword taking" (太刀取り tachi-dori?) technique.
.Weapons training in aikido traditionally includes the short staff (), wooden sword (bokken), and knife (tantō).^ Bokken = bokuto = Wooden sword.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Bokken Bokuto = Wooden sword.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aikido makes use of three basic weapons: the jo , or short staff , the bokken , or wooden sword , and the tanto , in this case a wooden knife .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[30] Today, some schools also incorporate firearms-disarming techniques. .Both weapon-taking and weapon-retention are sometimes taught, to integrate armed and unarmed aspects, although some schools of aikido do not train with weapons at all.^ There are several reasons for weapons training in aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some misogi sword exercises in aikido, for example, involve imagining that each cut of the sword destroys some negative aspect of one's personality.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Andrew, WMA School of Martial Arts, Crystal River, USA This has to be, by far, the best training DVD I have ever seen- and all I've seen is the demo on the main page.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

Others, such as the Iwama style of Morihiro Saito, usually spend substantial time with bokken and , practised under the names aiki-ken, and aiki-jō, respectively. .The founder developed much of empty handed aikido from traditional sword and spear movements, so the practice of these movements is generally for the purpose of giving insight into the origin of techniques and movements, as well as vital practice of these basic building blocks.^ These techniques are frequently practiced in aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido practice also helps develop strength, coordination, and flexibility, as well as a calm and focused mind.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In short form, aikido builds around 3 attack forms (which can be generalized to any kind of energetic attack - kicks, punches, strikes with a sword , baseball bat , broken bottle , staff , or plush Elmo toy), as well as several dynamic or static grab techniques, and responds through 4-6 wrist locks (depends on school/who you ask) and seven or so basic throws.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[31]

Multiple attackers and randori

Technique performed against two attackers.
.One feature of aikido is training to defend against multiple attackers, often called taninzudori, or taninzugake.^ Taninsugake = Training against multiple attackers, usually from grabbing attacks.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In aikido, sutemi may connote an attitude of fearlessness by which one enters into an attacker's space with no thought of preserving one's own safety.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In particular, one's attention during aikido training should be single-mindedly focussed on aikido, just as, during a life-or-death duel, one's attention is entirely focussed on the duel.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Freestyle (randori, or jiyūwaza) practice with multiple attackers is a key part of most curricula and is required for the higher level ranks.^ These techniques have their historical origin (in part) in the practice of requiring all samurai to sit and move about on their knees while in the presence of a daimyo (feudal lord).
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ki tests, ukemi ability, weapon forms and dealing with armed attackers, and randori may also play a role, particularly at higher levels of testing.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ideally, at the most advanced levels of aikido, one learns to detect signs of aggression in a potential attacker before a physical assault has been initiated.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[32] .Randori exercises a person's ability to intuitively perform techniques in an unstructured environment.^ Aikido techniques are introduced to the class by the instructor performing them with a senior student acting as uke (uke is the person who delivers the attack, and receives the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Both partners are expected to deliver authentic attacks, and perform the technique to the best of their ability.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This depends on several factors; the skill of the person performing the technique, the willingness of the attacker to look out for his own well being, and the circumstances of the attack.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[32] .Strategic choice of techniques, based on how they reposition the student relative to other attackers, is important in randori training.^ Since aikido techniques always vary according to circumstances, it is important to understand how differences in initial position affect the timing and application of techniques.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They will forget where they are in the room, which way their partner is pointing, which way the technique will come off, and, perhaps most critically, how far it is to the nearest wall.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other techniques were developed by which an unarmed person (or a person unwilling to draw a weapon) could disarm an attacker.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.For instance, an ura technique might be used to neutralise the current attacker while turning to face attackers approaching from behind.^ A class of aikido techniques executed by moving behind the attacker and turning.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Sometimes ura techniques are called tenkan (turning) techniques.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
.In Shodokan Aikido, randori differs in that it is not performed with multiple persons with defined roles of defender and attacker, but between two people, where both participants attack, defend, and counter at will.^ Aikido techniques are designed to blend the energies of attacker and defender, rather than having the two collide.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It also includes learning how to deliver attacks that both provide enough energy for the technique to be performed and also preserve nage from danger.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are introduced to the class by the instructor performing them with a senior student acting as uke (uke is the person who delivers the attack, and receives the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

In this respect it resembles judo randori.[14]

