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Air America
Logo.airamerica.large.gif
Type Radio network
Country United States
Founded by Sheldon Drobny
Anita Drobny
Jon Sinton
Broadcast area United States (broadcast)
Internet radio
Owner Green Family Media
Key people Ron Reagan, Lionel, Montel Williams, Ron Kuby
Launch date March 31, 2004
Affiliates 66
Official Website www.airamerica.com

Air America (formerly Air America Radio and Air America Media) is an American radio network specializing in politically liberal talk programming. The network started programming on March 31, 2004 and features discussion and information programs with hosts reflecting progressive points of view. The network specializes in presentations and monologues by on-air personalities, guest interviews, calls by listeners, and news reports. Air America's most popular host, Lionel, is estimated to have over 1.75 million unique listeners a week.[1]

On October 13, 2006 mounting debts forced Air America Radio to file Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The company was bought by Green Family Media, made up of New York real estate investor Stephen L. Green and his brother Mark J. Green, who closed on the purchase of the network on March 6, 2007 for US$ 4.25 million.[2][3]

The company recently changed its name from Air America Media to Air America, an effort to establish itself as a progressive voice on media including radio, television, and the Internet, and one not merely relegated to radio; it was also previously known as Air America Radio.

Contents

Programming overview

Ron Reagan, son of President Ronald Reagan, hosts a progressive talk show at Air America.

Air America Media's liberal talk radio programming and radio shows consist primarily of news, talk, comedy, interviews, guest editorials, and listeners' telephone calls. The talk portions feature some extended host monologues in the classic talk radio format. Live and pre-recorded comedy routines, featuring various comedians, are also aired. As with most syndicated broadcast networks, local affiliate stations are able to choose which programs to air subject to contractual arrangements.

Advertisements

Format

The shows follow a half hour format from six minutes past the hour to 28 minutes after the hour followed by a hard break for six minutes until 34 minutes past the hour. The final hard break occurs at 58 minutes past the hour leading into the news at the top of the hour.

News

Before June 29, 2007, Air America featured their own news summary breaks at the top of each hour, with content from wire services such as the Associated Press (AP) and United Press International (UPI). Newscasters included Bill Crowley, Wayne Gillman, Mike Piazza, and Mark Scheerer. Some affiliates use other news services or run their own newscasts during the six minute "news hole" at the top of the hour. AAR later switched to AP Radio Network News, and more recently Free Speech Radio News.

Public affairs and editorials

The public affairs programs tend to closely follow current happenings in the news, with monologues and reflections offered by the hosts and their guests. Listener comments by phone or the Internet are worked into these segments along with the interviews.

Music

Although better known for its political shows, Air America also features a couple of music oriented shows on weekends. On The Real featuring Chuck D has a strong music focus. The Steve Earle Show (which ended in 2007 with Earle moving to Sirius Satellite Radio[4]) mixed music with political commentary. Dr. Demento has been a guest host on the network at least once. Also, most of the talk shows have their own theme songs, use bumper music to segue between commercials and segments, and play political novelty songs. Theme songs and bumper music are generally commercially released rock music.

Weekday programs

Air America produces sixteen hours of weekday network programming. The entire schedule is carried on the network's internet stream, and affiliates may carry some, most or all shows.

The network's current schedule, as of May 2009:

Time Show Notes
5 a.m.-6 a.m. ET The Rachel Maddow Show rebroadcast of the MSNBC program.
6 a.m.-9 a.m. ET The Lionel Show redebuts in new time slot May 26, 2009. Original debut: May 14, 2007.
9 a.m-12 p.m. ET Montel Across America debut: April 20, 2009; took the The Lionel Show's old time slot.
12 p.m.-3 p.m. ET Live in Washington with Jack Rice
3 p.m.-6 p.m. ET Montel Across America debut: May 18th, 2009; took Doing Time with Ron Kuby's old time slot.
6 p.m.-9 p.m. ET The Ron Reagan Show debut: September 8, 2008. Expanded from 1 to 3 hours on February 3, 2009.
9 p.m.-11 p.m. ET Clout with Richard Greene, moved from weekends September 4, 2007.
11 p.m.-1 a.m. ET This Is America with Jon Elliott initially aired on an interim basis, following the departure of Mike Malloy, then became permanent host.
1 a.m.-3 a.m. ET Montel Across America rebroadcast
3 a.m.-5 a.m. ET The David Bender Show rebroadcast

Weekend programs

On many Air America affiliates, weekends feature repeats and highlights from the network's weekday shows, combined with new original programming and some syndicated shows produced independently.

