Airbus A330: Wikis

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Airbus A330
Northwest Airlines A330-300
Role Wide-body jet airliner
Manufacturer Airbus
First flight 2 November 1992
Introduced January 1994 with Air Inter
Primary users Cathay Pacific
Delta Airlines
Qatar Airways
Emirates
Number built 671 as of 28 February 2010[1]
Unit cost A330-200: US$170.9 to $200.8m (2008)[2]
A330-300: $195.9 to $205.7m (2008)[3]
A330-200F: $180.6 to $187.7m (2008)[3]
Developed from Airbus A340
Variants Airbus A330 MRTT
Northrop Grumman KC-45

The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, twin-engine, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. Built at Toulouse in France by Airbus, over 600 units have been delivered.

First flown in 1992, the A330 was developed at the same time as the four-engined Airbus A340, and was designed with common fuselage and wing components. The first variant (series 300) was delivered to Air Inter in 1994 and was followed by the slightly shorter series 200.[4] This has been followed by dedicated freighter and tanker variants.

Contents

Design and development

The A330 and A340 programs were jointly launched in November 1987.[4] Airlines purchased it to replace the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. The A330 is 38% more fuel efficient than the DC-10.[5]

Airbus intended the A330 to compete directly in the ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operation Performance Standards) market, specifically with the Boeing 767. In November 2009 the A330 became the first aircraft to receive ETOPS-240 approval, which is now offered by Airbus as an option.[6]

Air Algérie Airbus A330-200 Landing in Montréal-Trudeau

The A330's fuselage and wings are virtually identical to those of the smaller A340 variants, although it has different engines. The A330 basic fuselage design is inherited from the Airbus A300, and the nose/cockpit section and the fly-by-wire system and flightdeck are inherited from the A320. Both the A330 and A340 are assembled on the same final assembly line at Toulouse-Blagnac, France.

By the end of November 2009 a total of 1,035 A330s have been ordered and 654 delivered.[1] The 1,000 milestone was passed with orders from the 2008 Farnborough Air Show. The largest operators of the A330 are Delta Air Lines and Cathay Pacific with 32 aircraft in service each.[citation needed] Airbus expects the A330 to continue selling until at least 2015.[7]

Variants

There are two main variants of the A330. The A330-300 was launched in 1987 with introduction into service in 1993. The A330-200 was launched in 1995, introduced in 1998 with passenger, freighter and tanker (Airbus A330 MRTT) variants available.

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A330-200

The A330-200 was developed to compete with the Boeing 767-300ER. The A330-200 is similar to the A340-200 and a shortened version of the A330-300. With poor sales of the A340-200 (of which only 28 were built), Airbus decided to use the fuselage of the A340-200 with the wings and engines of the A330-300. This significantly improved the economics of the plane and made the model more popular than the four-engined variant.

Its vertical fin is taller than that of the A330-300 to restore its effectiveness due to the shorter moment arm of the shorter fuselage. It has additional fuel capacity and, like the A330-300, has a Maximum Take-Off Weight (MTOW) of 233 tonnes. Typical range with 253 passengers in a three-class configuration is 12,500 km (6,750 nautical miles).

Power is provided by two General Electric CF6-80E, Pratt & Whitney PW4000 or Rolls-Royce Trent 700 gas turbine engines. First customer deliveries, to ILFC/Canada 3000, were in April 1998.

The A330-200 is available as an ultra-long range corporate-jet by Airbus Executive and Private Aviation. The Boeing equivalent is currently the 767-300ER and in the future will be the 787-8.

A330-200HGW

In May 2009, Airbus released plans for a higher gross weight version of the A330-200 to more effectively compete against the Boeing 787-8. This new version will have a 238 t MTOW and its new range will be up to 7,200 nmi (13,300 km). Airbus believes the first 20 787-8s will have a 219.5 t MTOW and be limited to a 6,720 nmi (12,450 km) range, around 1,000 nmi (1,900 km) less than the figures published by Boeing.[8] Korean Air became the first customer on 27 February 2009, ordering six with deliveries starting in 2010.[9]

A330-200F

Due to flagging A300-600F and A310F sales, Airbus began marketing a freighter derivative of the A330-200 around 2000-2001, although it was not launched at that time.[10] The A330-200F re-emerged at the 2006 Farnborough Airshow and received its industrial go-ahead in January 2007. The first A330-200F has been rolled out in Toulouse on October 20, 2009. The first flight was on November 5, 2009.

