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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 56°04′03″N 3°46′35″W / 56.067526°N 3.776479°W / 56.067526; -3.776479

Airth is located in Scotland

 Airth shown within Scotland
Population 1,273 [1] (2001 census)
est. 1,640[2] (2006)
OS grid reference NS895875
Council area Falkirk (council area)
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FALKIRK
Postcode district FK2 8xx
Dialling code 01324 83
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
List of places: UK • Scotland •
The mercat cross at Airth

Airth is a Royal Burgh, village and former trading port in Falkirk, Scotland, eight miles north of Falkirk town, overlooked by Airth Castle. It retains two market crosses and a small number of historic houses.

In July of each year it hosts a traditional Scottish Highland Games.

The village has long association with the River Forth and it was on the banks of the river that a royal dockyard was created. It was used during the years 1507-1513 in the reign of James IV to build ships of war at the pool of Airth. History reveals that a primitive form of dry dock was used. Strong timbers would be used to form the “stocks” for the vessel and a clay dam would prevent the river from penetrating the working area. When the ship was ready, the dam would be breached, at high tide, to enable it to float out into the river. The shipping fleet was destroyed in 1745 by Bonnie Prince Charlie when some ship to shore skirmishes took place by batteries set by Jacobites to drive off the government ships. A number of smaller vessels from the village were burned by loyalist troops and that proved damaging to Airth's subsequent development as a port. However, as late as 1820 sloops built in the shipyards at Airth were among those recorded as operating in the middle of the Forth .

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