Original network programming for weekends includes:

Former programs

Syndication

On September 8, 2005 Air America Radio formed a separate syndication division, designed to offer additional programming and services to both progressive talk and other talk/music formats. Air America Syndication was used to syndicate Thom Hartmann, and later Springer on the Radio which aired at the same time as The Al Franken Show and The Sam Seder Show respectively on the regular network lineup. Springer ended his show on December 5, 2006 and Franken's ended on February 14, 2007. On January 29, 2007, Air America announced that Hartmann would replace Franken on the regular network lineup. There currently are no programs syndicated as a part of Air America Syndication.

History

Beginnings

In late 2002 Chicago entrepreneurs Sheldon Drobny and Anita Drobny, angered at the firing of their favorite radio host, Mike Malloy, decided to try to get Malloy syndicated nationally. At Mike's behest they called Atlanta-based radio executive Jon Sinton and requested a national berth for Malloy. The Drobnys hired Sinton as CEO of AnShell Media, and the three went about raising money. The first official fundraiser was in October, 2002 at the home of Arianna Huffington. The gathering was enthusiastically attended by many Hollywood notables. Sinton's brother, broadcaster Carey Bruce Sinton, suggested calling the venture Central Air, a name that stuck until just before launch.

AnShell announced its intentions publicly in a New York Times article in February 2003 in which writer Jim Rutenburg interviewed Jon Sinton about the need for a balanced national discussion. Sinton, the Drobnys and their associate, Javier Saade, a Harvard Business School grad and venture capitalist, continued to raise awareness and money throughout 2003 by spending time in New York, Washington D.C., and Los Angeles. Sinton met repeatedly with Al Franken to convince him to become the network's anchor talent. Writer and comedian A. Whitney Brown was among those hired to write for the network.

After mentioning actress and activist Janeane Garofalo during an appearance on Judy Woodruff's Politics Today show on CNN, Sinton received a call from Garofalo stating her interest in hosting a show. On a fundraising trip to Los Angeles, Sinton, at the suggestion of Al Franken, met with Daily Show co-creator Lizz Winstead and convinced her to come along as vice president of entertainment programming. In November 2003, Sinton's brother Steve Sinton left Clear Channel's talk radio division to join AAR as vice president of programming and operations.

Meanwhile, fundraising was difficult. During a trip to Washington D.C., former Clinton Chief of Staff John Podesta suggested a young lawyer, David Goodfriend, who introduced the Drobnys and Sinton to his former college roommate, Evan Montvel Cohen, who had profited from advertising and research companies in the Pacific Rim. Having taken the idea as far as they could, the principals sold AnShell Media to Cohen and his partner, Rex Sorensen, a broadcaster from Guam, who formed Progress Media, with Cohen as chairman, and Mark Walsh as CEO; Sinton remained as President.

Launch and rapid growth

In early 2004, talent, engineers and producers were hired, a lease was signed with New York's WLIB creating a New York home and affiliate, and, at noon Eastern time on March 31, the newly re-named Air America Radio Network was launched.

Air America Radio was then the only all-progressive talk radio network. A predecessor, the UAW's I.E. America Radio Network, which was home to hosts such as Thom Hartmann, Peter Werbe, and Mike Malloy, never gained national attention. Its last day on the air was February 27, 2004, only weeks before Air America took to the airwaves.

Franken's show was the centerpiece of the new network, and would remain so for a little less than 3 years. The show featured Franken's low-key humor, political commentary, and guest and audience participation. Randi Rhodes was also in the initial lineup.

AAR became the fastest growing network in modern radio history as Sinton was able to assemble a national network of 100 stations, including 18 of the top twenty markets, in just six months.