Injuries

.In applying a technique during training, it is the responsibility of nage to prevent injury to uke by employing a speed and force of application that is commensurate with their partner's proficiency in ukemi.^ In part, this is because it becomes unclear who initiates the technique, and also because, from a certain perspective, uke and nage are thoroughly interdependent.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most often aikido techniques are practiced with Uke and Nage in pre-determined stances.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Techniques are learned through training with a partner , not an opponent .
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[18] .Injuries (especially those to the joints), when they do occur in aikido, are often the result of nage misjudging the ability of uke to receive the throw or pin.^ Aikido techniques generally end in a throw, joint lock or pin.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are introduced to the class by the instructor performing them with a senior student acting as uke (uke is the person who delivers the attack, and receives the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If attacks are performed authentically, and techniques carried out correctly with an honest nage and uke, they will work as advertised.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[33][34]
.A study of injuries in the martial arts showed that while the type of injuries varied considerably from one art to the other, the differences in overall rates of injury were much less pronounced.^ A: It is quite different from the traditional martial arts, then.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's the martial arts equivalent of a bachelor's degree ; you're educated, you know the ropes, it is a basis for continuing your studies, but you certainly don't know everything.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He began delving into religions in hopes of finding a deeper significance to life, all the while continuing to pursue his studies of budo, or the martial arts.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Soft tissue injuries are one of the most common types of injuries found within aikido although a few deaths from repetitive "shihōnage" have been reported.^ In particular, one's attention during aikido training should be single-mindedly focussed on aikido, just as, during a life-or-death duel, one's attention is entirely focussed on the duel.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although aikido is a relatively recent innovation within the world of martial arts, it is heir to a rich cultural and philosophical background.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ideally, at the most advanced levels of aikido, one learns to detect signs of aggression in a potential attacker before a physical assault has been initiated.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[33][34][35]

Mental training

.Aikido training is mental as well as physical, emphasizing the ability to relax the mind and body even under the stress of dangerous situations.^ Aikido practice also helps develop strength, coordination, and flexibility, as well as a calm and focused mind.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reader is given guidance in the proper physical, mental, and spiritual attitudes with which to approach this practice and in ways to apply the wisdom of Aikido to everyday life.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Even purely mental rehearsal of aikido techniques can serve as an effective form of solo training.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[36] .This is necessary to enable the practitioner to perform the bold enter-and-blend movements that underlie aikido techniques, wherein an attack is met with confidence and directness.^ Just as standard aikido techniques provide strategies for defending against physical attacks, so does ukemi practice provide strategies for defending against falling (or even against the application of an aikido or aikido-like technique).
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aikido is a fascinating martial art which relies on a combination of timing, balance, entering and turning body movements and atemi (strikes) to redirect aggressive attacks in a circular or spiral path.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Omote ``The front,'' thus, a class of movements in aikido in which Nage enters in front of Uke.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .Morihei Ueshiba once remarked that one "must be willing to receive 99% of an opponent's attack and stare death in the face" in order to execute techniques without hesitation.^ Especially beginning one technique and changing to another in mid-execution.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once one has internalized the kihon, it is possible to generate a virtually infinite variety of new aikido techniques in accordance with novel conditions.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques should be executed as much as possible from or through one's hara.
  • Aikido Vocabulary and Terms 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.west.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[37] .As a martial art concerned not only with fighting proficiency but also with the betterment of daily life, this mental aspect is of key importance to aikido practitioners.^ Aikido is not an art to fight with enemies and defeat them.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The reader is given guidance in the proper physical, mental, and spiritual attitudes with which to approach this practice and in ways to apply the wisdom of Aikido to everyday life.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Although aikido is a relatively recent innovation within the world of martial arts, it is heir to a rich cultural and philosophical background.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[38]

Criticisms

.The most common criticism of aikido is that it suffers from a lack of realism in training.^ The most important accomplishments in aikido or any other martial art are not external assessments of progress, but rather the benefits of your training to yourself.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.The attacks initiated by uke (and which nage must defend against) have been criticized as being "weak," "sloppy," and "little more than caricatures of an attack."^ Believe it or not, this may be more dangerous to uke than a real attack.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If attacks are performed authentically, and techniques carried out correctly with an honest nage and uke, they will work as advertised.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Once uke shows any signs of being able to perform elementary levels of rolls and falls, the new shodan assumes that, since he is practicing with them, he must know what he is doing.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[39][40] .Weak attacks from uke cause a conditioned response from nage, and result in underdevelopment of the strength and conditioning needed for the safe and effective practice of both partners.^ The standing pair perform the technique, switch, perform the technique, and then uke sits, and the sitting student rises to become the new uke; to put it more plainly, nage always remains standing after both partners have performed the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Two fundamental lessons of aikido training: the person you are practicing on is your partner , not your opponent and you are always responsible for the safety of your partner .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If attacks are performed authentically, and techniques carried out correctly with an honest nage and uke, they will work as advertised.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[39] .To counteract this, some styles allow students to become less compliant over time but, in keeping with the core philosophies, this is after having demonstrated proficiency in being able to protect themselves and their training partners.^ They may be capable of doing the technique, but as yet incapable of performing the little additional feats of timing and technique that will help keep their partner safe.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cooperative training also instills a regard for the safety and well-being of one's partner.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One should be able to throw a punch or deliver a shomen with enough force that the throw will be more or less automatic; at the same time, you should be able to stop or divert your attack any time it becomes clear that your partner is not going to respond in time to avoid injury.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