Airbus A330-200F, on display at the Singapore Airshow 2010

The A330-200F is a mid-size, long-haul all-cargo aircraft capable of carrying 64 tonnes over 4,000 NM / 7,400 km, or 69 tonnes up to 3,200 NM / 5,930 km. It introduces a new versatile main-deck cargo loading system that will be able to accommodate both pallets and containers. Several different arrangements will be possible on the main deck, taking up to 23 Side-by-Side (SBS) pallets, aimed at the high volume, high value commodities or Single Row (SR) loading of 16 pallets (96 in X 96 in X 125 in SR pallets) and/or nine AMA containers aimed at the general cargo higher density markets.

To overcome the standard A330's nose-down body angle on the ground, the A330F will use a revised nose landing gear layout. The same leg will be used, however its attachment points will be lower in the fuselage, requiring a distinctive blister fairing on the nose to accommodate the retracted nose-gear. This provides a level deck for cargo loading.[11] Power is provided by two Pratt & Whitney PW4000 or Rolls-Royce Trent 700 engines.

As of 15 November 2009, Airbus had 67 firm orders from nine customers: Aircastle (7), BOC Aviation (5), Etihad Airways (3), Flyington Freighters (12), Guggenheim Aviation Partners (2), Intrepid Aviation Group (20), MatlinPatterson (6), MNG Airlines (4), and OH, Avion LLC (8). Additionally ACT Airlines and Turkish Airlines have signed an MOU for 2 each.[12] The first delivery will be to Etihad Crystal Cargo in Summer 2010. [1]

Comparable freighters include Boeing's 767-300F & 777F, Lockheed's L-1011 Tristar (after conversion) and McDonnell Douglas' DC-10F & MD-11F.

A330-300

US Airways A330-300 taking off from London.
An A330-300 in Delta Air Lines livery landing at Amsterdam.

The A330-300, which entered service in 1993, was developed as replacement for the A300. It is based on a stretched A300-600 fuselage but with new wings, stabilisers and fly-by-wire systems.

The A330-300 carries 295 passengers in a three-class cabin layout (335 in 2 class and 440 in single class layout) over a range of 10,500 km (5,650 nautical miles). It has a large cargo capacity, comparable to early Boeing 747s.

It is powered by two General Electric CF6-80E, Pratt & Whitney PW4000 or Rolls-Royce Trent 700 engines, all of which are ETOPS-180 min rated. French domestic airline Air Inter was the launch customer for the aircraft.

The direct Boeing equivalents are the Boeing 777-200 and the Boeing 767-400ER.

Tanker derivatives

A multi-role tanker and transport variant based on the series 200 was developed as the Airbus A330 MRTT. This was further developed as the Northrop Grumman KC-45, which won a United States Air Force order, which has since been cancelled.

Airbus A330 MRTT
The Multi-Role Transport and Tanker version (MRTT) of the A330-200 provides aerial refueling and strategic transport. To date it has been ordered by Australia, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and the UK.
Northrop Grumman KC-45
On 29 February 2008 the United States Air Force announced that an American assembled variant of the A330 MRTT, now designated KC-45A by the USAF, had been selected to replace the Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker.[13] The replacement process was mired in controversy.[14][15][16][17][18] After several developments, on 8 December 2009, Northrop-Grumman announced that they would not participate in the new bid process.[19]

Operators

A330 deliveries

By the end of February 2010 a total of 1,057 aircraft of the A330 have been ordered (567 A330-200, 64 A330-200F and 426 A330-300) and 671 delivered (375 A330-200 and 296 A330-300).[1]

2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993
8 76 72 68 62 56 47 31 42 35 43 44 23 14 10 30 9 1

Accidents and incidents

As of June 2009, the Airbus A330 has been involved in 10 incidents,[20] including two confirmed hull-loss accidents and three other losses, for a total of 235 fatalities.[21]