Difficulties and turnover

At the time it started Air America Radio, Progress Media stated it had secured US$30 million in venture capital before its debut. The amount was later estimated by the Wall Street Journal to be closer to US$6 million; Sorensen said that an investor had backed out at the last minute.[6]

Two weeks after the on-air debut of Air America Radio, programming was withdrawn in two key markets due to contract disputes. Multicultural Radio owned two stations contracted to carry Air America programming, in Chicago and Santa Monica, California. Air America alleged that Multicultural Radio had sold time on its Los Angeles station to both Air America and another party, and said that that was why it stopped payment on checks due to Multicultural while Air America investigated. Multicultural Radio argued that Air America had bounced a check and claimed it was owed in excess of US$1 million. Air America Radio filed a complaint in New York Supreme Court, charging breach of contract and was briefly granted an injunction to restore the network on WNTD-AM in Chicago. On April 20, 2004, the network announced the dispute had been settled, and Air America's last day of broadcast on WNTD was April 30, 2004. The New York Supreme Court ultimately concluded that the injunction was improvidently entered and that Air America Radio's court action was without merit, dismissing Air America's complaint and awarding over US$250,000 in damages and attorneys' fees to Multicultural.[7] According to a subsequent lawsuit filed by Multicultural, Air America Radio never paid the sums ordered by the court.[8]

Four weeks after Air America's debut, its CEO, Mark Walsh, and executive vice president for programming, Dave Logan, left the network. One week after those departures, its chairman and vice chairman, Evan Cohen and his investment partner Rex Sorensen, were forced out by the remaining investors who asked Sinton and the network's executive producer, Carl Ginsburg, a lawyer and experienced newsman, to operate the company.

As part of a reorganization, the Progress Media board of directors bought the assets of that company, creating a new company, Piquant LLC; at around the same time, the company decided to stop trying to buy radio stations and lease air time, and to allow affiliates to carry programming outside of the network's offerings.

On February 28, 2005, a new CEO, Danny Goldberg, was named, and in April 2005, Gary Krantz was named president of the network. Ginsburg and Sinton were named co-COOs with Ginsburg in charge of operations and Sinton running programming and affiliate relations.

In December 2005, over Sinton's objections, CEO Danny Goldberg broke up the network's morning drive-time show Morning Sedition, and let comedian and co-host Marc Maron's contract lapse. While the increased overhead for the show's heavily produced format may have been a factor in the show's demise, Maron claimed that Goldberg did not "get" or agree with the comedy on the show. Maron exacerbated the conflict by calling attention to his situation during the show for several weeks, prompting a petition drive that garnered over 5,000 signatures. This was to no avail, as Maron announced on November 28 that his last show would be December 16, 2005. Maron was offered an evening show, which ran briefly on affiliate KTLK in Los Angeles, but Air America never followed through with promised national syndication and the show was cancelled in July 2006. Goldberg announced his resignation on April 6, 2006, after a little more than a year on the job. Maron guest hosted a few times in 2007, and now cohosts a webcast program for Air America called "Breakroom Live".

Janeane Garofalo's last day as co-host of The Majority Report was on July 14, 2006. Several reasons for her departure were cited (including her outside acting responsibilities). The show ended a few months later.

By the late summer of 2006 Sinton and Ginsburg's influence was marginalized (both would leave in short order).

On August 30, 2006, nighttime host Mike Malloy was fired from the network. Malloy had hosted a nighttime show from the inception of the network. The show was especially vitriolic and anti-right wing. Comments included referring to the Bushes as the "Bush crime family"; right-wingers commonly were referred to as "rat bastards" and "pigs". In the two weeks before the firing, Malloy had announced an impending multi-year deal for him to stay with Air America (and to return on the air in New York City). The firing was explained as for financial reasons. Rumours persist that Malloy's criticism of Israel during its bombardment of Lebanon in the summer of 2006 may have played a role. News of his termination was conveyed via a short statement on the homepage of Malloy's website, posted by his wife/producer Kathy Bay Malloy.[9] His final show was on August 29, 2006, filling in for Randi Rhodes. No mention of his firing was made during the broadcast. Malloy's firing drew criticism from Air America on-air talent, including The Majority Report's Sam Seder and Randi Rhodes. It also began a large online campaign, including a petition that had over 17,000 signatures as of October 2006. At the end of October, Malloy resumed his show on a newly created progressive radio network, Nova M Radio.