Shodokan Aikido addresses the issue by practising in a competitive format.[14] .Such adaptations are debated between styles, with some maintaining that there is no need to adjust their methods because either the criticisms are unjustified, or that they are not training for self-defence or combat effectiveness, but spiritual, fitness or other reasons.^ Some dojos are better than others, and some may just fit your own style and personality better than others.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These three weapons were incorporated into aikido because they had been parts of Morihei Ueshiba's own training as a young man.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And there is some truth to this- there's no reason why you shouldn't stretch yourself, and work hard at learning as much as you can, as many ways as you can.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[41]
.Another criticism is that after the end of Ueshiba's seclusion in Iwama from 1942 to the mid 1950s, he increasingly emphasized the spiritual and philosophical aspects of aikido.^ In this book, John Stevens explores the hidden teachings and deeper dimensions of Aikido, especially its spiritual wisdom as taught by its Founder, Morihei Ueshiba.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Incorporating these principles into his martial art, Ueshiba developed many aspects of aikido in concert with his philosophical and religious ideology.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Ueshiba hoped that by training in aikido, people would perfect themselves spiritually as well as physically.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.As a result, strikes to vital points by nage, entering (irimi) and initiation of techniques by nage, the distinction between omote (front side) and ura (back side) techniques, and the practice of weapons, were all deemphasized or eliminated from practice.^ Most techniques also exist in two variations- a rotational form ( omote ) and a more linear 'entering' form ( iremi ).
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Techniques are practiced twice on each side before partners switch roles- uke attacks on the left, right, left, and right, and then switches to performing the role of nage .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After techniques are presented by the instructor, students break up into pairs (or in the case of odd numbers, pairs and a trio), and, after an initial bow, begin to practice the technique.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lack of training in these areas is thought to lead to an overall loss of effectiveness by some aikido practitioners.^ Even purely mental rehearsal of aikido techniques can serve as an effective form of solo training.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although there are some specific exercises for misogi practice, such as breathing exercises, in point of fact, every aspect of aikido training may be looked upon as misogi.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Part of aikido training is learning to observe effectively.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[42]
.Alternately, there are some who criticize aikido practitioners for not placing enough importance on the spiritual practices emphasized by Ueshiba.^ Mitsugi Saotome--a principal student of Morihei Ueshiba, the Founder of Aikido--explains the philosophy and practice of the popular martial art, which emphasizes harmony and peaceful resolution of conflict.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In this book, John Stevens explores the hidden teachings and deeper dimensions of Aikido, especially its spiritual wisdom as taught by its Founder, Morihei Ueshiba.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The reader is given guidance in the proper physical, mental, and spiritual attitudes with which to approach this practice and in ways to apply the wisdom of Aikido to everyday life.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

.The premise of this criticism is that "O-Sensei’s aikido was not a continuation and extension of the old and has a distinct discontinuity with past martial and philosophical concepts."^ Incorporating these principles into his martial art, Ueshiba developed many aspects of aikido in concert with his philosophical and religious ideology.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although aikido is a relatively recent innovation within the world of martial arts, it is heir to a rich cultural and philosophical background.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[43] .That is, that aikido practitioners who focus on aikido's roots in traditional jujutsu or kenjutsu are diverging from what Ueshiba taught.^ This is not to say that aikido techniques cannot be combat effective - there are numerous practitioners of aikido who have applied aikido techniques successfully to defend themselves in a variety of life-threatening situations.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido is a modern martial art with ancient roots; Ueshiba was a student of numerous traditional ( koryu ) forms of Japanese martial arts, including aiki-jutsu , sumo , and sword and spear arts.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pros and Cons of traditional-style instruction Well, okay, maybe it has a little to do with changing the way aikido is taught- but really, it's just about extending a trend.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

.Such critics urge practitioners to embrace the assertion that "[Ueshiba's] transcendence to the spiritual and universal reality was the fundamentals [sic] of the paradigm that he demonstrated."^ As characterized by the founder of aikido, enlightenment consists in realizing a fundamental unity between oneself and the (principles governing) the universe.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The very intention of an attacker to perpetrate an act of violence breaks harmony with the fundamental principles of the universe, and no one can compete successfully against such principles.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[43]

Ki

This was the kanji for ki until 1946, when it was changed to .
.The study of ki is a critical component of aikido, and its study defies categorization as either "physical" or "mental" training, as it encompasses both.^ The reader is given guidance in the proper physical, mental, and spiritual attitudes with which to approach this practice and in ways to apply the wisdom of Aikido to everyday life.
  • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Even purely mental rehearsal of aikido techniques can serve as an effective form of solo training.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A great deal of both physical and cognitive training is required in order to attain this ideal.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