Notable accidents and incidents
  • On 30 June 1994, an A330 owned by Airbus on a test flight simulating an engine failure on takeoff crashed shortly after take-off from Toulouse, killing all seven on board.[22][23]
  • On 15 March 2000, a 6-year-old Malaysia Airlines A330-300 aircraft was severely damaged by corrosive liquids that were being transported in the cargo hold on a passenger flight from Beijing to Kuala Lumpur. The corrosive liquid oxalyl chloride was mistakenly declared as non-toxic solid hydroxyquinoline. 18 canisters of the substance were transported via Kuala Lumpur intended to transit to Chennai. Five airport workers fell ill as they were unloading baggage from the aircraft at Kuala Lumpur after some of the canisters had leaked and chemicals spilled into the aircraft's cargo hold, resulting in extensive corrosion damage to the fuselage, wing box structure and landing gear. The aircraft was subsequently declared written-off.[24] On 12 June 2007, a court in Beijing ordered China National Chemical Construction Corp, the owner of the cargo, to pay US$65 million to Malaysia Airlines for the loss.[25]
Planform view of a Cyprus Airways A330-200 taking off. The undercarriage has fully retracted.
  • On 25 May 2000, a man named Reginald Chua hijacked Philippine Airlines Flight 812, operated by an A330-300. After the aircraft was depressurized, the hijacker jumped out of the aircraft. Chua was killed, while all of the other passengers and crew survived.[26]
  • On 24 July 2001, two Sri Lankan Airlines A330-243s were destroyed on ground by an LTTE attack at Colombo's Bandaranaike International Airport, Sri Lanka, along with an Airbus A320-200, an Airbus A340-300 and a squadron of military aircraft. Another two planes, an A320 and an A340 were also damaged but have since been repaired.[27]
  • On 24 August 2001, Air Transat Flight 236, an A330-200, performed the world's longest recorded glide with a jet airliner after suffering fuel exhaustion over the Atlantic Ocean. The A330 flew powerless for 30 minutes and covered 65 nautical miles (120 km) to an emergency landing in the Azores (Portugal). No one was injured,[28] but the aircraft suffered some structural damage and blown tyres. The aircraft was repaired and returned to service with Air Transat.
  • On 18 July 2003, B-HYA, a Dragonair A330-342 encountered severe turbulence associated with Tropical Depression Koni over the South China Sea, during the flight KA060 from Kota Kinabalu to Hong Kong. 12 crew members and 3 passengers were injured, of which 2 crew members sustained serious injuries, but there were no fatalities. The aircraft landed safely at Hong Kong International Airport.[29]
  • On 7 October 2008, VH-QPA, an A330-303 operating Qantas Flight 72, suffered a rapid loss of altitude in two sudden uncommanded pitch down manoeuvres, causing serious injuries while 80 nautical miles (150 km) from Learmonth, Australia. After declaring an emergency, the aircraft landed safely at Learmonth. A total of 106 people onbord the Airbus A330 were injured, 14 seriously. A year after the incident Qantas still does not know what caused the critical computer malfunction.[30]
  • On 1 June 2009, Air France Flight 447, an Airbus A330-203 en route from Rio de Janeiro to Paris with 228 people onboard, was reported lost over the Atlantic Ocean.[31] The aircraft crashed in the Atlantic Ocean 400–500 miles northeast of the islands of Fernando de Noronha. All 228 passengers and crew were presumed killed. Malfunctioning pitot tubes have provided an early focus for the investigation.[32]

Specifications

A330-200 A330-200F A330-300
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 293 (2-class, typical)
253 (3-class, typical)
N/A (cargo) 335 (2-class, typical)
295 (3-class, typical)
Length 58.80 metres (192 ft 11 in) 63.60 metres (208 ft 8 in)
Wingspan 60.3 metres (197 ft 10 in)
Wing area 361.6 square metres (3,892 sq ft)
Wing sweepback 30 degrees
Tail height 17.40 metres (57 ft 1 in) 16.90 metres (55 ft 5 in) 16.85 metres (55 ft 3 in)
Cabin width 5.28 metres (17 ft 4 in)
Fuselage width 5.64 metres (18 ft 6 in)
Cargo capacity 19.7 cubic metres (700 cu ft) 475 cubic metres (16,800 cu ft) 19.7 cubic metres (700 cu ft)
Empty weight, typical 119,600 kilograms (264,000 lb) 109,000 kilograms (240,000 lb) 124,500 kilograms (274,000 lb)
Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) 233,000 kilograms (510,000 lb)
Cruising speed Mach 0.82 (871 km/h/537 mph at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)
Maximum speed Mach 0.86 (913 km/h/563 mph at 11,000 m/36,000 ft)
Maximum range, fully loaded 6,750 nautical miles (12,500 km; 7,770 mi) 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) 5,650 nautical miles (10,460 km; 6,500 mi)
Takeoff run at MTOW 2,220 metres (7,280 ft) n/a 2,500 metres (8,200 ft)
Maximum fuel capacity 139,100 litres (30,600 imp gal; 36,700 US gal) 97,530 litres (21,450 imp gal; 25,760 US gal) 97,170 litres (21,370 imp gal; 25,670 US gal)
Service ceiling 41,100 ft (12527 m)
Engines (×2) CF6-80E1
PW4000
RR Trent 700
PW4000
RR Trent 700
CF6-80E1
PW4000
RR Trent 700
Thrust (×2) 303–320 kilonewtons (68,000–72,000 lbf) 303–316 kilonewtons (68,000–71,000 lbf) 303–320 kilonewtons (68,000–72,000 lbf)
LTU Airbus A330-200 touching down at Düsseldorf International Airport.