Gloria Wise controversy

In July 2005, the Bronx News reported that the Gloria Wise Boys and Girls Club of Co-op City, a non-profit organization providing services for children and seniors in the Bronx, loaned US$480,000 to Progress Media, then owner of Air America Radio. It later turned out that there had been four separate transfers from Gloria Wise between October 2, 2003, and March 14, 2004, totalling $875,000, and that no interest was to be paid on these loans.[10]

Since then, the city has suspended further funding of the agency, and Boys and Girls Clubs of America has revoked the group's right to use their name, likeness or logo. At the time the funds were to have been transferred, Evan Cohen, former chairman of the now-defunct Progress Media, was also Director of Development for Gloria Wise.

In response to this report, Air America Radio's owners at the time, Piquant LLC, issued a press release stating Piquant had "no obligation to Progress Media's business activities", and Piquant, as previously agreed, would "fully compensate" the Gloria Wise Boys & Girls Club.[11] While Gloria Wise remains under investigation, Air America has since repaid the loan.[12] On May 28, 2008, Cohen was arrested at Guam International Airport on a warrant from the State of Hawaii. He was indicted in that state for money laundering and stealing over $60,000 from a Honolulu-based landscaping company.

Reorganizational bankruptcy and sale to Green Family Media

On October 13, 2006, Air America filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11, at the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York.[13] Air America continued broadcasting while the finances were worked out with the creditors. The company had US$4,331,265.30 in assets and US$20,266,056.23 in liabilities. Al Franken alone was owed US$360,749.98 and Rob Glaser, founder of Real Networks, was owed the most at US$9.8 million. The filing had over 25 pages of creditors and showed that the company lost US$9.1 million in 2004, US$19.6 million in 2005 and an additional US$13.1 million by mid-October in 2006.[14][15]

On January 29, 2007, Air America "signed a letter of intent to sell its business to SLG Radio LLC, an entity controlled by Stephen L. Green, the founder and chairman of SL Green Realty Corp, a company that controls 27 million ft2 (2.5 million m2) of real estate with a market capitalization of US$12 billion". Air America CEO Scott Elberg said of Air America's sale, "We are extremely pleased to have reached this agreement with Mr. Green, which will solidify Air America’s future."[16] The sale was completed on March 6, 2007 to Green Family Media, a new company created by Stephen Green and his brother Mark J. Green.

Franken moves on to the U.S. Senate

Al Franken, host of Air America Radio's former flagship program, The Al Franken Show.

During the bankruptcy, key on air personality Al Franken decided that he was going to give up his show of three years in order to run for U.S. Senate. He made his official announcement during the last show. Thom Hartmann replaced him in March 2007. Senator Franken won a close and highly contested election to become the 60th Senator in the Democratic Caucus.

Air America 2.0

After the sale, major changes were quickly put into place. Stephen Green became the network's chairman, and Mark Green became president of Air America, with a hands-on role. Former chief executive Scott Elberg remained as chief operating officer. Mark Green announced on Thursday, April 25, 2007, that Westwood One would take over the handling of Air America's ad sales from Jones Radio Networks.[17][18] In addition, a new lineup was unveiled for the radio network. The top four weekday shows were kept, but extensive changes were made to the rest of the lineup. Green also announced a redesign for the network's website, in addition to a new logo.[19]

On March 14, 2007, the new owners of Air America announced[20] the hiring of longtime radio veteran David Bernstein to be the new Vice President of Programming. Prior to joining Air America, he was best known as the program director at New York radio station WOR from 1995 to 2002.[21] In an interview with the New York Daily News,[22] Bernstein explained his vision of Air America's future as "I don't see our purpose as 'answering' conservative radio or Rush Limbaugh. There's no clear majority in this country today. We want to talk to everyone and help everyone make the right choice." On November 15, 2007, industry news site Radio Online reported that Bernstein was exiting Air America.[23]

After being suspended by Air America management for derogatory remarks toward Geraldine Ferraro and Hillary Clinton while off the air, Randi Rhodes quit the network on April 9, 2008, citing a contract dispute.[24] She was one of Air America's more popular hosts, with a listener base of 1.5 million unique listeners per week built up over 4 years.[25] Rhodes moved to Nova M Radio the next week.[26] The Randi Rhodes show is aired in its former time slot on the America Left channel on Sirius XM Satellite Radio.

Maddow hosting KPTK's "Changing the Media, Changing America" event in Seattle (June 2006)

Meanwhile long time host Rachel Maddow was finding her way into television. As a guest host and as a panelist, she appeared on MSNBC. She started her own show on the network in September 2008, in prime time after powerhouses Keith Obermann and Chris Matthews. Her radio show became more of a replay of her television show, and ultimately her radio program has become a one hour show in the mornings that is mostly that.