The original kanji for ki was (shown right), and is a symbolic representation of a lid covering a pot full of rice; the "nourishing vapors" contained within are ki.[44]
.The character for ki is used in everyday Japanese terms, such as "health" (元気 genki?), or "shyness" (内気 uchiki?).^ Aikido = The word "aikido" is made up of three Japanese characters: ai - harmony, ki - spirit, mind, or universal energy, do - the Way.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Ki is most often understood as unified physical and mental intention, however in traditional martial arts it is often discussed as "life energy". Gōzō Shioda's Yoshinkan Aikido, considered one of the "hard styles," largely follows Ueshiba's teachings from before World War II, and surmises that the secret to ki lies in timing and the application of the whole body's strength to a single point.^ Things to consider when choosing a Martial Art .
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The secret of aikido is to become one with the universe."
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Each of these schools represented the vision of aikido that Ueshiba had imparted to different students during different stages of his life ( Gozo Shioda in the case of the Yoshinkan , and Koichi Tohei (namesake of the Tohei hop ) in the case of the Ki Society ), though both students began training under Ueshiba in the 1930's.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] .In later years, Ueshiba's application of ki in aikido took on a softer, more gentle feel.^ The founder (Morihei Ueshiba) intended aikido to be far more than a system of techniques for self-defense.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido, as Ueshiba conceived it in his mature years, is not primarily a system of combat, but rather a means of self-cultivation and improvement.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ PETE A. DEJESUS, Clearwater, FL, USA I have alot of books and videos in martial arts and I am more facinated with the application of aikido.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

.This was his Takemusu Aiki and many of his later students teach about ki from this perspective.^ Many practitioners of aikido (from beginners to advanced students) have concerns about the practical self-defense value of aikido as a martial art.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Koichi Tohei's Ki Society centers almost exclusively around the study of the empirical (albeit subjective) experience of ki with students ranked separately in aikido techniques and ki development.^ I previously studied TKD-may even get the TKD 3D since I've been so impressed with Aikido 3D. Thank you for the time you have put forth in developing Aikido 3D!!!
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ The scope of aikido is not limited only to the standard, named techniques one studies regularly in practice.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido techniques are generally rendered more efficient by preserving a connection between one's center of mass (hara) and the outer limits of the movement, or between one's own center of mass and that of one's partner.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[45]

Uniforms and ranking

.Aikido practitioners (commonly called aikidōka outside of Japan) generally progress by promotion through a series of "grades" (kyū), followed by a series of "degrees" (dan), pursuant to formal testing procedures.^ [The following vocabulary list is by no means complete, but it contains some of the more commonly encountered terms one may encounter during an aikido class.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most aikido organisations use only white and black belts to distinguish rank, but some use various belt colors.^ Yudansha = Black belt holder (any rank).
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ White belt ranks are called kyu ranks.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Kyu = White belt rank.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Testing requirements vary, so a particular rank in one organization is not always comparable or interchangeable with the rank of another.^ Policies governing rank promotions may vary, sometimes dramatically, from one aikido dojo or organization to another.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Standards of etiquette may vary somewhat from one dojo or organization to another, but the following guidelines are nearly universal.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido requires a sensitivity to such diverse variables as timing, momentum, balance, the speed and power of an attack, and especially to the psychological state of one's partner (or of an attacker).
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .Some dojos do not allow students to take the test to obtain a dan unless they are 16 or older.^ Mark Winter, Musui Dojo, Claremont CA, USA This is really exciting and they have used two of the best to obtain the correct moves.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