Engines

Model Date Engines
A330-201 2003 GE CF6-80E1A2
A330-202 1998 GE CF6-80E1A4 / CF6-80E1A4B
A330-203 2002 GE CF6-80E1A3
A330-221 1999 PW4164
A330-222 1999 PW4168
A330-223 1999 PW4168A
A330-243 2000 RR Trent 772B-60
A330-244 2007 RR Trent 775-60
A330-301 1993 GE CF6-80E1A2
A330-302 2007 GE CF6-80E1A4 / CF6-80E1A4B
A330-303 2007 GE CF6-80E1A3
A330-321 1999 PW4164
A330-322 1999 PW4168
A330-323 1999 PW4168B
A330-341 2000 RR Trent 768-60
A330-342 2000 RR Trent 772-60
A330-343 2000 RR Trent 772B-60
A330-343 2007 RR Trent 772C-60

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

References

  1. ^ a b c "Airbus orders & deliveries". Airbus S.A.S. http://www.airbus.com/odxml/orders_and_deliveries.xls. 
  2. ^ "Airbus Aircraft Range of 2008 List Prices" (PDF). Airbus S.A.S. http://www.airbus.com/store/mm_repository/pdf/att00011726/media_object_file_ListPrices2008.pdf. Retrieved 23 November 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Kaminski-Morrow, David. "Airbus includes surcharge in 2008 catalogue prices". Flightglobal.com, 22 April 2008.
  4. ^ a b Frawley, Gerald. "Airbus A330-200". "Airbus A330-300". The International Directory of Civil Aircraft, 2003/2004. Aerospace Publications, 2003. ISBN 1-875671-58-7.
  5. ^ "To Save Fuel, Airlines Find No Speck Too Small". New York Times, 11 June 2008.
  6. ^ A330 is first airliner to be certified for ETOPS "beyond 180 minutes". Airbus
  7. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601085&sid=aOFuFKLehXiA
  8. ^ "New payload/range capability for the A330-200
  9. ^ Korean Air orders six more A330-200s
  10. ^ "Airbus aims to fill freighter void with A330 derivative." Flight International. 14 March 2006.
  11. ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max. "First Airbus A330-200F shows off nose-gear blister fairing". Flight International, 4 August 2009.
  12. ^ "ACT Airlines commits for two A330 freighters." Airbus. 17 August 2006.
  13. ^ "Air Force Awards Tanker Contract to Northrop Grumman."
  14. ^ http://ca.reuters.com/article/businessNews/idCAN2861183920080302
  15. ^ http://www.kwch.com/Global/story.asp?S=7985639
  16. ^ http://www.defensereview.com/us-air-force-kc-x-aerial-refueling-tanker-program-controversy-defrev-opinion/
  17. ^ http://www.captainsjournal.com/2008/05/07/developments-in-refueling-tanker-controversy/
  18. ^ Many others -- google "tanker controversy"
  19. ^ Bush, Wes, "Northrop pulls bid on Air Force tanker", Dec. 8, 2009
  20. ^ Airbus A330 incidents. Aviation-Safety.net, 7 June 2009. Retrieved: 8 June 2009.
  21. ^ Airbus A330 hull-losses. Aviation-Safety.net, 7 June 2009. Retrieved: 8 June 2009.
  22. ^ 30 June 1994 accident summary. AirDisaster.com.
  23. ^ Aviation Safety Network (2005). "Airbus A330-321 F-WWKH 30 June 1994 accident description". ASN Aviation Safety Database. Alexandria, Virginia: Flight Safety Foundation. http://www.aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19940630-0. Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  24. ^ "Chemical-damaged A330 is finally written off". Flight International, 27 March 2001.
  25. ^ Ionides, Nicholas. "Chinese firm ordered to pay $65m over chemical-damaged MAS A330". Flightglobal.com, 6 December 2007.
  26. ^ ""Brother says Philippine hijacker wanted to be a skydiver"". Associated Press. 2000-05-30. http://www.bangla2000.com/News/Archive/International/5-30-2000/news_detail4.html. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  27. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident description Airbus A.330-243 4R-ALF - Colombo-Bandaranayake Internation Airport". http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20010724-1. Retrieved 2006-08-03. 
  28. ^ http://www2.canada.com/topics/news/story.html?id=1651298
  29. ^ Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department B-HYA Accident Investigation report
  30. ^ Australian Transport Safety Bureau (2008-10-08). "2008/40 - Qantas Airbus Incident Media Conference". Press release. http://www.atsb.gov.au/newsroom/2008/release/2008_40.aspx. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  31. ^ "Air France: No success in contacting missing A330". Flight International, Air Transport Intelligence news. 1 June 2009. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2009/06/01/327211/air-france-no-success-in-contacting-missing-a330.html. Retrieved 1 June 2009. 
  32. ^ "Bodies 'found' from missing plane". BBC News. 6 June 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/8087303.stm. Retrieved 6 June 2009. 
  33. ^ Shane, Scott; Lipton, Eric (December 26, 2009). "Passengers Took Plane's Survival Into Own Hands". The New York Times Company. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/27/us/27plane.html. Retrieved December 26, 2009. 
  34. ^ E. Boudette, Neal; Pasztor, Andy; Spiegel, Peter (December 26, 2009). "Bomb Attempt Made on U.S.-Bound Flight". Dow Jones & Company, Inc. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB126184081273605825.html?mod=googlenews_wsj. Retrieved December 26, 2009. 