Maddow didn't want to completely depart from radio. She commented "My relationship with the radio audience is valuable and important. I also believe in what Air America is doing."[27]

Thom Hartmann moved his show to the Dial Global radio network on March 1, 2009. Hartmann had been the flagship program on AAR for a year. Montel Williams hosts the new flagship program in in Lionel's previous spot, and Lionel moved his show to the 12pm-3pm ET slot.

Ratings

In Arbitron's Spring 2008 ratings book, stations carrying a majority AAR programming and in markets reporting every quarter averaged a 1.3 share. The highest rated Air America affiliates were KPOJ in Portland, Oregon (3.7 share), WXXM in Madison, Wisconsin (3.5), and KABQ in Albuquerque, New Mexico (2.6). The lowest rated affiliates were WDTW and WLBY in Detroit, Michigan (unmeasurable), WOIC in Columbia, South Carolina (0.4), WTKG in Grand Rapids, Michigan (0.5), and flagship station WWRL in New York City (0.5).

WXXM in Madison had announced in November 2006 that it would switch to all sports programming by the end of the year.[28][29] Following a very vocal backlash from the station's listeners[30] and syndicated hosts,[31] Clear Channel in Madison later backtracked, deciding to leave the progressive talk format on the station.[32] WWRL in New York recently dropped Thom Hartmann and now gets less than half of its programming from Air America.

Affiliates

As of October 2008, Air America programming was carried on 66 terrestrial broadcast stations,[33] an increase of 10 percent over the previous six months. Thirty-two of these stations broadcast a majority AAR programming. During the 4 1/2 years of the network's existence, Air America has lost 63 affiliates to other programming or formats. Air America counts any station that carries any of their programming as an affiliate, similar to radio networks such as ESPN Radio. Stations owned by Clear Channel Communications had been early backers of the network, and the company used the network as programming for some of its smaller AM stations. However, in the past few years, the network has been moving instead toward replacing Air America on those stations with Fox Sports Radio (a Clear Channel product), as WCKY Cincinnati, KLSD San Diego and WINZ Miami[34] were all once Air America affiliates but are now affiliated with Fox Sports. (There have been a few notable exceptions that have remained with Air America, such as WXXM in Madison, Wisconsin, which kept Air America after listener protests, and KKGN in San Francisco, where the Fox Sports affiliation is held by another station and there are fewer programming options due to significant competition).

Interestingly, the majority of the programming on Sirius XM Satellite Radio channel "America Left" consists of shows of former Air Americans: Mike Malloy, Thom Hartmann (twice a day), Bill Press, and "The Young Turks."[35]