rank belt color type
kyū Ceinture blanche.png white mudansha
dan Ceinture noire.png black yūdansha
.The uniform worn for practicing aikido (aikidōgi) is similar to the training uniform (keikogi) used in most other modern martial arts; simple trousers and a wraparound jacket, usually white.^ By combining his martial training with his religious and political ideologies, he created the modern martial art of aikido.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All martial arts, including aikido, consist in sets of strategies for managing conflict.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some martial arts may be better suited to some types of conflict than others.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Both thick ("judo-style"), and thin ("karate-style") cotton tops are used.^ Either judo-style or karate-style gi are acceptable in most dojo, but they must be white and cotton.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] Aikido-specific tops are also available with shorter sleeves which reach to just below the elbow.
Most aikido systems also add a pair of wide pleated black or indigo trousers called a hakama. .In many styles its use is reserved for practitioners with black belt (dan) ranks or for instructors, while others allow all practitioners or female practitioners to wear a hakama regardless of rank.^ Hakama = Divided skirt usually worn by black-belt ranks.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yudansha = Black belt holder (any rank).
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In some dojo, the hakama is also worn by women of all ranks, and in some dojo by all practitioners.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Saotome, Mitsugi (1989). The Principles of Aikido. Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala. p. 222. ISBN 978-0877734093. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Westbrook, Adele; Ratti, Oscar (1970). Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere. Tokyo, Japan: Charles E. Tuttle Company. pp. 16–96. ISBN 978-0804800044. 
  3. ^ a b c Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aikido". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia.php?entryID=18. 
  4. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aikijujutsu". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=31. 
  5. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2007). "Aiki". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=10. Retrieved 2007-08-21. 
  6. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2007). "O-Sensei". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=533. 
  7. ^ a b Stevens, John; Rinjiro, Shirata (1984). Aikido: The Way of Harmony. Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala. pp. 3–17. ISBN 978-0394714264. 
  8. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Ueshiba, Morihei". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia.php?entryID=723. 
  9. ^ Pranin, Stanley. "Morihei Ueshiba and Onisaburo Deguchi". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/article.php?articleID=73. 
  10. ^ Oomoto Foundation (2007). "The Teachings". Teachings and Scriptures. Netinformational Commission. http://www.oomoto.or.jp/English/enDokt/dokt-en.html. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Shishida, Fumiaki. "Aikido". Aikido Journal (Berkeley, CA: Shodokan Pub., USA). ISBN 0964708329. http://www.aikidojournal.com/article.php?articleID=626. 
  12. ^ a b Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Mochizuki, Minoru". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia.php?entryID=474. 
  13. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Yoshinkan Aikido". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia.php?entryID=785. 
  14. ^ a b c Shishido, Fumiaki; Nariyama, Tetsuro (2002). Aikido: Tradition and the Competitive Edge. Shodokan Publishing USA. ISBN 978-0964708327. 
  15. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Tohei, Koichi". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia.php?entryID=701. 
  16. ^ a b c Homma, Gaku (1990). Aikido for Life. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books. p. 20. ISBN 978-1556430787. 
  17. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Jumbi Taiso". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia.php?entryID=340. 
  18. ^ a b c d Homma, Gaku (1990). Aikido for Life. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books. pp. 20–30. ISBN 978-1556430787. 
  19. ^ Shifflett, C.M. (1999). Aikido Exercises for Teaching and Training. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books. ISBN 978-1556433146. 
  20. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2008). "Ikkyo". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=289. 
  21. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2008). "Yonkyo". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=780. 
  22. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2008). "Kokyunage". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=419. 
  23. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2008). "Juji Garami". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=337. 
  24. ^ Pranin, Stanley (2008). "Kaitennage". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/encyclopedia?entryID=342. 
  25. ^ Amdur, Ellis. "Irimi". Aikido Journal. http://www.aikidojournal.com/article.php?articleID=686. 
  26. ^ a b Shioda, Gōzō (1968). Dynamic Aikido. Kodansha International. pp. 52–55. ISBN 978-0870113017. 
  27. ^ Taylor, Michael (2004). Aikido Terminology - An Essential Reference Tool In Both English and Japanese. Lulu Press. ISBN 978-1411618466. 
  28. ^ a b Shioda, Gōzō; trans. by Payet, Jacques, and Johnston, Christopher (2000). Aikido Shugyo: Harmony in Confrontation. Shindokan Books. ISBN 978-0968779125. 
  29. ^ Scott, Nathan (2000). "Teachings of Ueshiba Morihei Sensei". http://www.tsuki-kage.com/ueshiba.html. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 
  30. ^ Dang, Phong (2006). Aikido Weapons Techniques: The Wooden Sword, Stick, and Knife of Aikido. Charles E Tuttle Company. ISBN 978-0804836418. 
  31. ^ Ratti, Oscar; Westbrook, Adele (1973). Secrets of the Samurai: The Martial Arts of Feudal Japan. Edison, New Jersey: Castle Books. pp. 23, 356–359. ISBN 978-0785810735. 
  32. ^ a b Ueshiba, Kisshomaru; Moriteru Ueshiba (2002). Best Aikido: The Fundamentals (Illustrated Japanese Classics). Kodansha International. ISBN 978-4770027627. 
  33. ^ a b Aikido and injuries: special report by Fumiaki Shishida Aiki News 1989;80 (April); partial English translation of article re-printed in Aikido Journal [1]
  34. ^ a b Pranin, Stanley (1983). "Aikido and Injuries". Encyclopedia of Aikido. http://www.aikidojournal.com/article?articleID=7&highlight=injuries. 
  35. ^ Zetaruk, M; Violán, MA; Zurakowski, D; Micheli, LJ (2005). "Injuries in martial arts: a comparison of five styles". British journal of sports medicine (BMJ Publishing Group) 39 (1): 29–33. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2003.010322. 15618336. PMID 15618336. PMC 1725005. http://bjsm.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/39/1/29. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  36. ^ Hyams, Joe (1979). Zen in the Martial Arts. New York: Bantam Books. pp. 53–57. ISBN 767-8300450. 
  37. ^ Ueshiba, Morihei; trans. by Stevens, John (1992). The Art of Peace. Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala Publications, Inc.. ISBN 978-0877738510. 
  38. ^ Heckler, Richard (1985). Aikido and the New Warrior. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books. pp. 51–57. ISBN 978-0938190516. 
  39. ^ a b Pranin, Stanley (Fall 1990). "Aikido Practice Today". Aiki News (Aiki News) 86. http://www.aikidojournal.com/article?articleID=123. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  40. ^ Ledyard, George S. (June 2002). "Non-Traditional Attacks". www.aikiweb.com. http://www.aikiweb.com/training/ledyard3.html. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  41. ^ Wagstaffe, Tony (30 March 2007). "In response to the articles by Stanley Pranin - Martial arts in a state of decline? An end to the collusion?". Aikido Journal. www.aikidojournal.com. http://www.aikidojournal.com/?id=3104. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  42. ^ Pranin, Stanley (1994). "Challenging the Status Quo". Aiki News (Aiki News) 98. http://www.aikidojournal.com/article?articleID=12. Retrieved 2007-11-02. 
  43. ^ a b Shibata, Minoru J. (2007). "A Dilemma Deferred: An Identity Denied and Dismissed". Aikido Journal (www.aikidojournal.com). http://www.aikidojournal.com/article?articleID=263. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  44. ^ YeYoung, Bing F.. "The Conceptual Scheme of Chinese Philosophical Thinking - Qi". Literati Tradition. http://www.literati-tradition.com/qi_breath.html. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  45. ^ Reed, William (1997). "A Test Worth More than a Thousand Words". http://www.b-smart.net/archive/test_article_0497.html. Retrieved 2007-08-11. 