External links


Simple English

The Airbus A330 is a two engine, wide-body passenger aeroplane made by Airbus. It was designed at the same time as the Airbus A340, so it has the same body and wings as it.

It first flew in 1992 and the first one was given to Air Inter in 1994. It was a 300 series. Just after this, Airbus made the shorter 200 series. Now, Airbus has made a freighter version (which carries cargo instead of people) and a tanker version (which carries lots of fuel so it can give some to other planes).

There are also 394 A330s that need to be made and given to airlines, most of these are the smaller 200 series version.

Contents

Design and Building

Airlines wanted a new aeroplane to replace their McDonnell Douglas DC-10 aeroplanes which were getting old. So, Airbus started a new project in November 1987: the A330 and A340 programs. In the end, it was found that the A330 is almost 38% more fuel efficient than the DC-10.[1]

Airbus designed the A330 to be in the market for ETOPS aeroplanes. This market already had planes like the Boeing 767. In November 2009, the A330 was the first aeroplane to get the ETOPS-240 approval, which means that the plane is allowed to fly up to 240 minutes away from any airport.[2] This means it can fly over large oceans or places like the Antarctic where there are no airports nearby.

The A330's body and wings are nearly exactly the same as the smaller versions of the A340's wings and body, but they have different engines. The A330's body is also similar to the older Airbus A300, and the computers and systems (like the fly-by-wire system) are similar to the Airbus A320 family of aeroplanes. Also, both the A330 and A340 are built at the same place: Toulouse-Blagnac Airport in Toulouse in France.

The 1000th A330 was ordered at the 2008 Farnborough Air Show.

Airbus thinks that it will keep building the A330 until at least 2015.[3]

Types of A330

There are two main types of Airbus A330: the 200 series and the 300 series. There is also the freighter version, which carries cargo instead of people, and the tanker version which carries lots of fuel (usually to give to other planes).

A330-200

The A330-200 was made to compete with Boeing's 767-300ER. It is a shorter version of the A330-300 and is like the A340-200.

In the 1990s, Airbus wasn't selling very many A340-200s (only 28 were built). So, Airbus used the body of the A340-200 and took the wings and engines of the A330-300. This made the plane much more efficient and the A330-200 was much more popular than the A340-200.

The tail fin (called the rudder) of the A330-200 is a little bit taller than the 300 version to produce the same torque as the A330-300.

It has the same MTOW (Maximum Take-Off Weight) as the A330-300, so it can take more fuel than the A330-300. This means the A330-200 can fly further than the A330-300. It has a range of 12,500 km which is the same as 6,750 nmi.