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Top Talk Radio Audiences", , TALKERS Magazine, Sept. 2009
  2. ^ "Air America Fire Sale". The Smoking Gun. 2007-02-07. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/years/2007/0207071airamerica1.html. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  
  3. ^ Associated Press (2007-03-06). "Green brothers close deal to buy liberal talk radio network Air America". San Diego Union-Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/business/20070306-1031-airamericaradio.html. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  
  4. ^ Air America Radio (2008-06-04). "Country Music Renegade Steve Earle to Launch a Weekly Show Exclusively on Sirius Satellite Radio". Press release. http://blogs.orlandosentinel.com/entertainment_music_blog/2007/06/steve_earle_lau.html. Retrieved 2008-10-03.  
  5. ^ Louise Story (2007-01-30). "Air America to Be Acquired by New York Investor". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/30/business/media/30radio.html?ref=business. Retrieved 2007-03-14.   subscription required
  6. ^ Wetmore, Ken (24 June 2004). "Nobody was duped: Sorensen denies allegations surrounding Air America". KUAM News. http://www.kuam.com/news/10010.aspx. Retrieved 2006-08-03.  
  7. ^ (.PDF) Radio Free America, Inc., v Multicultural Radio, Inc., Order and Judgement Index no. 105834/4. 2004-10-15. http://michellemalkin.com/archives/mrbidefault.pdf. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  
  8. ^ "Chapter 11 Rumors in the air again". New York Daily. 2006-09-14. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv/2006/09/14/2006-09-14_ch_11_rumors_in_the_air_again.html. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  
  9. ^ "Mike Malloy Fired by Air America Radio". http://www.mikemalloy.com. Retrieved 2006-10-13.  
  10. ^ Franken Signed Air America's Payment Pact - September 7, 2005 - The New York Sun
  11. ^ Air America Radio. "Statement from Air America Radio". Press release. http://www.airamerica.com/press/gloriawise. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  
  12. ^ Air America Funds Returned To a Bronx Boys and Girls Club - September 28, 2006 - The New York Sun
  13. ^ "Air America Radio Files for Bankruptcy Protection". http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,220507,00.html. Retrieved 2006-10-13.  
  14. ^ "Free Fall Radio: Air America Goes Bankrupt". http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/1013062airamerica1.html. Retrieved 2006-10-13.  
  15. ^ "Air America Radio Files for Chapter 11". http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/061013/air_america_radio_bankruptcy.html?.v=20. Retrieved 2006-10-13.  
  16. ^ Air America Radio (29 January 2007). "Air America Radio Announced Today That it Has Signed a Letter of Intent". Press release. http://www.airamerica.com/node/3244. Retrieved 2007-03-14.  
  17. ^ "Big changes for Air America". LTR - The Alternative Media Resource. 2007-04-25. http://ltradio.blogspot.com/2007/04/big-changes-for-air-america.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19.  
  18. ^ "AAR Reveals New Program Line-up and Ad Sales Arrangement". Talking Radio. http://talkingradio.blogspot.com/2007/04/aar-reveals-new-program-line-up-and-ad.html. Retrieved 2007-04-25.  
  19. ^ "Extreme Makeover - Air America Edition". LTR - The Alternative Media Resource. 2006-12-21. http://ltradio.blogspot.com/2007/05/extreme-makeover-air-america-edition.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19.  
  20. ^ "Air America Radio Appoints VP Of Programming". Radio Ink Magazine. 2007-03-14. http://www.radioink.com/HeadlineEntry.asp?hid=137203&pt=todaysnews. Retrieved 2007-03-22.  
  21. ^ "Air America Appoints David Bernstein VP/Programming". Radio Online. 2007-03-14. http://news.radio-online.com/cgi-bin/$rol.exe/headline_id=n16292. Retrieved 2007-03-22.  
  22. ^ "New PD sees Air America as just good radio". New York Daily News. 2007-03-19. http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/tv/2007/03/19/2007-03-19_new_pd_sees_air_america_as_just_good_rad.html. Retrieved 2007-03-22.  
  23. ^ "David Bernstein Exits Air America as VP/Programming". Radio Online. 2007-11-15. http://msg1svc.net/servlet/Pv?c=703d636e746169726368656b26733d31363235266d3d393526743d4826723d4e2664613d30. Retrieved 2008-07-17.  
  24. ^ Rhodes leaves Air America. Radio Ink. 10 April 2008.
  25. ^ "The State of the News Media 2009, Audio", stateofthemedia.org, retrieved November 9, 2009
  26. ^ Randi Rhodes Blames Air America's New Owners On Larry King: "This Is Really About Them Wanting To Change My Contract"
  27. ^ "Maddow rechannels energy at Air America", by David Hinkley, New York Daily News, February 3, 2009
  28. ^ Clear Channel press release. 10 November 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
  29. ^ Madison Air America affiliate will switch to sports. The Business Journal, 10 November 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2007.
  30. ^ "Clear Channel backlash in Madison". LTR - The Alternative Media Resource. 2006-12-12. http://ltradio.blogspot.com/2006/12/clear-channel-backlash-in-madison.html.  
  31. ^ "Schultz on 'The Mic': "That's no way to run a railroad"". LTR - The Alternative Media Resource. 2006-12-08. http://ltradio.blogspot.com/2006/12/schultz-on-mic-thats-no-way-to-run.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19.  
  32. ^ "The Mic lives!". LTR - The Alternative Media Resource. 2006-12-21. http://ltradio.blogspot.com/2006/12/mic-lives.html. Retrieved 2007-07-19.  
  33. ^ "www.airamerica.com/stations". http://www.airamerica.com/stations. Retrieved 2008-10-13.  
  34. ^ "On WINZ, progressive talk is gone, but DJ still sounding off", by Glenn Garvin, The Miami Herald, April 14, 2009
  35. ^ "Program List for Channel America Left", XM Radio website, retrieved 4-22-09

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