External links

.
  • Encyclopedia of Aikido
  • AikiWeb Aikido Information—a site on aikido, with essays, forums, gallery, reviews, columns, wiki and other information.
  • AikidoFAQ—an informational aikido website, including articles, tips, and multimedia.
  • Aikido Journal—Online magazine.^ Authors listed in Aikido Journal 's Encyclopedia of Aikido have clickable name links.
    • Aikido Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.trussel.com [Source type: Academic]

    .Provides articles, interviews, and discussion of techniques.
  • Aikido Student dot Com—Online video tutorials.^ In these cases, it is expected that the senior student will adapt to fit the needs of the junior, providing instruction where necessary, and matching his technique to the ukemi ability of the newer learner.
    • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Just as standard aikido techniques provide strategies for defending against physical attacks, so does ukemi practice provide strategies for defending against falling (or even against the application of an aikido or aikido-like technique).
    • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Wallace, IA, USA I have over 30 Aikido videos and none compare to this 3D. Every one from instructor to student should own this one.
    • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

    Provides technical video demonstrations of many traditional Aikido techniques.

Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Topic:Aikido article)

From Wikiversity

Welcome to Wikiversity's Division of Aikido
.Aikido (合気道, aikidō, "the way of spiritual harmony") is a martial art and philosophy developed in Japan by Morihei Ueshiba in the early part of the 20th century.^ We teach aikido as a budo or martial way.
  • Aikido Meetup Groups - Aikido Meetups 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido.meetup.com [Source type: General]

^ As in other martial arts , the development of courtesy and respect is an integral part of aikido training.
  • aikido (martial art) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: General]

^ Aikido was created in Japan by Morihei Ueshiba (1883-1969).
  • Aikido Primer 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.aikido.bm [Source type: Original source]
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

.Central to the philosophy of Aikido is that it is a defensive, non-violent martial art.^ Aikido is a martial art which adults practice.
  • Aikikids - Kids Martial Arts for Children in Brisbane, Queensland Australia 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC griffithaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido is a martial art that wages peace.
  • The Paradox of One And Many in Aikido Philosophy 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.seishindo.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is a non-threatening martial art.

This division of Wikiversity is intended to promote the study of Aikido and its background. .Since Aikido is a martial art, it requires personal practice and training.^ She has  trained in the martial arts since 1976.
  • Wellspring Aikido Arts 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC wellspringai.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aikido is a martial art which adults practice.
  • Aikikids - Kids Martial Arts for Children in Brisbane, Queensland Australia 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC griffithaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido is a martial art that wages peace.
  • The Paradox of One And Many in Aikido Philosophy 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.seishindo.org [Source type: Original source]

.A web site, however good, cannot replace guided study under an experienced teacher (sensei).^ O’Sensei (great teacher) combined his life study of martial, philosophical and spiritual disciplines with his personal genius to create a form of budo dedicated to the protection of life.
  • Siskiyou Aikikai ~ Aikido 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC siskiyouaikikai.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After returning to Japan, he continued his Aikido training at the Aikikai Hombu Dojo where he studied under Doshu and the other major teachers at Aikido World Headquarters.