It has two engines: either two General Electric CF6-80E engines, two Pratt & Whitney PW4000 engines or two Rolls-Royce Trent 700 engines.

A330-200HGW

In May 2009, Airbus said they have plans to make a version of the A330-200 that can take-off with a higher weight. This is because they want to compete with Boeing and their 787-8 aircraft.

It will have a new MTOW of 238 tonnes and a new range of 13,300 km which is 7,200 nmi. Airbus thinks that the 787-8 will have a range of 6,720 nmi (12,450 km) which is about 1000 nmi (1,900 km) less than what Boeing said it would be.[4]

Korean Air will be the first airline to have the A330-200HGW. It ordered the aeroplanes on 27 February 2009 and will get the first one in 2010.[5]

A330-200F

Because the Airbus A300-600F and Airbus A310F were getting old and companies had stopped ordering them, Airbus decided to make a new freighter plane to replace them. It started offering the aeroplane around the years 2000-2001. The aeroplane was talked about again at the 2006 Farnborough Airshow. Airbus got permission to sell the plane in January 2007 and the first plane came out of the factory on 20 October 2009. The aircraft first flew on 5 November 2009.

It can fly 64 tonnes of cargo over 4,000 nmi (7,400 km) or 69 tonnes over 3,200 nmi (5,930 km). The aeroplane was designed to use a new loading system that can use two different ways of holding cargo: containers or palettes (either smaller side by side palettes or larger single row palettes).

It has a new front landing gear system. Normally the A330-200 points slightly downwards when it is in the ground. This is good because the pilots can see the ground better but it makes loading the cargo harder. With this new gear, the aircraft sits straight so it is easier to load the cargo. It works by making the point where the plane attaches to the gear lower. This means that the nose has a bubble on the bottom to make sure the gear fits properly.[6]

Airbus has 67 orders for the A330-200F. The customer who ordered the most planes is Intrepid Aviation Group who have ordered 20.

A330 MRTT

This version is a tanker aircraft, which means that it carries a lot of jet fuel to give to other planes. It also has a few seats so that it can be used to carry passengers. It is used by the military.

The plane has been ordered by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), the UK's Royal Air Force (RAF), the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.

The plane was also offered to the U.S. Air Force as a replacement for some of their Boeing KC-135 'Stratotankers'. Eventually in 2002, they chose Boeing's offering: the KC-767. But this order was cancelled after a lot of political controversy. In 2006, the Air Force started again. Boeing again offered the KC-767 and Airbus teamed up with Northop Grumman to make the KC-30. This time, they chose the KC-30 and renamed it the KC-45A. But Boeing complained that the ruling wasn't fair and the US Government Accountability Office agreed with Boeing. The bid was cancelled again. Northop Grumman has decided not to offer the KC-45A again.[7]

A330-300

The A330-300 started working in 1993. It competes with Boeing's 777-200 and 767-400ER. It was made as a replacement for the Airbus A300. It has a similar body to the A300-600, but it has new wings and systems.

It carries 295 passengers in three classes or 335 in two classes or 440 in one class. It can fly up to 5,650 nmi (10,500 km).

It has either two General Electric CF6-80E engines, two Pratt & Whitney PW4000 engines or two Rolls Royce Trent 700 engines. All the engines are ETOPS rated at ETOPS-180 which means that the A330-300 can fly up to 180 minutes away from an airport that it can land at.

Orders and Deliveries

80 airlines or companies currently use the A330. The ones with the most A330s are Cathay Pacific from Hong Kong who have 32, Delta Air Lines from the United States of America who have 32, Emirates Airline from the United Arab Emirates who have 29, Qatar Airways from Qatar who have 29 and Air China and China Eastern Airlines who are both in China and have 20 each.[8]

Crashes and Problems

The A330 has had ten accidents: two hull-loss accidents (crashes where the plane cannot be fixed and cannot be used anymore). There has been a total of 235 fatalities in the accidents.

