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Family name
Meaning Adam ("red earth")
Region of origin Scotland
Language of origin [[Anglo-Scottish language|Anglo-Scottish]]
Related names Acheson, Atkinson, Aicheson, and Aitcheson, Adcock, Atcock
Footnotes: Frequency Comparisons[1]

Aitchison is a Scottish[2] surname of Anglo-Scots origin. It derives from the pet name Atkin, which is a diminutive of Adam.

In Scotland, a more common variant of the name is Acheson. It corresponds to the English name Atkinson, which is particularly common in Northern England. At the time of the British Census of 1881 [3], the relative frequency of the name Aitcheson was highest in Berwickshire (174.6 times the British average), followed by Haddingtonshire, Roxburghshire, Selkirkshire, Peeblesshire, Dumfriesshire, Edinburghshire, Linlithgowshire, Northumberland and Lanarkshire. The Aitchisons are traditionally a mainly Borders and Lowlands family. They are considered to be a sept of Clan Gordon [4]

In Ireland, the name is common only in Ulster and particularly in counties Antrim and Down. Some Aitchisons are descended from Planters, although the name was recorded in Ireland before that period.[5]

Acheson is a variation of the name in Scotland and the Border region, having been originally spelled Atzinson (with the 'z' being pronounced as 'y', as in yet).[5]


Aitchison may also refer to:

See also


  1. ^ British Surnames
  2. ^ Classification and Origin of AITCHISON
  3. ^ 1881 census
  4. ^ Alphabetical list of Scottish names associated with clans and families.
  5. ^ a b Bell, Robert (1990) [1988] (Paperback). The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: The Blackstaff Press Limited. ISBN 0-85640-405-5.  


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