^ Sakahara Sensei later spent time in Germany to further his studies in the language and there met and trained under Shihan Katsuaki Asai.

.Still, there is a lot that can be learned about the history, philosophy, terminology, concepts, and other aspects of the art.^ How to Prepare for Aikido Martial Arts Before you enter into a study of aikido, you should understand the history and philosophy behind it becaus… More .
  • How to Learn Aikido | eHow.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Meet other local Aikidoka to get off the mat for some fun and relaxation as well as learn about people from surrounding dojos.
  • Aikido Meetup Groups - Aikido Meetups 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido.meetup.com [Source type: General]

^ There are few other arts as showy as TKD. My personal favorite is Ninjitsu.
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like many disciplines, Aikido has its own jargon and technical terms.^ Through aikido we hope to also develop self discipline and self control in a non competitive and social atmosphere, and above all we have fun and like to promote the practice of aikido to new students.

^ Since the word "aikido" means something like "the way of harmony with ki," it is hardly surprising that many aikidoka are interested in understanding just what ki is supposed to be.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Just like in any art, it takes a lot of practice and discipline to perfect the art of Aikido.
  • Aikido | The Art of Aikido 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido.kingniche.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the spirit of making this material accessible to everyone, Japanese terms (written using Romanji spellings) are used.^ The school is part of the Aikido Association of America and the Japanese Culture Center , which is dedicated to making Japanese arts, crafts and philosophical riches available to everyone.
  • Aikido World - The Official Blog of the Aikido Association of America - Part 2 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidoworld.aaa-aikido.com [Source type: General]

^ Use of the word “ki” or spirit in a Japanese context doesn’t necessarily imply that of a religious connotation.
  • About Aikido philosophy aikido techniques aikido history martial arts morihei ueshiba what is aikido Steven Seagal 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.craikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Glossary of Commonly Used Japanese Aikido Terms .
  • Sierra Aikido 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC sierra-aikido.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The w:Aikido entry uses English phrases for attacks and defenses, which is fine for an overview of the art.^ Can Aikido be used for self-defense?
  • The Aikido FAQ: Introduction To Aikido 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.aikidofaq.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Aikido is a 100% defensive martial art.
  • About Aikido philosophy aikido techniques aikido history martial arts morihei ueshiba what is aikido Steven Seagal 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.craikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Aikido is a highly effective form of self-defense that teaches how to subdue even a much larger aggressor using minimum effort.
  • Portsmouth Aikido - Portsmouth, New Hampshire 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC portsmouthaikido.org [Source type: General]

.In general, the Japanese terms for concepts, grips, attacks, defenses, etc.^ This "going with the flow" of an attack is termed, in Japanese Taisabaki, and in English, blending.
  • BrightPathway.com - Jim Giorgi: Therapist, Mentor, Teacher 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC brightpathway.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

are used. Since this can be especially difficult for beginners, an Aikido Glossary has been provided.

Contents

Learning Aikido

.Properly, the study of aikido requires supervision of a qualified instructor.^ Kiff Clark, Yondon aikido and shodan iaido, is a member and instructor at Portland Aikido, Portland, ME. Kiff studied under Kanai Sensei and has practiced in Portland for more than 20 years.
  • Portsmouth Aikido - Portsmouth, New Hampshire 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC portsmouthaikido.org [Source type: General]

^ Sensei Gleason is one of only a few active aikido instructors in North America who lived and studied aikido for so long, and so intensively, with these great instructors.
  • Shobu Aikido of Boston | MA | VT | OH | ME | CT - Teaching Excellence in Authentic Aikido & Japanese Sword in Boston for 30 years 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC shobuaikido.ning.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sensei Bunn has been studying Aikido since 1975, and has been teaching since 1981. He is often a guest instructor at regional Aikido seminars.

.The articles and learning exercises presented here are intended to supplement study in an aikido dojo or class.^ Normal class schedules give me a regular 8 hours so intend to get out and about more this year and get to share as much Aikido as possible.
  • Aikido Articles, Posts, Blogs, Videos - Technorati 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC technorati.com [Source type: General]

^ When you have decided that you would like to begin learning aikido, you should call to arrange a suitable time to come by the dojo, programs will be explained, and questions answered.

^ If you are interested in learning about Aikido techniques and women, then this article will provide a measure of insight.