  • On 30 June 1994, an A330 which was owned by Airbus crashed just after it took off from Toulouse-Blagnac Airport. It was testing an engine failure on take-off.
  • On 15 March 2000, an A330-300 which was owned by Malaysia Airlines was damaged by a corrosive liquid that was being taken as cargo on a passenger flight from Beijing in China to Kuala Lumpur. The liquid was accidentally labelled as a non-toxic solid. The liquid made five workers at the airport in Kuala Lumpur very ill because they took the liquid off the aeroplane. The company that owned the liquid (China National Chemical Construction Corp) was made to pay US$65 million to Malaysia Airlines because of the incident.[9]
  • On 25 May 2000, a A330-300 owned by Philippine Airlines as flight 812 was hijacked by a man called Reginald Chua. The pressure of the air on the aircraft was let out so the Chua could open the door. He then jumped out of the plane. Chua was killed by the fall but all the crew and passengers survived. The plane was also fine.[10]
  • On 24 July 2001, two A330-200s which were both owned by Sri Lankan Airlines were destroyed at Bandaranaike International Airport in Sri Lanka by an attack by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (also known as LTTE or the Tamil Tigers).[11] They wanted a new, independent state for the Tamil people. They did not get what they wanted. They also destroyed an Airbus A320, an Airbus A340 and some military aircraft. They damaged an Airbus A320 and an Airbus A340, but these planes were fixed.
  • On 24 August 2001, an A330-200 owned by Air Transat as flight 236 flew across the Atlantic Ocean. The plane got a fuel leak in the right wing and all the fuel fell out of the aircraft. Without fuel, the engines stopped working and so they lost most of the power for the plane. A small air turbine comes out of the bottom of the plane. It spins in the wind and makes a bit of electricity for the plane. By using this, the pilots were able to fly the plane for another 19 minutes to Lajes Air Base in the Azores. The plane landed and no people died, but two passengers had serious injuries.
  • On 7 October 2008, an A330-300 owned by Qantas and running as flight 72 got a computer error. The error made the aeroplane's nose point down suddenly twice. This caused 92 people to have small injuries and 14 people to have more serious injuries. The pilots landed at Learmonth in Australia. Qantas and Airbus still does not know why the computer got the error. [13]

Other pages

References

  1. "To Save Fuel, Airlines Find No Speck Too Small". New York Times Online. 2008-06-11. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/11/business/11air.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1264849562-ZGdI5JHbTla3PUh2fNSTqQ. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  2. "A330 is first airliner to be certified for ETOPS "beyond 180 minutes"". Airbus.com. 2009-11-12. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/09_11_12_a330_etops_certified.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  3. "Airbus's A330 Back in Fashion as Boeing 787 Falters". Bloomberg. 2009-01-08. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601085&sid=aOFuFKLehXiA. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  4. "New payload/range capability for the A330-200". Airbus. 2009-05-08. http://www.airbus.com/en/myairbus/headlinenews/headlineitem/09_05_08_a330200_capability.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  5. "Korean Air orders six more A330-200s". Airbus. 2009-02-27. http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/09_02_27_koreanair_a330200.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  6. "First Airbus A330-200F shows off nose-gear blister fairing". Flightglobal. 2009-08-04. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2009/08/04/330563/pictures-first-airbus-a330-200f-shows-off-nose-gear-blister-fairing.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  7. "DoD Announces Termination of KC-X Tanker Solicitation". US Department of Defence. http://www.defense.gov/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=12195. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  8. "Airbus A330 Operators". Planespotters.net Just Aviation. http://www.planespotters.net/Production_List/Airbus/A330/operator.php. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  9. "Chinese firm ordered to pay $65m over chemical damaged MAS A330". Flightglobal. 2007-12-06. http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2007/12/06/220107/chinese-firm-ordered-to-pay-65m-over-chemical-damaged-mas.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  10. "Brother says Philippine hijacker wanted to be a skydiver". bangla2000.com. 2000-05-30. http://www.bangla2000.com/News/Archive/International/5-30-2000/news_detail4.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  11. "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A330-243 4R-ALF Colombo-Bandaranayake International Airport (CMB)". Aviation-Safety.net. 2004-09-25. http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=20010724-1. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  12. Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department B-HYA Accident Investigation report
  13. "Qantas Airbus Incident Media Conference". Australian Transport Safety Bureau. 2008-10-08. http://www.atsb.gov.au/newsroom/2008/release/2008_40.aspx. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  14. "Bodies from missing plane found". BBC News. 2009-06-06. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/8087303.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 
  15. "Nigerian Charged in Northwest Bomb Attempt". Wall Street Journal. 2009-12-27. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB126184081273605825.html?mod=googlenews_wsj. Retrieved 2010-01-30. 


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