Teaching Aikido

.While there are many very good schools for aikido all over the world, very few of them train people in how to be a teacher of aikido.^ B: What is a good age for starting Aikido training?
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A very useful Aikido training tool.
  • Aikido3D - Reviews 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikido3d.com [Source type: General]

^ How we train at Suenaka Aikido in Richmond .
  • Suenaka-Ha Aikido in Richmond VA serving the Metro Richmond Area, Midlothian, and Chesterfield 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidorichmond.com [Source type: General]

.The articles and exercises included here present a curriculum for learning to become a good teacher of aikido.^ For this reason, the physical relaxation learned in Aikido naturally becomes mental relaxation.
  • About Aikido philosophy aikido techniques aikido history martial arts morihei ueshiba what is aikido Steven Seagal 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.craikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As an Aikido'Ka student, you learn to resolve all disputes (physical or emotional) without becoming an attacker yourself.
  • Aikido'Ka Nevada County's Family Martial Arts School - Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.joinaikido.com [Source type: General]

^ As students become more advanced, the speed and power of attacks should be increased, and students should learn to adapt the basic strategies of aikido movement to a broader variety of attacks.
  • Aikido Bushin Home 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidospokane.com [Source type: Original source]

Creating a Dojo

.The time may come when you decide you want to branch out on your own and form your own school.^ What if he doesn't want to play by your rules and decides to strike you!?
  • Aikido - Video 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.metacafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If your mind is correct, calm, and positive, you can make something good out of whatever the universe hands you.
  • Aikikids - Kids Martial Arts for Children in Brisbane, Queensland Australia 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC griffithaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Try and imagine that you are being attacked as you perform this kata and see in you can sense when and what moves are most useful and effective when training either on your own or with a partner.

.While the personal rewards can be great, running your own school can be very difficult from a financial point of view.^ Running an aikido dojo The ups and downs of running your own aikido dojo.
  • AIKIDO - The Peaceful Martial Art 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.stenudd.com [Source type: General]

^ You make this great love of the universe your heart, and then you must make your own mission the protection and love of all things.
  • Kingston Aikido Martial Arts Training, Rhinebeck, Red Hook, Port Ewen, High Falls, Stone Ridge, Saugerties 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.kingstonaikido.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Our Japanese martial arts training can be a great physical path for your personal growth .
  • Traditional Japanese Martial Arts School in Denver 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC aikidocolorado.com [Source type: General]

.These articles and exercises are focused on creating your own dojo.^ Some dojos are better than others, and some may just fit your own style and personality better than others.
  • aikido@Everything2.com 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Running an aikido dojo The ups and downs of running your own aikido dojo.
  • AIKIDO - The Peaceful Martial Art 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.stenudd.com [Source type: General]

^ Share your thoughts with other customers: Create your own review › See all 8 customer reviews...
  • Amazon.com: Aikido (9780870402685): Kisshomaru Uyeshiba: Books 19 January 2010 9:51 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

  • Why do you Want to Open Your Own Dojo?
  • Commercial Basis for a Martial Arts Business
  • Aikido Business Plans
  • Aikido Physical Space
  • Aikido Accreditation
  • Building Membership in a Martial Arts Business
  • Dojo Finances
  • Participation in the Greater Aikido Community

Items from other projects

See also

External links


Simple English

Aikido
合気道
Focus Grappling
Country of origin Japan
Creator Morihei Ueshiba
Famous practitioners Kisshomaru Ueshiba, Moriteru Ueshiba, Steven Seagal, Christian Tissier, Morihiro Saito, Koichi Tohei
Parenthood Aiki-jūjutsu; Jujutsu; Kenjutsu; Sōjutsu, Bojutsu, Iaijutsu

Aikido (合気道 aikidō?) is a Japanese martial art developed by Morihei Ueshiba based on his philosophy, martial arts training and religious beliefs. The word "aikido" is often translated as "the way of unifying (with) life energy"[1] or as "the way of harmonious spirit."[2] Ueshiba wanted to create an art where people could defend themselves without harming their attacker.

Aikido is performed by blending with the way the attacker moves, using the force of the attack rather than coming against it. This takes very little physical strength, as the aikidōka (person who does aikido) "leads" the attacker's momentum using stepping and turning movements. The techniques are completed with many different throws or joint locks which can be combined with different defenses.[3] Aikido is one of many grappling arts.

Aikido is based on the martial art of Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, but began to separate from it in the late 1920s, partly due to Ueshiba's involvement with the Ōmoto-kyō religion. Ueshiba's early students' records use the name aiki-jūjutsu.[4] Many of Ueshiba's senior students have different approaches to aikido, depending on when they studied with him. Today aikido is found all over the world in a number of styles, with different groups placing importance on different things. However, they all share techniques learned from Ueshiba and most have concern for the safety of the attacker.

References

  1. Saotome, Mitsugi (1989). The Principles of Aikido. Boston, Massachusetts: Shambhala. p. 222. ISBN 978-0877734093. 
  2. Westbrook, Adele; Ratti, Oscar (1970). Aikido and the Dynamic Sphere. Tokyo, Japan: Charles E. Tuttle Company. pp. 16–96. ISBN 978-0804800044. 
  3. Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aikido". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  
  4. Pranin, Stanley (2006). "Aikijujutsu". Encyclopedia of Aikido.  


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Aikido, which are similar to those in the above article.








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